NEW

Criminal Justice in America: The Encyclopedia of Crime, Law Enforcement, Courts, and Corrections, 1st Edition

  • Carla Lewandowski
  • Jeff Bumgarner
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 144086263X
  • ISBN-13: 9781440862632
  • DDC: 364.97303
  • 800 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2019 | Published/Released January 2021
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2019

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This work offers a thorough introduction to the field of criminal justice, including types of crime; policing; courts and sentencing; landmark legal decisions; and local, state, and federal corrections systems-and the key topics and issues within each of these areas. It provides a complete overview and understanding of the many terms, jobs, procedures, and issues surrounding this growing field of study. It examines ethical questions related to policing and courts, trial procedures, law enforcement and corrections agencies and responsibilities, and the complexion of criminal justice in the U.S. in the 21st century. The title emphasizes coverage of such politically charged topics as drug trafficking and substance abuse, immigration, environmental protection, government surveillance and civil rights, deadly force, mass incarceration, police militarization, organized crime, gangs, wrongful convictions, racial disparities in sentencing, and privatization of the U.S. prison system.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Alphabetical List of Entries.
Guide to Related Topics.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
Chronology.
1: Air Marshals.
2: Alcatraz.
3: Alibi.
4: Alternative Dispute Resolution.
5: AMBER Alerts.
6: Appellate Courts.
7: Arraignment.
8: Arrests.
9: Assault and Battery.
10: Asset Forfeiture.
11: Asylums.
12: Atkins v. Virginia (2002).
13: Attica Riot.
14: Bail and Bail Reform.
15: Beccaria, Cesare (1738–1794).
16: Behavioral Profiling.
17: Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832).
18: Beto, George J. (1916–1991).
19: Bill of Rights.
20: Bill of Rights, Incorporation of the.
21: Boot Camps.
22: Broken Windows.
23: Brown, Michael, Killing of.
24: Brown v. Mississippi (1936).
25: Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
26: Bureau of Justice Statistics.
27: Burger Court.
28: Burglary.
29: Central Park Five.
30: Citizen's Arrest.
31: Civil Commitment.
32: Civil Law.
33: Civilian Review Boards.
34: Code of Hammurabi.
35: Coker v. Georgia (1977).
36: Columbine High School Shooting.
37: Commerce Clause.
38: Common Law.
39: Community Corrections.
40: Community Policing.
41: Comparative Statistics.
42: Concealed Carry Laws.
43: Consent Decrees.
44: Contraband.
45: Convict Lease System.
46: Convict Social Systems.
47: CoreCivic.
48: Correctional Officers.
49: Courtroom Workgroup.
50: Courts of Limited and General Jurisdiction.
51: Courts of Original Jurisdiction.
52: Crime Data Collection.
53: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design.
54: Crime Scene Investigation.
55: Crimes against Children.
56: Crimes against Humanity.
57: Crimes against Public Morality.
58: Cruel and Unusual Punishment.
59: Custody.
60: Customs and Border Protection Agency.
61: Cybersecurity.
62: Date Rape.
63: Death Penalty.
64: Death Penalty Public Opinion.
65: Deconfliction.
66: Defense Attorneys.
67: Deinstitutionalization.
68: Department of Homeland Security.
69: De-Policing.
70: Deprivation Model.
71: Desistance.
72: Determinate and Indeterminate Sentencing.
73: Deterrence.
74: Deviance.
75: Diallo, Amadou (1975–1999).
76: “Dirty Harry” Problem.
77: Discretionary Release.
78: Diversion.
79: Domestic Violence Courts.
80: Drug Enforcement Administration.
81: Due Process.
82: Duress.
83: DWI Courts.
84: Early Release Programs.
85: Eastern State Penitentiary.
86: Elderly Inmates.
87: Electronic Monitoring.
88: Escobedo v. Illinois (1964).
89: Estelle v. Gamble (1976).
90: Evidence, Rules of.
91: Exclusionary Rule.
92: Exoneration.
93: Expert Witnesses.
94: Eyewitness Testimony.
95: Federal Bureau of Investigation.
96: Federal Court System.
97: Federal Prison System.
98: Felony Murder Rule.
99: Female Criminals.
100: Fifth Amendment.
101: Fourteenth Amendment.
102: Fourth Amendment.
103: Fraud.
104: Furloughs.
105: Fusion Centers.
106: Get Tough Laws.
107: Good Time Credits.
108: Graham v. Connor (1989).
109: Grand Jury.
110: Gregg v. Georgia (1976).
111: Guantánamo Bay.
112: Halfway Houses.
113: Hands-Off Doctrine.
114: Hearsay.
115: Hearst, Patty, Trial of.
116: High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas.
117: Homeland Security Act of 2002.
118: Homeland Security Investigations.
119: Homicide.
120: Hoover, J. Edgar (1895–1972).
121: Hot Spots Policing.
122: Human Trafficking.
123: Immigration and Crime.
124: Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
125: Impeachment/Removal of Judges.
126: Importation Model.
127: In re Gault (1967).
128: Incarceration.
129: Inchoate Offenses.
130: Index Crimes.
131: Indictment and Information.
132: Inmate Demographics.
133: Innocence Project.
134: Intelligence-Led Policing.
135: Internal Affairs.
136: Interrogation and Confession.
137: Jails versus Prisons.
138: Joint Terrorism Task Force.
139: Judicial Remedies.
140: Judicial Scrutiny.
141: Judiciary Act of 1789.
142: Jurisdiction.
143: Jurors/Jury Selection.
144: Jury Sequestration.
145: Just Deserts.
146: Juvenile Court.
147: Kant, Immanuel (1724–1804).
148: King, Rodney (1965–2012).
149: Legal Defenses.
150: Life without Parole.
151: Los Angeles Police Department.
152: Malice Aforethought.
153: Manhattan Bail Project.
154: Manslaughter.
155: Mapp v. Ohio (1961).
156: Marbury v. Madison (1803).
157: Marijuana Use.
158: Martin, Trayvon, Killing of.
159: Mass Incarceration.
160: Mass Murder.
161: Mass Shootings.
162: Media Portrayal of Crime.
163: Mens Rea.
164: Militarization of the Police.
165: Miller v. Alabama (2012).
166: Minimum-, Medium-, and Maximum-Security Prisons.
167: Miranda v. Arizona (1966).
168: Miranda Warnings.
169: Model Penal Code.
170: Modus Operandi.
171: Money Laundering.
172: Mothers in Prison.
173: Municipal Courts.
174: Municipal Police.