eBook Turning Points in History: The Britannica Guide to Political Science and Social Movements That Changed the Modern World, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615300627
  • ISBN-13: 9781615300624
  • DDC: 322.4
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 304 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010
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About

Overview

Few forces are more powerful than a group of people united by a common cause. Collective objectives, known as movements, have been known to radically alter the course of human history. This book traces an array of important political and social movements from their inception to their apex, with plentiful side discussions of notable proponents.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Liberalism.
2: Classical Liberalism.
3: Thomas Hobbes.
4: John Locke.
5: Whig and Tory.
6: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
7: Liberalism and Democracy.
8: Separation of Powers.
9: Periodic Elections.
10: Rights.
11: Classical Liberalism in Action.
12: In England.
13: The Leveler Movement.
14: Bill of Rights (1689).
15: In the United States.
16: Thomas Jefferson.
17: In France.
18: Sansculotte.
19: Jacobin Club.
20: Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu.
21: Liberalism in the 19th Century.
22: Europe.
23: Revolutions of 1848.
24: Latin America.
25: Modern Liberalism.
26: The Progressive Movement in the United States.
27: Populist Movement.
28: Interwar Liberalism.
29: The Trade Union Movement.
30: Postwar Liberalism Through the 1960s.
31: Contemporary Liberalism.
32: Democratic Party.
33: Libertarianism.
34: Individualism.
35: Conservatism.
36: The Burkean Foundations.
37: Club of the Feuillants.
38: Maistre and Latin Conservatism.
39: Conservatism in the 19th Century.
40: Metternich and the Concert of Europe.
41: The Retreat of Old-Style Conservatism.
42: Conservatism and Nationalism.
43: Great Britain.
44: United States.
45: Christian Democracy in Europe.
46: Social Darwinism.
47: Conservatism Since the Turn of the 20th Century.
48: Great Britain.
49: Continental Europe.
50: Japan.
51: United States.
52: Republican Party.
53: Conservatism's Prospects.
54: Socialism.
55: Origins.
56: Diggers.
57: Utopian Socialism.
58: Other Early Socialists.
59: Marxian Socialism.
60: Socialism After Marx.
61: Christian Socialism.
62: Fabian Socialism.
63: Syndicalism.
64: Industrial Workers of the World.
65: Guild Socialism.
66: Social Democracy.
67: Labour Party.
68: Communism.
69: Marxism.
70: Karl Marx.
71: The Communist Manifesto.
72: Dictatorship of the Proletariat.
73: First International.
74: Bolshevism.
75: Vladimir Ilich Lenin.
76: Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
77: Stalinism.
78: Eurocommunism.
79: Chinese Communism.
80: Mao Zedong.
81: Non-Marxian Communism.
82: Militant Communist Groups.
83: Red Brigades.
84: Red Army Faction.
85: Shining Path.
86: Communist Governments Today.
87: North Korea.
88: Cuba.
89: Vietnam.
90: Anarchism.
91: Anarchism as a Movement, 1870–1940.
92: Revolutionary Syndicalism.
93: Anarchism around the World.
94: Contemporary Anarchism.
95: Fascism.
96: National Fascisms.
97: Totalitarianism.
98: Ku Klux Klan.
99: National Socialism.
100: Varieties of Fascism.
101: Acceptance of Racism.
102: Identification with Christianity.
103: Support for Germany.
104: Neofascism.
105: Italy.
106: Germany.
107: Austria.
108: France.
109: Russia.
110: Serbia.
111: Croatia.
112: Outside Europe.
113: Democratic Movements of the 20th and 21st Centuries.
114: The Spread of Democracy in the 20th Century.
115: Liberalization and Struggle in Communist Countries.
116: Hungarian Revolution.
117: Soviet Dissidents: Andrey Sakharov and Yelena Bonner.
118: Prague Spring.
119: Velvet Revolution and Velvet Divorce.
120: Solidarity.
121: Fall of the Berlin Wall.
122: Other Pro-Democracy Movements.
123: Chile.
124: Myanmar (Burma).
125: Tonga.
126: Problems and Challenges.
127: Nationalism.
128: Nationalism in Europe.
129: Asian and African Nationalism.
130: Regional Varieties of Nationalism.
131: Ethnic Movements in Europe.
132: Ethnic Cleansing.
133: ETA.
134: Chinese Nationalism.
135: Independence Movements in South Asia.
136: Satyagraha.
137: The Viet Minh and Vietnamese Independence.
138: The Young Turks and Turkish Nationalism.
139: Nationalism in the Middle East.
140: Anticolonialism in Africa.
141: Peronism in Argentina.
142: Indigenous Peoples' Rights.
143: Separatism in Quebec.
144: Afrocentrism and Black Nationalism.
145: Religio-Political Movements.
146: Liberation Theology.
147: The Christian Right.
148: Islamist Movements.
149: The Iranian Revolution.
150: Hezbollah.
151: Al-Qaeda.
152: Taliban.
153: Sikh Political Activism.
154: Hindu Political Activism.
155: Social and Ethical Movements.
156: Women's Rights.
157: The Suffrage Movement and Aftermath.
158: The Second Wave of Feminism.
159: Abolitionism.
160: Civil Rights Movement.
161: Pacifism.
162: Gay Rights.
163: Animal Rights.
164: Environmentalism.
165: Ecoterrorism.
166: The Greens.
167: Greenpeace.
Glossary.
For Further Reading.
Index.