Chlorophyll Biosynthesis and Technological Applications, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 9400771347
  • ISBN-13: 9789400771345
  • DDC: 572.46
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 469 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released May 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014

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Heme and chlorophyll (Chl) are essential for life in the biosphere. Chlorophyll catalyzes the conversion of solar energy to chemical energy through photosynthesis. Hemes are involved in electron transport during oxidative phosphorylation and photosynthetic phosphorylation, which generate ATP and NADPH. Indeed, life in the biosphere depends on photosynthesis. Photosynthetic efficiency is controlled by extrinsic factors such as the availability of water, CO2, inorganic nutrients, ambient temperature and the metabolic and developmental state of the plant, as well as by intrinsic factors (Lien and San Pietro, 1975). We believe the time has come to bioengineer chloroplasts capable of synthesizing a short chain carbohydrate at rates that approach the upper theoretical limits of photosynthesis [Rebeiz, C. A. (2010) Investigations of possible relationships between the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway and the assembly of chlorophyll-protein complexes and photosynthetic efficiency. In: Rebeiz, C. A. Benning, C., Bohnert, H.J., Daniell, H., Hoober J. K., Lichtenthaler, H. K., Portis, A. R., and Tripathy, B. C. eds. The chloroplast: Basics and Applications. Springer. The Netherlands, p 1-24]. This monograph presents an in-depth discussion of the Chl biosynthetic pathway. Its complexity and biochemical heterogeneity and the relationship of this complexity to the structural and biosynthetic complexity of photosynthetic membranes will be emphasized. We will also emphasize in historical perspective, key stages in our understanding of the Chl biosynthetic heterogeneity. A complex biosynthetic process is only fully understood when it becomes possible to reconstitute in vitro every step of the process. Other topics: the development of analytical techniques, cell-free systems, herbicides, insecticides, and cancericides.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication Page.
1: Author Biography.
2: Some Major Steps in the Understanding of the Chemistry and Biochemistry of Chl.
3: Synopsis.
4: Development of Analytical and Preparatory Techniques.
5: Development of Cell-Free Systems.
6: Reactions between δ-Aminolevulinic Acid and Protoporphyrin IX.
7: The Iron and Magnesium Branches of the Porphyrin Biosynthetic Pathway.
8: The Chl a Carboxylic Biosynthetic Routes: Reactions between Mg-Protoporphyrin IX and Protochlorophyllide a.
9: The Chl a Carboxylic Biosynthetic Routes: Protochlorophyllide a.
10: The Chl a Carboxylic Biosynthetic Routes: (Photo) Conversion of Protochlorophyllides (Pchlides) a to Chlorophyllide (Chlide) a.
11: The Chl a Carboxylic Biosynthetic Routes: Conversion of Chlide a to Chl a.
12: The Fully Esterified Chlorophyll a Biosynthetic Routes: Reactions Between Mg-Protoporphyrin IX Diester and Chl a.
13: The Chlorophyll b Biosynthetic Pathway: Novel Metabolic Intermediates.
14: The Chl b Biosynthetic Pathway: Intermediary Metabolism.
15: Relationship of Chlorophyll Biosynthetic Heterogeneity to the Greening Group Affiliation of Plants.
16: Relationship of Chlorophyll Biosynthesis to the Assembly of Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes.
17: The Chlorophyll Biosynthetic Heterogeneity and Chloroplast Bioengineering.
18: Photodynamic Herbicides.
19: Porphyric Insecticides.
20: ALA-Dependent Cancericides.