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This book allows a school to use a common text for two key subjects: thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, with a short introduction to heat transfer. Taking a well-balanced approach, the authors clearly demonstrate the connections among the three interrelated subjects. Because of the consistent terminology and continuity, students will find it easier to learn the three subjects. Instructors will also find it easier to refer to material covered earlier (e.g. thermodynamic laws as applied in fluid mechanics and heat transfer). The book provides the appropriate amount of material for non-mechanical engineering students. Addressing various levels of difficulty, the authors provide a wealth of examples and exercises.
- Includes examples that clarify all of the important concepts with hundreds of homework problems for effective learning of these concepts, including FE/EIT-type problems.
- Incorporates helpful learning features such as chapter outlines and summaries, helpful margin notes, nomenclature lists, and more.
1. CONCEPTS, DEFINITIONS, AND BASIC PRINCIPLES.
Introduction. Thermodynamic Systems and Control Volumes. Macroscopic Description. Properties and State of a System. Equilibrium Processes and Cycles. Units. Density, Specific Volume, Specific Weight. Pressure. Temperature. Energy.
2. PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCES.
Introduction. The p-T-v Surface. The Liquid-Vapor Region. Steam Tables. Equations of State. Equations of State for a Nonideal Gas. Summary.
3. WORK AND HEAT.
Introduction. Definition of Work. Quasiequilibrium Work Due to a Moving Boundary. Nonequilibrium Work. Other Work Modes. Heat Transfer. Summary.
4. THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS.
Introduction. The First Law of Thermodynamics Applied to a Cycle. The First Law Applied to a Process. Enthalpy. Latent Heat. Specific Heats. The First Law Applied to Various Processes. General Formulation for Control Volumes. Applications of the Energy Equation. Transient Flow. The First Law with Heat Transfer Applications.
5. THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS.
Introduction. Heat Engines, Heat Pumps, and Refrigerators. Statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Reversibility. The Carnot Engine. Carnot Efficiency. Entropy. Entropy for Ideal Gas with Constant Specific Heats. Entropy for Ideal Gas with Variable Specific Heats. Entropy for Substances such as Steam, Solids, and Liquids. The Inequality of Clausius. Entropy Change for an Irreversible Process. The Second Law Applied to a Control Volume.
6. POWER AND REFRIGERATION VAPOR CYCLES.
Introduction. The Rankine Cycle. Rankine Cycle Efficiency. The Reheat Cycle. The Regenerative Cycle. Effect of Losses on Power Cycle Efficiency. The Vapor Refrigeration Cycle. The Heat Pump.
7. POWER AND REFRIGERATION GAS CYCLES.
Introduction. The Air Standard Cycle. The Carnot Cycle. The Otto Cycle. The Diesel Cycle. The Brayton Cycle. The Regenerative Gas-Turbine Cycle. The Combined Rankine-Brayton Cycle. The Gas Refrigeration Cycle.
Introduction. Gas-Vapor Mixtures. Adiabatic Saturation and Wet-Bulb Temperatures. The Psychometric Chart. Air-Conditioning Processes.
Combustion Equations. Enthalpy of Formation, Enthalpy of Combustion, and the First Law. Adiabatic Flame Temperature.
Part 2: FLUID MECHANICS.
10. BASIC CONSIDERATIONS.
Introduction. Dimensions, Units, and Physical Quantities. Continuum View of Gases and Liquids. Pressure and Temperature Scales. Fluid Properties. Conservation Laws. Thermodynamic Properties and Relationships.
11. FLUID STATICS.
Introduction. Pressure at Point. Pressure at Variation. Fluids at Rest. Linear Accelerating Containers. Rotating Containers.
12. INTRODUCTION TO FLUIDS IN MOTION.
Introduction. Description of Fluids in Motion. Classification of Fluid Flows. The Bernoulli Equation.
13. THE INTEGRAL FORMS OF THE FUNDAMENTAL LAWS.
Introduction. The Three Basic Laws. System-to-Control-Volume Transformation. Conservation of Mass. Energy Equation. Momentum Equation.
14. DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND SIMILITUDE.
Introduction. Dimensional Analysis. Similitude.
15. INTERNAL FLOWS.
Introduction. Enhanced Flow and Developed Flow. Laminar Flow in a Pipe. Laminar Flow Between Parallel Plates. Laminar Flow Between Rotating Cylinders. Turbulent Flow in a Pipe. Uniform Turbulent Flow in Open Channels.
16. EXTERNAL FLOWS.
Introduction. Separation. Flow Around Immersed Bodies. Lift and Drag on Airfoils. Potential Flow Theory. Boundary Layer Theory.
17. COMPRESSIBLE FLOW.
Introduction. Speed of Sound and the Mach Number. Isentropic Nozzle Flow. Normal Shock Wave. Shock Waves in Converging-Diverging Nozzles. Oblique Shock Wave. Isentropic Expansion Waves.
ANSWERS TO SELECTED PROBLEMS.
The authors deserve commendations for the very clear pacing, structure and organization of the material and the multitude of examples and chapter problems. Students love to see the examples and they will enjoy having so many to use as guides. The authors have a nice balance of leading the students through the problem while still making them think.