Recent advancements in the technology of medical imaging, such as CT and MRI scanners, are making it possible to create more detailed 3D and 4D images. These powerful images require vast amounts of digital data to help with the diagnosis of the patient. Artificial intelligence (AI) must play a vital role in supporting with the analysis of this medical imaging data, but it will only be viable as long as healthcare professionals and AI interact to embrace deep thinking platforms such as automation in the identification of diseases in patients. This title is an essential reference source that examines AI applications in medical imaging that can transform hospitals to become more efficient in the management of patient treatment plans through the production of faster imaging and the reduction of radiation dosages through the PET and SPECT imaging modalities. The book also explores how data clusters from these images can be translated into small data packages that can be accessed by healthcare departments to give a real-time insight into patient care and required interventions. Featuring research on topics such as assistive healthcare, cancer detection, and machine learning, this book is ideally designed for healthcare administrators, radiologists, data analysts, computer science professionals, medical imaging specialists, diagnosticians, medical professionals, researchers, and students.