Handbook of Human Computation, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1461488060
  • ISBN-13: 9781461488064
  • DDC: 004.019
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1059 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released June 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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This volume addresses the emerging area of human computation, The chapters, written by leading international researchers, explore existing and future opportunities to combine the respective strengths of both humans and machines in order to create powerful problem-solving capabilities. The book bridges scientific communities, capturing and integrating the unique perspective and achievements of each. It coalesces contributions from industry and across related disciplines in order to motivate, define, and anticipate the future of this exciting new frontier in science and cultural evolution. Readers can expect to find valuable contributions covering Foundations; Application Domains; Techniques and Modalities; Infrastructure and Architecture; Algorithms; Participation; Analysis; Policy and Security and the Impact of Human Computation. Researchers and professionals will find the Handbook of Human Computation a valuable reference tool. The breadth of content also provides a thorough foundation for students of the field.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Foreword: Making a Difference.
About the Editor-in-Chief.
About the Section Editors.
1: Foundations.
2: Foundations in Human Computation.
3: Patterns of Connection.
4: Human Computation and Divided Labor: The Precursors of Modern Crowdsourcing.
5: Ant Colonies as a Model of Human Computation.
6: Parallels in Neural and Human Communication Networks.
7: The Psychopathology of Information Processing Systems.
8: Information and Computation.
9: Epistemological Issues in Human Computation.
10: Synthesis and Taxonomy of Human Computation.
11: Application Domains.
12: Human Computation in the Wild.
13: Human Computation for Disaster Response.
14: The Virtuous Circle of the Quantified Self: A Human Computational Approach to Improved Health Outcomes.
15: Knowledge Engineering via Human Computation.
16: Human Computation in Citizen Science.
17: Human Computation as an Educational Opportunity.
18: Search and Discovery Through Human Computation.
19: Human Computation in Electronic Literature.
20: Human Computation for Information Retrieval.
21: Human Computation-Enabled Network Analysis for a Systemic Credit Risk Rating.
22: Innovation via Human Computation.
23: Human Computation for Organizations: Socializing Business Process Management.
24: Solving Wicked Problems.
25: Techniques and Modalities.
26: Introduction to Techniques and Modalities.
27: Social Knowledge Collection.
28: Location-Based Games for Citizen Computation.
29: Augmented Reality Interfaces in Human Computation Systems.
30: Pervasive Human Computing.
31: Building Blocks for Collective Problem Solving.
32: Adaptive Agents in Combinatorial Prediction Markets.
33: Risks and Rewards of Crowdsourcing Marketplaces.
34: Designing Systems with Homo Ludens in the Loop.
35: Human-Computer Interaction Issues in Human Computation.
36: Collective Action and Human Computation: From Crowd-Workers to Social Collectives.
37: Cultural Evolution as Distributed Computation.
38: Collective Search as Human Computation.
39: Organismic Computing.
40: Infrastructure and Architecture.
41: Infrastructure and Architecture for Human Computer Intelligent Collaboration.
42: Interactive Crowds: Real-Time Crowdsourcing and Crowd Agents.
43: The Semantic Web and the Next Generation of Human Computation.
44: Conversational Computation.
45: Modeling Humans as Computing Resources.
46: Service Oriented Protocols for Human Computation.
47: CyLog/Crowd4U: A Case Study of a Computing Platform for Cybernetic Dataspaces.
48: Multiagent Environment Design for Pervasive Human-ICT Systems: The SAPERE Approach.
49: The “Human Sensor:” Bridging Between Human Data and Services.
50: Algorithms.
51: Algorithms: Introduction.
52: The Wisdom of Crowds: Methods of Human Judgement Aggregation.
53: Balancing Human and Machine Contributions in Human Computation Systems.
54: Constructing Crowdsourced Workflows.
55: Distributed Intelligent Agent Algorithms in Human Computation.
56: Human-Based Evolutionary Computing.
57: Algorithms for Social Recommendation.
58: Participation.
59: Participation.
60: Methods for Engaging and Evaluating Users of Human Computation Systems.
61: Participating in Online Citizen Science: Motivations as the Basis for User Types and Trajectories.
62: Cultivating Collective Intelligence in Online Groups.
63: Human Computation and Collaboration: Identifying Unique Social Processes in Virtual Contexts.
64: Game Theory and Incentives in Human Computation Systems.
65: Analysis.
66: Analysis: An Introduction.
67: Social Informatics: Using Big Data to Understand Social Behavior.
68: Computational Analysis of Collective Behaviors via Agent-Based Modeling.
69: Stochastic Modeling of Social Behavior on Digg.
70: Activation Cascades in Structured Populations.
71: Synchrony in Social Groups and Its Benefits.
72: Psychosocial and Cultural Modeling in Human Computation Systems: A Gamification Approach.
73: Policy and Security.
74: Introduction to Security and Policy Section.
75: Labor Standards.
76: Exploitation in Human Computation Systems.
77: Big Data, Dopamine and Privacy by Design.
78: Privacy in Social Collaboration.
79: Applying Security Lessons Learned to Human Computation Solving Systems.
80: Impact.
81: The Impact of Human Computation.
82: From Human Computation to the Global Brain: The Self-Organization of Distributed Intelligence.
83: Superorganismic Behavior via Human Computation.
84: Gaming the Attention Economy.
85: Human Cumulative Cultural Evolution as a Form of Distributed Computation.
86: Human Computation and Conflict.
87: The Role of Human Computation in Sustainability, or, Social Progress Is Made of Fossil Fuels.
88: Human Computation: A Manifesto.