Molten Salts Chemistry, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0124017223
  • ISBN-13: 9780124017221
  • DDC: 546.34
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 592 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released June 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Molten salts and fused media provide the key properties and the theory of molten salts, as well as aspects of fused salts chemistry, helping you generate new ideas and applications for fused salts. Molten Salts Chemistry: From Lab to Applications examines how the electrical and thermal properties of molten salts, and generally low vapour pressure are well adapted to high temperature chemistry, enabling fast reaction rates. It also explains how their ability to dissolve many inorganic compounds such as oxides, nitrides, carbides and other salts make molten salts ideal as solvents in electrometallurgy, metal coating, treatment of by-products and energy conversion. This book also reviews newer applications of molten salts including materials for energy storage such as carbon nano-particles for efficient super capacitors, high capacity molten salt batteries and for heat transport and storage in solar plants. In addition, owing to their high thermal stability, they are considered as ideal candidates for the development of safer nuclear reactors and for the treatment of nuclear waste, especially to separate actinides from lanthanides by electrorefining.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Modeling of Molten Salts.
2: Raman Spectroscopy and Pulsed Neutron Diffraction of Molten Salt Mixtures Containing Rare-Earth Trichlorides: Trial Approaches from Fundamentals to Pyrochemical Reprocessing.
3: In Situ Spectroscopy in Molten Fluoride Salts.
4: Thermodynamic Calculations of Molten-Salt Reactor Fuel Systems.
5: Ionic Transport in Molten Salts.
6: Salt Bath Thermal Treating and Nitriding.
7: Catalysis in Molten Ionic Media.
8: The Ability of Molten Carbonate for Gas Cleaning of Biomass Gasification.
9: Inert Anode Development for High-Temperature Molten Salts.
10: Boron-Doped Diamond Electrodes in Molten Chloride Systems.
11: NF3 Production from Electrolysis in Molten Fluorides.
12: Corrosion in Molten Salts.
13: Plasma-Induced Discharge Electrolysis for Nanoparticle Production.
14: Electrochemical Formation of Rare Earth-Nickel Alloys.
15: Electrochemical Synthesis of Novel Niobium and Tantalum Compounds in Molten Salts.
16: Preparation of Carbonaceous Materials in Fused Carbonate Salts.
17: Molten Carbonates from Fuel Cells to New Energy Devices.
18: Synthesis and Li+ Ion Exchange in Molten Salts of Novel Hollandite-Type Ky(Mn1–xCox)O2·zH2o Nanofiber for Lithium Battery Electrodes.
19: Hybrid Molten Carbonate/Solid Oxide Direct Carbon Fuel Cells.
20: High-Temperature Molten Salts for Solar Power Application.
21: The Sodium Metal Halide (ZEBRA) Battery: An Example of Inorganic Molten Salt Electrolyte Battery.
22: Hydrogen Storage and Transportation System through Lithium Hydride Using Molten Salt Technology.
23: Nuclear Energy Based on Thorium Molten Salt.
24: Molten Salts for Nuclear Applications.
25: Lanthanides Extraction Processes in Molten Fluoride Media.
26: Development of Pyrochemical Separation Processes for Recovery of Actinides from Spent Nuclear Fuel in Molten LiCl-KCl.