eBook Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy, 1st Edition

  • Henrik Lagerlund
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1402097298
  • ISBN-13: 9781402097294
  • DDC: 189.03
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1423 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released October 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Research on medieval philosophy has advanced greatly in the last thirty years, but there has not been a comprehensive encyclopedia summarizing the current research available. This two-volume reference work fills that void. The Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy covers all areas of philosophy in the Middle Ages and part of the Renaissance, ranging from 500 to 1500 CE. It contains general entries on medieval philosophers and medieval philosophies and on the key terms and concepts in the subject area, but it also provides more in-depth details and analyses of particular theories. Furthermore, in order to gain an insight into the social and cultural context of the material, entries are included on the teaching of philosophy, the career of philosophers, and the place of philosophy within the universities. Complete with cross-references between key words and related essays to enable efficient searches, this Encyclopedia is exhaustive, unprecedented, and user-friendly. It is indispensable for scholars of medieval philosophy and of the history of ideas, and it is also useful for anyone interested in medieval ideas and thought.

Features and Benefits

  • The first entirely devoted to medieval philosophy, something that has never before been published.
  • Not only presents a comprehensive picture of medieval philosophy but also provides details and analyses of particular theories.
  • Includes extensive cross-references between keywords and related essays, which enables efficient searches.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Copyright Page.
Editorial Board.
Editor-in-Chief.
Preface.
List of Contributors.
1: ʿAbdallaṭīf al-Baġdādī.
2: Abraham ibn Ezra.
3: Abū Bakr al-Rāzī, Muḥammad ibn Zakarīyaʾ (Rhazes).
4: Abū l-Barakāt al-Baġdādī.
5: Abū Bishr Mattā ibn Yūnus.
6: Abū l-Faraj ibn al-ʿlbrī (Barhebraeus).
7: Abū Sulaymān al-Sijistānī al-Manṭiqī.
8: Adam Wodeham.
9: Adelard of Bath.
10: Aesthetics.
11: Aesthetics, Byzantine.
12: Alan of Lille.
13: Albert of Saxony.
14: Albert the Great.
15: Albertism.
16: Alchemy in the Arab World.
17: Alchemy in the Latin World.
18: Alexander of Aphrodisias and Arabic Aristotelianism.
19: Alexander of Hales.
20: Alexandrian Tradition into Arabic: Medicine.
21: Alexandrian Tradition into Arabic: Philosophy.
22: al-ʿĀmirī, Abū l-Ḥasan.
23: Anselm of Canterbury.
24: Apollonius of Tyana.
25: Arabic Philosophical Texts, Jewish Translations of.
26: Arabic Texts: Natural Philosophy, Latin Translations of.
27: Arabic Texts: Philosophy, Latin Translations of.
28: Arethas of Caesarea.
29: Aristotelianism in the Greek, Latin, Syriac, Arabic, and Hebrew Traditions.
30: Aristotle, Arabic.
31: Aristotle, Arabic: Physics.
32: Aristotle, Arabic: Poetics.
33: Arnaldus de Villanova.
34: Atomism.
35: Augustine.
36: Augustine in Byzantium.
37: Augustine of Ancona.
38: Avicebron.
39: al-Balkhī, Abū Zayd.
40: Barlaam of Calabria.
41: Bartholomaeus Arnoldi de Usingen.
42: Basil Bessarion.
43: al-Baṭalyūsī, Abū Muḥammad ibn al-Sīd.
44: Being.
45: Bernard of Clairvaux.
46: Berthold of Moosburg.
47: al-Bīrūnī, Abū Rayḥān.
48: Boethius.
49: Boethius' de Topicis Differentiis, Commentaries on.
50: Boethius of Dacia.
51: Bonaventure.
52: Canon Law.
53: Carolingian Renaissance.
54: Categories.
55: Causality.
56: Certainty.
57: Church Fathers.
58: Cicero in Political Philosophy.
59: Civil (Roman) Law.
60: Conciliarism.
61: Consciousness.
62: Consequences, Theory of.
63: Contemplative Happiness and Civic Virtue.
64: Corporation Theory.
65: Cristoforo Landino.
66: Dante Alighieri.
67: De Caelo, Commentaries on Aristotle's.
68: De Generatione Et Corruptione, Commentaries on Aristotle's.
69: Demetrios Kydones.
70: Denys the Carthusian.
71: Dietrich of Freiberg.
72: Divine Law.
73: Divine Power.
74: Domingo de Soto.
75: Dominicus Gundissalinus.
76: Doxographies, Graeco-Arabic.
77: Durand of St. Pourçain.
78: Economic Thought in the Middle Ages.
79: Emotions.
80: Epistemology.
81: Epistemology, Byzantine.
82: Essence and Existence.
83: Ethics.
84: Ethics, Arabic.
85: Ethics, Byzantine.
86: Ethics, Jewish.
87: Eustratios of Nicaea.
88: Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī.
89: al-Fārābī, Abū Naṣr.
90: al-Fārābī, Latin Translations of.
91: Feudal Law.
92: Form and Matter.
93: Francis of Marchia.
94: Francis of Meyronnes.
95: Francisco de Vitoria.
96: Future Contingents.
97: Gabriel Biel.
98: Galen, Arabic.
99: Garlandus the Computist.
100: al-Ġazālī, Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad.
101: al-Ġazālīʾs Maqāṣid al-Falāsifa, Latin Translation of.
102: George Gemistos Plethon.
103: George Pachymeres.
104: George Scholarios (Gennadios II).
105: Gerard Odonis.
106: Gersonides.
107: Gilbert of Poitiers.
108: Giles of Rome, Political Thought.
109: Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola.
110: Godfrey of Fontaines.
111: Greek Texts Translated into Hebrew.
112: Gregory Akindynos.
113: Gregory of Rimini.
114: Gregory Palamas.
115: Guido Terreni.
116: Happiness.
117: Hasdai Crescas.
118: Heloise.
119: Henry Harclay.
120: Henry of Ghent.
121: Heresy.
122: Hermes Trismegistus.
123: Hervaeus Natalis.
124: Heymeric of Camp.
125: Hildegard of Bingen.
126: Hugh of St. Victor.
127: Ibn ʿArabī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad Muḥyiddīn.
128: Ibn Bājja, Abū Bakr Ibn al-Sāʾiġ (Avempace).
129: Ibn Farīġūn.
130: Ibn Ḥindū, Abū l-Faraj.
131: Ibn Kammūna, ʿIzz al-Dawla.
132: Ibn Khaldūn, Abū Zayd ʿAbdarraḥmān.
133: Ibn Masarra, Muḥammad Ibn ʿAbdallāh.
134: Ibn Rushd, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Ḥafīd (Averroes).
135: Ibn Rushd (Averroes), Latin Translations of.
136: Ibn Sabʿīn,ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq.
137: Ibn al-Samḥ.
138: Ibn Sīnā, Abū ʿAlī (Avicenna).
139: Ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), Latin Translations of.
140: Ibn Suwār (Ibn al-Khammār).
141: Ibn al-Ṭayyib.
142: Ibn Ṭufayl, Abū Bakr (Abubacer).
143: Ibn Ṭumlūs.
144: Ibn Zurʿa, ʿĪsa ibn Isḥāq.
145: Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ, Encyclopedia of.
146: Impetus.
147: Induction.
148: Inquisition.
149: Insolubles.
150: Intension and Remission of Forms.
151: Intention, Primary and Secondary.
152: Intentionality.
153: Internal Senses.
154: Intuitive and Abstractive Cognition.
155: Isaac Israeli.
156: Isidore of Seville.
157: Ismāʿīlī Philosophical Tradition.
158: Jacques Almain.
159: James of Metz.
160: James of Viterbo.
161: Jerome of Prague.
162: Jesuit Political Thought.
163: Jodocus Trutfetter.
164: John Baconthorpe.
165: John Buridan.
166: John Calvin, Political Thought.
167: John Capreolus.
168: John Dumbleton.
169: John Duns Scotus.
170: John Fortescue.
171: John Gerson.
172: John Italos.
173: John Mair.
174: John of Jandun.
175: John of La Rochelle.
176: John of Paris.
177: John of Reading.
178: John of Salisbury.
179: John Pecham.
180: John Philoponus.
181: John Scottus Eriugena.
182: John Torquemada.
183: John Wyclif.
184: Juan Luís Vives.
185: Judah Halevi.
186: Kalām.
187: al-Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq.
188: al-Kindā, Latin Translations of.
189: Lambert of Lagny.
190: Landulph Caracciolo.
191: Leo Magentenos.
1: Manuel Chrysoloras.
2: Marsilius of Inghen.
3: Marsilius of Padua.
4: Martin Luther, Political Thought.
5: Martin of Dacia.
6: Mathematics and Philosophy in the Arab World.
7: Matthew of Aquasparta.
8: Maximos Planoudes.
9: Maximus the Confessor.
10: Medicine and Philosophy.
11: Medicine in the Arab World.
12: Medicine, Byzantine.
13: Meister Eckhart.
14: Mental Language.
15: Mental Representation.
16: Mental Word/Concepts.
17: Mereology.
18: Metaphysics.
19: Metaphysics, Byzantine.
20: Michael of Ephesus.
21: Michael of Massa.
22: Michael Psellos.
23: Mirrors for Princes.
24: Miskawayh, Abū ʿAlī.
25: Modal Theories and Modal Logic.
26: Modistae.
27: Moses Maimonides.
28: al-Mubashshir ibn Fātik.
29: Music, Medieval.
30: Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī.
31: Natural Law.
32: Natural Philosophy.
33: Natural Philosophy, Arabic.
34: Natural Philosophy, Byzantine.
35: Natural Philosophy, Jewish.
36: Natural Rights.
37: Nicholas Chamaëtos Kabasilas.
38: Nicholas of Autrecourt.
39: Nicholas of Cusa.
40: Nicholas of Methone.
41: Nicholas Oresme.
42: Nicomachean Ethics, Commentaries on Aristotle's.
43: Nikephoros Blemmydes.
44: Nikephoros Choumnos.
45: Nikephoros Gregoras.
46: Obligations Logic.
47: Oxford Calculators.
48: Pain.
49: Parisian Condemnation of 1277.
50: Parva Naturalia, Commentaries on Aristotle's.
51: Paul of Pergula.
52: Paul of Venice.
53: Peter Abelard.
54: Peter Auriol.
55: Peter Damian.
56: Peter de Rivo.
57: Peter Helias.
58: Peter John Olivi.
59: Peter Lombard.
60: Peter of Abano.
61: Peter of Ailly.
62: Peter of Auvergne.
63: Peter of Candia.
64: Peter of Maricourt.
65: Peter of Spain.
66: Petrarch.
67: Philip the Chancellor.
68: Philoponus, Arabic.
69: Philosophical Psychology, Byzantine.
70: Philosophical Psychology, Jewish Tradition.
71: Philosophical Theology, Byzantine.
72: Philosophical Theology, Jewish.
73: Philosophy, Arabic.
74: Philosophy, Jewish.
75: Photios of Constantinople.
76: Plato, Arabic.
77: Platonism.
78: Platonism, Renaissance.
79: Plotinus, Arabic.
80: Political Aristotelianism.
81: Political Philosophy.
82: Political Philosophy, Arabic.
83: Political Philosophy, Byzantine.
84: Political Philosophy, Jewish.
85: Porphyry, Arabic.
86: Posterior Analytics, Commentaries on Aristotle's.
87: Poverty.
88: Presocratics in the Arab World.
89: Prochoros Kydones.
90: Proclus, Arabic.
91: Proofs of the Existence of God.
92: Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite.
93: Ptolemy of Lucca.
94: Quantification.
95: Qusṭa ibn Lūqā.
96: Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrazī.
97: Radulphus Brito.
98: Ralph Strode.
99: Ramon Llull.
100: Realism.
101: Reason of State.
102: Remigio dei Girolami.
103: Richard Billingham.
104: Richard Brinkley.
105: Richard Fishacre.
106: Richard Fitzralph.
107: Richard Kilvington.
108: Richard of Campsall.
109: Richard of Middleton.
110: Richard of St. Victor.
111: Richard Rufus of Cornwall.
112: Richard Swineshead.
113: Robert Grosseteste.
114: Robert Holcot.
115: Robert Kilwardby.
116: Robert of Halifax.
117: Roger Bacon.
118: Roger Marston.
119: Roger Roseth.
120: Roman Empire.
121: Roscelin of Compiègne.
122: Saadia Gaon.
123: al-Sarakhsī, Aḥmad ibn al-Ṭayyib.
124: Schools in the Twelfth Century.
125: Sense Perception, Theories of.
126: Sergius of Reshʿaynā.
127: al-Shahrastānī, Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Karīm.
128: al-Shahrazūrī, Muḥammad ibn Maḥmūd Shams al-Dīn.
129: Siger of Brabant.
130: Simon of Faversham.
131: Skepticism.
132: Sophisms.
133: Sophonias.
134: Species, Sensible and Intelligible.
135: Stephen Langton.
136: Substance, Accident and Modes.
137: al-Suhrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā al-Maqtūl.
138: Supposition Theory.
139: Syllogism, Theories of.
140: Syncategoremata.
141: al-Tawḥīdī, Abū Ḥayyān.
142: Terms, Properties of.
143: Thābit ibn Qurra.
144: Themistius, Arabic.
145: Theodore Metochites.
146: Theodore Prodromos.
147: Theology Versus Philosophy in the Arab World.
148: Theophrastus, Arabic.
149: Thierry of Chartres.
150: Thomas Aquinas.
151: Thomas Aquinas, Political Thought.
152: Thomas Bradwardine.
153: Thomas of Sutton.
154: Thomas of Vio (Cajetan).
155: Thomas Wylton.
156: Thomism.
157: Thomism, Byzantine.
158: Time.
159: Toleration.
160: Translations from Greek into Arabic.
161: Translations from Greek into Syriac.
162: Trinitarian Logic.
163: Trinity.
164: Truth, Theories of.
165: Tyranny.
166: Ulrich of Strasbourg.
167: Universals.
168: Universities and Philosophy.
169: Virtue and Vice.
170: Vital du Four.
171: Walter Burley.
172: Walter Chatton.
173: Walter of Bruges.
174: War (Just War, Holy War).
175: Will.
176: Will, Weakness of.
177: William Arnaud.
178: William Crathorn.
179: William Heytesbury.
180: William of Alnwick.
181: William of Auvergne.
182: William of Auxerre.
183: William of Champeaux.
184: William of Ockham.
185: William of Sherwood.
186: William of Ware.
187: Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī.