Half Title Page.
Chronology of Selected Events, 1492–1865.
Historical Overview, 1492–1865.
1: Setting the Stage for Enslavement/The Middle Passage.
2: Plantation Life.
3: Resistance to Slavery.
4: Clouds Before the Storm.
5: The Civil War.
6: Exploration and Setting the Stage for Enslavement.
7: Capture and the Middle Passage.
9: Domestics Versus Field Hands.
10: The Treatment of Slaves.
11: Acts of Resistance.
13: Marriage and Family.
Exploration and Its Connection to Slavery.
14: The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea (1453).
15: Christopher Columbus Journal Entries (1492).
The Initial Capture.
16: On Being Brought from Africa to America, Phillis Wheatley (1773).
17: Olaudah Equiano on Capture and the Middle Passage (1789).
18: Memoir of Boyrereau Brinch, the Blind African Slave (1810).
19: Former Slave John Brown's Narrative and the Capture of His Grandmother (1937).
20: John Punch Sentenced to Slavery for Life for Escape (1640).
21: John Casor Becomes First African American Declared a Slave for Life (1655).
Colonies Begin to Codify Slavery.
22: Maryland Slave Law (1664).
23: Letter to Thomas Jefferson from Benjamin Banneker, August 19 (1791).
Working the Plantation.
24: A Slave's Day on a Virginia Tobacco Plantation (1770).
25: John Adams on Slave Communications, September 24 (1775).
26: Letters from the South and West, Henry Cogswell Knight (1824).
27: The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave on Working in the Salt Pans (1831).
28: Maria W. Stewart's “Address Delivered at the African Masonic Hall, Boston,” February 27 (1833).
29: Slave Communities, Recollections of Former Slaves (c. 1850–1865).
30: A Traveler's Observations of Life on the Plantation, Frederick Law Olmsted (1861).
Cruelty Toward Slaves.
31: Frederick Douglass on Cruelty to Slaves (1845).
32: Recollections of Cruelty from Former Slaves (c. 1850–1865).
33: Treatment and Objectification of Women, Harriet Jacobs (1861).
34: “The Selling of Joseph: A Memorial,” Samuel Sewall (1700).
35: A Bill of Sale for a Slave Woman and Her Child (1850).
36: Twenty-Eight Years a Slave or the Story of My Life in Three Continents, Thomas L. Johnson (1909).
Freedom at Any Risk.
37: Fugitive Slave Advertisements from Virginia and Louisiana (1775–1865).
38: The Life of William Grimes, the Runaway Slave (1825).
39: Twice Escaped from Slavery, Charity Still (c. 1850).
40: Advertisement for Escaped Slave Tom Matthews (1856).
41: William Peel, Alias William Box Peel Jones. Arrived per Ericsson Line of Steamers, Wrapped in Straw and Boxed Up, April (1859).
42: Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom, William and Ellen Craft (1860).
43: “The Steamer ‘Planter’ and Her Captor,”Robert Smalls (1862).
44: Slave Conspiracy in Virginia (1709).
45: The New York Slave Revolt (1712).
46: Barn Burnings in South Carolina (1732).
47: Nat Turner Slave Rebellion (1831).
48: An Address to the Slaves of the United States, Henry Highland Garnet (1843).
49: A Slave Marriage, Francis Fedric (1863).
50: Separation of Enslaved Children from Their Parents, Charles Ball and Frederick Douglass (1837 and 1845).
51: Letter from Maria Perkins to Her Husband, Richard: Charlottesville, October 8 (1852).
52: Newspaper Personal Ad Seeking Lost Mother, Thornton Copeland (1865).
53: Francis Fedric on the Separation from His Family (1863).
54: Former Slave Recollections of the Separations of Families (c. 1850–1865).
55: Virginia Law Attaching Slave Status of Children to Their Mother (1662).
56: James Curry's Childhood in Slavery (1840).
57: Plantation Management and Control.
59: Free African Americans.
Managing the Plantation.
60: “Plantation Management—Police,” Mr. St. George Cocke (1853).
61: “Negro Life at the South,” DeBow's Review (1857).
62: Slave Gardens (Antebellum South).
63: “Some Undistinguished Negroes” (1833).
Free Black Americans.
64: A Camp of Free Blacks in North Carolina, William Byrd II (1728).
65: Preamble and Articles of the Free African Society, Absalom Jones and Richard Allen (1787).
66: Abolitionist Amos Dresser Violates No Law but Flogged Anyway (1835).
67: The Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony (1863).
71: Medical Care and Health.
72: Descriptions of Slave Housing and Quarters (1789–1849).
Meals and Preparation.
73: Examples of Recipes Used by Slaves (c. 1850–1865).
74: Former Slave Memories of Everyday Cooking Items from the WPA Narratives (c. 1850–1865).
75: Planter Advice on Slave Rations and Diets (1849–1853).
76: Former Slaves Recall Mealtimes on the Plantation (c. 1850–1865).
Descriptions of Slave Attire in Runaway Ads.
77: Runaway Advertisements Reflecting Slave Clothing (1750s–1860s).
78: George Washington's Notes on the Cost of Clothing Slaves (1792–1797).
79: Slave Clothing Rations, Frederick Douglass and Josiah Henson (1845–1849).
80: Examples from Works Progress Administration Interviews of Emma Knight and Lewis Mundy that Reference Clothing (c. 1850–1865).
Addressing Slave Health.
81: Medical Care of Slaves from the Diary of William Byrd II (1710–1711).
82: Reverend Richard Allen on the Yellow Fever Outbreak (1793).
83: Dr. Samuel A. Cartwright, “Diseases and Peculiarities of the Negro Race” (1851).
84: Memories of African American Medical Care from Former Slaves (c. 1850–1865).
86: The Struggle for Education.
87: Free Black Americans.
The Fire to Free Slaves.
88: “Ain't I a Woman?” Sojourner Truth, Women's Convention in Akron, Ohio (1851).
89: Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852).
90: The Case of Margaret Crittendon Douglass (1854).
91: Dred Scott Case and Opinion (1857).
92: Antislavery Feeling in the Mountains, Frederick Law Olmsted (1860).
Examples of Learning.
93: The Training of a Young Kentucky House Slave (1863).
94: Attempts at Learning, Thomas L. Johnson (1909).
Struggling to be Free.
95: Prince Hall Speaks to the African Lodge, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1797).
96: Report of the Board of Education for Freedmen (1864).
97: Laws and Proclamations.
99: Black Codes.
Fugitives, Suffrage, and Emancipation.
100: Fugitive Slave Act (1793).
101: Fugitive Slave Act (1850).
102: “Speech on the Fugitive Slave Bill,” Samuel Ringgold Ward (1850).
103: Editorial on “Negro Suffrage,”The New Paltz Times, September 14 (1860).
104: The Emancipation Proclamation, President Abraham Lincoln (1863).
105: Petition of a Great Number of “Negroes” for Freedom (1777).
106: An Act to Authorize the Manumission of Slaves, Virginia Commonwealth (1782).
Laws Restricting Blacks.
107: Louisiana's Code Noir (Black Code) (1724).
108: Charles Sumner's Speech Made in Congress on July 7, 1862, Attacking President Lincoln's Decision to Allow the Black Codes to Continue (1862).
109: A Black Nationalist Manifesto, Proceedings of the National Emigration Convention of Colored People, Held at Cleveland, Ohio, August 24, Martin R. Delany (1854).
Civil War Life.
110: The Civil War'S Impact on Everyday Life.
111: African American Civil War Military Experience.
112: Memoirs of General Benjamin Butler on the Decision to Create Contrabands (1861).
113: Executive Order Authorizing Employment of “Contrabands,” President Abraham Lincoln, July 22 (1862).
Civil War Military Experiences.
114: Former Slaves Recall Civil War and Military Service (c. 1862–1865).
115: Letter from Jacob Bruner to Martha J. Bruner, April 9 (1863).
116: Letter from Governor John A. Andrew to President Abraham Lincoln Regarding the Confederate Treatment of African American Soldiers, July 27 (1863).
117: Newspaper Account of the Fort Pillow Massacre (1864).
118: African Americans as Entertainment.
119: Holidays, Frolics, and Celebrations.
120: The Arts and Recreation.
Black Americans Put On Display.
121: The Greatest Natural and National Curiosity in the World Joice Heth (c. 1835).
Memories of Slave Celebrations.
122: Negro Ball in Virginia, Nicholas Cresswell (1774).
123: Holidays and Celebrations, Memories from Ex-slave Autobiographies and the Works Progress Administration Interviews (c. 1850–1865).
124: Solomon Northup and Harriet Jacobs Describe Christmas (1853 and 1857).
Arts and the Power to Create.
125: To S.M., a Young African Painter, on Seeing His Work, Phillis Wheatley (1773).
126: Frances Anne “Fanny” Kemble's Journal Entries on the Songs of Enslaved Boatmen (1838–1839).
127: Frederick Douglass Observations on Slave Songs (1847).
128: Recreation and Its Importance to Domestic Slave Life (c. 1850–1865).
129: Former Slave Wash Wilson on Musical Instruments (c. 1850–1865).
130: Frederick Douglass Comments on “O Canaan, Sweet Canaan” (1855).
131: “Michael, Row the Board Ashore” (c. 1863).
132: “Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child” and “Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Had” [Seen] (1867).
133: The Spirituals “Go Down Moses” and “Oh, Let My People Go” (1862 and 1869).
134: Religion and Abolition.
135: Religious Conversion.
Religious Leaders Among First Abolitionists.
137: Religion and Abolition, Angelina Emily Grimke Weld and Sarah Grimke (1836 and 1839).
138: Reverend Jermain Wesley Loguen on Abolition (1859).
Modes of Worship.
139: Slave Religion, Both Visible and Invisible (c. 1850–1865).
140: Former Slaves Recall Religion, Interviews of Former Slaves Living in South Carolina (1850–1865).
141: The Church and Slavery, Harriet Ann Jacobs (1861).
Establishing African American Churches.
142: Reverend Richard Allen on Religion (1833).
143: Conversion of Elizabeth (1863).
144: Excerpt from Africa for Christ: Twenty-Eight Years a Slave; or, the Story of My Life in Three Continents, Thomas L. Johnson (1909).
145: References Conjuring from a Former Slave (c. 1850–1865).
146: Suggested Readings.