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From Peoples into Nations: A History of Eastern Europe, 1st Edition

  • John Connelly
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0691189188
  • ISBN-13: 9780691189185
  • DDC: 943.7
  • 968 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2020 | Published/Released February 2021
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2020

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About

Overview

This book offers a sweeping narrative history of Eastern Europe from the late eighteenth century to today. In the 1780s, the Habsburg monarch Joseph II decreed that henceforth German would be the language of his realm. His intention was to forge a unified state from his vast and disparate possessions, but his action had the opposite effect, catalyzing the emergence of competing nationalisms among his Hungarian, Czech, and other subjects, who feared that their languages and cultures would be lost. In this sweeping narrative history of Eastern Europe since the late eighteenth century, the author connects the stories of the region's diverse peoples, telling how, at a profound level, they have a shared understanding of the past. An ancient history of invasion and migration made the region into a cultural landscape of extraordinary variety, a patchwork in which Slovaks, Bosnians, and countless others live shoulder to shoulder and where calls for national autonomy often have had bloody effects among the interwoven ethnicities. Connelly traces the rise of nationalism in Polish, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman lands; the creation of new states after the First World War and their later absorption by the Nazi Reich and the Soviet Bloc; the reemergence of democracy and separatist movements after the collapse of communism; and the recent surge of populist politics throughout the region. Because of this common experience of upheaval, East Europeans are people with an acute feeling for the precariousness of history: they know that nations are not eternal, but come and go; sometimes they disappear. This book tells their story.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: The Emergence of National Movements.
2: Peoples of East Central Europe.
3: Ethnicity on the Edge of Extinction.
4: Linguistic Nationalism.
5: Nationality Struggles: From Idea to Movement.
6: Insurgent Nationalism: Serbia and Poland.
7: The Decline of Empire and the Rise of Modern Politics.
8: Cursed Were the Peacemakers: 1848 in East Central Europe.
9: The Reform That Made the Monarchy Unreformable: The 1867 Compromise.
10: The 1878 Berlin Congress: Europe’s New Ethno-Nation-States.
11: The Origins of National Socialism: Fin de Siècle Hungary and Bohemia.
12: Liberalism’s Heirs and Enemies: Socialism versus Nationalism.
13: Peasant Utopias: Villages of Yesterday and Societies of Tomorrow.
14: Independent Eastern Europe.
15: 1919: A New Europe and Its Old Problems.
16: The Failure of National Self-Determination.
17: Fascism Takes Root: Iron Guard and Arrow Cross.
18: Eastern Europe’s Antifascism.
19: Eastern Europe as Part of the Nazi and Soviet Empires.
20: Hitler’s War and Its East European Enemies.
21: What Dante Did Not See: The Holocaust in Eastern Europe.
22: People’s Democracy: Early Postwar Eastern Europe.
23: The Cold War and Stalinism.
24: Destalinization: Hungary’s Revolution.
25: National Paths to Communism: The 1960s.
26: 1968 and the Soviet Bloc: Reform Communism.
27: Real Existing Socialism: Life in the Soviet Bloc.
28: From Communism to Illiberalism.
29: The Unraveling of Communism.
30: 1989.
31: Eastern Europe Explodes: The Wars of Yugoslav Succession.
32: Eastern Europe Joins Europe.
Conclusion.
Acknowledgments.
Appendix: Tables.
Abbreviations.
Notes.
Index.