Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History, 2nd Edition

  • Tom Riggs
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 157302757X
  • ISBN-13: 9781573027571
  • DDC: 330.973003
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1875 Pages | eBook
  • Previous Editions: 2000
  • Original Copyright 2015 | Published/Released February 2015
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2015

  • Price:  Sign in for price



The Gale Encyclopedia Of U.S. Economic History is an accessible "one-stop" resource that offers comprehensive coverage of American economic history from the arrival of Europeans to the present. Topics selected for inclusion by our distinguished board of 5 advisors have been chosen to support most textbooks on American history; this work should be a useful tool for juniors and seniors in high school, as well as college students who are beginning an investigation of the subject. The 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries range from one paragraph to several pages in length, and cover such things as company and industry profiles, biographies of important figures, key events and movements, critical issues in U.S. economic history, state and regional profiles, and the major eras in American economic development. Additional features include sidebars, primary source text excerpts, and entry-specific lists of further reading.

Features and Benefits

  • A five-person advisory board of internationally recognized economic historians developed the topic list; distinguished scholars in economic history worked closely with the writers to ensure entries are accurate and provide essential information on the topics.
  • Text provides clear explanations on difficult topics so that high school students can understand the material.
  • The set has a large number of entries, including topics such as the birth control pill – topics that might not come to mind as economic but that had an enormous effect on the U.S. economy.
  • The set includes many types of entries, including company and industry profiles, biographies of important figures, key events and movements, critical issues in U.S. economic history, state and regional profiles, and the major eras in American economic development.
  • These multiple approaches enable the student to try various intellectual strategies in considering almost any topic.

What's New

  • Features new to this edition include substantially updated and expanded entries, as well as the addition of over 250 new entries.
  • The 2nd edition also includes 200 sidebars that highlight key figures and interesting facts, 60 primary source text excerpts, and over 450 mostly full-color images and graphics.

Alternate Formats

  • Casebound Edition

    ISBN-10: 1573027537 | ISBN-13: 9781573027533


“This second edition is a massive overhaul of the previous 2000 edition…. The scope of the work is much larger than pure economics, expanding out into broader categories such as law, politics, and history and embracing a diversity of topics…. Although the audience for this set is high school to graduate students, it is an exceptional, interdisciplinary work that fulfills several components of the collection-development approval plan.”

— Booklist

“The volumes are full of statistical information presented in a very readable fashion. I am not a specialist on economic history and I found myself spending hours reading various topics at random through the volumes because the material was so interesting and informative.”

— American Reference Books Annual

Table of Contents

Abolition Movement.
Adams-Onis Treaty.
Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923).
Advertising Industry.
Aerospace Industry.
Affirmative Action.
Affordable Care Act (2010).
Africans Arrive in North America.
Age of Prosperity and Machines, 1921-1928 (Overview).
Age of Uncertainty, The.
Aggregate Demand.
Aggregate Supply.
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933.
Agricultural Equipment Industry.
Agriculture Industry.
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC).
AIDS Crisis.
Air Conditioning.
Air Traffic Controllers' Strike.
Airline Deregulation.
Airline Industry.
Alabama, Economic History of.
Alabama Claims.
Alaska, Economic History of.
Alaska Pipeline.
Alaska Purchase Draws New Wave of Fortune Seekers to Former Russian Territory.
Alcohol Industry.
Algonquian Peoples.
American Colonization Society.
American Federation of Labor (AFL).
American Indian Movement (AIM).
American Plan Seeks to Quash Labor Movement.
American Railroads and the Transformation of the Antebellum Economy.
American Railway Union (ARU).
American Revolution.
American System of Manufactures.
American Tobacco Company.
Americanization Movement.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).
Amusement Parks.
Angel Island.
Appalachian Mountains.
Apple, Inc.
Arizona, Economic History of.
Arkansas, Economic History of.
Armour and Swift Become Meat Kings of Chicago.
Articles of Confederation.
Asian Financial Crisis.
Assembly-Line Manufacturing.
Association of Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics (2013).
AT&T Corporation.
Atlantic Slave Trade.
Automotive Industry.
Automotive Industry Bailout.
Baby Boom.
Back Country.
Bacon's Rebellion.
Balance of Payments.
Balance of Trade.
Balanced Budget Amendment.
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Bank Money.
Bank of America.
Bank of the United States, First.
Bank of the United States, Second.
Bank War Pits President Jackson against Second Bank of the United States.
Bankruptcy Law.
Barbary States.
Bear and Bull Markets.
Berkshire Hathaway.
Bessemer Process.
Bethune Founds National Council of Negro Women.
B.F. Goodrich.
Big Stick Diplomacy.
Bilingual Education.
Biotechnology Industry.
Birth Control Movement.
Birth Control Pill.
Bison, Extermination of the.
Black & Decker Corporation.
Black Codes.
Black Hawk War.
Bland-Allison Act (1878).
Boeing Company.
Boll Weevil Infestation.
Bonanza Farms.
Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).
Book Publishing Industry.
Borden, Inc.
Boston Massacre.
Boston Tea Party.
Brand Names.
Bretton Woods Agreement.
Brooklyn Bridge.
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP).
Brown v. Board of Education (1954).
Brunswick Corporation.
Budget Deficits.
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).
Bush Tax Cuts.
Business Cycles.
California, Economic History of.
Canada, Trade with the United States since the Nineteenth Century.
Capital Gains.
Capital Goods.
Caribbean and West Indies, Trade with the United States from Colonial Times through the Nineteenth Century.
Cash Crops.
Caterpillar, Inc.
Cattle Drives.
Cattle Industry.
Central Bank.
Central Pacific Railroad.
Chain Stores.
Chemical Industry.
Cherokee Indian Cases (1830s).
Chicago Board of Trade.
Chicago Fire of 1871.
Child Labor.
Chinese Exclusion Act.
Chrysler Corporation.
Circular Flow of Economic Activity.
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010).
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1875.
Civil Rights Movement.
Civil Service Act (1883).
Civil War, Economic Causes of.
Civil War, Economic Impact of.
Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 (Overview).
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).
Clayton Antitrust Act.
Climate Change.
Clipper Ships.
Closed Shop.
Coal Industry.
Coca-Cola Beverages.
Cold War.
Collective Bargaining.
Colonial Governance: Corporate, Proprietary, and Royal.
Colonial Wealth Distribution.
Colorado, Economic History of.
Colt’s Manufacturing Company.
Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS).
Columbian Exchange.
Command Economy.
Company Towns.
Comparative Advantage.
Compromise of 1850.
Computer Industry.
Comstock Lode.
Concept of the Corporation.
Confederate Dollar.
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).
Connecticut, Economic History of.
Conservation Movement.
Constitution, Economic Benefits of the.
Constitutional Convention.
Consumer Credit.
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).
Consumer Goods.
Consumer Price Index.
Contemporary World, 1992 to the Present (Overview).
Continental Congress, Second.
Contracts Clause.
Convention of 1818.
Convict Leasing.
Corporate Restructuring.
Corporate Welfare.
Cosmetics Industry.
Cost-of-Living Index.
Cotton Gin Turns Cotton into Leading Cash Crop, Increases Demand for Slave Labor.
Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT).
Council of National Defense (CND).
Cow Towns.
Coxey's Army Marches on Washington, D.C.
Credit Mobilier Scandal.
Credit Unions.
Cross of Gold Speech.
Customs Duties.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819).
Dawes General Allotment Act (1887).
Deere's Modern Steel Plow Cuts through Prairie Sod with Ease.
Defense Spending.
Delaware, Economic History of.
Dell, Inc.
Department Stores.
Dingley Tariff Act (1897).
Disability Rights Movement.
Discount Rate.
Disposable Income.
Division of Labor.
Dixie Highway.
Dollar Diplomacy.
Dot-Com Bubble.
Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Dry Farming.
DuPont Company.
Durable Goods.
Dust Bowl.
E-Commerce Industry.
Earned Income Tax Credit.
Eastern Woodlands Indians.
Eastman Kodak.
Economic Development, Federal Involvement in.
Economic Growth.
Economic Inequality in the United States, History of.
Economic Opportunity Act (1964).
Economies of Scale.
Education, Role in U.S. Economic Growth.
Education Policy.
Eighteenth Amendment (1919).
Ellis Island.
Emancipation Proclamation.
Embargo Act (1807).
Emergency Price Control Act (1942).
Entertainment Industry.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Erie Canal, Building of.
Estate Tax.
European Loans during the American Revolution.
Exchange Rates.
Excise Tax.
Executive Pay.
Expansionism and the Antebellum Years, 1829-1860 (Overview).
Exxon Mobil Corporation.
Fair Employment Practices.
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA).
Fair Trade Movement.
Family and Medical Leave Act (1993).
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
Far Western Indians.
Farm Credit Administration (FCA).
Farm Policy.
Farmers' Protest Movements.
Fashion Industry.
Fast Food Industry.
Federal Deficit Spending.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
Federal Railroad Administration (FRA).
Federal Reserve Act (1913).
Federal Reserve System.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
Federalist Papers.
Fifteenth Amendment (1870).
Film Industry.
Financial Panic.
Fiscal Policy.
Fishing Industry (Commercial).
Five Civilized Tribes.
Fixed Income.
Fletcher v. Peck (1810).
Florida, Economic History of.
Food Processing Industry.
Food Stamps.
Forbes Magazine.
Ford Motor Company.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff (1922).
Foreign Investment in the United States.
Foreign Investment of U.S. Companies Abroad.
Forest Reserve Act (1891).
Fourteenth Amendment (1868).
Fractional Reserve Banking.
France, Economic Relations with the United States in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.
Free Enterprise.
Free Silver Movement.
Free Trade.
Freedmen’s Bureau.
French and Indian War.
Fringe Benefits.
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
Full Employment Act of 1946.
Fuller Popularizes Geodesic Dome.
Furniture Industry.
Futures Trading.
Gadsden Purchase of 1853.
Gallup Poll.
Gender Wage Gap.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
General Motors Corporation.
Georgia, Economic History of.
Gerber Products Company.
G.I. Bill (1944).
Gillette Company.
Glass-Steagall Banking Act (1933).
Global Economy.
Gold Resumption Act (1873).
Gold Rush of 1849.
Gold Standard.
Gold Standard Act.
Government Regulation of Business since the New Deal.
Government-Sponsored Enterprises.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (1999).
Grand Banks.
Granger Movement.
Graying of America.
Great Britain, Economic Relations with the United States from the Colonial Era through the Nineteenth Century.
Great Depression.
Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945 (Overview).
Great Inflation.
Great Migration, 1910-1920.
Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Becomes First Nationwide Labor Strike in U.S. History.
Great Society.
Green Party.
Greenback Party.
Gross Domestic Product and Gross National Product.
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918).
Harley-Davidson, Inc.
Harpers Ferry Raid Heightens Regional Tensions over Slavery.
Hawaii, Economic History of.
Haymarket Bombing.
Health Care Industry.
Helms-Burton Act Strengthens U.S. Economic Embargo of Cuba.
Hepburn Act (1906).
Hershey Foods Corporation.
High School Movement.
H. J. Heinz Company.
Hollerith's Tabulating Machine: Prototype of the Modern Digital Computer.
Home Front.
Home Ownership and the Real Estate Market in the Twentieth Century.
Homestead Act of 1862.
Homestead Steel Strike.
Hoover Dam.
Hospitality Industry.
Howard Johnson International, Inc.
Human Capital.
Iacocca Resurrects Chrysler.
Idaho, Economic History of.
Illegal Drugs.
Illinois, Economic History of.
Immigrant Enclaves.
Immigration, History and Effects of.
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965.
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983).
Immigration Restriction.
Income Gap.
Income Tax.
Indentured Servants.
Independence, Economic Impact of.
Indian Removal Act (1830).
Indian Reorganization Act (1934).
Indiana, Economic History of.
Industrial Expansion and the Gilded Age, 1870-1899 (Overview).
Industrial Policy.
Industrial Revolution.
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
Infant Industry.
Information Technology Industry.
Initial Public Offering.
Insurance Industry.
Intellectual Property in the Digital Age.
Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
Internal Transportation, Late Nineteenth Century to the Present.
International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT).
International Business Machines Corporation (IBM).
International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Internet and the Economy.
Interstate Commerce Act (1887).
Interstate Commerce: Regulation and Deregulation.
Interstate Highway Act.
Intolerable Acts (1774).
Iowa, Economic History of.
Iroquois Confederacy.
Jacksonian Economy, The.
Japan, Opening of.
Jay Treaty.
Jim Crow Laws.
Johnson v. M’Intosh (1823).
Joint Stock Companies.
Journal of Economic History.
Jungle, The.
Junk Bonds.
Kansas, Economic History of.
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854).
Kellogg Company.
Kentucky, Economic History of.
Keynesian Economic Theory.
Kimberly-Clark Corporation.
Klondike Gold Strike.
Knights of Labor (KOL).
Korean War.
Kroger Company.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK).
Labor Movement.
Laffer Curve.
Laissez Faire.
Land-Grant Colleges.
Land O'Lakes, Inc.
Land Ordinance of 1785.
Land Policy.
L'Anse aux Meadows.
Legal Tender.
Lend Lease Act (1941).
Lever Food and Fuel Control Act (1917).
Levittown Promises Affordable Housing for Returning GIs.
Lewis and Clark Expedition Reveals Vast Economic Potential of Pacific Northwest.
Liberty Bonds.
Liberty Ships.
Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act (2009).
Limited Partnerships.
Lincoln Highway.
Lochner v. New York (1905).
Long Unveils Share Our Wealth Plan in National Radio Address.
Louisiana, Economic History of.
Louisiana Purchase.
Lowell System of Labor.
Lumber Industry.
Mail-Order Houses.
Maine, Economic History of.
Manifest Destiny.
Mann-Elkins Act (1910).
Manpower in Economic Growth.
Marijuana Legalization.
Market Revolution.
Marshall Plan.
Maryland, Economic History of.
Mass Incarceration.
Mass Production.
Mass Transit.
Massachusetts, Economic History of.
Maysville Road Bill.
Maytag Corporation.
McCormick Reaper.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819).
McDonald’s Corporation.
McFadden Act (1927).
McGraw-Hill Companies.
Medium of Exchange.
Merrill Lynch.
Mesa Verde.
Mexican Bailout Halts Collapse of Peso.
Mexican Cession.
Michigan, Economic History of.
Microsoft Corporation.
Middle East.
Middle Passage.
Migrant Workers.
Military Industrial Complex.
Minimum-Wage Law.
Mining Industry.
Minnesota, Economic History of.
Mint Act (1792).
Mississippi, Economic History of.
Mississippi River.
Missouri, Economic History of.
Missouri Compromise.
Missouri River.
Molasses Act (1733).
Monetary Policy.
Money Supply.
Monopolies, History of.
Monroe Doctrine.
Montana, Economic History of.
Montgomery Ward and Co.
Morris Plan Banks.
Muckrakers Expose Corporate and Political Dirt.
Muller v. State of Oregon (1908).
Multilevel Marketing.
Multinational Enterprises.
Munn v. Illinois (1877).
Music Industry.
Mutual Funds.
Nabisco Foods Group.
Napoleonic Wars.
Nat Turner's Rebellion.
Natchez Trace.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ).
National Bank Act of 1863.
National Broadcasting Company (NBC).
National Bureau of Economic Research.
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
National Debt.
National Industrial Recovery Act (1933).
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
National Monetary Commission (NMC).
National Recovery Administration (NRA).
National Road.
National War Labor Board (NWLB).
Native American Policy.
Native Americans, Treatment of by Spain and England.
Native-Euroamerican Trade.
Natural Monopolies.
Naval Stores.
Navigation Acts.
Nebraska, Economic History of.
Neoclassical Synthesis.
Nevada, Economic History of.
New Deal.
New Deal: Reform or Revolution.
New France.
New Hampshire, Economic History of.
New Jersey, Economic History of.
New Mexico, Economic History of.
New Netherland.
New Spain, Viceroyalty of.
New York, Economic History of.
New York Central Railroad.
New York City.
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
Newlands Reclamation Act (1902).
Nielsen Ratings Transform Market Research.
Nineteenth Amendment (1920).
No-Fault Divorce Law.
Nonprofit Organizations.
Norris-LaGuardia Act (1932).
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
North Carolina, Economic History of.
North Dakota, Economic History of.
Northern Securities v. United States.
Northland, America's First Shopping Mall, Opens Outside Detroit, MI.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
Northwest Passage.
Northwestern Coast Indians.
Occupy Wall Street.
Office for Emergency Management (OEM).
Office of Price Administration (OPA).
Office Work in the Digital Age.
Ohio, Economic History of.
Ohio River Valley.
Oil Depletion Allowances.
Oklahoma, Economic History of.
Old Northwest.
Old Southwest.
OPEC Oil Embargo Leads to Long Lines at U.S. Pumps.
Open Door Policy.
Open Range.
Opportunity Cost.
Oregon, Economic History of.
Oregon Trail.
Oregon Treaty.
Other America, The.
Otis Elevator Company, Inc.
Over-the-Counter Securities Market.
Overland Trail.
Overman Act (1918).
Pacific Rim.
Packers and Stockyards Act (1921).
Panama Canal.
Panic of 1819.
Panic of 1837.
Panic of 1907.
Panic of 2008, Causes of the.
Panic of 2008, Federal Response to the.
Panics of the Late Nineteenth Century.
Paper Industry.
Pay Equity.
Pennsylvania, Economic History of.
Pennsylvania Main Line.
Pennsylvania Railroad.
Penny Press.
Per Capita Income.
Perkins Becomes Secretary of Labor, First Female Cabinet Officer in U.S. Government.
Persian Gulf and Iraq Wars.
Personal Computers.
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (1996).
Petroleum Industry.
Pharmaceutical Industry.
Philanthropy in the Twentieth Century.
Philip Morris.
Physical Capital.
Pickens Declares CEO's Job Is to Create Wealth for Shareholders.
Pieces of Eight.
Pike's Expedition.
Pinckney Treaty.
Pinkerton National Detective Agency.
Plains Indians.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).
Poll Tax.
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company (1895).
Pony Express.
Ponzi Schemes.
Poor Richard's Almanack.
Popular Sovereignty.
Postum Cereal Company.
Postwar Boom.
Postwar Prosperity, 1946-1972 (Overview).
PPG Industries.
Preemption Act of 1841.
Price/Earnings (P/E) Ratio.
Prime Rate.
Prison Industrial Complex.
Privacy in the Digital Age.
Private Property Rights.
Private Sector.
Proclamation of 1763.
Procter and Gamble Company.
Progress and Poverty.
Progressive Era and World War I, 1890-1920 (Overview).
Progressive Movement.
Promise of American Life, The.
Public Good.
Public Health Campaigns.
Public Relations.
Public Sector.
Puerto Rico.
Pullman Palace Car Company.
Pullman Strike.
Pure Food and Drug Act.
Putting-Out System.
Pyramiding Reserves.
Quality Control.
Quantitative Easing.
Quebec Act (1774).
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (1970).
Radio Acts.
Rag Money.
Railroad Gauges, Standardization of.
Railroad Industry.
Railroad War Board.
Railroads, Federal Land Grants to the.
Railroads and American Economic Growth: Essays in Econometric History.
Reagan Implements New Federalism for Native Americans.
Real Wages.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC).
Renewable Energy Industry.
Report on Manufactures.
Research and Development.
Reservation Economies since the 1930s.
Retail Industry.
Revolutionary War, Federalism, and the Early National Period, 1763-1828 (Overview).
Rhode Island, Economic History of.
Rhode Island System of Labor.
Right-to-Work Laws.
Ripple Effects.
Robber Barons.
Roe v. Wade (1973).
Rosenwald Schools.
RR Donnelley.
Rural Electrification Administration (REA).
Rust Belt.
Saint Lawrence Seaway.
Samuel Slater Builds the First Factory.
Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Company (1886).
Santa Fe.
Santa Fe Trail.
Savings and Loan Associations.
Savings and Loan Failures.
Scandals Involving the U.S. Government and Big Business.
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1935).
Sears, Roebuck and Co.
Seasonal Unemployment.
Second Industrial Revolution.
Second New Deal.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Selective Service System.
September 11, 2001.
Settlement and Economic Development: The Colonies to 1763 (Overview).
Settlement House Movement.
Sewers and Indoor Plumbing.
Shays' Rebellion.
Sheppard-Towner Act (1921).
Sherman Antitrust Act (1890).
Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890).
Shipbuilding Industry.
Silicon Valley Becomes Epicenter of Burgeoning High-Tech Industry.
Singer Invents First Mass-Produced Sewing Machine.
Sit-Down Strikes.
Sixteenth Amendment (1913).
Slaughterhouse Cases (1873).
Slave Codes.
Smallpox Devastates Indigenous Populations.
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act (1930).
Social Class.
Social Gospel Movement.
Social Media.
Social Safety Net.
Social Security Act (1935).
Sole Proprietorships.
Soo Locks.
South America.
South Carolina, Economic History of.
South Dakota, Economic History of.
Southwestern Indians.
Space Race.
Spanish-American War.
Spanish-Language Economy.
Special Interest Groups.
Speculative Bubble.
Spinning Mills.
Spoils System.
Sports Industry (Professional).
Springfield Armory.
Stamp Act Sparks Public Outrage throughout Colonies.
Standard & Poor's.
Standard of Living.
Standard Oil Company.
Standard Time.
Staple Crop Production.
States' Rights.
Steamboat Act of 1852.
Steel Industry.
Stock Market.
Stock Market Crash of 1929.
Structural Unemployment.
Studebaker Unable to Compete with Big Three Automakers.
Subprime Lending.
Subsistence Agriculture.
Sugar Act (1764).
Supply and Demand.
Supply-Side Economics.
Taft-Hartley Act (1947).
Tallmadge Amendment.
Tariff of Abominations (1828).
Taxation Systems: Progressive, Regressive, and Proportional.
Tea Party.
Telecommunications Industry.
Tenant Farming.
Tennessee, Economic History of.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
Texas, Economic History of.
Texas Annexation.
Texas Company (Texaco).
Textile Industry (Cotton).
Thirteenth Amendment (1865).
Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery.
Tire and Rubber Industry.
Tobacco Industry.
Tordesillas, Treaty of.
Townsend Clubs.
Townshend Acts (1767).
Trade Unions.
Trail of Tears.
Transatlantic Cable Introduces Telegraph Communication between U.S. and Europe.
Transcontinental Railroad.
Transportation Act of 1920.
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire.
Tribute Payments.
Trucking Industry (Commercial).
Trust Funds.
Trusts, Business.
Twenty-first Amendment (1933).
Tyson Foods.
Uncertain Times, 1973-1992 (Overview).
Underground Economy.
Underground Railroad.
Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women.
Underwood Tariff Act (1913).
Union Pacific Railroad Company.
United Airlines.
United Auto Workers (UAW).
United Farm Workers (UFW).
United Mine Workers of America (UMWA).
United Nations (UN).
United Parcel Service of North America (UPS).
United States Rubber Company.
United States Steel Corporation.
United States v. E. C. Knight (1895).
United States v. IBM (1969).
United States v. Microsoft (2001).
United States v. Standard Oil (1911).
United Steelworkers of America v. Weber (1979).
Unsafe at Any Speed.
Upjohn Company.
Urban Fiscal Crises of the 1970s.
Urban Planning.
Urban Renewal.
U.S. Foreign Trade and Trade Policy since 1945.
Utah, Economic History of.
Utilities Industry.
Utopian Communities and Communes.
Vermont, Economic History of.
Video Game Industry.
Vietnam War.
Virginia, Economic History of.
Voting Rights Act (1965).
Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railway Company vs. Illinois (1886).
Wage-Price Controls.
Wal-Mart Stores.
Walker Becomes First Female Self-Made Millionaire in America.
Walker's The Science of Wealth Introduces a New Approach to Economic Analysis.
Wall Street.
Wall Street Journal.
Walt Disney Company.
War and the Economy.
War Industries Board (WIB).
War Labor Disputes Act (1943).
War of 1812.
War Production Board (WPB).
Warner Bros.
Washington, Economic History of.
Washington, D.C.
Welfare Policy.
Welland Canal.
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (1937).
West Virginia, Economic History of.
Western Union Corporation.
Westward Expansion.
Whaling Industry.
Whiskey Rebellion.
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act Prevents Commercial Development.
Wildcat Banks.
Wilderness Road.
Wisconsin, Economic History of.
Women in the Workplace.
Women's Movement.
Women's Suffrage Movement.
Women's Trade Union League (WTUL).
Work Ethic.
Working Conditions in Factories.
Works Progress Administration (WPA).
World War I.
World War II.
Wyoming, Economic History of.
Yellow-Dog Contracts.
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company v. Sawyer (1952).
Zenith Is Eclipsed by Asian Electronics Manufacturers.

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