African American History and Culture: Africa to America: From the Middle Passage Through the 1930s, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615301755
  • ISBN-13: 9781615301751
  • DDC: 973.049607
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 280 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011

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At the expense of basic human rights, dignity, and decency, Africans were torn from their native countries and first brought to the United State as slaves. Yet even in the face of injustice and hardship they have endured since then, African Americans have been bolstered by the sacrifices, leadership, and determination of courageous individuals. This inspiring volume chronicles the history of African Americans—the triumphs and tragedies—from origins on the African continent to the end of the Harlem Renaissance.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Overview: From African Roots to World War II.
2: The Early History of Blacks in the Americas.
3: Slavery in the United States.
4: Free African Americans and Abolitionism.
5: Benjamin Banneker: Reflections of a Free Black Man.
6: The Civil War Era.
7: Reconstruction and After.
8: American Colonization Society.
9: The Age of Booker T. Washington.
10: New York Draft Riot of 1863.
11: Sarah Breedlove Walker.
12: The Impact of World War I and African American Migration to the North.
13: The Garvey Movement and the Harlem Renaissance.
14: African American Life During the Great Depression and the New Deal.
15: African Roots: Cultures and Kingdoms.
16: Traditional Culture of the Western Sudan.
17: Social Organization.
18: Belief Systems.
19: Traditional Culture of the Guinea Coast.
20: The Environment and the People.
21: Historical Background of Trade and Politics.
22: Kingdoms and Chiefdoms of Guinea.
23: Kin Groups and Other Associations.
24: Belief Systems.
25: Kingdoms, Empires, and Centres.
26: Ghana.
27: Kanem-Bornu.
28: Katsina.
29: Mali.
30: Wolof Empire.
31: Timbuktu.
32: Hausa States.
33: Songhai Empire.
34: Kingdom of Bagirmi.
35: Gorée Island.
36: Oyo Empire.
37: Djenné.
38: Asante Empire.
39: Kazembe.
40: Fulani Empire.
41: Lunda Empire.
42: Luba-Lunda States.
43: Kasanje.
44: Matamba.
45: Ndongo.
46: Kongo.
47: Summary.
48: African Roots: Art.
49: African Visual Art: General Characteristics, Style, Tribe, and Ethnic Identity.
50: Representative Western African Traditions in Visual Art.
51: Fon.
52: Ife and Yoruba.
53: Igbo.
54: Fulani.
55: Nupe.
56: Oral Traditions.
57: The Nature of Storytelling.
58: Griot.
59: The Riddle.
60: The Lyric.
61: The Proverb.
62: The Tale.
63: Heroic Poetry.
64: The Epic.
65: Praise Song.
66: Race and Racism.
67: The Many Meanings of “Race”.
68: “Race” as Mechanism of Social Division in North America.
69: The Difference between Racism and Ethnocentrism.
70: The History of the Idea of Race.
71: The Problem of Labour in the New World.
72: The Enslavement and Racialization of Africans.
73: Human Rights versus Property Rights.
74: Building the Myth of Black Inferiority.
75: Enlightenment Philosophers and Systematists.
76: Scientific Classifications of Race.
77: The Institutionalizing of Race.
78: Transforming “Race” into “Species”.
79: The False Assumptions of Anthropometry.
80: The Influence of Franz Boas.
81: Mendelian Heredity and the Development of Blood Group Systems.
82: “Race” and Intelligence.
83: European Constructions of Race and Their Legacy in America.
84: The Germanic Myth and English Constructions of an Anglo-Saxon Past.
85: Gobineau's Essay on the Inequality of Human Races.
86: Galton and Spencer.
87: Conquest and the Classification of the Conquered.
88: “Race” and the Reality of Human Physical Variation.
89: Modern Scientific Explanations of Human Biological Variation.
90: The Scientific Debate over “Race”.
91: Summary.
92: Slavery, Abolitionism, and Reconstruction.
93: Slavery.
94: Origins of Slavery in the United States.
95: The Law and Nature of American Slavery.
96: Slave Protest.
97: Fugitive Slave Acts.
98: Slave Revolts.
99: Underground Railroad.
100: Abolitionism.
101: The Liberator.
102: Dred Scott Decision.
103: Reconstruction.
104: Abraham Lincoln's Letter Extolling Emancipation as a Military Measure.
105: Freedmen's Bureau.
106: Law and Society.
107: Oppression and Oppressors.
108: Black Codes.
109: Memphis Race Riot.
110: New Orleans Race Riot.
111: Ku Klux Klan.
112: Lynching.
113: Jim Crow Laws.
114: Grandfather Clause.
115: Plessy v. Ferguson.
116: Brownsville Affair.
117: Springfield Race Riot.
118: East Saint Louis Race Riot of 1917.
119: Chicago Race Riot of 1919.
120: Scottsboro Case.
121: Summary.
122: Organizing and Organizations.
123: Union League.
124: American Equal Rights Association (AERA).
125: Atlanta Compromise.
126: National Association of Colored Women (NACW).
127: Niagara Movement.
128: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
129: National Urban League.
130: Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA).
131: National Council of Negro Women (NCNW).
132: Summary.
133: Primary Sources.
134: John E. Bruce: African American Plea for Organized Resistance to White Men.
135: Frederick Douglass: The Color Line in America.
136: W.E.B. Du Bois: What African Americans Want.
137: Henry B. Brown and John Marshall Harlan: Plessy v. Ferguson.
138: Booker T. Washington: The Road to African American Progress.
139: Ida B. Wells-Barnett: Lynching and the Excuse for It.
140: Religion.
141: African Methodist Episcopal Church.
142: African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.
143: American Missionary Association (AMA).
144: Christian Methodist Episcopal Church.
145: National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc..
146: Church of God and Saints of Christ.
147: National Primitive Baptist Convention, Inc..
148: Moorish Science Temple of America.
149: National Baptist Convention of the United States of America, Inc..
150: Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God.
151: Peace Mission.
152: Summary.
153: Education.
154: Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University.
155: Alabama State University.
156: Alcorn State University.
157: Chicago State University.
158: Delaware State University.
159: University of the District of Columbia.
160: Fisk University.
161: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University.
162: Grambling State University.
163: Hampton University.
164: Howard University.
165: Kentucky State University.
166: Langston University.
167: Lincoln University.
168: Morehouse College.
169: Morgan State University.
170: Oberlin College.
171: South Carolina State University.
172: Southern University.
173: Spelman College.
174: Tennessee State University.
175: Tuskegee University.
176: Anonymous: On Educating African American Women.
177: Virginia State University.
178: Wilberforce University.
179: Summary.
180: Literature and the Arts.
181: African American Literature to the 1940s.
182: Slave Narratives.
183: Prose, Drama, and Poetry.
184: Oral Tradition.
185: Trickster Tale.
186: Minstrel Show.
187: The Civil War and Reconstruction.
188: The Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries.
189: The Crisis.
190: The Harlem Renaissance.
191: The Advent of Urban Realism.
192: Opportunity.
193: Chicago Defender.
194: The Harlem Renaissance Up Close.