Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1118354206
  • ISBN-13: 9781118354209
  • DDC: 333.72
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 380 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released March 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Land conversion, climate change and species invasions are contributing to the widespread emergence of novel ecosystems, which demand a shift in how we think about traditional approaches to conservation, restoration and environmental management. They are novel because they exist without historical precedents and are self-sustaining. Traditional approaches emphasizing native species and historical continuity are challenged by novel ecosystems that deliver critical ecosystems services or are simply immune to practical restorative efforts. Some fear that, by raising the issue of novel ecosystems, we are simply paving the way for a more laissez-faire attitude to conservation and restoration. Regardless of the range of views and perceptions about novel ecosystems, their existence is becoming ever more obvious and prevalent in todays rapidly changing world. In this first comprehensive volume to look at the ecological, social, cultural, ethical and policy dimensions of novel ecosystems, the authors argue these altered systems are overdue for careful analysis and that we need to figure out how to intervene in them responsibly. This book brings together researchers from a range of disciplines together with practitioners and policy makers to explore the questions surrounding novel ecosystems. It includes chapters on key concepts and methodologies for deciding when and how to intervene in systems, as well as a rich collection of case studies and perspective pieces. It will be a valuable resource for researchers, managers and policy makers interested in the question of how humanity manages and restores ecosystems in a rapidly changing world.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Introduction.
2: Introduction: Why Novel Ecosystems?.
3: What Are Novel Ecosystems?.
4: Case Study: Hole-in-the-Donut, Everglades.
5: Towards a Conceptual Framework for Novel Ecosystems.
6: Islands: Where Novelty Is the Norm.
7: Origins of the Novel Ecosystems Concept.
8: Defining Novel Ecosystems.
9: What We Know (And Don't Know) about Novel Ecosystems.
10: Perspective: Ecological Novelty Is Not New.
11: The Extent of Novel Ecosystems: Long in Time and Broad in Space.
12: Case Study: Geographic Distribution and Level of Novelty of Puerto Rican Forests.
13: Novel Ecosystems and Climate Change.
14: Plant Invasions As Builders and Shapers of Novel Ecosystems.
15: Infectious Disease and Novel Ecosystems.
16: Case Study: Do Feedbacks from the Soil Biota Secure Novelty in Ecosystems?.
17: Fauna and Novel Ecosystems.
18: Case Study: Ecosystem Transformations Along the Colorado Front Range: Prairie Dog Interactions with Multiple Components of Global Environmental Change.
19: Perspective: Plus ÇA Change, Plus C'est la Même Chose.
20: When and How to Intervene.
21: Perspective: From Rivets to Rivers.
22: Incorporating Novel Ecosystems into Management Frameworks.
23: The Management Framework in Practice – Making Decisions in Atlantic Canadian Meadows: Chasing the Elusive Reference State.
24: The Management Framework in Practice – Prairie Dogs at the Urban Interface: Conservation Solutions When Ecosystem Change Drivers Are Beyond the Scope of Management Actions.
25: The Management Framework in Practice – How Social Barriers Contribute to Novel Ecosystem Maintenance: Managing Reindeer Populations on St George Island, Pribilof Islands, Alaska.
26: The Management Framework in Practice – Can't See the Wood for the Trees: The Changing Management of the Novel Miconia–Cinchona Ecosystem in the Humid Highlands of Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos.
27: The Management Framework in Practice – Designer Wetlands as Novel Ecosystems.
28: Characterizing Novel Ecosystems: Challenges for Measurement.
29: Case Study: Novelty Measurement in Pampean Grasslands.
30: Plant Materials for Novel Ecosystems.
31: Case Study: Management of Novel Ecosystems in the Seychelles.
32: Perspective: Moving to the Dark Side.
33: How Do We Appreciate Novel Ecosystems?.
34: Perspective: Coming of Age in a Trash Forest.
35: Engaging the Public in Novel Ecosystems.
36: Valuing Novel Ecosystems.
37: Case Study: A Rocky Novel Ecosystem: Industrial Origins to Conservation Concern.
38: The Policy Context: Building Laws and Rules That Embrace Novelty.
39: Perspective: Lake Burley Griffin.
40: Case Study: Shale Bings in Central Scotland: From Ugly Blots on the Landscape to Cultural and Biological Heritage.
41: What's Next?.
42: Perspective: A Tale of Two Natures.
43: Concerns about Novel Ecosystems.
44: Novel Urban Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services.
45: Ecosystem Stewardship As a Framework for Conservation in a Directionally Changing World.
46: Case Study: Novel Socio-ecological Systems in the North: Potential Pathways Toward Ecological and Societal Resilience.
47: Perspective: Is Everything a Novel Ecosystem? If So, Do We Need the Concept?.
48: Synthesis and Conclusions.
49: What Do We Know about, and What Do We Do about, Novel Ecosystems?.