eBook The International Studies Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Robert Denemark
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1444336592
  • ISBN-13: 9781444336597
  • DDC: 327.03
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 8320 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released September 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010
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Published in association with the International Studies Association (ISA), The International Studies Encyclopedia and its online version, International Studies Online, is the most comprehensive reference work of its kind for the fields of international studies and international relations. Arranged across 12 volumes in an A-Z format in print, and available online, the Encyclopedia brings together specially commissioned, peer reviewed essays, written and edited by an international team of the world's best scholars and teachers. Key features: Over 400 peer reviewed essays of up to 10,000 words focusing on the most important topics and issues Aimed at students, scholars, and practitioners, the essays are designed to allow readers to be brought quickly up-to-date on the nature of the questions asked, past attempts at formulating responses, and the current state of debates Comprehensive coverage of the field Extensive index volume International Studies Online is updated twice annually and enhanced by live links to archives, datasets, cases, pedagogical aids, and other relevant materials The project is organized primarily around the sections representing areas of specialization within the ISA. Each specialized section has organized a committee to identify key topics and identify authors. For further details visit : www.isacompendium.com.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
General Editor's Introduction.
International Studies Compendium Project Editorial Advisory Board.
International Studies Compendium Project Special Rapid Review Board.
List of Reviewers.
Section Introductions.
Active Learning in International Affairs.
Comparative Interdisciplinary Studies.
Diplomatic Studies.
English School.
Environmental Studies.
Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Studies.
Feminist Theory and Gender Studies.
Foreign Policy Analysis.
Global Development Studies.
Human Rights.
Intelligence Studies.
International Communication.
International Education.
International Ethics.
International Law.
International Organization.
International Political Economy.
International Political Sociology.
International Relations Theory.
International Security Studies.
Peace Studies.
Political Geography.
Post-Communist States.
Scientific Study of International Processes.
Women's Caucus for International Studies.
1: Advances in Feminist Geography.
2: African Foreign Policies.
3: Air Power.
4: Alliances and Arms: The Quest for Security.
5: Alliances and War.
6: Art in International Relations.
7: Articulations of Sovereignty.
8: The British Committee on the Theory of International Politics and Central Figures in the English School.
9: Bureaucratic Politics and Organizational Process Models.
10: Capitalisms: A Global System.
11: Caribbean Foreign Policy.
12: The Causes of War.
13: Changing Borders: The Politics of the EU.
14: Civic Engagement.
15: Civil–Military Relations.
16: Civil Wars.
17: Classical Geopolitics Revisited.
18: Clusters and Regional Development.
19: The Colonial Encounter and Its Legacy.
20: Comparative Civilizations.
21: Comparative Immigration Policy.
22: Computer-Mediated Communication Technology and Cross-National Learning.
23: Computer Simulations in the Classroom.
24: Conceptual Debates in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration.
25: The Conduct and Consequences of War.
26: Conflict Analysis and Resolution as a Field.
27: Conflict Management.
Title Page.
1: Conflict Resolution: Feminist Perspectives.
2: Consociationalism, Power Sharing, and Politics at the Center.
3: Contemporary Sources of Human Rights Violations.
4: Cooperative Learning in International Relations.
5: Counterintelligence.
6: Covert Action.
7: Crime: The Illicit Global Political Economy.
8: Criminal Tribunals.
9: Crisis Behavior: Miscalculation, Escalation, and Inadvertent War.
10: Critical Geopolitics.
11: Critical Theory, Security, and Emancipation.
12: Cultural Homogenization, Ethnic Cleansing, and Genocide.
13: Cultural Political Economy.
14: Culture and Foreign Policy Analysis.
15: Defining–Redefining Security.
16: Democracy, Democratization, and Gender.
17: Dependency and World-Systems Perspectives on Development.
18: Designing and Using Simulations and Role-Play Exercises.
19: Deterrence and Crisis Bargaining.
20: Development Economics: From Classical to Critical Analysis.
21: Development: Institutional Perspectives.
22: The Development of “Lands of Recent Settlement”.
23: The Development Paradigm and Its Critics.
24: Development/Poverty Issues and Foreign Policy Analysis.
25: Development and Religion.
26: Development, Welfare Policy, and the Welfare State.
27: Devolution, Regional and Peripheral Nationalism.
28: Diasporas and Development.
29: Diplomacy.
30: Diplomacy and Diplomats.
31: Diplomacy and Intelligence.
32: Diplomacy and International Law.
33: Diplomacy and People.
34: Diplomacy and Religion.
35: Diplomacy and Revolution.
36: Diplomacy and War.
37: Domestic Application of International Human Rights Norms and Universal Jurisdiction.
38: Domestic–International Conflict Linkages.
39: Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy Analysis: Public Opinion, Elections, Interest Groups, and the Media.
40: East Asia and Foreign Policy.
41: Ecofeminism and Global Environmental Politics.
42: Economic Diplomacy.
Title Page.
1: Economic Sanctions and International Security.
2: Economic and Social Rights.
3: Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.
4: Economics and Conflict.
5: Economics of International Communication.
6: E-Government.
7: Electronic Commerce.
8: Emerging Themes and Issues in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Research.
9: Empire and Order in International Relations and Security Studies.
10: The End of Bipolarism and the Post–Cold War World.
11: Energy and Security.
12: Energy, Security, and Foreign Policy.
13: The English School of International Relations: Historical Development.
14: English School Methodology.
15: Entertainment Technologies.
16: Environment in the Global Political Economy.
17: Environment and Security.
18: Environmental Activism.
19: Environmental Justice.
20: Environmental Security and Climate Change.
21: Environmental Sustainability/Sufficiency.
22: Ethics, Justice, and Security.
23: Ethics and Sovereignty.
24: Ethnic Identities and Boundaries: Anthropological, Psychological, and Sociological Approaches.
25: Ethnic Lobbying in Foreign Policy.
26: The Ethnic, Nationalist, and Religious Roots of Terrorism.
27: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Colonialism.
28: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in East Asia.
29: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in the Middle East.
30: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in Southeast Asia.
31: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa.
32: Ethnicity and Nationalism in Wars of Secession.
33: Ethnoreligious Data Collection.
34: European Foreign Policy.
35: Evolution/History of the Scientific Study of International Processes.
36: The Evolution of International Organization as Institutional Forms and Historical Processes to 1945.
37: The Evolution of International Organizations as Institutional Forms and Historical Processes Since 1945: Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodies?.
Title Page.
1: Evolutionary Systems Theory.
2: Expanding Urban Slums.
3: Experiential Learning and Learning Styles.
4: Explaining Why People Move: Intra and Interdisciplinary Debates about the Causes of International Migration.
5: Failing States and Conflict.
6: Federalism and Regional Autonomy.
7: Feminism, Activism, and Scholarship in Global Context.
8: Feminism and Gender Studies in International Relations Theory.
9: Feminisms Troubling the Boundaries of International Relations.
10: Feminist Contributions and Challenges to Peace Studies.
11: Feminist Ethics in International Relations.
12: Feminist Ontologies, Epistemologies, Methodologies, and Methods in International Relations.
13: Feminist Perspectives on Human Rights.
14: Feminist Security Studies.
15: Feminist Security Theorizing.
16: “Feminist” Theoretical Inquiries and “IR”.
17: Finance.
18: Financial Crises.
19: Food Insecurity.
20: Forced Migration, Refugees, and Asylum.
21: Foreign Aid.
22: Foreign Intervention in Ethnic Conflicts.
23: Foreign Intervention and Violence Against Women.
24: Foreign Policy Analysis: Origins (1954–93) and Contestations.
25: Foreign Policy Analysis and Rational Choice Models.
26: Foreign Policy and Communication.
27: Foreign Policy Decision Making.
28: Foreign Policy Decision Making: Evolution, Models, and Methods.
29: Foreign Policy and the Social Construction of State Identity.
30: Forests and Desertification.
31: The Formation of Ethnic and National Identities.
32: From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect.
33: Fundamentalism and Globalization.
34: The Future of Foreign Policy Analysis.
35: Game Theory and Other Modeling Approaches.
36: Gender in the Classroom.
37: Gender and the Global Political Economy.
Title Page.
1: Gender and Global Security.
2: Gender and Governance.
3: Gender Issues in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration.
4: Gender, Just War, and the Ethics of War and Peace.
5: Gender, Poverty, and Social Justice.
6: Gender, Women, and Representation in State Politics.
7: Genders, Spaces, Places.
8: Genocide.
9: Geographic Insights into Political Identity.
10: Geographic Perspectives on World-Systems Theory.
11: Geographical Perspectives on Development Studies.
12: Geographies of Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and War Crimes.
13: The Geography of Diplomacy.
14: Geography and International Studies: The Foundations.
15: The Geography of Resource Wars.
16: Geography and Territory.
17: The Geography of World Cities.
18: Global Commodity Chains and Global Value Chains.
19: Global Democracy.
20: Global Governance and Feminist Activism.
21: Global Indigenous Rights and Responses.
22: Global Knowledge Society and Information Technology.
23: The Global and the Local.
24: The Global Political Economy of Exchange Rates.
25: Global Privacy Issues.
26: Global and Regional Cooperation on Migration.
27: Globalization and the Environment: There Must Be Some Way out of Here.
28: Globalization and the Global Political Economy.
29: Globalization and Globality.
30: Globalization and Human Rights.
31: Globalization through Feminist Lenses.
32: Habitus and Field.
33: Hegemony and the Global Political Economy.
34: Highly Skilled Migration.
35: Historical Approaches to Security/Strategic Studies.
36: The Historical Expansion of International Society.
Title Page.
1: Historical Sociology.
2: Historical Sociology and International Relations.
3: A History of International Communication Studies.
4: The History of International Studies.
5: Human Rights Education.
6: Human Rights: Effectiveness of International and Regional Mechanisms.
7: Human Rights and Foreign Policy Analysis.
8: Human Rights and History.
9: Human Rights and the State.
10: Human Security.
11: Humanitarian Intervention and International Security.
12: Identity, Difference, and Development.
13: Identity in International Relations.
14: Immigrant Integration, Naturalization, and Citizenship.
15: Income Inequality and Economic Development.
16: Incorporating Women into International Studies: Working Their Way In.
17: The Information and Communication Revolution and International Relations.
18: Information Technologies and the Global Political Economy.
19: Institutional Actors in Foreign Policy Analysis.
20: Institutions and Gender.
21: Insurgency and Counterinsurgency.
22: Intellectual Property Regulation under International Law.
23: Intelligence Analysis: Once Again.
24: Intelligence Cooperation.
25: Intelligence Failure Theory.
26: Intelligence and International Security.
27: Intelligence Oversight in the USA.
28: Intelligence and Terrorism.
29: Intelligence in War.
30: Interdisciplinarity: Its Meaning and Consequences.
31: Intergovernmental Organizations and International Governance of Migration and Ethnic Politics.
32: Internalization of International Law.
33: International Communication Regimes.
34: International Communication in Social Movements and Interest Groups.
35: International Cooperation on Hazardous Substances and Wastes.
36: International Cooperation Theory.
37: International Economic Institutions and Global Justice.
38: International Environmental Law.
39: International Ethics within the International Social Contract.
Title Page.
1: International Law and Armed Conflict.
2: International Law and Developing Countries.
3: International Law and International Relations.
4: International Law and the Responsibility to Protect.
5: International Law: Understanding Compliance and Enforcement.
6: International Negotiation in a Foreign Policy Context.
7: International Organization and Cybergovernance.
8: International Organization and Ending Conflicts.
9: International Organization and Environmental Governance.
10: International Organization and Health/Disease.
11: International Organization and Human Development.
12: International Organization and Terrorism.
13: International Organizations and Criminal Justice.
14: International Organizations and Respect for International Law.
15: International Political Economy: Overview and Conceptualization.
16: The International Political Sociology of Empire.
17: The International Political Sociology of Risk.
18: International Regulation of Ocean Pollution and Ocean Fisheries.
19: International Relations and Comparative Politics.
20: International Relations and the Study of Global Environmental Politics: Past and Present.
21: International Relations and the Study of History.
22: International Relations Theory and the Environment.
23: International Society: Global/Regional Dimensions and Geographic Expansion.
24: The International Society – World Society Distinction.
25: International Studies as a Discipline and Women's Status Therein.
26: International Studies and the Global Community: Transforming the Agenda.
27: Internet Governance.
28: Intersecting Geographies of Institutions and Sovereignty.
29: Interventions/Uses of Force Short of War.
30: Investment and Transnational Corporations.
31: Is There a Discipline of IR? A Heterodox Perspective.
32: Issues in Data Collection.
33: Labor and Gender.
34: Labor in the Global System.
35: Labor Migrations and the Global Political Economy.
Title Page.
1: Late Modernity/Postmodernity.
2: Latin American Foreign Policy.
3: The Law of Genocide.
4: Law of the Sea.
5: Leadership and Foreign Policy Analysis.
6: LGBT Rights: From Queers to Humans.
7: Liberal Perspectives on the Global Political Economy.
8: Liberalism and Security.
9: Linguistic Models in International Studies.
10: Local and State Politics of Immigration.
11: Measuring Global Poverty.
12: Measuring “Success” for Women in International Studies in Academic Settings.
13: The Media and Postmodern Conflict.
14: Mercantilist and Realist Perspectives on the Global Political Economy.
15: Methodological Developments in Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Migration Research.
16: Methods of Foreign Policy Analysis.
17: Microfinance and Social Performance.
18: Migration and Development.
19: Military Effectiveness.
20: The Millennium Development Goals and the Politics of Global Poverty.
21: Model UN and Model EU Programs.
22: Modernity and Its Contradictions.
23: Modernity and Modernization.
24: Modernity and Nationalism.
25: Modernization Theory.
26: Multilateral Diplomacy.
27: Nationalism and Post-Communist International Relations.
28: Nationalism as a Social Movement.
29: Nationalisms in International Conflict.
30: Neoliberalism and Its Critics.
31: Networks.
32: Nonrealist Variables: Identity and Norms in the Study of International Relations.
33: Nonviolent Struggle.
34: Norms and Social Constructivism in International Relations.
35: North America and Foreign Policy.
36: Nuclear Proliferation and Non-Proliferation.
37: Nuclear Strategy.
38: Operational Code Theory: Beliefs and Foreign Policy Decisions.
Title Page.
1: Organizing Strategies for Advancing Women in International Studies.
2: Pathologies of Intelligence Producer-Consumer Relations.
3: Peace Operations.
4: Peace Research/Peace Studies: A Twentieth Century Intellectual History.
5: Peacemaking, Peacekeeping, and Peacebuilding.
6: Pedagogy and Foreign Policy Analysis.
7: The Pluralist–Solidarist Debate in the English School.
8: Poliheuristic Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis.
9: Political Demography.
10: Political Philosophy and Nationalism.
11: Political Psychology, Cognition, and Foreign Policy Analysis.
12: The Politics of Climate Change.
13: The Politics of Controlling Immigration.
14: The Politics of International Freshwater Resources.
15: Population Movements and Security.
16: Postdevelopment Theory.
17: Postinternational Theory.
18: Poststructuralism and Security.
19: Power and Space in Electronic Communications.
20: Private Security and Military Actors.
21: Progress in the Democratic Peace Research Agenda.
22: Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis.
23: Psychology and Security.
24: Public Opinion in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration.
25: The Public Sphere.
26: Race, Ethnicity, and Nation.
27: Race(ing) International Relations: A Critical Overview of Postcolonial Feminism in International Relations.
28: Rationalism and Security.
29: Realism and Security.
30: Reassessing Truth Commissions.
31: Reciprocity in International Studies.
32: Reform in China and Russia: A Comparative Perspective.
33: Regime Type, Foreign Policy, and International Relations.
34: Regional Governance and Environmental Problems.
35: Religion, Nationalism, and Transnational Actors.
Title Page.
1: Responding to Refugee and Humanitarian Crises.
2: Review of Available Data Sets.
3: Revolutions in Warfare.
4: The Right to Health.
5: Risk and Security.
6: The Role of Geographic Education in International Studies.
7: Role Theory and Foreign Policy.
8: Russia and Foreign Policy.
9: Russian Theory of International Relations.
10: Sea Power.
11: Security Practices.
12: Security Regimes: Collective Security and Security Communities.
13: Security Studies and Security Policy: An American Perspective.
14: Small Group Effects on Foreign Policy Decision Making.
15: The Sociology of the State: The State as a Conceptual Variable.
16: South Asia and Foreign Policy.
17: Sovereignty as a Problematic Conceptual Core.
18: The Spatial Analysis of War.
19: Spatial and Temporal Interdependence.
20: The State of the Active Teaching and Learning Literature.
21: Statebuilding and Nationbuilding.
22: Statistical Analysis of International Interdependencies.
23: Strategic Relationships in Post-Communist Foreign Policies.
24: Structural Realism/Offensive and Defensive Realism.
25: Systemic Theories of Conflict.
26: Teaching with Case Studies.
27: Teaching Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Studies.
28: Teaching Global Development Studies.
29: Teaching Global Environmental Politics.
30: Teaching about the Global Political Economy.
31: Teaching Intelligence in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada.
32: Teaching International Law.
33: Teaching International Political Sociology.
34: Teaching International Relations Theory.
35: Teaching with Media.
36: Teaching Post-Communist Politics.
37: Teaching the Scientific Study of International Politics.
38: Teaching with Technology: Active Learning in International Studies.
39: Technology and Development in International Communication.
Title Page.
1: Technology and International Relations.
2: Technology Standards in International Communication.
3: Terrorism and Counterterrorism.
4: Terrorism and Counterterrorism on the Internet.
5: Terrorism and Foreign Policy.
6: Theoretical Approaches to International Organization.
7: Trade: Determinants of Policies.
8: Trade: Neoclassical Liberal Views on Impacts.
9: Trade in Services.
10: Transformations of War: Perspectives from International Political Sociology.
11: Transnational Actors.
12: Transnational Communities and Diasporic Politics.
13: Transnational Corporations and the Global Environment.
14: Transnational Feminist Activism and Globalizing Women's Movements.
15: Transnational Human Rights Networks: Significance and Challenges.
16: Transnational Social Movements.
17: Treaty Law: New Trends.
18: United States Intelligence Cultures.
19: The United States and International Environmental Politics.
20: Universals and Particulars in International Relations Theory.
21: Using Geography to Rethink the State.
22: Utilitarianism and International Ethics.
23: War, Conflict, and Human Rights.
24: War Termination.
25: Wars for Ethnic or Nationalist Supremacy.
26: What Is Development?.
27: What Is Theory?.
28: Women and Academic Organizations in International Studies.
29: Women as Agents of Violence.
30: Women and Development.
31: Women, Gender, and Contemporary Armed Conflict.
32: Women National Leaders.
33: Women as Objects and Commodities.
34: Women and Publishing in International Studies.
35: Women Teaching International Studies.
36: Women's Rights as Human Rights.
37: World System History.
38: World System in the Information Age.
39: Xenophobia and Anti-Immigrant Politics.
Title Page.