States' Rights and American Federalism: A Documentary History, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0313032297
  • ISBN-13: 9780313032295
  • DDC: 320.473049
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 232 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 1999 | Published/Released December 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 1999

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The debate over states' rights versus federalism in America is one that has raged since our country's founding. Arguments over the interpretation of the Constitution and the meaning of power and its distribution among the states' governments echoes in governmental chambers even today. Students can trace the history and development of issues surrounding this debate, as well as the reactions to them, through this collection of over 65 primary documents.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Recent Titles in the Series Primary Documents in American History and Contemporary Issues.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Series Foreword.
Chronology of Key Events in States' Rights and American Federalism.
1: States' Rights and American Federalism in the American Founding Era, 1620–1789.
Document 1: The Mayflower Compact, 1620.
Document 2: The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1639.
Document 3: Organization of the Government of Rhode Island, March 16-19, 1642.
Document 4: On Liberty, 1645.
Document 5: Penn's Plan of Union, 1697.
Document 6: Albany Plan of Union, 1754.
Document 7: Declarations of the Stamp Act Congress, October 2, 1765.
Document 8: From a Farmer in Pennsylvania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, Letter II, 1767.
Document 9: Thoughts on Government, Letter of John Adams, January 1776.
Document 10: Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America, July 1776.
Document 11: In Defense of State Sovereignty, Thomas Burke, 1777.
Document 12: James Madison's "Vices of the Political System," April 1787.
Document 13: The Virginia Plan Presented to the Federal Convention, May 29, 1787.
Document 14: John Dickinson of Delaware on Federalism at the Constitutional Convention, June 7, 1787.
Document 15: The New Jersey Plan Presented to the Federal Convention, June 15, 1787.
Document 16: James Madison of Virginia Compares the Virginia and New Jersey Plans at the Constitutional Convention, June 19, 1787.
Document 17: James Wilson of Pennsylvania on Federalism at the Constitutional Convention, June 25, 1787.
Document 18: The Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 1787.
Document 19: Federalist Number 10, Publius and the Extended Republic, November 22, 1787.
Document 20: Agrippa Writes a Letter to the People in Opposition to an Extended Republic and the Constitution of the United States, December 3, 1787.
2: Federalism and the Meaning of the Tenth Amendment, 1789–1835.
Document 21: George Mason's Objections to the Proposed Constitution, October 1, 1787.
Document 22: James Madison's Proposal to Congress for a Bill of Rights, June 8, 1789.
Document 23: The Sedition Act, July 14, 1798.
Document 24: The Kentucky Resolutions, November 16, 1798.
Document 25: United States v. Peters, 1809.
Document 26: Report and Resolutions of the Hartford Convention, January 1815.
Document 27: Barron v. Baltimore (1833).
3: States' Rights in the Antebellum Period and the Civil War, 1828–1865.
Document 28: Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable, January 1830.
Document 29: John C. Calhoun's Fort Hill Address, 1831.
Document 30: John C. Calhoun against the Force Bill, February 15, 1833.
Document 31: Andrew Jackson's Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1833.
Document 32: Abraham Lincoln's Address before the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois, January 27, 1838.
Document 33: The Seventh of March Speech: Daniel Webster and the Compromise of 1850.
Document 34: John C. Calhoun, the Compromise of 1850, and State Autonomy, First Session of Congress, 1850.
Document 35: William H. Seward, the Compromise of 1850, and an Appeal to a Higher Law, First Session of Congress, 1850.
Document 36: William H. Seward and the Declaration of Independence: An Appeal to Higher Law, 1856.
Document 37: Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857): Roger B. Taney and States' Rights.
Document 38: James Buchanan's Fourth Annual Message: States and Withdrawal from the Union, December 3, 1860.
Document 39: Resolutions of Secession: Mississippi (January 11, 1861), South Carolina (December 20, 1860), and Virginia (April 17, 1861).
Document 40: Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1861.
Document 41: The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863.
4: Changes Involving States' Rights and Federalism from the Civil War to the New Deal, 1865–1940.
Document 42: Women's Suffrage Petition to Congress, December 1871.
Document 43: Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895.
Document 44: An Episcopal Priest Challenges Enforcement of the Fourteenth Amendment, 1905.
Document 45: Theodore Roosevelt on Lincoln and the Race Problem, February 13, 1905.
Document 46: Elihu Root Calls for the Preservation of Local Self-Government of the States, December 12, 1906.
Document 47: Wilson Rejects the Old Ideal of Limited Government, October 30, 1909.
Document 48: Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom Changes the Old Order, 1913.
Document 49: Kate Gordon's Letter to the Governors of the Southern States, 1913.
Document 50: Petition from Women Voters, Anti-Suffrage Party of New York, 1917.
Document 51: State of Tennessee Approves Nineteenth Amendment, August 1920.
Document 52: President Calvin Coolidge on the Responsibilities of the States, May 30, 1925.
Document 53: President Calvin Coolidge's Fourth Annual State of the Union Message, December 7, 1926.
Document 54: Herbert C. Hoover's Fourth Annual State of the Union Message, December 6, 1932.
Document 55: FDR's First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933.
5: States' Rights and American Federalism from the New Deal to the Present, 1940–1999.
Document 56: Governor Fielding Wright of Mississippi, Statement to Democratic Party Leaders, January 1948.
Document 57: The Civil Rights Message of Harry S Truman to the U.S. Congress, February 2, 1948.
Document 58: Governor J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina Speaks to Southern Governors, February 7, 1948.
Document 59: States' Rights Platform of 1948, Southern Democratic Convention, Birmingham, Alabama, July 17, 1948.
Document 60: Eisenhower's First Annual Message to the Congress on the State of the Union, February 2, 1953.
Document 61: President Eisenhower Writes South Carolina Governor James F. Byrnes, August 14, 1953.
Document 62: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954).
Document 63: The Southern Manifesto, 1956.
Document 64: President Johnson Urges Enactment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Document 65: U.S. Commissioner of Education Harold Howe II on the Relationship of the Federal Government to State and Local Education, December 17, 1966.
Document 66: A Journalist Reports on the Effects of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, January 12, 1967.
Document 67: Press Interview with George Wallace, 1968.
Document 68: Reagan Resurrects States' Rights, January 1981.
Document 69: Contract with America, 1994.
Document 70: The Devolution Tortoise and the Centralization Hare: The Slow Process in Down-Sizing Big Government, 1998.
Document 71: U.S. Supreme Court Expands States' Rights.
Document 72: Minority Opinion Challenges State Immunity from Law Suit.
About the Editors.