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ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS, 7th Edition offers a comprehensive overview of the main issues and topics in environmental ethics today. Using a dialogic pro-con format, this edition presents both sides of key concepts and takes students seamlessly from theory to application. Like its predecessors, the seventh edition is an anthology comprised of classic writings in environmental ethics as well as contemporary readings that reflect current thinking in the field. This edition also includes new selections on Nature and Naturalness, Future Generations, Individualist Biocentrism, Population and Consumption, Holism, Environmental Justice, Sustainability, Food Ethics, and Climate Change.
- Fourteen newly included essays discuss environmental ethics paradigms, artificial life, green capitalism, lowering consumption, geoengineering, global perspectives, and more.
- New "Future Generations" chapter features classic articles on moral obligations to future generations, plus Richard B. Howarth’s discussion of Intergenerational Justice in the context of climate change.
- Updated and comprehensive index aids teachers and students in topical searches.
- "What Is Ethics?" section provides an accessible primer on the nature of ethics and ethical theories upon which students can to build their course knowledge.
- Chapter introductions establish a framework for the readings, provide background material on social contexts, and key issues to consider.
- The conclusion of each reading presents study questions for discussion or reflection, as well as suggestions for further reading on related topics.
- A comprehensive index allows teachers to locate different discussions of the same topic, quickly find examples, point out definitions, and highlight arguments.
Clare Palmer, Contested Frameworks in Environmental Ethics. Thomas E. Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments. Henry Shue, Global Environment and International Inequality.
2. Future Generations.
Derek Parfit, Energy Policy and the Further Future: The Identity Problem. Annette Baier, The Rights of Past and Future Persons. Richard B. Howarth, Intergenerational Justice.
3. Animal Rights.
Immanuel Kant, Rational Beings Alone Have Moral Worth. Holly L Wilson, Green Kant: Kant’s Treatment of Animals. Peter Singer, A Utilitarian Defense of Animal Liberation. Tom Regan, The Radical Egalitarian Case for Animal Rights. Mary Anne Warren, A Critique of Regan’s Animal Rights Theory. Dale Jamieson, Against Zoos.
4. Nature and Naturalness.
Holmes Rolston, III, Naturalizing Values: Organisms and Species. Ned Hettinger, Comments on Holmes Rolston’s "Naturalizing Values". John Stuart Mill, Nature. Steven Vogel, Environmental Philosophy after the End of Nature.
5. Individualist Biocentrism.
Albert Schweitzer, Reverence for Life. Paul Taylor, Biocentric Egalitarianism. Robin Attfield, Biocentrism and Artificial Life. Jason Kawall, Reverence for Life as a Viable Environmental Virtue.
Arne Naess, The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecological Movement. Arne Naess, Ecosophy T: Deep Versus Shallow Ecology. Bill Devall and George Sessions, Deep Ecology. Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic. J. Baird Callicott, The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic. Lawrence E. Johnson, Eco-Interests. Harley Cahen, Against the Moral Considerability of Ecosystems. Lilly-Marlene Russow, Why Do Species Matter? Christopher D. Stone, Should Trees Have Standing? Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects.
7. Environmental Justice.
Ramachandra Guha, Radical Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique. Robert Bullard, Overcoming Racism in Environmental Decision Making. Peter S. Wenz, Just Garbage: The Problem of Environmental Racism. Marie Mies, Deceiving the Third World: The Myth of Catching-Up Development. Laura Westra, Environmental Risks, Rights, and the Failure of Liberal Democracy: Some Possible Remedies. Linda Robyn, Indigenous Knowledge and Technology: Creating Environmental Justice in the Twenty-First Century. Vandana Shiva, Women’s Indigenous Knowledge and Biodiversity Conservation. Karen Warren, The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminism. Laura Westra, The Earth Charter: From Global Ethics to International Law Instrument.
World Commission on Environment and Development, Towards Sustainable Development. William Rees, Sustainable Development: Economic Myths and Global Realities. Mark Sagoff, At the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economic. John B. Cobb, Jr., Toward a Just and Sustainable Economic Order. Fred Magdoff & John Bellamy Foster, Capitalism: What Every Environmentalist Needs to Know. Alan Thein Durning, An Ecological Critique of Global Advertising. Louis P. Pojman, The Challenge of the Future: Private Property, the City, the Globe, and a Sustainable Society.
Part II: PRACTICE.
9. Food Ethics.
Mylan Engel, Jr., Hunger, Duty and Ecology: On What We Owe Starving Human Beings. Tristram Coffin, The World Food Supply: The Damage Done by Cattle-Raising. Michael Fox, Vegetarianism and Planetary Health. Jonathan Rauch, Can Frankenfood Save the Planet? Mae Ho, Unholy Alliance: Critiques of Genetically Modified Foods. The ETC Report, The Poor can Feed Themselves. Marion Nestle, From "Eat More" to "Eat Less": 1900-1990. Alice Waters, Slow Food Nation. Eric Schlosser et al., One Thing to Do About Food.
10. Climate Change.
Naomi Oreskes, The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change: How Do We Know We’re Not Wrong? UN Report on Climate Change Pollution, Livestock's role in Climate Change and Air Pollution. Ashley Dawson, Climate Justice: The Emerging Movement against Green Capitalism. Evelyn Wright and Paul Pojman, Evaluating Technology Options. Stephen Gardiner, Ethics and Climate Change: An Introduction. David W. Keith, Engineering the Planet. Christopher J. Preston, Re-Thinking the Unthinkable: Environmental Ethics and the Presumptive Argument Against Geoengineering.
11. Population and Consumption.
Bill McKibben, A Special Moment in History: The Challenge of Overpopulation and Overconsumption. Garrett Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons. Elinor Ostrom, Joanna Burger, Christopher B. Field, Richard B. Norgaard, David Policansky: Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges. Jacqueline Kasun, The Unjust War against Population. Garrett Hardin, Lifeboat Ethics. William Murdoch and Allan Oaten, Population and Food: A Critique of Lifeboat Ethics.
Hilary French, You Are What You Breathe. George Bradford, We All Live in Bhopal. William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution. David Pimentel, Is Silent Spring Beyond Us?
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