U.S. Government: The Separation of Powers: The Judicial Branch of the Federal Government: Purpose, Process, and People, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615300376
  • ISBN-13: 9781615300372
  • DDC: 347.73
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 304 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010

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The system of courts in the United States serves to enforce the laws of the nation as well as act as a check to make sure the other branches of government obey the powers set forth by the Constitution. Through a series of landmark court cases, chronicled in this book with an explanation of their lasting impact, the judiciary has shaped the laws of the nation. In addition to the powers of the judiciary and information on important Supreme Court Justices, landmark cases such as Marbury v. Madison and Brown v. The Board of Education are covered.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Constitutional Background.
2: The Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States.
3: Primary Source: The Articles of Confederation (Excerpts).
4: Constitutional Convention.
5: Provisions.
6: Primary Source: The Constitution of the United States: Article III, Sections 1 and 2.
7: In Focus: Mcculloch v. Maryland.
8: Civil Liberties and the Bill of Rights.
9: The Fourteenth Amendment.
10: The Constitution as a Living Document.
11: Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances.
12: Separation of Powers.
13: Checks and Balances.
14: The Federalist Papers.
15: In Focus: James Madison: “Federalist 10” (Excerpts).
16: Federal versus State Power: States' Rights and Nullification.
17: States' Rights.
18: Nullification.
19: Federal Systems of Government.
20: Written Constitution.
21: Noncentralization.
22: A Real Division of Power.
23: Elements Maintaining Union.
24: Elements Maintaining the Federal Principle.
25: The Judicial Branch of Goverment.
26: The Judiciary in Perspective.
27: Judicial Legitimacy.
28: Courts in the Common-Law Tradition.
29: Functions of Courts.
30: Keeping the Peace.
31: Deciding Disputes.
32: Judicial Lawmaking.
33: Constitutional Decisions.
34: Procedural Rule Making.
35: Review of Administrative Decisions.
36: Enforcement of Judicial Decisions.
37: Types of Courts.
38: Criminal Courts.
39: Civil Courts.
40: Courts of General Jurisdiction.
41: Courts of Limited Jurisdiction.
42: Appellate Courts.
43: Judges.
44: Judicial Review.
45: Varieties of Judicial Review.
46: Judicial Review in the United States.
47: In Focus: Marbury v. Madison.
48: Applications of Judicial Review.
49: Courts of the United States.
50: The Supreme Court of the United States.
51: Scope and Jurisdiction.
52: Size, Membership, and Organization.
53: Procedures and Power.
54: Historical Trends.
55: In Focus: The Chief Justice.
56: Appellate Courts.
57: District Courts.
58: Civil Rights and the Federal Court.
59: Slavery.
60: Political Background: Sectional Conflict of the 1840s and ‘50s.
61: The Dred Scott Decision.
62: Primary Source: Dred Scott v. Sandford (Excerpts).
63: Segregation and Discrimination.
64: Racial Segregation.
65: Jim Crow Laws.
66: “Separate but Equal”: Plessy v. Ferguson.
67: Primary Source: Plessy v. Ferguson (Excerpts).
68: Equal Protection Comes of Age.
69: Primary Source: The Constitution of the United States: Amendment XIV.
70: Primary Source: Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al. (Excerpts).
71: Primary Source: Baker v. Carr (Excerpts).
72: Civil Rights Legislation of the 1960s.
73: In Focus: The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
74: Busing.
75: Primary Source: “Resolution Against Busing to Achieve Integration” (Excerpts).
76: Affirmative Action.
77: Issues and Cases in Constitutional History.
78: Due Process.
79: The Meaning of Due Process.
80: Primary Source: The Constitution of the United States: Amendment V.
81: The Slaughterhouse Cases.
82: Adair v. United states.
83: Freedom of Speech and Freedom of the Press.
84: Schenck v. United states.
85: Gitlow v. New york.
86: Dennis v. United States.
87: The Pentagon Papers and the Progressive.
88: Texas v. Johnson.
89: Habeas Corpus.
90: History of Habeas Corpus.
91: Ex Parte Merryman.
92: Korematsu v. United States.
93: In Focus: Nisei.
94: Rasul v. Bush.
95: Boumediene v. Bush.
96: Obscenity.
97: The Legal Concept of Obscenity.
98: Primary Source: Miller v. California (Excerpts).
99: Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition.
100: Primary Source: The Child Pornography Prevention Act, Section 121, Subsection 1 (Excerpts).
101: Privacy and Reproductive Rights.
102: Rights of Privacy.
103: Griswold v. State of Connecticut.
104: Abortion.
105: Roe v. Wade.
106: Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey.
107: Same-Sex Marriage.
108: Same-Sex Marriage and the Law.
109: Primary Source: Summary of the Vermont Civil Union Act (Excerpts).
110: The Complexity of the Debate.
111: Self-Incrimination.
112: The Concept of Self-Incrimination.
113: Miranda v. Arizona.
114: Separation of Church and State.
115: The Concept of Church and State.
116: West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette.
117: Engel v. Vitale.
118: Justices and Jurists.
119: The Current Supreme Court.
120: John Roberts, Jr..
121: John Paul Stevens.
122: Antonin Scalia.
123: Anthony Kennedy.
124: Clarence Thomas.
125: Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
126: Stephen Breyer.
127: Samuel A. Alito, Jr..
128: Sonia Sotomayor.
129: Past Chief Justices of the Supreme Court.
130: John Jay.
131: John Rutledge.
132: Oliver Ellsworth.
133: John Marshall.
134: Roger Taney.
135: Morrison Remick Waite.
136: Melville Weston Fuller.
137: Edward Douglass White.
138: William Howard Taft.
139: Charles Evans Hughes.
140: Harlan Fiske Stone.
141: Fred Moore Vinson.
142: Earl Warren.
143: Warren Earl Burger.
144: William Rehnquist.
145: Notable Past Justices and Jurists.
146: Samuel Chase.
147: William Johnson.
148: Joseph Story.
149: John McLean.
150: Samuel Miller.
151: Stephen Johnson Field.
152: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr..
153: Louis Brandeis.
154: John Hessin Clarke.
155: Owen Josephus Roberts.
156: Benjamin Cardozo.
157: Learned Hand.
158: Hugo La Fayette Black.
159: Felix Frankfurter.
160: William O. Douglas.
161: John Marshall Harlan.
162: William Brennan, Jr..
163: Thurgood Marshall.
164: Harry Blackmun.
165: Lewis Powell, Jr..
166: Sandra Day O'Connor.
167: David Souter.
Table of Supreme Court Justices.
For Further Reading.