Cleaning with Solvents: Science and Technology, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1455731617
  • ISBN-13: 9781455731619
  • DDC: 670.42
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 780 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released June 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

  • Price:  Sign in for price



High-precision cleaning is required across a wide range of sectors, including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor/electronics, etc. Cleaning parts and surfaces with solvents is simple, effective and low-cost. Although health and safety and environmental concerns come into play with the use of solvents, this book explores how safe and compliant solvent-based cleaning techniques can be implemented. A key to this is the selection of the right solvent. The author also examines a range of newer "green" solvent cleaning options. This book supplies scientific fundamentals and practical guidance supported by real-world examples. Durkee explains the three principal methods of solvent selection: matching of solubility parameters, reduction of potential for smog formation, and matching of physical properties. He also provides guidance on the safe use of aerosols, wipe-cleaning techniques, solvent stabilization, economics, and many other topics. A compendium of blend rules is included, covering the physical, chemical, and environmental properties of solvents.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
What You Can Do with This Book.
A Note on Organization.
Units Used in This Book.
External References Cited in This Book.
1: Relationship of Solvent Properties to Structure.
2: Solubility Scales (Parameters).
3: Solvent Selection for Specific Tasks.
4: She Management (Solvent Substitution).
5: Toxicology of Cleaning Solvents.
6: Solubility Scales (Parameters).
7: Economics of Solvent Use.
8: Solvent Azeotropes.
9: Wipe Cleaning with Solvents.
10: Cleaning with Solvent Aerosols.
11: Solubility Scales (Parameters).
12: Solvent Cleaning: Questions and Answers.
Group A: Basic Information.
Appendix A1: Basic Data about Cleaning Solvents.
Appendix A2: Estimation of Properties of Solvent Blends.
Appendix A3: Derivation of Blend Rule for Solubility Parameters.
Appendix A4: Compatibility of Wipe Cleaning Solvents with Surface Materials and Protective Gloves (With Database).
Appendix A5: Management of Flow of Cleaning Solvents to Wet Surfaces (The Wettability Index and the Dimensionless Ohnesorge Number).
Group B: Reduction of Ozone Formation by Vocs.
Appendix B1: Chemistry of Atmospheric Reactions of Vocs Leading to Smog.
Appendix B2: Calculation of Mir through Group Contribution Methods.
Group C: Solubility Parameters.
Appendix C1: Optimization Method for Determination of Solubility Parameters.
Appendix C2: Estimation of Hansen Solubility Parameters (Hsp) from Binary Data—pes.
Appendix C3: Estimation of Hsp from Multilevel Data–Bitumen.
Appendix C4: Estimation of Hsp from Solvent Mixtures.
Appendix C5: Estimation of Hsp from Correlations.
Appendix C6: Estimation of Hsp Using the “pythagorean Theorem”.
Appendix C7: Estimation of Hsp from an Equation of State.
Appendix C8: Estimation of Hsp from Group Contribution Methods.
Appendix C9: Estimation of Hsp for Soil Mixtures.
Appendix C10: Hoy Solubility Parameters.
Appendix C11: Values of Hansen Solubility Parameters for Solvents, Soils, and Polymers.
Appendix C12: The Teas Graph.
Group D: Solvent Substitution.
Appendix D1: Examples and Methodology of Solvent Substitution.
Appendix D2: Examples of Solvent Substitution to Achieve Voc Reduction.