Biochemistry, Cells, and Life: The Chemical Reactions of Life: From Metabolism to Photosynthesis, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303871
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303878
  • DDC: 612.015
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 280 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011

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The development and evolution of all species can, in many ways, be traced to a few biochemical reactions that facilitate metabolic and/or photosynthetic changes in each life form. Indeed, advances in the field of biochemistry have intimately depended on the study of these processes and the way basic molecules fragment and synthesize to produce elements vital to the survival of each organism. This insightful volume considers the various types, causes, and results of different reactions that operate at the cellular level and beyond to sustain biological activity.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Biochemical Reactions.
2: Historical Overview of Biochemistry.
3: Joseph Priestley.
4: Jean Senebier.
5: The Chemistry and Reactions of Cells.
6: Chemical Composition of Living Matter.
7: Nutritional Components.
8: The Breakdown of Chemicals.
9: Metabolism and Heat.
10: Basic Concepts of Chemical Reactions.
11: Synthesis.
12: The Conservation of Matter.
13: Energy Considerations.
14: Kinetic Considerations.
15: Classifying and Studying Chemical Reactions.
16: Classifying Chemical Reactions.
17: Classification by Type of Product.
18: Svante August Arrhenius.
19: Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted.
20: Gilbert N. Lewis.
21: Classification by Reaction Outcome.
22: Classification by Reaction Mechanism.
23: The Study of Biochemical Reactions.
24: Centrifugation and Electrophoresis.
25: Chromatography and Isotopes.
26: Mikhail Semyonovich Tsvet.
27: The Chemical Reactions of Cells.
28: The Unity of Life.
29: Biological Energy Exchanges.
30: The Carrier of Chemical Energy.
31: Catabolism.
32: Sir Hans Adolf Krebs.
33: Anabolism.
34: Integration of Catabolism and Anabolism.
35: The Study of Metabolic Pathways.
36: George Wells Beadle.
37: Edward L. Tatum.
38: The Fragmentation of Complex Molecules.
39: The Catabolism of Glucose.
40: Glycolysis.
41: Gustav Georg Embden.
42: Otto Meyerhof.
43: Archibald V. Hill.
44: Axel Hugo Teodor Theorell.
45: The Catabolism of Sugars Other Than Glucose.
46: The Catabolism of Lipids (Fats).
47: Fate of Glycerol.
48: Fate of Fatty Acids.
49: The Catabolism of Proteins.
50: Removal of Nitrogen.
51: Disposal of Nitrogen.
52: Oxidation of the Carbon Skeleton.
53: The Combustion of Food Materials.
54: Fritz Albert Lipmann.
55: The Oxidation of Molecular Fragments.
56: The Oxidation of Pyruvate.
57: The TCA Cycle.
58: Isomerization.
59: Biological Energy Transduction.
60: ATP as the Currency of Energy Exchange.
61: Free Energy.
62: J. Willard Gibbs.
63: Energy Conservation.
64: The Biosynthesis of Cell Components and Regulation of Metabolism.
65: The Stages of Biosynthesis and Utilization of ATP.
66: The Supply of Biosynthetic Precursors.
67: Anaplerotic Routes.
68: Growth of Microorganisms on TCA Cycle Intermediates.
69: The Synthesis of Building Blocks.
70: Bernardo Alberto Houssay.
71: Sugars.
72: Carl Cori and Gerty Cori.
73: Lipid Components.
74: Amino Acids.
75: Nucleotides.
76: The Synthesis of Macromolecules.
77: Carbohydrates and Lipids.
78: Nucleic Acids and Proteins.
79: Regulation of Metabolism.
80: Fine Control.
81: Coarse Control.
82: The Transformation of Light into Chemical Energy.
83: Early Observations of Photosynthesis.
84: Jan Ingenhousz.
85: Overall Reaction of Photosynthesis.
86: Basic Products of Photosynthesis.
87: Evolution of Photosynthesis.
88: Factors that Influence the Rate of Photosynthesis.
89: Light Intensity and Temperature.
90: Carbon Dioxide.
91: Water.
92: Leaf.
93: Minerals.
94: Internal Factors.
95: Energy Efficiency of Photosynthesis.
96: Chloroplasts, the Photosynthetic Units of Green Plants.
97: Structural Features.
98: Chemical Composition of Lamellae.
99: Coenzyme.
100: The Process of Photosynthesis.
101: The Light Reactions.
102: Light Absorption and Energy Transfer.
103: Fluorescence.
104: The Pathway of Electrons.
105: Evidence of Two Light Reactions.
106: Photosystems I and II.
107: Quantum Requirements.
108: The Conversion of Light Energy to ATP.
109: Peter Dennis Mitchell.
110: Carbon Fixation and Reduction.
111: Elucidation of the Carbon Pathway.
112: Melvin Calvin.
113: The Reductive Pentose Phosphate Cycle.
114: Regulation of the Cycle.
115: Products of Carbon Reduction.
116: Photorespiration.
117: Carbon Fixation Via C4 Acids.
118: The Molecular Biology of Photosynthesis.
119: Bioluminescence and Light Reactions.
120: Bioluminescence.
121: Edmund Newton Harvey.
122: The Role of Bioluminescence in Behaviour.
123: Anglerfish.
124: The Role of Bioluminescence in Metabolism.
125: The Range and Variety of Bioluminescent Organisms.
126: Luciferin.
127: Biochemical Events of Light Emission.
128: The Significance of Bioluminescence in Research.
129: Biological Effects of Visible and Ultraviolet Light.
130: Intrinsic Action.
131: Photodynamic Action.
132: Chromatophore.
133: Effects on Development and Biologic Rhythms.
134: Conclusion.