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Give students big writing help in a small package with POCKET KEYS FOR WRITERS. This indispensable pocket-style handbook covers the essentials of the writing process. It takes students through the research process, includes the mechanics of writing and using punctuation, and explains the evaluation and documentation of both print and electronic source materials. Concise, up-to-date, and practical, the book is designed to help students find the material they need easily and quickly. The fifth edition features a new framework for critical thinking to help students make decisions about audience, purpose, voice, and medium. Each student text is packaged with a free Cengage Essential Reference Card to the MLA HANDBOOK, Eighth Edition.
- To provide students with quick and easy access to the latest changes in MLA style, The Cengage Essential Reference Card to the MLA HANDBOOK, Eighth Edition, is packaged free with each student text.
- A new Critical Thinking Framework helps students apply critical thinking to college writing, reading, research, and project design and presentation. The framework is the topic of a new Chapter 2 and also opens each part of the book, serving as a graphic reminder for students to consider audience, purpose, voice, and medium.
- Part I, “Writing in College,” has been thoroughly revised to accommodate a greater emphasis on the writing context: the audience, purpose, voice, and medium. Chapter 1, “The Writing Process in Context,” now introduces all parts of the writing process. Chapters 2 through 4 then present the Critical Thinking Framework and its application to reading and writing argument and to composing in various textual, visual, and multimodal forms.
- To guide students in finding and evaluating sources, Part II begins with an overview of primary and secondary sources and offers new and updated Key Points on such topics as “What Every Librarian Wishes You Knew,” “How to Evaluate Sources,” and “Locating Key Information on Websites.”
- New color-coded highlights on key sample citations in all styles show at a glance what types of information students need to include and how to format, arrange, and punctuate that information when documenting sources in the covered styles. Additionally, a new student research paper in MLA style (Chapter 9) explores the topic of theatre and globalization.
- POCKET KEYS FOR WRITERS' intuitive, color-coded organization, quick reference features such as Key Points boxes, abundant examples and models, friendly writing style, and uncluttered design continue in this new edition, making information easy for student writers to find, understand, and apply.
1. The Writing Process in Context.
Your purpose. Your audience. Your voice. Your use of media. Revising and editing.
2. A Framework for Critical Thinking.
3. Reading and Writing Arguments.
A debatable claim (thesis). Reasons and evidence. Areas of common ground. Visuals.
Model paper 1: A student''''s argument essay (MLA).
4. Presentation Matters.
How to present your work. Text (color, lists, headings). Photos and images. Data (tables, graphs, charts). Oral and multimedia presentations, PowerPoint, e-portfolios. Multimodal composition.
Part II: RESEARCH: FINDING AND EVALUATING SOURCES.
5. How to Search for Information.
Primary and secondary sources. Starting the search. Starting points. Keyword searching. Visual sources. Google. Digital tools. Online alerts.
6. How to Evaluate Sources.
Reading critically. Evaluating sources. Recognizing a scholarly article.
Part III: USING AND CITING SOURCES: WRITING WITHOUT PLAGIARIZING.
7. Citing Your Sources.
Why, how, and what to cite. Avoiding plagiarism. Keeping track of sources. Bibliographic software, databases.
8. How to Use and Integrate Source Material.
Organization with ideas, not sources. Summarizing and paraphrasing. Quoting. Integrating source citations. Showing the boundaries of a source citation.
Part IV: DOCUMENTING SOURCES.
9. MLA Style.
Index of MLA Style. Basic features. Citing sources. MLA list of works cited. Print books (Source Shot 1). Print articles (Source Shot 2). Online databases (Source Shot 3). Web sources. Visual, performance, multimedia, miscellaneous sources.
Model paper 2: A student''''s research paper, MLA style.
10. APA Style.
Index of APA Style. Basic features. Citing sources. List of references. Print books and parts of books. Print articles (Source Shot 4). Online sources (Source Shot 5). Visual, multimedia, miscellaneous sources.
Model paper 3: A student''''s research paper, APA style.
11. Chicago Style.
Index of Chicago Style. Basic features. Citing sources. Endnotes and footnotes. Print books. Print articles. Online sources. Audiovisual, multimedia, miscellaneous sources. A student''''s Chicago bibliography.
Model paper 4: Samples from a student''''s Chicago research paper.
Part V: THE FIVE C''''S FOR CLEAR STYLE.
Wordiness. Formulaic phrases. References to your intentions.
13. Check for Action (“Who''''s Doing What?”)
“Who''''s doing what?”. Sentences beginning with there or it. Unnecessary passive voice.
Consistent subjects. Transitional words. Variety in connecting ideas.
Confident stance. Consistent tone.
16. Choose Your Words Carefully.
Vivid and specific words. Slang, regionalisms, and jargon. Biased and exclusionary language.
Part VI: COMMON SENTENCE PROBLEMS.
17. FAQs about Sentences.
18. Fixing a Sentence Fragment.
What a sentence needs. Turning fragments into sentences. Beginning with and, but, or. Intentional fragments.
19. Fixing a Run-on or Comma Splice.
20. Untangling Sentence Snarls.
Mixed constructions, faulty comparisons, convoluted syntax. Misplaced modifiers. Dangling modifiers. Shifts. Logical sequence after the subject. Parallel structures. Is when and the reason is because. Necessary and unnecessary words.
21. Using Verbs Correctly.
Verbs in Standard Academic English. Auxiliary verbs. Verbs commonly confused. Verb tenses. -ed forms (past tense, past participle). Conditional sentences, wishes, requests, demands, recommendations. Active and passive voices.
22. Making Subjects and Verbs Agree.
Basic principles. Words between subject and verb. Subject following the verb. Eight tricky subjects. Collective nouns (family, etc.). Compound subjects (and, or, nor). Indefinite pronouns (anyone, etc.). Expressing quantity (much, etc.). Relative clauses (who, which, that).
23. Using Pronouns.
Which to use (I/me, he/him, etc.). Specific antecedent. Agreeing with antecedents. Using you. Relative pronouns (who, whom, which, that).
24. Adjectives and Adverbs.
Forms. When to use. Hyphenated (compound) adjectives. Double negatives. Comparatives and superlatives.
Part VII: PUNCTUATION AND MECHANICS.
25. Punctuation Shows Intent.
28. Quotation Marks.
29. Other Punctuation Marks.
30. Italics and Underlining.
31. Capitals, Abbreviations, and Numbers.
Part VIII: WRITING ACROSS LANGUAGES AND CULTURES.
33. Standard Academic English.
Cultures and Englishes. Spoken varieties and Standard Academic English.
34. Nouns and Articles (A, An, The).
Types of nouns. Basic rules. The for specific reference. Four questions to ask about articles.
35. Infinitive, -ing, and -ed Forms.
Verb + infinitive. Verb + -ing. Preposition + -ing. Verb + infinitive or -ing. -ing or -ed adjectives.
36. Sentence Structure and Word Order.
Basic rules. Direct and indirect objects. Direct and indirect questions. Although and because clauses.
Part IX: WORDS TO WATCH FOR.
37. Glossary of Usage.