Administrative Histories of the Lyndon B. Johnson Presidency: Science and Technology

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This collection provides insight into the role and effectiveness of science and technology in the 1960s, and its importance to the Federal Government and the American people.

The collection includes the records of:

  • Atomic Energy Commission
  • Federal Power Commission
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Council
  • National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development
  • National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Office of Science and Technology
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

The President's science adviser and Office of Science and Technology provided guidance to the President and Executive Branch on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. In addition, the White House science structure supported inter-agency efforts to develop and implement science and technology policies and budgets; encouraged private sector-Federal cooperation, coordination, and investments in science and technology for economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security; and evaluated the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology.

Throughout his political and presidential career, LBJ had supported the Space Program. His congressional and vice presidential positions provided a unique opportunity for LBJ to become exceptionally knowledgeable about the program, its budget issues, and need for public support. Following his election victory in 1964, LBJ reinforced his public image as the architect of the American space effort through several special messages, statements, and campaigning for budget dollars. This collection provides background for a unique understanding of the battles in Congress over funding, the scientific community's effort to advance technology, and the need to lead the West in the Space Race with the Soviets.

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