Total Diet Studies, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1441976892
  • ISBN-13: 9781441976895
  • DDC: 664.07
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 550 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released June 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Total Diet Studies introduces the TDS concept to a wider audience and presents steps in the planning and implementation of a TDS. It illustrates how TDSs are being used to protect public health from chemicals in the food supply in many developed and developing countries. The book also examines applications of TDSs to specific chemicals, including contaminants and nutrients.The goal of a total diet study is to provide basic information on the levels and trends of exposure to chemicals in foods as consumed by the population. Total diet studies have been used to assess the safe use of agricultural chemicals, food additives, environmental contaminants, processing contaminants, and natural contaminants by determining whether dietary exposure to these chemicals is within acceptable limits. Total diet studies can also be applied to certain nutrients where the goal is to ensure intakes are not only below safe upper limits, but also above levels deemed necessary to maintain good health. International and national organizations, such as the World Health Organization, the European Food Safety Agency, and the US Food and Drug Administration recognize the TDS approach as one of the most cost-effective means of protecting consumers from chemicals in food, for providing essential information for managing food safety, including food standards, and for setting priorities for further investment and study. Editors Gerald G. Moy was responsible for the exposure assessment of chemical hazards and coordinated total diet studies at the international level through a network of WHO Collaborating Centers.  Richard W. Vannoort, a senior scientist with the Institute of Environmental Science & Research Ltd (ESR), has been the scientific project leader of the last five New Zealand Total Diet Surveys.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Total Diet Study Methodology.
2: Total Diet Studies—What They are and Why They are Important.
3: The Origin of Total Diet Studies.
4: Risk Analysis Paradigm and Total Diet Studies.
5: Overview of Dietary Exposure.
6: Scope, Planning and Practicalities of a Total Diet Study.
7: Preparing a Food List for a Total Diet Study.
8: Selecting Chemicals for a Total Diet Study.
9: Preparing a Procedures Manual for a Total Diet Study.
10: Food Sampling and Preparation in a Total Diet Study.
11: Analyzing Food Samples—organic Chemicals.
12: Analyzing Food Samples—Inorganic Chemicals.
13: Analyzing Food Samples—Radionuclides.
14: Quality Control and Assurance Issues Relating to Sampling and Analysis in a Total Diet Study.
15: Commercial Analytical Laboratories—Tendering, Selecting, Contracting and Managing Performance.
16: Managing Concentration Data—Validation, Security, and Interpretation.
17: Reporting and Modeling of Results below the Limit of Detection.
18: Dietary Exposure Assessment in a Total Diet Study.
19: Addressing Uncertainty and Variability in Total Diet Studies.
20: Communicating Results in a Total Diet Study.
21: Total Diet Studies in Countries.
22: The Australian Experience in Total Diet Studies.
23: Total Diet Study in Cameroon—a Sub-Saharan African Perspective.
24: Canadian Total Diet Study Experiences.
25: The Chinese Experience in Total Diet Studies.
26: The First Total Diet Study in Hong Kong, China.
27: Experiences in Total Diet Studies in the Czech Republic.
28: The Present and Future Use of Total Diet Studies by the European Food Safety Authority.
29: The First Total Diet Study in Fiji.
30: The French Total Diet Studies.
31: Total Diet Studies in the Indian Context.
32: Experiences in Total Diet Studies in Indonesia.
33: Total Diet Studies in Japan.
34: Total Diet Studies in the Republic of Korea.
35: Dietary Exposure to Heavy Metals and Radionuclides in Lebanon: A Total Diet Study Approach.
36: The Malaysian Experience in a Total Diet Study.
37: New Zealand’s Experience in Total Diet Studies.
38: Experiences in Total Diet Studies in Spain.
39: Total Diet Study in the Basque Country, Spain.
40: Total Diet Studies in Catalonia, Spain.
41: Total Diet Studies in Sweden: Monitoring Dietary Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants by a Market Basket Approach.
42: Total Diet Studies—united Kingdom’s Experience.
43: United States Food and Drug Administration’s Total Diet Study Program.
44: Special Topics in Total Diet Studies.
45: GEMS/Food and Total Diet Studies.
46: GEMS/Food Consumption Cluster Diets.
47: Food Mapping in a Total Diet Study.
48: Automated Programs for Calculating Dietary Exposure.
49: OPAL—A Program to Manage Data on Chemicals in Food and the Diet.
50: Involving and Influencing Key Stakeholders and Interest Groups in a Total Diet Study.
51: Linking Nutrition Surveys with Total Diet Studies.
52: Emerging Chemical Contaminants in Total Diet Studies in China.
53: Using Total Diet Studies to Assess Acrylamide Exposure.
54: Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Food in Australia—An Additional Use of the Australian Total Diet Study.
55: Risk Assessment and Management Interface—Example of Methylmercury in Fish.
56: The German Approach to Estimating Dietary Exposures Using Food Monitoring Data.
57: Total Diet Studies for Infants—example of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Human Milk.
Erratum: Managing Concentration Data—Validation, Security, and Interpretation.