eBook From Suffrage to the Senate: America's Political Women, 2013 Edition

  • Suzanne O'Dea
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1619251043
  • ISBN-13: 9781619251045
  • DDC: 320.082097
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 800 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released July 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Entries include biographical sketches on women who have worked in various arenas of American politics, including campaigns and the media. Also covers court cases, legislation, organizations, movements and social issues that are relevant to the topic.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Acknowledgments.
Contents.
Preface.
Introduction.
1: Abbott, Grace (1878–1939).
2: Abel, Hazel Pearl Hempel (1888–1966).
3: Abolitionist Movement, Women in the.
4: Abortion.
5: Abzug, Bella Savitzky (1920–1998).
6: Achtenberg, Roberta (b. 1950).
7: Adams, Abigail Smith (1744–1818).
8: Adams, Annette Abbott (1877–1956).
9: Adams, Sandra (Sandy) (b. 1956).
10: Addams, Jane (1860–1935).
11: Addington, Julia C. (1829–1875).
12: Adkins, Bertha Sheppard (1906–1983).
13: Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923).
14: Affirmative Action.
15: Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health (1983).
16: Albright, Madeleine Jana Korbel (b. 1937).
17: Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mosell (1898–1989).
18: Allen, Maryon Pittman (b. 1925).
19: Allred, Gloria Rachel Bloom (b. 1941).
20: Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority.
21: Alpha Suffrage Club.
22: Alvarez, Aida (b. 1949).
23: American Association of University Women.
24: American Civil Liberties Union.
25: American Life League, Inc..
26: American Woman Suffrage Association.
27: American Women Presidents.
28: Ames, Jessie Harriet Daniel (1883–1972).
29: Anderson, Amalia (b. 1974).
30: Anderson, Eugenie Moore (1909–1997).
31: Anderson, Marian (1902–1993).
32: Anderson, Mary (1872–1964).
33: Andrews, (Leslie) Elizabeth Bullock (1911–2002).
34: Angelou, Maya (b. 1928).
35: Anthony, Susan Brownell (1820–1906).
36: Anti-Lynching Movement.
37: Armstrong, Anne Legendre (1927–2008).
38: Ashbrook, (Emily) Jean Spencer (b. 1934).
39: Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching.
40: Atkinson, Ti-Grace (b. 1939).
41: Avery, Byllye Yvonne Reddick (b. 1937).
42: Ayotte, Kelly (b. 1968).
43: Baca, Pauline Celia (Polly) (b. 1941).
44: Bachmann, Michele (b. 1956).
45: Bachur v. Democratic National Committee (1987).
46: Baker, Ella Josephine (1903–1986).
47: Baker, Irene Bailey (1901–1994).
48: Balch, Emily Greene (1867–1961).
49: Baldwin, Tammy (b. 1962).
50: Bañuelos, Romana Acosta (b. 1925).
51: Barnard, Catherine (Kate) Ann (1875–1930).
52: Barnes, Melody C. (b. 1964).
53: Barshefsky, Charlene (b. 1949).
54: Bass, Charlotta Amanda Spears (1880–1969).
55: Bass, Karen (b. 1953).
56: Bates, Daisy Lee Gatson (1920–1999).
57: Beal v. Doe (1977).
58: Bean, Melissa (b. 1962).
59: Beatty, Joyce (b. 1950).
60: Beauvoir, Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de (1908–1986).
61: Bellamy, Carol (b. 1942).
62: Bellotti v. Baird (1976, 1979).
63: Belmont, Alva Erskine Smith Vanderbilt (1853–1933).
64: Benjamin, Medea (b. 1952).
65: Benjamin, Regina (b. 1956).
66: Bentley, Helen Delich (b. 1923).
67: Berkley, Shelley (b. 1951).
68: Berry, Mary Frances (b. 1938).
69: Bethune, Mary Jane McLeod (1875–1955).
70: Biggert, Judith Borg (b. 1937).
71: Black Women's Health Imperative.
72: Black, Diane (b. 1951).
73: Blackburn, Marsha Wedgeworth (b.1952).
74: Blackmun, Harry Andrew (1908–1999).
75: Blackwell, Alice Stone (1857–1950).
76: Blades, Joan (b. 1956).
77: Blair, Emily Newell (1877–1951).
78: Blanco, Kathleen Babineaux (b. 1942).
79: Blatch, Harriot Eaton Stanton (1856–1940).
80: Blitch, Iris Faircloth (1912–1993).
81: Bloomer, Amelia Jenks (1818–1894).
82: Bloor, Ella Reeve Ware Cohen Omholt (Mother Bloor) (1862–1951).
83: Boggs, Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne (Lindy) (b. 1916).
84: Boland, Veronica Grace (1899–1982).
85: Bolton, Frances Payne Bingham (1885–1977).
86: Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ).
87: Bonamici, Suzanne (b. 1954).
88: Bonney, Mary Lucinda (1816–1900).
89: Bonnin, Gertrude Simmons (Aka Zitkala-Ša, or Red Bird) (1876–1938).
90: Bono Mack, Mary Whitaker (b. 1961).
91: Bordallo, Madeleine Mary Zeien (b. 1933).
92: Bosone, Reva Zilpha Beck (1895–1983).
93: Bowe v. Colgate-Palmolive Company (1969).
94: Bowers v. Hardwick (1986).
95: Bowring, Eva Kelly (1892–1985).
96: Boxer, Barbara Levy (b. 1940).
97: Boyda, Nancy (b. 1955).
98: Bradwell, Myra Colby (1831–1894).
99: Bradwell v. Illinois (1873).
100: Brady, Sarah Jane Kemp (b. 1942).
101: Bravo, Ellen (b. 1944).
102: Bray v. Alexandria Clinic (1993).
103: Brazile, Donna Lease (b. 1959).
104: Brent, Margaret (ca. 1607-ca. 1671).
105: Brewer, Janice Kay Drinkwine (b. 1944).
106: Brooks, Susan (b. 1960).
107: Brown, Corrine (b. 1946).
108: Brown, Elaine (b. 1943).
109: Brown, Judie (b. 1944).
110: Brown, Rita Mae (b. 1944).
111: Browner, Carol (b. 1955).
112: Brownley, Julia (b. 1952).
113: Brown-Waite, Virginia (Ginny) (b.1943).
114: Buchanan, Vera Daerr (1902–1955).
115: Buerkle, Ann Marie (b. 1951).
116: Burdick, Jocelyn Birch (b. 1922).
117: Burke, Perle Yvonne Watson Brathwaite (b. 1932).
118: Burlington Industries v. Ellerth (1998).
119: Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway Co. v. White (2006).
120: Burton, Sala Galante (1925–1987).
121: Bush, Barbara Pierce (b. 1925).
122: Bush, Laura Welch (b. 1946).
123: Bushfield, Vera Cahalan (1889–1976).
124: Business and Professional Women/USA.
125: Business and Professional Women's Foundation.
126: Bustos, Cheri (b. 1961).
127: Byrne, Jane Margaret Burke (b. 1934).
128: Byrne, Leslie Larkin (b. 1946).
129: Byron, Beverly Barton Butcher (b. 1932).
130: Byron, Katharine Edgar (1903–1976).
131: Cabinets, Women in Presidential.
132: Cable Acts.
133: Cahill, Mary Beth (b. 1954).
134: Calderón, Sila María (b. 1942).
135: Caldicott, Helen Broinowski (b. 1938).
136: Califano v. Goldfarb (1977).
137: Califano v. Westcott (1979).
138: California Federal Savings and Loan v. Guerra (1987).
139: Cammermeyer, Margarethe (b. 1942).
140: Campbell, Bonnie Jean Pierce (b. 1948).
141: Cantwell, Maria (b. 1958).
142: Capito, Shelley Moore (b. 1953).
143: Capps, Lois (b. 1938).
144: Caraway, Hattie Ophelia Wyatt (1878–1950).
145: Carey v. Population Services International (1977).
146: Carlson, Margaret Mary Bresnahan (b. ca. 1945).
147: Carnahan, Jean Carpenter (b. 1933).
148: Carpenter, Mary Elizabeth (Liz) Sutherland (1920–2010).
149: Carson, Julia May Porter (1938–2007).
150: Carson, Rachel Louise (1907–1964).
151: Carter, Eleanor Rosalynn Smith (b. 1927).
152: Castle Rock v. Gonzales (2005).
153: Castor, Kathy (b. 1966).
154: Castro, Ida L. (b. 1953).
155: Catholics for Choice.
156: Catt, Carrie Clinton Lane Chapman (1859–1947).
157: Center for American Women and Politics.
158: Chao, Elaine Lan (b. 1953).
159: Chavez, Linda (b. 1947).
160: Chavez-Thompson, Linda (b. 1944).
161: Chenoweth-Hage, Helen Palmer (1938–2006).
162: Child Day Care.
163: Child Labor Amendment.
164: Child Support Enforcement.
165: Child, Lydia Maria Francis (1802–1880).
166: Children's Bureau.
167: Children's Defense Fund.
168: Chisholm, Shirley Anita St. Hill (1924–2005).
169: Christensen, Donna Marie Christian (b. 1945).
170: Christian Coalition of America.
171: Chu, Judy (b. 1953).
172: Church, Marguerite Stitt (1892–1990).
173: Citizens' Advisory Council on the Status of Women.
174: Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII.
175: Civil Rights Act of 1991.
176: Civil Rights Movement, Women in the.
177: Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1988.
178: Clark Gray, Georgia Neese (1900–1995).
179: Clark, Septima Poinsette (1898–1987).
180: Clarke, Marian Williams (1880–1953).
181: Claybrook, Joan (b. 1937).
182: Clayton, Eva McPherson (b. 1934).
183: Cleaver, Kathleen Neal (b. 1945).
184: Cleveland Board of Education v. LaFleur (1974).
185: Clift, Eleanor (b. 1940).
186: Clinton, Hillary Diane Rodham (b. 1947).
187: Clinton v. Jones (1997).
188: Coalition for Women's Appointments.
189: Coalition of Labor Union Women.
190: Code Pink.
191: Coker v. Georgia (1977).
192: Colautti v. Franklin (1979).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Oakar, Mary Rose (b. 1940).
2: Obama, Michelle Robinson (b. 1964).
3: O'Beirne, Kate (b. ca. 1949).
4: O'Connor, Sandra Day (b. 1930).
5: O'Day, Caroline Love Goodwin (1875–1943).
6: Office of Women's Initiatives and Outreach.
7: O'Hare, Kathleen Richards (1876–1948).
8: Ohio v. Akron Center (1990).
9: O'Laughlin, Kathryn Ellen McCarthy (1894–1952).
10: Oldfield, Pearl Peden (1876–1962).
11: O'Leary, Hazel Rollins (b. 1937).
12: Onassis, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy (1929–1994).
13: Operation Rescue.
14: Organización en California de Líderes Campesina (Farmworker Women's Organization in California).
15: Orr, Kay Avonne Stark (b. 1939).
16: Orr v. Orr (1979).
17: Ortega, Katherine Davalos (b. 1934).
18: Owen Rohde, Ruth Bryan (1885–1954).
19: Palin, Sarah (b. 1964).
20: Park, Maud Wood (1871–1955).
21: Parker, Annise (b. 1956).
22: Parks, Rosa Louise McCauley (1913–2005).
23: Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003.
24: Patterson, Elizabeth Johnston (b. 1939).
25: Paul, Alice (1885–1977).
26: Pay Equity.
27: Peace Movement.
28: Pelosi, Nancy B. (b. 1940).
29: Pennsylvania State Police v. Suders (2004).
30: Perdue, Beverly M. (b. 1947).
31: Perkins, Frances (Fanny) Corlie (1882–1965).
32: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.
33: Personnel Administrator of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts v. Feeney (1979).
34: Peters, Mary E. (b. 1948).
35: Peterson, Esther (1906–1997).
36: Pettis Roberson, Shirley Neil McCumber (b. 1924).
37: Pfost, Gracie Bowers (1906–1965).
38: Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corporation (1971).
39: Pingree, Chellie Johnson (b. 1955).
40: Pittsburgh Press Co. v. Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations (1973).
41: Planned Parenthood Association of Kansas City, Mo. v. Ashcroft (1983).
42: Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
43: Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth (1976).
44: Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992).
45: Poelker v. Doe (1977).
46: Pornography.
47: Pratt, Eliza Jane (1902–1981).
48: Pratt, Ruth Sears Baker (1877–1965).
49: Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978.
50: President and Vice President, Women Candidates for.
51: President's Commission on the Status of Women.
52: President's Interagency Council on Women.
53: President's Task Force on Women's Rights and Responsibilities.
54: Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins (1989).
55: Priest, Ivy Maude Baker (1905–1975).
56: Progressive Party, Women in the.
57: Pro-Life Action League.
58: Protective Legislation.
59: Pryce, Deborah D. (b. 1951).
60: Public Offices, Women Elected to.
61: Public Speaking.
62: Pyle, Gladys (1890–1989).
63: Quaker Women.
64: Quinton, Amelia Stone (1833–1926).
65: Racial Discrimination.
66: Radicalesbians.
67: Rankin, Jeannette Pickering (1880–1973).
68: Rape.
69: Ray, Dixy Lee (1914–1994).
70: Reagan, Anne Francis “Nancy” Robbins Davis (b. 1921).
71: Redstockings.
72: Reece, Louise Goff (1898–1970).
73: Reed v. Reed (1971).
74: Reid, Charlotte Leota Thompson (1913–2007).
75: Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice.
76: Rell, M. Jodi (b. 1946).
77: Reno, Janet (b. 1938).
78: Reproductive Rights.
79: Republican Party, Women in the.
80: Republicans for Choice.
81: Rice, Condoleezza (b. 1954).
82: Rice, Susan E. (b. 1964).
83: Richards, Ann Willis (1933–2006).
84: Richards, Cecile (b. ca. 1958).
85: Richardson, Laura (b. 1962).
86: Riley, Corrine Boyd (1893–1979).
87: Rivers, Lynn Nancy (b. 1956).
88: Rivlin, Alice Mitchell (b. 1931).
89: Roberts, Barbara Hughey (b. 1936).
90: Roberts, Mary Martha Corinne Morrison Claiborne Boggs (Cokie) (b. 1943).
91: Roberts v. United States Jaycees (1984).
92: Robertson, Alice Mary (1854–1931).
93: Robinson, Ruby Doris Smith (1942–1967).
94: Roby, Martha (b. 1976).
95: Roe v. Wade (1973).
96: Rogers, Edith Frances Nourse (1881–1960).
97: Romer, Christina (b. 1958).
98: Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884–1962).
99: Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana (b. 1952).
100: Ross, Nellie Tayloe (1876–1977).
101: Rostker v. Goldberg (1981).
102: Roukema, Margaret Scafati (b. 1929).
103: Roy, Vesta M. (1925–2002).
104: Roybal-Allard, Lucille (b. 1941).
105: Ruffin, Josephine St. Pierre (1842–1924).
106: Rust v. Sullivan (1991).
107: Saiki, Patricia Fukuda (b. 1930).
108: St. George, Katharine Delano Price Collier (1894–1983).
109: Salter, Susanna Madora Kinsey (1860–1961).
110: Sánchez, Linda T. (b. 1969).
111: Sanchez, Loretta (b. 1960).
112: Sanger, Margaret Louise Higgins (1879–1966).
113: Sayles Belton, Sharon (b. 1951).
114: Schakowsky, Janice D. (b. 1944).
115: Schenk, Lynn (b. 1945).
116: Schlafly, Phyllis Stewart (b. 1924).
117: Schmidt, Jean (b.1951).
118: Schneider, Claudine Cmarada (b. 1947).
119: Schroeder, Patricia Nell Scott (b. 1940).
120: Schwab, Susan C. (b. 1955).
121: Schwartz, Allyson Y. (b. 1948).
122: Seastrand, Andrea Ciszek (b. 1941).
123: Sebelius, Kathleen Gilligan (b. 1948).
124: Seneca Falls Convention.
125: Separate Spheres.
126: Sex Discrimination.
127: Sexual Harassment.
128: Shabazz, Hajj Bahiyah (Betty) Sanders (1936–1997).
129: Shaheen, Jeanne (b. 1947).
130: Shalala, Donna Edna (b. 1941).
131: Shaw, Anna Howard (1847–1919).
132: Shea-Porter, Carol (b. 1952).
133: Shepherd, Karen (b. 1940).
134: Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Protection Act of 1921.
135: Shirtwaist Workers Strike.
136: Simmons, Althea T. L. (1924–1990).
137: Simpson, Edna Oakes (1891–1984).
138: Sinema, Kyrsten (b. 1976).
139: Slaughter, Louise McIntosh (b. 1929).
140: Smeal, Eleanor Cutri (b. 1939).
141: Smith, Howard Worth (1883–1976).
142: Smith, Linda Ann Simpson (b. 1950).
143: Smith, Margaret Madeline Chase (1897–1995).
144: Smith, Mary Louise (1914–1997).
145: Smith, Virginia Dodd (1911–2006).
146: Snowe, Olympia Jean Bouchles (b. 1947).
147: Social Security.
148: Socialism.
149: Solis, Hilda (b. 1957).
150: Sotomayor, Sonia (b. 1954).
151: Speier, Karen Lorraine Jacqueline (Jackie) (b. 1950).
152: Spellings, Margaret Dudar La Montagne (b. ca. 1957).
153: Spellman, Gladys Blossom Noon (1918–1988).
154: Spider Web.
155: Stabenow, Deborah Ann (b. 1950).
156: Stalking.
157: Stanley, Winifred Claire (1909–1996).
158: Stanton, Elizabeth Cady (1815–1902).
159: Stanton v. Stanton (1975).
160: State Legislatures, Women in.
161: Steinem, Gloria Marie (b. 1934).
162: Stenberg, Attorney General of Nebraska, et al. v. Carhart (2000).
163: Stewart, Maria W. (1803–879).
164: Stone, Lucy (1818–1893).
165: Stop ERA.
166: Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth Beecher (1811–1896).
167: Strauder v. West Virginia (1879).
168: Strauss, Annette Greenfield (1924–1998).
169: Suffrage.
170: Sullivan, Leonor Kretzer (1902–1988).
171: Sumner, Jessie (1898–1994).
172: Susan B. Anthony List.
173: Sutton, Betty (b. 1963).
174: Swift, Jane (b. 1965).
175: Talbert, Mary Morris Burnett (1866–1923).
176: Tauscher, Ellen O'Kane (b. 1951).
177: Taylor v. Louisiana (1975).
178: Tea Party.
179: Temperance Movement, Women in the.
180: Terrell, Mary Eliza Church (1863–1954).
181: Thomas, Helen Amelia (b. 1920).
182: Thomas, Lera Millard (1900–1993).
183: Thompson, Ruth (1887–1970).
184: Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (1986).
185: Thurman, Karen Loveland (b. 1951).
186: Titus, Alice Constandina (Dina) (b. 1950).
187: Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire.
188: Truth, Sojourner (ca. 1797–1883).
189: Tsongas, Nicola S. (Niki) (b. 1946).
190: Tubman, Harriet (ca. 1820–1913).
191: Tyson, Laura D'Andrea (b. 1947).
192: UAW v. Johnson Controls (1991).
193: United States v. Morrison (2000).
194: United States v. Virginia (1996).
195: University of California Regents v. Bakke (1978).
196: Unsoeld, Jolene Bishoprick (b. 1931).
197: Upton, Harriet Taylor (1853–1945).
198: Vaid, Urvashi (b. 1958).