NEW

eBook Human Medical Experimentation: From Smallpox Vaccines to Secret Government Programs, 1st Edition

  • Frances R. Frankenburg
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1610698983
  • ISBN-13: 9781610698986
  • DDC: 174.2
  • 408 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2017 | Published/Released August 2017
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2017
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Thanks to medical experiments performed on human subjects, we now have vaccines against smallpox, rabies, and polio. Yet the advances that saved lives too often involved the exploitation of vulnerable populations. Covering the history of human medical experimentation from the time of Hippocrates to today, this work will introduce readers to the topic through a mixture of essays and ready-reference materials.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
Introduction.
Era 1: Pre–19th Century.
1: Reference Entries.
2: Galen of Pergamon.
3: Harvey, William.
4: Hippocrates of Cos.
5: Hunter, John.
6: Jenner, Edward.
7: Lind, James.
8: Paré, Ambroise.
9: Santorio Sanctorius.
10: Smallpox Inoculation.
11: Transfusion.
12: Documents.
13: Ambroise Paré and the Treatment of Gunshot Wounds (1537).
14: William Harvey and the Circulation of Blood (1628).
15: James Lind's Scurvy Experiment (1747).
16: Edward Jenner's Inoculation Experiment (1798).
17: Further Reading.
Era 2: 19th Century.
18: Reference Entries.
19: Anesthesiology.
20: Beaumont, William, and Alexis St. Martin.
21: Beriberi Experiments in Japan.
22: Freud, Sigmund.
23: Haffkine, Waldemar Mordecai Wolff.
24: Haldane, John Scott.
25: Halsted, William Stewart.
26: Hansen, Gerhard Armauer.
27: Hookworm.
28: Neisser, Albert.
29: Pasteur, Louis.
30: Sanarelli, Giuseppe.
31: Sims, J. Marion.
32: Venereal Disease Experiments.
33: Von Pettenkofer, Max.
34: Documents.
35: Inhumane Experimentation on African American Slaves (1855).
36: Louis Pasteur and Rabies (1885).
37: Further Reading.
Era 3: 20th Century to World War II.
38: Reference Entries.
39: Amoebic Dysentery Experiments at Bilibid Prison.
40: Beriberi Experiments in Malaya.
41: Carrel, Alexis.
42: Castle, William.
43: Elgin State Hospital Experiments.
44: Eugenics.
45: Forssmann, Werner.
46: German Medical Research Ethics.
47: Goldberger, Joseph.
48: Haldane, John Burdon Sanderson.
49: Insulin.
50: Insulin Coma Therapy.
51: Lobotomy.
52: Malariatherapy.
53: Rhoads, Cornelius.
54: Rockefeller, John D..
55: San Quentin State Prison Experiments.
56: Seizure Therapy.
57: Strong, Richard Pearson.
58: Studies of Rickets and Scurvy.
59: Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis.
60: Yellow Fever Commission.
61: Documents.
62: William Osler and the Importance of Informed Consent (1907).
63: Albert Leffingwell and the Cruelty of Vivisection (1916).
64: The Tuskegee Experiments (1932).
65: Further Reading.
Era 4: World War II.
66: Reference Entries.
67: American Experiments with Malaria.
68: Auschwitz.
69: Becker-Freyseng, Hermann.
70: Blome, Kurt.
71: Brandt, Karl.
72: Buchenwald.
73: Dachau.
74: Doctors' Trial.
75: Hofmann, Albert.
76: Mengele, Josef.
77: Minnesota Starvation Experiment.
78: Nuremberg Code.
79: Nutrition Research in Canada's Aboriginal Communities.
80: Oberheuser, Herta.
81: Ravensbrueck.
82: Stateville Penitentiary Malaria Experiments.
83: Unit 731.
84: Documents.
85: The Activities of Unit 731 (1942).
86: The Nuremberg Code (1948).
87: Further Reading.
Era 5: Cold War.
88: Reference Entries.
89: American Bacterial Attacks on U.S. Cities.
90: Atomic Veterans.
91: Aversion Therapy in South Africa.
92: Beecher, Henry.
93: Belmont Report.
94: Boston Project.
95: Cameron, Donald Ewen.
96: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
97: CIA and Mind Control.
98: Declaration of Helsinki.
99: Development of Chlorpromazine.
100: Fernald State School.
101: Heart Surgery and Transplantation.
102: Irradiation of Prisoners' Testicles.
103: Katz, Jay.
104: Kligman, Albert.
105: Lawrence, Ernest and John.
106: Leary, Timothy.
107: Lexington Narcotic Farm.
108: Marshall, Barry.
109: Marshall Islands.
110: Operation Whitecoat.
111: Pappworth, Maurice.
112: Plutonium Experiments.
113: Polio Vaccine Trials.
114: Porton Down.
115: Project Coast.
116: Saenger, Eugene.
117: Sexually Transmitted Disease Experiments in Guatemala.
118: Southam, Chester.
119: Stanley, James.
120: Streptomycin Clinical Trial.
121: Thalidomide.
122: Uranium Miners.
123: Vanderbilt University Nutrition Experiments.
124: Vipeholm Hospital Experiment.
125: Willowbrook Hepatitis Experiments.
126: Documents.
127: Venereal Disease Experimentation in Guatemala (1947).
128: Parental Notification of Nutrition Experiments at the Fernald State School (1953).
129: Willowbrook Vaccination Experiment Letter for Parental Consent (1958).
130: Further Reading.
Era 6: Post–Cold War to the Present.
131: Reference Entries.
132: Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments.
133: Asthma Experiments at Johns Hopkins.
134: AZT Trials in the Third World.
135: Clinical Trials.
136: Commissions to Review Ethical Issues in Research.
137: Common Rule.
138: Gelsinger, Jesse.
139: Informed Consent.
140: Institutional Review Boards.
141: Professional Guinea Pigs.
142: Trovan in Nigeria.
143: Documents.
144: Radiation Experimentation Victims Act (1994).
145: Problems Facing Institutional Review Boards (1998).
146: Further Reading.
Conclusion.
About the Editor and Contributors.
Index.