Climate Vulnerability, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0123847044
  • ISBN-13: 9780123847041
  • DDC: 363.73874
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1570 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released February 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Climate change has been the subject of thousands of books and magazines, scientific journals, and newspaper articles daily. It's a subject that can be very political and emotional, often blurring the lines between fact and fiction. The vast majority of research, studies, projections and recommendations tend to focus on the human influence on climate change and global warming as the result of CO2 emissions, often to the exclusion of other threats that include population growth and the stress placed on energy sources due to emerging global affluence. Climate Vulnerability seeks to strip away the politics and emotion that surround climate change and will assess the broad range of threats using the bottom up approach—including CO2 emissions, population growth, emerging affluence, and many others—to our five most critical resources: water, food, ecosystems, energy, and human health. Inclusively determining what these threats are while seeking preventive measures and adaptations is at the heart of this unique reference work.Takes a Bottom-Up approach, addressing climate change and the threat to our key resources at the local level first and globally second, providing a more accurate and inclusive approach. Includes extensive cross-referencing, which is key to readers as new connections between factors can be discovered. Cuts across a number of disciplines and will appeal to Biological Science, Earth & Environmental Science, Ecology, and Social Science, comprehensively addressing climate change and other threats to our key resources from multiple perspectives

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
List of Contributors.
Preface - Vulnerability of Human Health to Climate.
1: Cross-Cutting Threats to Human Health and Healthcare Systems.
2: Extreme Weather Events.
3: Recognizing and Reducing the Threats to Human Health and Environmental Ecosystems from Stratospheric Ozone Depletion.
4: Sea-Level Rise and Health.
5: Impact of Environmental Change on Ecosystem Services and Human Well-being in Africa.
6: Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Climate, and Health.
7: Climate Change Health Effects, Risks & Impacts.
8: What Have We Learned about Climate Variability and Human Health?.
9: Food, Nutrition, and Public Health.
10: Heat-Related Mortality.
11: Climate, Urban Air Pollution, and Respiratory Allergy.
12: Precipitation and Flood Hazards: Health Effects, Risks, and Impacts.
13: HIV/AIDS Disease Burden Complex in South Africa: Impact on Health and Environmental Resources, and Vulnerability to Climate.
14: Occupational Health and Safety Impacts of Climate Conditions.
15: Cold-Related Mortality and Morbidity.
16: Case Studies: Addressing Vulnerabilities and Reducing Risks.
17: Vulnerable States: Pacific Island Countries.
18: Vulnerability and Health: Exploring the Linkages in a Case Study from Southern Africa.
Title Page.
Preface - Vulnerability of Food Resources to Climate.
1: Crop Agriculture.
2: Advances, Vulnerabilities, and Opportunities for Corn: A Perspective from Iowa.
3: Soybean.
4: Climate Impact Analysis and Adaptations for Sustainable Rice Production System.
5: Understanding the Impacts of Climate on Perennial Crops.
6: Role of Engineering Plants for Abiotic Stresses.
7: Climate Vulnerabilities and Wheat Production.
8: Fishery and Animal Agriculture.
9: International Fisheries and Climate Change.
10: Climate Vulnerabilities of the Poultry Industry.
11: Climate Vulnerabilities of the Swine Industry.
12: International.
13: Vulnerability of Mediterranean Agricultural Systems to Climate: From Regional to Field Scale Analysis.
14: Freshwater Wetlands: Balancing Food and Water Security with Resilience of Ecological and Social Systems.
15: Agroeconomies Case Studies.
16: Food Security Implications of Climate Variability and Climate Change.
17: Assessing Vulnerabilities and Adaptation Approaches: Useful to Usable Tools.
18: Vulnerability of Indian Agriculture to Climate Change.
19: Response of the Amazon Tropical Forests to Deforestation, Climate, and Extremes, and the Occurrence of Drought and Fire.
20: Blending Local Scale Information for Developing Agricultural Resilience in Ethiopia.
Title Page.
Energy Resources and Policy Under Climate Change Conditions.
Preface - Vulnerability of Energy to Climate.
1: Resources and Resource Availability.
2: Climate and Energy Vulnerability in Coastal Regions: The Case for US Pacific and Northeast Corridor Coastal Regions.
3: Energy Resources and Policy: Vulnerability of Energy Resources and Resource Availability – Fossil Fuels (Oil, Coal, Natural Gas, Oil Shale).
4: Renewable Energy Resources – Onshore/Offshore Wind Energy.
5: Renewable Energy Resources – Ocean Energy: Wind–Wave–Tidal–Sea Currents.
6: Biomass.
7: Vulnerability of Solar Energy Resources under Climate Variability.
8: Energy Production, Conversion, Transmission & Distribution, Policy, Planning and Mitigation Processes – General Considerations.
9: Energy Production, Conversion, Transmission, and Distribution, Policy, Planning, and Mitigation Process – General Considerations: Infrastructure Vulnerability and Climate.
10: Climate and Energy Production – A Climate Services Perspective.
11: Energy Market Fundamentals.
12: Energy Networks.
13: Renewable Energy and Water Resources.
14: Energy Buildings and Urban Environment.
15: Transportation and Energy.
16: Energy Production, Conversion, Transmission and Distribution, Policy, Planning, and Mitigation Processes – General Considerations: Large Energy Projects, Efficiency, and Vulnerability.
17: Transmission Grid Fundamentals.
Title Page.
Preface - Vulnerability of Ecosystems to Climate.
1: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources.
2: Overview of Ecosystem Functions and Services: Their Importance and Vulnerability.
3: Threats to Ecosystem Services.
4: Impacts of Land-Use Change to Ecosystem Services.
5: Connecting Nitrogen Deposition and Ecosystem Services.
6: Effects of Carbon Dioxide Enrichment on Plants.
7: Invasive Plants and Animal Species: Threats to Ecosystem Services.
8: Does Climate Change Increase the Risk of Disease? Analyzing Published Literature to Detect Climate–Disease Interactions.
9: Extreme Climatic Events.
10: Ecosystem Functions and Services.
11: Ecosystem Services of Energy Exchange and Regulation.
12: Carbon Storage in Terrestrial Ecosystems.
13: Vulnerability of Agroecosystems to Environmental Factors.
14: Vulnerability of Pollination Ecosystem Services.
15: Controls on Provisioning Services and Forest Productivity: Responses and Risk under Changing Environmental Conditions.
16: Social–Ecological Vulnerability of Grassland Ecosystems.
17: Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Ecosystems.
18: The Vulnerability of Biodiversity to Rapid Climate Change.
19: Biodiversity – Marine Food-Web Structure, Stability, and Regime Shifts.
20: Terrestrial Food Webs and Vulnerability of the Structure and Functioning of Ecosystems to Climate.
21: The Vulnerability of Tourism and Recreation to Climate Change.
22: Assessing Cumulative Risks to Ecosystem Function: Expectations and Realities of Environmental Change Interaction Effects.
23: Case Studies: Vulnerability to Cumulative Threats.
24: Desertification of Rangelands.
25: Vulnerability of Coral Reefs.
26: Vulnerability of Estuaries to Climate Change.
27: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Canadian Arctic.
28: Vulnerability of the Ski Industry.
29: Planning, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies.
30: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies to Reduce Climate Vulnerabilities and Maintain Ecosystem Services.
Title Page.
Preface - Vulnerability of Water Resources to Climate.
1: General Overview of Water Cycle: Patterns, Utilization & Risk Projections.
2: Emerging Approaches to Hydrological Risk Management in a Changing World.
3: State of the World's Water Resources.
4: Recent Trends in Regional and Global Intense Precipitation Patterns.
5: Orographic Precipitation, Freshwater Resources, and Climate Vulnerabilities in Mountainous Regions.
6: Tropical Montane Cloud Forests.
7: Climate Vulnerabilities and Adaptation of Urban Water Infrastructure Systems.
8: Impacts of Urbanization on Precipitation and Storms: Physical Insights and Vulnerabilities.
9: Analysis of Paleoclimate Records for Understanding the Tropical Hydrologic Cycle in Abrupt Climate Change.
10: The Potential of Precipitation Remote Sensing for Water Resources Vulnerability Assessment in Arid Southwestern United States.
11: Application of Satellite Gravimetry for Water Resource Vulnerability Assessment.
12: Regional Vulnerability of Water Resources.
13: Changing Discharge Patterns of High-Latitude Rivers.
14: The Sustainability of Pacific Northwest Hydropower Generation in the Context of Nonstationarity and Renewable Energy Growth.
15: Water Resources of Mainland China.
16: Recent and Historic Andean Snowpack and Streamflow Variations and Vulnerability to Water Shortages in Central-Western Argentina.
17: Natural Hazards Assessment in Mountainous Terrains of Europe: Landslides and Flash Floods.
18: Flood Inundation Dynamics and Socioeconomic Vulnerability under Environmental Change.
19: Vulnerability Assessments in the Netherlands Using Climate Scenarios.
20: Epitomes of Bottom-Up Hydro-Geo-Climatological Analysis to Face Sea Level Rise in Complex Coastal Ecosystems.
21: West Africa – Water Resources Vulnerability Using a Multidimensional Approach: Case Study of Volta Basin.
22: Assessment of the Vulnerabilities of the Nubian Sandstone Fossil Aquifer, North Africa.
23: Climate Vulnerability on the Water Resources Systems and Potential Adaptation Approaches in East Africa: The Case of Ethiopia.
24: Hydroclimatology and Large-Scale Population Vulnerability to Cholera Outbreaks in the Bengal Delta.
25: Flood Inundation and Crop Damage Mapping: A Method for Modeling the Impact on Rural Income and Migration in Humid Deltas.
26: Adaptation Strategies for Water Resources Management in Bangladesh from Risks of Climate.
27: Water Resources Vulnerability in the Context of Rapid Urbanization of Dhaka City (a South Asian Megacity).