Global Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) History, 1st Edition

  • Editor: Howard Chiang, Anjali Arondekar, Marc Epprecht, Jennifer Evans, Ross G. Forman, Hanadi Al-Samman, Emily Skidmore, Zeb Tortorici
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0684325543
  • ISBN-13: 9780684325545
  • DDC: 306.76003
  • Grade Level Range: 10th Grade - College Senior
  • 1500 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2019 | Published/Released January 2019
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2019

  • Price:  Sign in for price



The Global Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History will provide a global view of the history of LGBTQ, covering significant figures and events worldwide. Wide-ranging in scope, this encyclopedia complements courses in a variety of disciplines, including history, American studies, literature, psychology, sociology and others. Features include a thematic outline and a comprehensive index.

Features and Benefits

  • Substantial coverage of nearly 70 countries, with additional countries represented throughout the encyclopedia.
  • Peer-reviewed entries written by academics from around the world, with nearly half the entries written by international contributors, representing 35 different countries.
  • Far more substantive than the average encyclopedia, with entries averaging 4,000 words each.
  • Over 315 full-color photos, illustrations, and graphs.
  • Abundant cross-references to help readers make connections between entries.
  • A General Index to offer access to places, subjects, titles, and proper names mentioned within the text.



  • Howard Chiang
  • Anjali Arondekar
  • Marc Epprecht
  • Jennifer Evans
  • Ross G. Forman
  • Hanadi Al-Samman
  • Emily Skidmore
  • Zeb Tortorici

Alternate Formats

  • Casebound Edition

    ISBN-10: 0684325535 | ISBN-13: 9780684325538

Table of Contents

Activism and Human Rights in Latin America.
Activism in Africa South of the Sahara.
Adoption, Fostering, and Surrogacy (International).
Adoption and Surrogacy in Europe.
Aestheticism and Decadence, Nineteenth-Century.
African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights.
Sidebar: The Commission Condemns Violence and Discrimination against LGBTQ Persons.
Afropop Music.
AIDS Memorial Quilt—The NAMES Project.
Al-Akharun (2006; Seba al-Herz).
Amer, Ghada (1963–).
Anā Hiya Anti (2000; Elham Mansour).
Antes que Anochezca (1992; Reinaldo Arenas).
Anthropology, Africa South of the Sahara.
Sidebar: E. E. Evans-Pritchard (1902–1973).
Anti-gender Movement in Europe.
Anti-racist Activism in Europe.
Anti-Semitism and Zionism.
Anti-Semitism in Europe.
Antisodomy and Buggery Trials.
Archives in Africa.
Archives in Asia.
Archives in Australia and New Zealand.
Archives in Europe.
Archives in Latin America.
Archives in North America.
Argentina's Gender Identity Law.
The Art of Identity in India.
The Art of Queering Asian Mythology.
Sidebar: Sunil Gupta (1953–).
Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN).
Asrar 'Ailiyyah (2013; Hany Fawzy).
Athletes, Trans, in Asia.
Sidebar: Pinki Pramanik (1986–).
Athletes, Trans and Intersex.
Awdat al-Almani ilā Rushdih (2006; Rashid al-Daif).
El Baile de los 41.
Barbin, Herculine (1838–1868).
Bareed Mista3jil: True Stories (2009).
Bars and Cabarets in Europe.
Sidebar: Eldorado.
Bars, Working-class, in Mexico.
Bathhouse Raids, Toronto (1981).
Bayrūt '75 (1975; Ghada al-Samman).
BDSM (Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, Sadism and Masochism).
Benga, François "Féral" (1906–1957).
El Beso de la Mujer Araña (1976; Manuel Puig).
Sidebar: Lhak-Sam, Bhutan’s Network for HIV-Positive People.
Biological Essentialism.
Black Freedom Movement and Sexuality.
The Body Politic.
Bom-Crioulo (1895; Adolfo Ferreira Caminha).
Sidebar: Gay's the Word Bookshop.
Boston Marriage and Women's Romantic Friendships.
Boys Love (Yaoi) Manga.
Brokeback Mountain.
The Bubble (2006; Eytan Fox).
Butt Magazine.
Cabaret Theater in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Sidebar: Jesusa Rodríguez (1955–).
Cabo Verde.
Canadian Criminal Code Reform (1969).
Cape Town.
Carnival and Sexuality in Brazil.
Cavafy, C. P. (1863–1933).
Central American Solidarity Movement.
Sidebar: Victoria Mercado Brigade.
Chechnya, Detention Camps in.
Chevalier d'Éon or Mademoiselle Beaumont (1728–1810).
Christianity in Africa: Anglican.
Christianity in Africa: LGBT Friendly.
Sidebar: Desmond Tutu (1931–).
Christianity in Africa: Pentecostal and Charismatic.
Christianity in Africa: Roman Catholicism.
Cinema, African (Anglophone).
Sidebar: Nollywood.
Sidebar: Rafiki (2018; Wanuri Kahiu).
Cinema, African (Francophone).
Sidebar: Karmen Geï (2001; Joseph Gaï Ramaka).
Cinema, Latin American (Early Twentieth Century).
Cinema, Latin American (Late Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries).
Cisgender or Cis.
Classical Studies.
The Closet.
Cold War and Sexuality in Latin America.
Colonialism in Africa South of the Sahara.
Combahee River Collective.
Coming-Out/Coming-In Discourses in the Middle East.
Comité d'Urgence Anti-répression Homosexuelle (CUARH).
Communism and Queers in Europe.
Compton's Cafeteria Riot (1966).
Confessional Manuals in Colonial Latin America.
Conquest and Sodomy in Latin America.
Conversion Therapy in China.
Côte d'Ivoire.
Sidebar: Woubi Chéri (1998; Laurent Bocahut, Philip Brooks).
Cross-Dressing in the West.
Cruising and Cruising Grounds.
The Cuban Revolution and Homosexuality.
Sidebar: Fresa y Chocolate (1993; Tomás Gutiérrez Alea and Juan Carlos Tabío).
Sidebar: Sexilio and Migration.
Darnell v. Lloyd (1975).
Daughters of Bilitis.
Defense of Marriage Act (1996).
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
Diasporas, Queer.
Digital Cultures in Latin America.
Sidebar: Walter Mercado: Queer Digital Icon.
Dissidence in Singapore.
Sidebar: Hong Lim Park: A Center of LGBT Dissidence.
Al-Dizil (1994; Thani al-Suwaidi).
Drag, Asian.
Sidebar: Asifa Lahore.
Ecology and Environmental Issues and Activism.
Egymásra Nézve (1982; Károly Makk).
Einayim Pkuhot (2009; Haim Tabakman).
Elbe, Lili (1882–1931).
Erauso, Catalina de (1592–1650).
Sidebar: Frantz Fanon (1925–1965).
Eurovision Song Contest.
Family Law in Asia.
Female Husband.
Feminism, African.
Femmes and Butches.
Film Festivals.
Sidebar: Frameline: The World’s First LGBTQ Film Festival.
Sidebar: BFI Flare: London’s First LGBTQ Film Festival.
Fin de Siècle Sexuality.
Sidebar: Invertido and Pederasta.
Fire (1996; Deepa Mehta).
Florentine Codex and Nahua Sexuality.
Fortune and Men's Eyes.
Foucault, Influence of.
Frente de Liberación Homosexual.
Friendship Societies in Europe.
Sidebar: Lou Sullivan (1951–1991).
Gangs and Street Kids in Africa.
Gay European Tourism Association.
The Gay International and Mideast LGBTQI Organizations.
Sidebar: Helem.
Gay Latino Alliance (GALA).
Gay Liberation Front.
Gender, Flexible Systems, in Africa.
Sidebar: Njinga (r. 1624–1663).
Gendered Violence and Feminicide in Latin America.
Gentrification in Europe.
Graffiti and Graphic Art.
Groupe du 6 Novembre: Lesbiennes Issues du Colonialisme, de l'Esclavage et de l'Immigration.
Grupo de Trabalho Homossexual and LES.
Grupo Gay da Bahia.
Hajar al-Dahik (1990; Hoda Barakat).
Halat Shaghaf (1998; Nihad Sirees).
Harlem Renaissance.
Hate Crime Law and Policy in the United States.
Hemispheric Institute Digital Video Library.
Hena Maysara (2007; Khaled Youssef).
Higher Education and LGBTQ+ Communities in the United States.
Historical Sexes.
HIV/AIDS in Africa.
Sidebar: Most-At-Risk Populations (MARPS).
Sidebar: Zackie Achmat and the Treatment Action Campaign.
HIV/AIDS in Egyptian Cinema.
HIV/AIDS in Europe.
HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Sidebar: Herbert Daniel (1946–1992): Brazilian AIDS Activist.
HIV/AIDS in South and Southeast Asia.
HIV/AIDS in the United States.
Homoerotic Poetry of Abū Nuwās.
Homoeroticism in the Plays of Ibn Daniyal.
Homonationalism in Africa.
Homosexual Acts in Shari'a.
Human Rights.
Human Rights and Queer Arab Refugees.
Human Rights Campaign.
Human Rights in Asia.
Human Rights in Europe.
Sidebar: European Parliament.
Sidebar: The Holocaust and LGBT Victims.
I Luv U But (2013; Fadia Abboud).
Imarat Ya'kubian (2002; Alaa al-Aswany).
Imperialism and Colonialism.
Inquisition, Criminal Courts, and Sexuality in Colonial Latin America.
Institut für Sexualwissenschaft.
Internet in Africa.
Internet Queer Sites in the Middle East.
Sidebar: Excerpt from A Gay Girl in Damascus Blog.
Intersex Identities.
Involuntary Servitude and Same-Sex Sexuality in Africa.
ISIS Gay Trials.
Iskandariyya... Leh? (1979; Youssef Chahine).
Islam in Africa South of the Sahara.
Jamaica Forum for Lesbians, All-Sexuals and Gays (J-FLAG).
Jannat wa-Iblis (1992; Nawal El Saadawi).
Jotería Studies.
Khookha McQueer (1987–).
Kinsey Scale.
Kinship in Europe.
Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund.
Language in Africa.
Sidebar: Hungochani.
Sidebar: Moffie.
Sidebar: Kuchu.
Language in Europe.
Language in Latin America.
Lavender Menace.
Lavender Scare.
Lesbanese (2008; Alissar Gazal).
Lesbian Feminist Encuentros of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Lesbian Herstory Archives.
Lesbian Lands, Women’s Lands, and Separatist Communes.
Lesbian Mothering and Adoption in Latin America.
The Lesbian Music Movement.
Literary Discourses in the Ottoman Middle East (1500–1900).
Literature, African (Anglophone).
Sidebar: No Past, No Present, No Future (1973; Yulisa Amadu Maddy).
Sidebar: One Day I Will Write about this Place (2011; Binyavanga Wainaina).
Literature, African (Francophone).
Sidebar: Femme Nue, Femme Noire (2003; Calixthe Beyala).
Sidebar: Le Devoir de Violence (1968; Yambo Ouologuem).
Literature, Caribbean (Anglophone and Creole).
Literature, Caribbean (Francophone).
Madame Satã (1900–1976).
Mädchen in Uniform (1931; Leontine Sagan).
Sidebar: Tangier.
Marches on Washington.
Marriage, Same-Sex, in Latin America.
Marriage, Same-Sex, in Taiwan.
Marriage, Universal, in Europe.
Sidebar: Pacte Civil de Solidarité (PACS).
Marriage, Woman-Woman, in Africa.
Marriage Migration in Asia.
Masculinity in Iranian Cinema.
Mattachine Society.
Medicine, Complementary and Alternative.
Metelkova Mesto (Slovenia).
Mexican Revolution and Sexuality.
Migrant Queer Communities, US.
Migration to Europe.
Militarism and Sexualities in the Asia-Pacific Region.
Military Law and Policy in the United States.
Military/Navy in the United Kingdom.
Sidebar: Merchant Marines.
Mishima, Yukio (1925–1970).
Misk al-Ghazal (1988; Hanan al-Shaykh).
Moche Pottery.
Molly Houses.
MSM (Men Who Have Sex with Men) in Asia.
Mufākharat al-Jawārīwa-al-Ghilmān (al-Jāhiz).
Museo Travesti del Perú.
Museums and Memorials.
Nationalism and Sexuality in Europe.
Sidebar: Federico García Lorca and the Spanish Civil War.
Naz Foundation International.
Sidebar: The Humsafar Trust: India's Oldest LGBT Organization.
Neoliberalism in Africa.
Neoliberalism in Latin America.
New Media in Asia.
The Nicaraguan Revolution.
Nkoli, Simon (1957–1998).
Nuzhat al-Albāb fimā lā Yujad fī Kitāb (Ahmad Ibn Yūsuf al-Tifāshī).
Offences Against the Person Act (1861).
The Order of Chaeronea.
Orgasm and Orgasmology.
Orientalism in Gay Pornography about the Middle East.
Otaku Sexualities in Japan.
Ottoman and Persian Miniature Paintings.
Pacific Island and Pacific Island Diaspora Identities.
Sidebar: Ritualized Same-Sex Practices in Melanesia.
Pakistan, "Queer".
Parada do Orgulho LGBT de São Paulo, Brazil.
Parenting Rights in North America.
Pasolini's Cinematic Adaptation of A Thousand and One Nights.
People Like Us (PLU).
Performance Artists in Latin America.
Phone Apps.
Photography in Europe.
Pinhua Baojian (1849; Chen Sen).
Pink Triangle.
Poets in Latin America.
Popular Music and Queer Identities.
Pornography in Asia.
Sidebar: Lezhin: South Korean Webtoons for Mature Audiences.
Sidebar: A Queer Reading of the Chinese Soft-Core Film Sex and Zen II (1996).
Pornoterrorismo and Post-porn.
Pride Demonstrations in Europe.
Sidebar: Attacks on Pride Demonstrations in Moscow.
Pride Parades and Marches.
Psychoanalysis in Argentina.
Psychopathia Sexualis (1886; Richard von Krafft-Ebing).
Puerto Ricans in the Diaspora.
Pulp Fiction, Gay and Lesbian.
QT v. Hong Kong Immigration Department (2017).
Queen Boat Trials (2001–2002).
Queer Domesticity in Europe.
Queer in Latin America.
Queer Names and Identity Politics in the Arab World.
Queer Themes in Italian Neorealist Cinema.
Queer Theorists.
Queer Theory, African.
Rape, Corrective, in Africa.
Refugees and Asylum in Africa.
Refugees and Immigration Policy.
Religion and Same-sex Behaviors: Christianity.
Religion and Same-sex Behaviors: Islam.
Religion and Same-sex Behaviors: Judaism.
Rescalvo, Sonia (1946–1991).
Sidebar: Houseboys at Resorts.
Rituals and Same-Sex and Trans Experience.
Sidebar: Hijras in Bangladesh.
Rüling, Anna (1880–1953).
Rural Queer Communities, US.
Rural Queerness.
Russian Gay Propaganda Law.
Sacred Band of Thebes.
Samoan Fa’afāfine.
Sappho, Nineteenth-century Rediscovery of.
Scandals in Europe.
Section 377 and 377A.
Section 377 in South Asia.
Sex Reassignment Surgery in Asia.
Sidebar: Xie Jianshun: The “First” Chinese Transsexual.
Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran.
Sex Tourism in Asia.
Sex Tourism in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Sex Tourism in the Middle East.
Sex Work in Asia.
Sex Work/Sex Tourism/Sex Trafficking in Africa.
Sidebar: The Quiet Violence of Dreams (2001; K. Sello Duiker).
Sexology in Asia.
Sexperts and Sex Education in the West.
Sexual Revolution in Europe.
Sexual Revolution in the United States.
Sharaf (1997; Sun'allah Ibrahim).
Shifting Sexual Norms in Nineteenth-Century Iran.
Sins Against Nature in Colonial Latin America.
Sidebar: Juana Aguilar: Hermaphroditism and Colonial Courts.
Situational Homosexuality.
Slavery and Sodomy in Brazil.
Sidebar: Jimbandaa.
Sodomy Laws in the United States.
Sidebar: The Sodomy Case against Nicholas Sension.
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1648–1695).
South Africa.
Sidebar: Bev Ditsie (1971–).
Sidebar: Inxeba (2017; John Trengove).
Southern Comfort Conference.
Spectra Project.
Sports, Women in, Africa.
Sidebar: Caster Semenya (1991–).
Sports and Sexuality in Latin America.
Stone Butch Blues (1993; Leslie Feinberg).
Stonewall Riots, International Effects of.
Strange Fruit.
Sufi Treatments of Same-Sex Relations in Poetry and Prose.
Sunil Babu Pant and Others vs. Nepal Government (2007).
tatiana de la tierra (1961–2012).
Thai K-Pop.
Theater, Queer.
Third Genders.
Thomas/Thomasine Hall Court Case (1629).
A Thousand and One Nights.
Sidebar: Same-sex Relations in Arabic Versions of the Nights.
Tom of Finland (1920–1991).
Tongzhi Literature, Taiwan.
Trans Issues in Africa.
Sidebar: Signs of Progress for Trans Individuals in Africa.
Sidebar: Key Dates in Trans Activism in Uganda.
Transgender Identity in Iranian Cinema.
Transgender Muslims.
Transgender Organizations in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.
Transgendered Subjectivities in Contemporary Iran.
Travel/Travelogues on the Middle East.
Travesti and Trans Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Sidebar: El Teje.
Treason and Queerness.
Tuqus al-Isharat wa-al-Tahawwulat (1994; Sa'dallah Wannous).
Turkish Baths.
Sidebar: Kabaka Mwanga (1866–1901).
The Ugly Law (1961–1965; Denmark).
Urban Queerness.
El Vampiro de la Colonia Roma (1979; Luis Zapata).
Vargas, Chavela (1919–2012).
Vietnam War.
Vietnam War, LGBTQ+ Veterans.
Von Mahlsdorf, Charlotte (1928–2002).
W v. Registrar of Marriages (2013).
"We Demand" Protest (1971).
The Well of Loneliness (1928; Radclyffe Hall).
Wilde in Sinophone Culture.
Wilde Trials, International Significance of.
Witchcraft/Occult in Africa.
The Wolfenden Report.
Zheng He (1371–1433).
Zhongxing Phenomenon.
Zuqaq al-Midaq (1947; Naguib Mahfouz).

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Philosophy: Feminism  (ISBN-10: 0028663438 | ISBN-13: 9780028663432)

Philosophy: Feminism is composed of sixteen chapters covering such topics as human nature, intersectionality, sexism and oppression, LGBTQ theory, ecofeminism, and power. The use of film, literature, art, case studies, and other disciplines or situations/events provide illustrations of human experiences which work as gateways to questions philosophers try to address. Chapters are written by eminent scholars, are peer reviewed, and offer bibliographies to encourage further exploration. Photos and line art help illuminate the text. The volume concludes with a glossary and a comprehensive index.

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