Biomass for Energy, Environment, Agriculture and Industry, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080983812
  • ISBN-13: 9780080983813
  • DDC: 333.95
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2850 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released June 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Interest in the use of biomass for non-food applications has grown strongly in recent years, mainly as a consequence of its potential as a prime renewable energy resource. Renewable energies rank highly among the options that will contribute to the prevention of climate change and to security of energy supply in the future. Furthermore, exploiting biomass is very attractive as a way of dealing with two sensitive issues facing the majority of western European countries today: the extent of unemployment and the setting aside of farm lands to limit excess agricultural production. The 8th European Conference for Energy, Environment, Agriculture and Industry, held in Vienna, October 1994 was larger than any of its predecessors, with over 300 refereed contributions from 20 countries worldwide and over 520 participants. It was arguably the most significant event to date in this field, providing the opportunity for an international exchange of information on the recent progress in developing and implementing renewable biomass based non-food technologies. Published in 3 volumes, the proceedings of this conference therefore contain the most complete overview of the present state-of-the-art. Subjects covered include: biomass resource base, electricity and heat generation, transportation fuels, chemicals from biomass, products from bio- and thermochemical conversion technologies, economics, environmental aspects and opportunities for implementation worldwide, in particular in developing countries.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Plenary Session.
2: Poster Paper.
3: Towards a Strategy for Development and Propagation of Bio-Energy in the Single European Market.
4: Towards a European Bio-Energy Strategy.
5: The Role of Biomass in the European Energy Policy - Keynote Address.
6: Biomass in the Common Agricultural Policy.
7: Bioenergy R&D Strategy.
8: Environmental Issues and Biomass.
9: Excerpt of Biomass in North American Policies.
10: Biomass in IEA: Implementing Agreements - A Perspective.
11: Biomass in Developing Countries.
12: Biomass, Economic Competitivity and Social Implication.
13: Overview from Session Organizers.
14: Resource Base.
15: Energy Market Overview - Heat and Power.
16: Biotechnical Research about Conversion of Biomass to Fuel, Chemicals and Fibers.
17: Research Into Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Into Fuels, Chemicals and Fibres.
18: Economics, Environment and Development.
19: Closing Session.
20: Session A: Resource Base.
21: Session B: Electricity and Heat.
22: Session C: Transportation Fuels.
23: Session D1: Biotechnology.
24: Session D2: Chemicals and Products – Thermochemistry.
25: Session E: Economics, Environment and Development.
26: An Energetic Future for Biomass in Europe: Conclusions from the Conference.
27: Executive Summary Key Issues for Developing a Strategy.
28: Laudatory Speech for Dr Giuliano Grassi 1994 Prize Winner of the Johannes Linneborn Prize Awarded by the European Association Eurosolar, for Outstanding Merits in the Field of Biomass Development.
29: Parallel Session A: Resource Base.
30: Energy Cropping, Assessment of Potential and Good Management Practices.
31: Assessing the Energy Yield and Carbon Reduction Potential of Short Rotation Coppice Fuelwood.
32: Short Rotation Coppice, Biofuels and Environment.
33: Seven Rotation Poplar Cultivation: Productivity, Harvest Products and Methods, Cultivation and Harvest Cost - Possibilities After Four Years of Studies.
34: Vegetation Filters of Willow for Purification of Waters and Soils.
35: Machinery Options for Harvesting, Extracting and Comminuting Fuelwood from Short Rotation Forestry.
36: Different Harvesting Techniques and Their Influence on Stool Survival and Resprouting in Salix Coppice Plantations.
37: The Production of Wood Fuel and Industrial Raw Material from Whole Tree Chips Using Massahake-Method.
38: CO2 Mitigation Through Bioenergy from Forestry Substituting Fossil Energy.
39: European Sweet Sorghum Network ESSON State of Art, Progress Report and Perspectives.
40: Sweet Sorghum Harvesting Tests on Two Prototypes of Pasquali Macchine Agricole and O.T.M.A. Firm.
41: Estimated Cost of Thermal Power from Cynara Cardunculus Biomass in Spanish Conditions. Application to Electricity Production.
42: Evaluation of Miscanthus Productivity in North-Central Italy.
43: Logistics of Harvest of Miscanthus Sinensis Giganteus.
44: Miscanthus - The Future Biomass Crop for Energy and Industry.
45: European Miscanthus Network.
46: Poster Session A: Resource Base.
47: Energy from Lignocellulosic Biomass: Prospects for the EU.
48: Mineral Composition and Pulping Characteristics of Several Field Crops Cultivated in Finland.
49: Logistic Chains of Solid Biomass - Classification and Chain Analysis.
50: The Effect of Recycled Organic Matter on Yield in Different Farming Systems.
51: Researches on Biomass Production in Sicily.
52: Biomass for Energy in Sardinia (Eucaliptus Globulus, Arundo Donax, Cynara Cardunculus, Sorghum Bicolor, Hibiscus Cannabinus).
53: Evaluation of Potentiality for Energy Crops in Marginal and Set-Aside Areas.
54: Biomass Crops for Electricity Production: A Research Programme Promoted by Enel (Italian Electricity Board).
55: Characterization of Industrial Wood Waste for Energy Exploitation in Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region (I).
56: Energy Resources from Wood Processing Waste.
57: Evaluation of a Low Cost Method for Drying Fuelwood from Short Rotation Tree Crop for Small Scale Industry.
58: Private (Rural) Coppice Forests as a Precursor of "Energy Plantations".
59: Improvement of Serbian Spruce (Picea Omorika/Panc./Purkyne) Biomass Production on Genetic Selection Basis.
60: Dynamics and Depth Distribution of Fine Roots in an Irrigated and Fertilized Salix Viminalis L. Plantation on Arable Land.
61: Effect of Rotation Age on the Productivity of Poplar Grown at High Plantation Density.
62: Integrated Forest Harvesting: Examples from the Mediterranean Region.
63: Robinia SRF to Energy is Ready.
64: All Year Round Harvesting of Short Rotation Coppice Eucalyptus.
65: Root Production of Short Rotation Coppice Eucalyptus Grown Under an Effluent Disposal System.
66: Production of Eucalypt Plantations in South West France - First Results.
67: Fertilization Effects on Production of Miscanthus Sinensis 'Giganteus'.
68: Eucalyptus for Energy Plantations in India: Boon or Ban.
69: Fractionation of Poplar Using a Twin-Screw Reactor.
70: Lowcost and Safe Establishment of Miscanthus.
71: Miscanthus. Harvesting Technique and Combustion of Miscanthus Sinensis "Giganteus" in Farm Heating Plants.
72: Potential Above-Ground Dry Matter Production of Miscanthus in North-Centre France Compared to Sweet Sorghum.
73: Effects of Frost Temperatures on Early Growth of Miscanthus "Giganteus".
74: Identification of Miscanthus Varieties by Their Isozymes.
75: Growth, Biomass Productivity and Energy Potential of Giant Reed (Arundo Donax) and Elephant Grass (Miscanthus Sinensis "Giganteus").
76: Results of Miscanthus Sinenesis Plantation in Galicia (N. W. of Spain).
77: Progress in Commercial Development of Miscanthus in England.
78: The Comparative Physiology of Miscanthus Sinensisy, Triticum Aestivum and Zea Mays Grown Under UK Conditions.
79: Establishment, Growth and Dry Matter Yield of Miscanthus Sacchariflorus Over Two Years Under UK Conditions.
80: Non-Food Agro-Industrial Research Information Dissemination (NF-Airid) Including Development of an Information Network and CD-Rom Based Distribution.
81: Production of Miscanthus Sinensis 'Giganteus' on Different Sites in Austria.
82: Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) Biomass Productivity, Sugar Yields and Ethanol Potential in Greece.
83: Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) Response to Four Irrigation and Two Nitrogen Fertilization Rates.
84: Sweet Sorghum in the Mediterranean Region: Productivity and Water Use Efficiency.
85: Sugar Accumulation and Partitioning in Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. Moench) Subject to Different Irrigation Regimes and Nitrogen Applications.
86: French Program on Sorghum.
87: Sweet Sorghum Bagasse as a Substrate for Mesophilic Low-Solid Anaerobic Digestion.
88: Sweet Sorghum Multilocal Experimentation in Spain: Productivity of Different Cultivars.
89: Vegetal Response Laboratory Test to Sweet Sorghum Bagasse Compost.
90: Growth and Productivity of Sweet Sorghum in Turkey.
91: Giant Reed Multiplication and Cultivation Experiences.
92: Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on Energetic Balance of Winter Wheat Production.
93: Giant Reed as Energy Crop: Initial Economic Evaluation of Production Costs in Italy.
94: Giant Reeds and C4 Grasses as a Source of Biomass.
95: Spring Harvest of Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris Arundinacea).
96: Influence of Irrigation on Dry Yield and Leaf Area Patterns of Paper Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) X S. Dochna (Forsk.) Var. Technicum (Snowden)) in Southern Italy.
97: Some Aspects of Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.) Agronomy in the Central Area of the Iberian Peninsula.
98: Post-Fire Production and Accumulation of Above-Ground Biomass in a Leguminous Matorral, Cytisus Balansae, in Spain.
99: Techniques for Harvesting and Storage of Fibre Hemp.
100: Cheap Fuel from Olive Husks, Production and Distribution for Heating in Residential Buildings.
101: Potential Use of MSW in Power Production.
102: Parallel Session B: Electricity and Heat.
103: EU Clean Coal Technology 1993/94 Programme - Technical Overview of the Project Combined Combustion of Coal and Biomass.
104: The Danish Biomass Programme.
105: Possibilities for Increasing Power Production with Bioftiels in the Finnish Forest Industry - Present and Future Technologies and Their Effects on Emissions.
106: Bioenergy Environmental Evaluation Scheme.
107: Reduction of Flue Gas Emissions from Small Heating Appliances by Using a Catalytic Converter.
108: Formation and Reduction of Nitrogen Oxide in a Pilot Scale Fluidized Bed Biomass Combustor.
109: Combined Power and Heat Production Based on Thermal Gasification of Wood Chips at Värnamo, Sweden.
110: Experience from Co-Firing Coal and Straw in a CFB Plant.
111: Installation of a Biomass Boiler Room Using Wood Waste as a Fuel.
112: Diffusion of Biomass District Heating in Austria.
113: Introduction of Biomass District Heating Systems in Styria/Austria.
114: Cultural Initiatives Create a Favourable Climate for Biomass District Heating1.