Request for consultation
This volume in the Problems in European Civilization series is suitable for an upper-level course on the Enlightenment or as a supplementary reader in western civilization, early modern Europe, or modern European history courses. The text offers secondary-source essays organized around topics that range from defining the Enlightenment to determining the existence of a women's Enlightenment.
Denis Diderot, Encyclopedia
Immanuel Kant, "An Answer to the Question: What Is Enlightenment?"
Ernst Cassirer, "The Mind of the Enlightenment"
Peter Gay, "The Spirit of the Age"
Michael Foucault, "What Is Enlightenment?"
II. Who Were the Philosophes? Definitions of the Enlightenment Man of Letters
Voltaire, "Men of Letters"
David Hume, "Of Essay Writing"
Keith Michael Baker, "The Passion for the Public Good"
Robert Darnton, "The High Enlightenment and the Low-Life of Literature"
Roger Chartier, "The Man of Letters"
III. Institutions of Enlightenment
Roy Porter, "Print Culture"
Elizabeth L. Eisenstein, Print Culture and Enlightenment Thought
Dena Goodman, "Enlightenment Salons: The Convergence of Female and Philosophic Ambitions"
Michael R. Lynn, "Enlightenment in the Public Sphere: The Musée de Monsieur and Scientific Culture in Late Eighteenth-Century Paris"
IV. Science and Enlightenment
Voltaire, Philosophical Letters
Jean le Rond d'Alembert, "Preliminary Discourse" to the Encyclopedia
Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, "A General Survey of Science--Concerning the Application of Calculus to the Political and Moral Sciences"
Steven Shapin, "Social Uses of Science"
Mary Terrall, "Metaphysics, Mathematics, and the Gendering of Science in Eighteenth-Century France"
Roy Porter, "Medical Science and Human Science in the Enlightenment"
V. Did Women Have an Enlightenment?
Antoine-Léonard Thomas, "Essay on the Character, Morals and Mind of Women Across the Centuries"
Louise d'Epinay, "Letter to Abbé FerdinandoGaliani"
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile
Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Lieselotte Steinbrügee, The Moral Sex
Sylvana Tomaselli, "The Enlightenment Debate on Women"
Erica Harth, "The Salon Woman Goes Public...or Does She?"
Janet Gurkin Altman, "A Woman's Place in the Enlightenment Sun"
VI. Critiques of the Enlightenment
Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
Max Horkheimer, "Reason Against Itself: Some Remarks on Enlightenment"
Jane Flax, "Is Enlightenment Emancipatory? A Feminist Reading of 'What Is Enlightenment?'"
Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze, Race and the Enlightenment
Peter Hulme, "The Spontaneous Hand of Nature: Savagery, Colonialism, and the Enlightenment"
David A. Hollinger, "The Enlightenment and the Genealogy of Cultural Conflict in the United States"
Suggestions for Further Reading