Encyclopedia of Social Movement Media, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1412979315
  • ISBN-13: 9781412979313
  • DDC: 302.2303
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 602 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released December 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010

  • Price:  Sign in for price



This one volume encyclopedia features around 250 essays on the varied experiences of social movement media over the planet in the 20th and 21st centuries. Examining the tip of a gigantic iceberg, this reference resource examines a sample of the dizzying variety of formats and experiences that comprise social movement media. The guiding principles have been to ensure that experiences from the global South are given voice; that women are properly represented among contributors; that the wide spectrum of communication formats is included; that further reading is provided where relevant; and that some examples are provided of repressive social movement media, not exclusively progressive ones. Thematic essays address selected issues such as human rights media, indigenous peoples' media, and environmentalist media, and on key concepts widely used in the field such as alternative media, citizens' media, and community media. The encyclopedia engages with all communication media: broadcasting, print, cinema, the Internet, popular song, street theatre, graffiti, and dance. The entries are designed to be relatively brief with clear, accessible, and current information.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Editorial Board.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
List of Entries.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editor.
1: Activist Cinema in the 1970s (France).
2: Adbusters Media Foundation (Canada).
3: Adivasi Movement Media (India).
4: Advocate, The (United States).
5: Al-Jazeera as Global Alternative News Source (Qatar/Transnational).
6: Alliance for Community Media (United States).
7: Alternative Comics (United States).
8: Alternative Information Center (Israel and Palestine).
9: Alternative Local Press (United Kingdom).
10: Alternative Media.
11: Alternative Media (Malaysia).
12: Alternative Media at Political Summits.
13: Alternative Media Center (United States).
14: Alternative Media Global Project.
15: Alternative Media Heritage in Latin America.
16: Alternative Media in the World Social Forum.
17: Alternative Media: Policy Issues.
18: AlterNet (United States).
19: Anarchist and Libertarian Media, 1945–2010 (Federal Germany).
20: Anarchist and Libertarian Press, 1945–1990 (Eastern Germany).
21: Anarchist Media.
22: ANCLA Clandestine News Agency (Argentina).
23: Angry Buddhist Monk Phenomenon (southeast Asia).
24: Ankara Trash-Sorters’ Media (Turkey).
25: Anti-Anticommunist Media Under McCarthyism (United States).
26: Anticolonial Press (British Colonial Africa).
27: Anti-Fascist Media, 1922–1945 (Italy).
28: Appalshop (united States).
29: Arab Bloggers as Citizen Journalists (Transnational).
30: Audiocassettes and Political Critique (Kenya).
31: Ballyhoo Magazine (United States).
32: Barbie Liberation Organization (United States).
33: Barricada TV (Argentina).
34: Beheading Videos (Iraq/Transnational).
35: Belle de Jour Blog (United Kingdom).
36: Berber Video-Films (Morocco).
37: Bhangra, Resistance, and Rituals (South Asia/Transnational).
38: BİA Independent Communication Network (Turkey).
39: Black Atlantic Liberation Media (Transnational).
40: Black Exploitation Cinema (United States).
41: Black Press (United States).
42: Bloggers Under Occupation 2003– (Iraq).
43: Boxer Rebellion Theater (China).
44: Center for Digital Storytelling (United States).
45: Challenge for Change Film Movement (Canada).
46: Channel Four TV and Underground Radio (Taiwan).
47: Chipko Environmental Movement Media (India).
48: Christian Radio (United States).
49: Church of Life After Shopping (United States).
50: Cine Insurgente/Rebel Cinema (Argentina).
51: Citizen Journalism.
52: Citizens’ Media.
53: Communist Movement Media, 1950s–1960s (Hong Kong).
54: Community Broadcasting (Canada).
55: Community Broadcasting Audiences (Australia).
56: Community Media (Venezuela).
57: Community Media and the Third Sector.
58: Community Radio (Haïti).
59: Community Radio (Ireland).
60: Community Radio (Sri Lanka).
61: Community Radio and Natural Disasters (Indonesia).
62: Community Radio and podcasting (United States).
63: Community Radio in Pau da Lima (Brasil).
64: Community Radio Movement (India).
65: Community Radio Stations (Brasil).
66: Copyleft.
67: COR TV, 2006, Oaxaca (México).
68: Creative Commons.
69: Cultural Front (Canada).
70: Culture Jamming.
71: Dalit Movement Media (India).
72: Dance as Social Activism (South Asia).
73: Dangwai Magazines (Taiwan).
74: December 2008 Revolt Media (Greece).
75: Deep Dish TV (United States).
76: Democracy Now! and Pacifica Radio (United States).
77: Dischord Records (United States).
78: DIVA TV and ACT UP (United States).
79: Documentary Film for Social Change (India).
80: El Teatro Campesino.
81: Eland Ceremony, Abatwa People's (Southern Africa).
82: Environmental Movement Media.
83: EuroMayDay.
84: Extreme Right and Anti-Extreme Right Media (Vlaanderen/Flanders).
85: Fantagraphics Books (United States).
86: Feminist Media, 1960–1990 (Germany).
87: Feminist Media: An Overview.
88: Feminist Movement Media (United States).
89: First Peoples’ Media (Canada).
90: Free Radio (Austria).
91: Free Radio Movement (Italy).
92: Free Radio Movement, 1974–1981 (France).
93: Free Tibet Movement's Publicity.
94: Gay Press (Canada, United Kingdom, United States).
95: Gay USA.
96: Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo (Argentina).
97: Grassroots Tech Activists and Media Policy.
98: H.I.J.O.S. and Escraches (Argentina).
99: HIV/AIDS Media (India).
100: Hong Kong In-Media.
101: Human Rights Media.
102: Independence Movement Media (India).
103: Independence Movement Media (Vietnam).
104: Independent Media (Burma/Myanmar).
105: Indian People's Theatre Association.
106: Indigenous Media (Australia).
107: Indigenous Media (Burma/Myanmar).
108: Indigenous Media in Latin America.
109: Indigenous Peoples’ Media.
110: Indigenous Radio Stations (México).
111: Industrial Workers of the World Media (United States).
112: Indymedia (The Independent Media Center).
113: Indymedia and Gender.
114: Indymedia: East Asia.
115: Installation Art Media.
116: Internet and the Fall of Dictatorship (Indonesia).
117: Internet Social Movement Media (Hong Kong).
118: Kayapó Video (Brasil).
119: Kefaya Movement Media (Egypt).
120: Khalistan Movement Media (India/Transnational).
121: Kurdish “Mountain” Journalism.
122: La Nova Cançô Protest Song (Països Catalans).
123: Labor Media (United States).
124: Le Monde Diplomatique (France/Transnational).
125: Leeds Other Paper/Northern Star (United Kingdom).
126: Leninist Underground Media Model.
127: Leveller Magazine (United Kingdom).
128: Lookout! Records (United States).
129: Love and Rockets Comic Books (United States).
130: Low-Power FM Radio (United States).
131: Madang Street Theater (Korea).
132: MĀori Media and Social Movements (Aotearoa/New Zealand).
133: Mawonaj (Haïti).
134: May 1968 Poetry and Graffiti (France/Transnational).
135: Media Activism in the Kwangju Uprising (Korea).
136: Media Activists and Communication Policy Processes.
137: Media Against Communalism (India).
138: Media Education Foundation (United States).
139: Media Infrastructure Policy and Media Activism.
140: Media Justice Movement (United States).
141: MediAcT (Korea).
142: Medvedkine Groups and Workers’ Cinema (France).
143: Migrant Workers’ Television (Korea).
144: Miners’ Radio Stations (Bolivia).
145: Mobile Communication and Social Movements.
146: Moon River Movement Media (Thailand).
147: Mother Earth (United States).
148: Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo (Argentina).
149: Murals (Northern Ireland).
150: Music and Dissent (Ghana and Nigeria).
151: Music and Social Protest (Malawi).
152: Nairobi Slumdwellers’ Media (Kenya).
153: National Alternative Media Network (Argentina).
154: National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party) to 1933.
155: Naxalite Movement Media (India).
156: New Culture and May 4th Movements Media (China).
157: New Media and Activism.
158: New Media and Alternative Cultural Sphere (Iran).
159: Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool.
160: November-December 1995 Social Movement Media (France).
161: OhmyNews (Korea).
162: Online Diaspora (Zambia).
163: Online Nationalism (China).
164: Palestinian Interwar Press.
165: Paper Tiger Television (United States).
166: Paramilitary Media (Northern Ireland).
167: Parodies of Dominant Discourse (Zambia).
168: Participatory Media.
169: Peace Media (Colombia).
170: Performance Art and Social Movement Media: Augusto Boal.
171: Pirate Radio (Israel).
172: Pirate Radio (Lebanon).
173: Political Cartooning, 1870s—Present (India).
174: Political Critique in Nollywood Video-Films (Nigeria).
175: Political Graffiti (Greece).
176: Political Jokes (Zimbabwe).
177: Political Song (Liberia and Sierra Leone).
178: Political Song (Northern Ireland).
179: Popular Music and Political Expression (Côte d'Ivoire).
180: Popular Music and Protest (Ethiopia).
181: Prague Spring Media.
182: Prisoners’ Radio.
183: Prometheus Radio Project (United States).
184: Protest Music (Haïti).
185: Public Access.
186: Radical Software (United States).
187: Radio Andaquí and the Belén Media School (Colombia).
188: Radio La Tribu (Argentina).
189: Radio Lorraine Coeur d'Acier (France).