The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, 1st Edition

  • Immanuel Ness
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1444351079
  • ISBN-13: 9781444351071
  • DDC: 304.803
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 3444 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released September 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Across the globe, from the dawn of civilization, the journey of human populations -- across towns, borders, and continents -- has been a definitive and enduring feature of humanity. The Encyclopedia Of Global Human Migration provides a complete exploration of the prominent themes, events, and theoretical underpinnings of the movements of human populations from prehistory to the present day. The first scholarly reference work on the subject, the Encyclopedia considers migration on an international, regional, national, ethnic, and sub-national basis. It includes thematic interpretations and theories of migration, as well as the significant contemporary scientific discoveries and scholarly interpretations that have reshaped the way historians and social scientists analyze and map the past. Under the general editorship of Immanuel Ness, the Encyclopedia brings together an editorial board and contributors, which span not only the globe but also the fields of history, sociology, anthropology, political economy, geography, linguistics, genetics, and more. The Encyclopedia Of Global Human Migration offers important insights into our understanding of the migratory patterns of human populations that continue to shape the modern world, and is essential for scholars and students across the humanities, social and physical sciences. The online platform further provides interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work and across Wiley-Blackwell's comprehensive online reference collection.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Praise for The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents to Volume I: Prehistory.
Notes on Contributors.
1: Prehistoric Migration and the Rise of Humanity.
2: The Peopling of the World during the Pleistocene.
3: The Earliest Stages of Hominin Dispersal in Africa and Eurasia.
4: Hominin Migrations before Homo Sapiens: Out of Africa – How Many Times?.
5: Early Old World Migrations of Homo Sapiens: Human Biology.
6: Early Old World Migrations of Homo Sapiens: Archaeology.
7: Pleistocene Migrations in the Southeast Asian Archipelagos.
8: The Human Colonization of Australia.
9: The Human Colonization of the Americas: Archaeology.
10: The Human Colonization of the Americas: Population Genetics.
11: Holocene Migrations.
12: Neolithic Migrations: Food Production and Population Expansion.
13: Human Migrations and the Histories of Major Language Families.
14: Sub-Saharan Africa: Linguistics.
15: Sub-Saharan Africa: Archaeology.
16: Sub-Saharan Africa: Human Genetics.
17: Levant and North Africa: Afroasiatic Linguistic History.
18: Levant and North Africa: Archaeology.
19: Anatolia and the Balkans: Archaeology.
20: Europe and Western Asia: Genetics and Population History.
21: Europe and Western Asia: Indo-European Linguistic History.
22: Europe: Neolithic Colonization.
23: Northern Europe and Russia: Uralic Linguistic History.
24: Central Asia: Genetics and Archaeology.
25: Northern and Northeastern Asia: Archaeology.
26: Northeastern and Central Asia: “Altaic” Linguistic History.
27: Eastern Asia: Sino-Tibetan Linguistic History.
28: Eastern Asia: Archaeology.
29: Eastern Asia and Japan: Human Biology.
30: Japan: Archaeology.
31: Korea: Archaeology.
32: South Asia: Dravidian Linguistic History.
33: South Asia: Archaeology.
34: Trans-Indian Ocean Migration.
35: Southeast Asian Mainland: Linguistic History.
36: Southeast Asian Mainland: Archaeology.
37: Southeast Asian Islands and Oceania: Austronesian Linguistic History.
38: Southeast Asian Islands: Archaeology.
39: Southeast Asian Islands and Oceania: Human Genetics.
40: Papua New Guinea: Indigenous Migrations in the Recent Past.
41: Oceania: Lapita Migration.
42: Micronesian Archaeology.
43: Polynesia, East and South, Including Transpacific Migration.
44: Australia: Linguistic History.
45: North America: Na Dene/Athapaskan Archaeology and Linguistics.
46: North America: Eskimo-Aleut Linguistic History.
47: North America: Paleoeskimo and Inuit Archaeology.
48: Eastern North America: Archaeology and Linguistics.
49: Mesoamerica and the Southwestern United States: Linguistic History.
50: Mesoamerica and the Southwestern United States: Archaeology.
51: Caribbean Islands: Archaeology.
52: Amazonia: Linguistic History.
53: Amazonia: Archaeology.
54: Andes: Linguistic History.
55: Andes: Archaeology.
Title Page.
1: Acadian Migration, Canada to Louisiana.
2: Adoption and Migration.
3: Africa, Commerce and Pre-Colonial Migration.
4: Africa, Fulbe Migrations.
5: Africa, Gender and Migration.
6: Africa, Health and Migration.
7: Africa, Immigrant Legislation and Laws.
8: Africa, Internal Migration.
9: Africa, Medieval Era Migrations: An Overview.
10: Africa, South of the Sahara, Intra- and Intercontinental Population Movements.
11: African Diasporas, Theories, Representations and Definitions.
12: African Emigration to United Kingdom.
13: African Maghreb, Migration to the European Union, 1980–Present.
14: African Slave Trade and Maritime Transportation.
15: Agriculture and Migration.
16: Air Travel.
17: Albanian-Speaking Migration, Mid-19th Century to Present.
18: Andes, Migration, 1900 to Present.
19: Anglo-American Migration to Mexico, 19th to Early 20th Century.
20: Anglo-Saxon Migrations.
21: Anomie, Psychological Disillusionment.
22: Anthropology of Migration.
23: Anticolonialism, Decolonialism, Neocolonialism.
24: Arab Diaspora, United States.
25: Arab Gulf Cooperation Council in Southwest Asia Migration.
26: Arctic Migrations.
27: Argentina, Migration, Mid-19th Century to Present.
28: Armed Conflict and Refugees.
29: Armenian Diaspora.
30: Arts, Music, and Migration.
31: Ascetics, Missionaries, and Pilgrims, Medieval Era.
32: Asia, Development and Migration.
33: Asia, Gender and Migration.
34: Asia, Migration and Development Nexus.
35: Asian Indentured Immigration to the Caribbean, 1838–1917.
36: Asian Migration to Australia.
37: Asian and Minority Banks.
38: Assimilation, Integration, and Incorporation.
39: Asylum.
40: Atlantic Early Modern Migrations and Economic Globalization.
41: Atlantic Historical Migrations, 1500–1965.
42: Australasia, Immigrant Legislation and Laws.
43: Australia, Internal Migration.
44: Australia, Migration, Early 20th Century to Present.
45: Austria, Migration, Mid-19th Century to Present.
46: Balkans, Global Migration, Ethnic Conflict, and Class Struggle.
47: Balkans, Migration, Mid-19th Century to Present.
48: Baltic Sea Colonizations, Medieval Era.
49: Baltic States, Migration 20th Century to Present.
50: Bangladesh, Migration, 1969 to Present.
51: Barbarian Migrations (Völkerwanderung).
52: Basque Country Migrations, Ancient to 17th Century.
53: Basque Diaspora, 18th–20th Century.
54: Belgium, Migration, 1946 to Present.
55: Berbers and Arabs in the Maghreb and Europe, Medieval Era.
56: Berne Initiative.
57: Bilateral Labor Agreements.
58: Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Migration.
59: Bonded Labor and Migration, India.
60: Bonded Labor and Migration, Russia.
61: Bonded Labor and Migration, United States.
62: Borderlands.
63: Borderlands and Cultural Bonds.
64: Brain Drain, Brain Gain, India.
65: Brazil: Emigration, 1968 to Present.
66: Brazil: Internal Migration.
67: Brazil: Migration and Demographic Change, 1800–1975.
68: Britain, Migration, c.1800 to Present.
69: British Isles, Medieval Colonization.
70: Bulgaria, Migration Late 19th Century to Present.
71: Business and Professional Migrants.
72: Byzantium, Medieval Era Migrations.
73: Cameroon, Migration 1960s to Present.
74: Canada: Gender and Migration.
75: Canada: Immigration and Settlement.
76: Canada: Internal Migration.
77: Canada: Migration to the United States.
78: Canada: 20th-Century Migration.
79: Caribbean African Diaspora, 19th–20th Century.
80: Caribbean Agriculture and Migration.
81: The Caribbean and Circum-Caribbean Migration, 16th Century to the Present.
82: Caribbean: Culture and Migration.
83: Caribbean: Dutch Migration, Early 20th Century to Present.
84: Caribbean: English-Speaking Emigration, 1950s to Present.
85: Caribbean: English-Speaking Regional and External Migration, 1830s–2000.
86: Caribbean: French-Speaking Migration and Settlement.
87: Caribbean: Gender and Migration.
88: Caribbean Migration to Canada.
89: Caribbean, Spanish Migration, 19th Century to Present.
90: Caste and International Migration, India to the UK.
91: Caucasus, Migration 19th Century to Present.
92: Central America: Gender and Migration.
93: Central America: Migration 1960s to Present.
94: Central America: Migration Patterns and Remittances.
95: Central America: Regional Migration and Border Policies.
96: Central Asia: Migration, Early 20th Century to Present.
97: Central and Eastern European Migration, Post-World War II to Present.
98: Child Labor and Migration.
99: Children of Migrants.
100: Children and Migration: Disease and Illness.
101: Children: Migration and Human Capital.
102: Children, Migration, and Human Rights.
103: Chile, Migration 1885 to Present.
104: China: Ancient Era Migrations.
105: China: Immigrant Legislation and Laws.
106: China and Inner Central Asia, 7th–13th-Century Migrations.
107: China: Internal Migration.
108: China: Medieval Era Migrations.
109: China: Profit-Driven Institutions and Emigration Promotion.
110: China: Rural Migration.
111: Chinatowns.
112: Chinese Emigration to 1948.
113: Chinese Migrant Workers and Primitive Accumulation of Capital.
114: Chinese Migration, 1949 to Present.
115: Chinese Migration Since 1368.
116: Chinese in Southeast Asia, c.1400–1950.
117: Chinese Urban Migration and Politics.
118: Circular Migration.
119: Circular Migration and Gender.
120: Citizenship.
121: Citizenship Education and Migration.
122: Citizenship, Nationality, and Legal Status.
123: Climate Change, Migration, and Displacement.
124: Climate Change and Migration: An Overview.
125: Co-Ethnic Employees.
126: Commuting.
127: Concentration Camps.
128: Congo (DRC), Migration, 1960 to Present.
129: Convict Labor and Migration.
130: Cosmopolitanism and Migrant Rights.
131: Criminality and Victimization.
132: Cross-Cultural Bonds.
Title Page.
1: Crusades: Middle East Migration, Medieval Era.
2: Cuba: Immigration and Emigration.
3: Cuba: Migration to United States, 1957 to Present.
4: Cultural and Social Memory.
5: Culture and Economics of Migration.
6: Culture and Migration, a Critical Assessment.
7: Czech Republic and Slovakia, Migration 19th Century to Present.
8: Day Laborers in the United States.
9: Demographic Deficit and Migration.
10: Demographic Transformation of Populations.
11: Demographics and Migration: An Overview.
12: Denmark, Migration 16th Century to Present.
13: Dependency Theory.
14: Deportation of Migrants, Netherlands 19th–20th Century.
15: Deportation: An Overview.
16: Development Partnership, Diaspora and Subnational Development Institutions.
17: Development and Receiving Countries.
18: Development and Underdevelopment.
19: Diasporas and Colonization in Classical Antiquity.
20: Diasporas: Diversity and Entrepreneurship.
21: Diasporas: Historical and Conceptual Analysis.
22: Disasters and Migration.
23: Discrimination and Migration: National and Ethnic Origin.
24: Discrimination and Migration: Race.
25: Displaced Persons.
26: Diversity and Mobility, Theoretical Perspectives.
27: Doctors and Migration.
28: Domestic Violence, Abuse, and Migration.
29: Domestic Workers and Migration.
30: DREAM Act, Citizenship, and Mobilization.
31: Dual Citizenship and Nationality.
32: Dublin system.
33: Dutch Colonization and Settlement.
34: East Africa: Migration 1960s to Present.
35: East Africa: Slave Migrations.
36: Eastern Europe: Medieval Era Colonizations and Reclamation of Land.
37: Ecology and Migration.
38: ECOWAS and Migration.
39: Ecuador, Migration 19th Century to Present.
40: Emancipation from Slavery, Modern Era.
41: Environmentally Induced Migration, Theoretical and Methodological Research Challenges.
42: Ethnic and National Pride.
43: Ethnic Cleansing.
44: Ethnic Enclaves and Niches.
45: Ethnic Enclaves and Niches: Theory.
46: Ethnic Selection in Immigration to Latin America.
47: Ethnicity Theory for Migration Research.
48: Europe: Gender and Migration.
49: Europe: Immigrant Legislation and Laws.
50: Europe: Migration and Development, 1650 to Present.
51: Europe: Migration and Settlement, North America and the World.
52: European Imperialism and Migration to Asia.
53: European Labor Migration, 19th Century.
54: European Union: Enlargement and the Free Movement of Labor.
55: European Union: Expansion and Migration.
56: European Union: Migration and Social Charter.
57: Exploitation and Migration.
58: Fair Trade and Migration.
59: Family Migration.
60: Famine and Migration.
61: Farm Laborers, United States and Canada.
62: Farming, Corporate Control, Cash Crops, and Migration.
63: Feminism and Migration.
64: Film and Migration, Africa.
65: Film and Migration, Australasia.
66: Film and Migration, East Asia.
67: Film and Migration, Europe.
68: Film and Migration: Excavating History and Memory.
69: Film and Migration: Globalization of National Cinema.
70: Film and Migration, Latin America.
71: Film and Migration: Narrative, Genre, Spectatorship.
72: Film and Migration, New Europe.
73: Film and Migration, North America and Caribbean.
74: Film and Migration: The Problem of Trauma.
75: Film and Migration, South Asia.
76: Film Festivals and Migration.
77: Film, National Cinema, and Migration.
78: Forced Migration.
79: Foreign Nationals and Expatriate Residents.
80: France: Immigration Since 1945.
81: France: Political Economy of Labor Migration, Early 21st Century.
82: Freedom of Movement.
83: Gay Migration, Late 19th Century to Present.
84: Gender, Globalization, and Eldercare Work.
85: Gender, Labor, and Migration.
86: Gender and Migration.
87: Genocide and Displacement.
88: Gentrification and Displacement.
89: Geography of Migration.
90: Germany and Central Europe, Migrations.
91: Germany, Migration, 1980s to Present.
92: Ghana, Migrations from Colonial to Modern Times.
93: Global Trade and International Migration.
94: Goths and Vandals, Migration History.
95: Government and Private Support for Migrants in Receiving Countries.
96: Great Invasions, Map Showing Origins of.
97: Greece, Migration 1830s to Present.
98: Greek Colonization Movement, 8th–6th Centuries BCE.
99: Greek Migrations and Colonies, Ancient Era.
100: Guest Workers, 1970s to Present.
101: Guest Workers Policies, East and Southeast Asia.
102: Hague Programme on Migration.
103: Hajj.
104: Health and Migration: Latin Americans in the United States.
105: Health and Migration: An Overview.
106: Highly Skilled IT Migrant Workers.
107: Hippy Trails.
108: HIV/AIDS and Migration.
109: HIV/AIDS, Migration, and Gender in sub-Saharan Africa.
110: Hometown Associations.
111: Horn of Africa, Migration Late 19th Century to Present.
112: Hospitality Workers and Migration.
113: Housing and Immigrant Communities, United States, 1965 to Present.
114: Housing and Migrant Communities.
115: Human Rights Activism and Migration.
116: Human Rights, Class, Race, and Inequality.
117: Human Smuggling.
118: Hungary, 20th-Century Migration.
119: Ideology, Politics, and Migration.
120: ILO and the Rights of Migrant Workers.
121: Immigrants, Voting, and Electoral Participation.
122: Imprisonment and Punishment.
123: India, Medieval Era Migrations.
124: India, Migration to British Africa.
125: India, Migration 1940s to Present.
126: India–Pakistan Partition 1947 and Forced Migration.
127: Indian and Chinese Migration to the British Caribbean.
128: Indian Emigration, 1947 to Present.
129: Indian Migration, Malaysia and Singapore.
130: Indian Migration to the South Pacific.
131: Indian Ocean Indentured Labor, 19th and Early 20th Century.
132: Indian Ocean Transoceanic Migration, 16th–19th Century.
133: Indians in Myanmar/Burma, Assimilation and Integration.
134: Indigenous Mexican-origin Immigration to the United States, Historical and Intersectional Perspective.
135: Indigenous Migration: Americas, Distinctiveness and Scale.
136: Indigenous Migration: Otavalo Diaspora in Historical Perspective.
137: Indigenous Migrations, Canada.
138: Indigenous Migrations: The Emergence of Maya America.
139: Indigenous Peoples and Migration.
140: Indigenous Peoples, Rural to Urban Migration, United States and Canada.
Title Page.
1: Indochina, Migration Mid-20th Century to Present.
2: Indonesia, Migration 1969 to Present.
3: Informal Labor and Irregular Migrant Workers.
4: Internal Foreign-Born Migrants.
5: Internal Migration, Ethnic Groups in the UK.
6: Internal Migration: An Overview.
7: International Human Rights Norms on Migrants.
8: International Migration, Economic Problems and Policies.
9: International Migration and Social Theory.
10: International Standards and Processes for the Protection of Migrant Rights.
11: Internment Camps and Migration.
12: Intolerance and Migration, United States.
13: Iranian Zoroastrian Diaspora.
14: Ireland, Migration Late 18th Century to Present.
15: Islam and Migration.
16: Italy: Internal Migration 1800–Present.
17: Italy: Migration 1815 to Present.
18: Italy: Migration from 1990s to 2010s.
19: Japan: Brazilian Nikkeijin Women.
20: Japan: Collapse of Empire and Repatriation.
21: Japan: Colonization and Settlement.
22: Japan: Immigration Control Policy.
23: Japan: Korean Zainichi Migration.
24: Japan: Medieval Era Migrations.
25: Japan: Nikkeijin Migration.
26: Japan: Undocumented Immigrant Workers.
27: Jewish Migration, Antiquity.
28: Jewish Migration, Medieval Era.
29: Jewish Migration, 19th Century to Present.
30: Korea, Migration Late 19th Century to Present.
31: Labor Force Participation.
32: Labor Migration, Europe 1980–2010.
33: Labor Migration: An Overview.
34: Labor Migration, Poverty, and Inequality.
35: Labor Migration and Worker Organization, Global North and Global South.
36: Labor Strikes, Militancy, and Migrant Worker Collective Action.
37: Language and Migration: Perspectives and Experiences.
38: Language Rights.
39: Latin America: Agriculture and Migration.
40: Latin America: Development and Migration.
41: Latin America: Gender and Migration.
42: Latin America: Internal Migration.
43: Latin America: Migration Flows to the United States.
44: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Migration.
45: Letters of Immigrants.
46: Links between Internal and International Migration.
47: Literature and Globalization.
48: Literature and Migration.
49: Madagascar and Africa, Austronesian Migration.
50: Malaysia, Migration, 1970s to Present.
51: Maritime Migrations.
52: Marriage Migration.
53: Marriage Migration, Europe 1945–2010s.
54: Marxist Theories of Migration.
55: Medieval Era Migration: An Overview.
56: Mediterranean Ancient Migrations, 2000–1 BCE.
57: Mediterranean Historical Migrations.
58: Mediterranean Medieval Era Colonizations.
59: Melting Pot Theory.
60: Memory and Migration: Research.
61: Mental Health and Migration.
62: Merchant Communities.
63: Mesopotamian and Persian Migrations.
64: Mexican Migration to the United States, 1880s to Present.
65: Mexico–United States Labor Migration, 1980s to Present.
66: Mexico–United States Migration, 1980s–2010.
67: Middle East, Labor Migration.
68: Migration and Agrarian Change.
69: Migration to Ancient Rome.
70: Migration Control.
71: Migration Controls and Restriction Policies.
72: Migration and Development, Global South/Mexico-Morocco.
73: Missionaries.
74: Mobility.
75: Mormon Migration to Utah.
76: Multiculturalism.
77: Multilateral Approaches to Managing Migration.
78: Music and Migration.
79: Muslim World, Medieval Era Migrations.
80: Myanmar/Burma, Migration 1962 to Present.
81: Napoleonic Empire and Migration.
82: Nationality Policies and Migration.
83: Nativism and Xenophobia.
84: Nativity, Birth Rates, and Migration.
85: Nazi Germany, Escape and Emigration.
86: Neoliberal Globalization and Migration.
87: Netherlands, Migration 19th–20th Century.
88: New Zealand, Migration 19th Century to Present.
89: Nigeria, Migrations Early 20th Century to Present.
90: Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) and Migration.
91: Nordic Region, from Emigration to Immigration.
92: North Atlantic Migrations in the Viking Age.
93: North–South Migration.
94: Norway, Migration 19th Century to Present.
95: Novels and Memoirs and Migration.
96: Nurses and Health-Care Professionals as Migrant Workers.
97: Organizations and Conventions: Rights of Migrants.
98: Organized Crime and Migration: The Lombroso Mafia Myth.
99: Pacific Islands, Migration 18th Century to Present.
100: Pakistan-Bangladesh Partition 1971 and Forced Migration.
101: Pakistan, Migration 1970s to Present.
102: Palestine, Migration 1880 to Present.
103: Paraguay, Migration 19th Century to Present.
104: Penal Colonies.
105: Peninsular India and the Bay of Bengal: Mobility and Travel, 4th Century BCE to 8th Century CE.
106: Philippine Migration to Japan.
107: Philippines, Migration, 1948 to Present.
108: Phoenician and Carthaginian Migrations.
109: Pilgrimage.
110: Poland, Migration 19th Century to Present.
111: Police Raids, Detention, and Deportation of Migrants.
112: Political Economy of Refugees.
113: Portugal: Colonization and Settlement.
114: Portugal: Migration 16th Century to Present.
115: Portuguese Slave Trade in the Americas.
116: Postcolonial Refugee Narratives.
117: Postcolonial Theories of Migration.
118: Poverty, Development, and Migration.
119: Protohistoric European Migrations.
120: Public Health and Development.
121: Public Health and Migration.
122: Puerto Rico, Migration 1868 to Present.
123: Race and Migration.
124: Race, Nationality, and Migration.
125: Railroads and Migration.
126: Rainforests and Migration.
127: Reconquista.
128: Refugee Families and Children.
129: Regularization Programs.
130: Religion and Migration.
131: Remittance Policies, Early 21st-Century Trends and Assessments.
132: Remittances and Development Finance.
133: Remittances and International Migration.
134: Remittances, Motivation.
135: Remittances and Political Economy of Migration.
Title Page.
1: Remittances and Poverty Alleviation, Ecuador and Bangladesh.
2: Remittances and Poverty Alleviation in Poor Countries.
3: Remittances and Undocumented Migration.
4: Reparations and Refugees.
5: Research on Migration: An Overview.
6: Reserve Army of Labor and Migration.
7: Retirement Migration.
8: Return Migration.
9: Return Migration and Ethnicity.
10: Revolution and Migration, Europe 1848–49.
11: Revolution and Migration, France 1789.
12: Roma Migrations.
13: Roman Colonization.
14: Roman World, Mobility.
15: Romania and Moldova, Migration Mid-19th Century to Present.
16: Rural Migrant Workers in the Construction Industry, New Delhi, India.
17: Rural Migration, Europe and North America 1945 to Present.
18: Rural Migration and Poverty, United States.
19: Rural–Urban Migrations, Medieval Era.
20: Russia, Migration 17th–19th Century.
21: Russian Internal Migration, Early 20th Century to Present.
22: Russian International Migration, 20th Century.
23: Sanctuary Movements.
24: Scalabrinian Missionaries and Migration.
25: Scholars in Search of Knowledge, Medieval Era.
26: Schooling, Education, and Migration.
27: Seasonal Migration.
28: Second Generation, Identity Formation.
29: Second-Generation Migrants: Europe and the United States.
30: Second-Generation Migrants: Maghrebis in France.
31: Seleucid Empire, Colonization and Settlement.
32: Settler Migration and Colonies.
33: Sex Trafficking and Migration.
34: Sex Workers and Migration, Europe.
35: Shipboard Insurrections.
36: Silk Road and Migration.
37: Singapore, Chinese Migration Late 19th Century to Present.
38: Skills and Migration.
39: Slave Trade, Medieval Era.
40: Slavs, Medieval Migration.
41: Social Capital and Labor-Market Outcomes for Immigrants.
42: Social Networks.
43: Social Protest and Migration.
44: Social Remittances.
45: Sociology of Migration.
46: Sojourners.
47: Soldiers and Citizens.
48: South America, Immigrant Legislation and Laws.
49: South Asia, Migration 1850–1970s.
50: South–South Migrations: Indian Oceanic World.
51: Southeast Asia: Migration, ASEAN, and Regional Agreements.
52: Southern Africa: Gender and Migration.
53: Southern Africa: Internal Migration.
54: Southern Africa, Migration, 7th Century to Present.
55: Spain: Capitalism, Expansion, and Settlement, Medieval Era.
56: Spain and Its Empire, Migration and Emigration, c.1450–c.1750.
57: Spain: Migration 1960s to Present.
58: Spanish America, Early Modern Migration 16th–18th Century.
59: Sport and Migration.
60: Spouses and Migration.
61: Sri Lanka, Migration 1960s to Present.
62: Statelessness.
63: Steerage, Slavery, and Shipboard Insurrections.
64: Steppe, People of (Hungarians, Huns, Avars, Mongols).
65: Structural Adjustment Policies and International Migration.
66: Student Migration, China to Japan.
67: Student Migration: An Overview.
68: Suburbs.
69: Sustainable Population Growth.
70: Sweden, Migration 19th Century to Present.
71: Switzerland, Migration 19th Century to Present.
72: Syndicalism and Anarchism of Migrants.
73: Temporary Migrant Workers, Globalization, 20th Century to Present.
74: Temporary Migrant Workers and Labor Organization.
75: Tokyo, Foreigners in.
76: Tourism.
77: Trade and Migration.
78: Trade Networks and Migration, Early Modern Europe.
79: Traders and Exiles, Medieval Era.
80: Trafficking Migrants.
81: Transatlantic Slave Trade.
82: Transculturalism.
83: Translocalism.
84: Transnational Families, Research and Scholarship.
85: Transnational Labor Migration, 1970s to Present.
86: Transnationalism and Cross-Border Migration.
87: Transnationalism: An Overview.
88: Transregionalism.
89: Travel and Migration.
90: Turkey: Migration 18th–20th Century.
91: Turkey: Migration and Remittances, 1960s to Present.
92: Turks in the Occident, Medieval Era.
93: Ukraine, Migration, Early 20th Century to Present.
94: Undocumented Migrants: Rights and Advocacy.
95: Undocumented Migration: An Overview.
96: Undocumented Residents in the United States.
97: United Kingdom, Migration 1990s to Present.
98: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
99: United States: African Colonization, Manifest Destiny, and Indian Removal.
100: United States: Black Immigrant Economic Competition.
101: United States: Gender and Migration.
102: United States: Great Black Migrations, 1900–70.
103: United States: Immigration Legislation.
104: United States: Internal Migration, Immigrants and New Destinations.
105: United States: Labor Markets and Immigrant Incorporation, New Destinations, 1990s to Present.
106: United States: Migration, 1965 to Present.
107: United States: Nativism and Migration.
108: United States: Origin Countries of Foreign-Born Population.
109: Urban Sprawl.
110: Urbanization: Ethnic and Religious Segregation.
111: Urbanization and Migration.
112: Uruguay, Migration and Economic Modernization, 1820 to the Present.
113: Utopian Communities.
114: Vikings and Normans.
115: Wages and Migrant Labor.
116: War and Migration.
117: Wars and Population Displacement, 20th Century.
118: West Indian Migration to the United States, 1965 to Present.
119: Women, Reproduction, and Migration.
120: World-Systems Analysis.
121: WTO, GATS, and Migration.
122: Zionism, Colonization, Settlement, Occupation.
Index to Volume I: Prehistory.
Index to Volumes II–V.