eBook Asian American Society: An Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Mary Yu Danico
  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1452281890
  • ISBN-13: 9781452281896
  • DDC: 973.0495
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2048 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released November 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014
  • Price:  Sign in for price



Asian Americans are a growing, minority population in the United States. After a 46 percent population growth between 2000 and 2010 according to the 2010 Census, there are 17.3 million Asian Americans today. Yet Asian Americans as a category are a diverse set of peoples from over 30 distinctive Asian-origin subgroups that defy simplistic descriptions or generalizations. They face a wide range of issues and problems within the larger American social universe despite the persistence of common stereotypes that label them as a "model minority" for the generalized attributes offered uncritically in many media depictions. Asian American Society: An Encyclopedia provides a thorough introduction to the wide–ranging and fast–developing field of Asian American studies. The essays examine the social, cultural, psychological, economic, and political dimensions of the Asian American experience.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
List of Articles.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editor.
List of Contributors.
1: ABC (American-Born Chinese).
2: Academia.
3: Acculturation.
4: Activism, Asian American.
5: Actors, Asian American.
6: Addictions.
7: Adoption.
8: Affirmative Action.
9: Aiiieeeee!.
10: Alcatraz, Occupation of.
11: Amerasia Journal.
12: Angel Island: Immigration Station.
13: Angry Asian Girl.
14: Angry Asian Man.
15: Anime/Manga.
16: Anti–Martial Law Movement.
17: Anti-Miscegenation Laws.
18: Aoki, Richard.
19: Ariyoshi, George.
20: Art and Artists, Visual.
21: Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander–Serving Institutions.
22: Asian American and Pacific Islander Research Coalition.
23: Asian American Chamber and Junior Chamber of Commerce.
24: Asian American Greek Life.
25: Asian American International Film Festival.
26: Asian American Justice Center.
27: Asian American Literary Review, The.
28: Asian American Movement.
29: Asian American Student Organizations.
30: Asian American Studies.
31: Asian American Studies and Globalization.
32: Asian American/Pacific Islanders in Philanthropy.
33: Asian Americans Advancing Justice–Los Angeles.
34: Asian and Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund.
35: Asian Critical Theory.
36: Asian Exclusion Acts.
37: Asian Law Caucus.
38: Asian Pacific American Heritage Month.
39: Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance.
40: Asian Settler Colonialism.
41: Asian Women United of California.
42: Asian–Black Relations.
43: Asian–Latino Relations.
44: AsianWeek.
45: Assimilation/Segmented Assimilation.
46: Association for Asian American Studies.
47: Athletes.
48: Balikbayan.
49: Bamboo Ridge: Journal of Hawai'i Literature and Arts.
50: Bangladeshi Americans.
51: Beauty Pageants, Asian American.
52: Better Luck Tomorrow.
53: Bilingual Education.
54: Boat People.
55: Bollywood.
56: Buddhism.
57: Burmese/Myanmar Americans.
58: Cambodian Americans.
59: Cambodian Americans (Education).
60: Cartoons and Asian Americans.
61: Cayetano, Ben.
62: Census Demographic Shifts.
63: Center for Asian American Media.
64: Chan, Charlie.
65: Chin, Vincent.
66: Chinatown, Monterey Park.
67: Chinatowns.
68: Chinese American Citizens Alliance.
69: Chinese American Literature.
70: Chinese Americans.
71: Chinese Americans, Organization of.
72: Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.
73: Chinese Immigration.
74: Chinese-Vietnamese Americans.
75: Christian Missionary Work and Educational Outreach to Asian Americans.
76: Christianity.
77: Citizenship/Legal Status.
78: Civil Rights.
79: Code Switching.
80: College Admissions Debates.
81: Comic and Graphic Novels.
82: Community College, Asian Americans in.
83: Confucianism.
84: Conservatism, Asian American.
85: Cram Schools/Hagwons.
86: Critical Race Theory.
87: Cultural Exchange Programs.
88: Cultural Immersion/Language Programs.
89: Debut.
90: Demonstration Project for Asian Americans.
91: Diasporic Families.
92: Discrimination.
93: Domestic Violence.
94: Dong, Arthur.
95: Don't Ask, Don't Tell.
96: East West Players.
97: Education.
98: Elder Care.
99: Elected Officials.
100: Ellis Island.
101: Employment (Overview).
102: Environmental Justice.
103: Ethnic Studies.
104: Ethnoburbs.
105: EthnoCommunications.
106: Executive Order 9066.
107: Families (Overview).
108: Family Reunification 1965 Immigration Act.
109: Fashion and Designers.
110: Feminism, Asian American.
111: Filipino American Authors.
112: Filipino American Literature.
113: Filipino American Rap.
114: Filipino Americans.
115: Filipino Americans (Education).
116: Filipino Diasporic Identity.
117: Filipino Immigration.
118: Filipino Nurse Migration.
119: Filipino Seamen.
120: Filipino–Latino Relations.
121: Film, Asian American.
122: Fisher v. University of Texas.
123: Fong, Hiram L..
124: Food, Asian American.
125: Foreign Miner's Tax.
126: Foreign Policy: U.S. and China in World War II.
127: 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
128: Gambling and Addiction.
129: Gangs.
130: Gender and Sexuality.
131: Giant Robot.
132: Glass Ceiling/Bamboo Ceiling.
133: Globalization.
134: Gold Mining.
135: Hallyu (Korean Wave).
136: Hampton v. Mow Sun Wong.
137: Harold and Kumar Films.
138: Hate Crimes.
139: Hate Crimes Act.
140: Hawai'i, Asian Americans in.
141: Hawai'i, Education in.
142: Hawai'i Sugar Plantation Strike of 1946.
143: Hawai'ian Homestead Lands.
144: Hawai'ian Monarchy, Overthrow of.
145: Hawai'ian Pidgin.
146: Hawai'ian Plantations.
147: Hawai'ians, Native.
148: Hawai'i/Local Literature.
149: Health Care.
150: Helicopter Parents.
151: Higher Education, Asian Americans in.
152: Hinduism.
153: Hirono, Mazie.
154: Hmong Americans.
155: Hmong Americans (Education).
156: Human Trafficking.
157: Hyphen Magazine.
Half Title Page.
1: Identity Formation.
2: Immigrant Families.
3: Immigration (Overview).
4: Immigration Acts.
5: Immigration Policy.
6: Income.
7: Indian American Literature.
8: Indian Asian Americans.
9: Indonesian Americans.
10: Inouye, Daniel.
11: Interfaith Relationships.
12: Intergenerational Conflict.
13: International Students/Parachute Kids.
14: Internet.
15: Internment Camps, Japanese American.
16: Interracial/Interethnic Families.
17: Isolationist Policy, U.S..
18: Japanese American Authors.
19: Japanese American Citizens League.
20: Japanese American Literature.
21: Japanese American National Museum.
22: Japanese Americans.
23: Japanese Immigration.
24: Japantowns.
25: Journal of Asian American Studies.
26: Justices, Asian American.
27: Kahanamoku, Duke.
28: Kamehameha Schools.
29: Karaoke/No Re Bang.
30: Kim, Colonel Young-Oak.
31: Kochiyama, Yuri.
32: Korea Times.
33: KoreAm Journal.
34: Korean American Authors.
35: Korean American Literature.
36: Korean Americans.
37: Korean Immigration Post-1965.
38: Korean Immigration Pre-1945.
39: Korean War.
40: Koreatowns.
41: Korematsu v. United States.
42: KPOP.
43: Language and Identity.
44: Language Programs.
45: Language Use, Asian American.
46: Laotian Americans.
47: Laotian Americans (Education).
48: LGBTQ Asian American Activism.
49: LGBTQ Families.
50: LGBTQ Identity.
51: LGBTQ Youth.
52: Lin, Maya.
53: Los Angeles Riots/Sa-I-Gu.
54: Lunar New Year.
55: Malaysian Americans.
56: Manila Men.
57: Marriage and Divorce.
58: Martial Arts.
59: Massie–Kahahawai Case.
60: MELUS.
61: Mental Health.
62: Mexipino.
63: Military Families.
64: Mink, Patsy.
65: Model Minority Stereotype/Whiz Kids.
66: Mongolian Americans.
67: Motherhood, Asian American.
68: Multiracial/Multiethnic Families.
69: Multiracial/Multiethnic Identities.
70: Music and Musicians.
71: Nail Salons.
72: National Archives and Records Administration.
73: National Council for Japanese American Redress.
74: National Latino and Asian American Study.
75: No-No Boys.
76: 1.5-Generation Asian American.
77: Online Dating.
78: Organization of Chinese American Women.
79: Organized Crime.
80: Pacific Islander Americans.
81: Pakistani Americans.
82: Pan Asian American Education.
83: Pearl Harbor.
84: Penn, Kal.
85: Pew Research and State of Asian Americans.
86: Picture Brides.
87: Plays and Playwrights.
88: Policy and Research.
89: Politics.
90: Popular Culture.
91: Poverty.
92: Prison/Incarceration.
93: Racial Formation.
94: Racism.
95: Rafu Shimpo.
96: Refugees.
97: Religion (Overview).
98: Remittance.
99: Restaurateurs and Chefs.
100: Schools, Chinese Language.
101: Schools, Japanese Language.
102: Schools, Korean Language.
103: Science and Scientists.
104: Second-Generation Chinese.
105: Second-Generation Filipinos.
106: Second-Generation Koreans.
107: Sexism.
108: Sexual Health.
109: Shintoism.
110: Sikhism.
111: Small Business Ownership.
112: Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Program.
113: Social Justice.
114: Social Networks, Asian American.
115: South Asian American Literature.
116: South Asian Americans.
117: South Asian Identities.
118: South Asian Immigration.
119: Southeast Asian American Literature.
120: Southeast Asian Americans (Education).
121: Sporting Culture.
122: Stereotypes: Dragon Lady or Docile.
123: Stereotypes: Sexuality.
124: Student Affairs, Asian American.
125: Substance Abuse.
126: Suburbanization, Asian American.
127: Suicide.
128: Taiwanese Americans.
129: Teen Pregnancy.
130: Television, Asian Americans and.
131: Television, Korean Americans and.
132: Thai Americans.
133: Thai Refugee/Immigration.
134: Theater and Drama.
135: Tiger Mothers.
136: Transcontinental Railroads.
137: Undocumented Immigrants.
138: Undocumented Workers and Students.
139: Unions.
140: Vera Cruz, Philip.
141: Vietnam War.
142: Vietnamese Americans.
143: Vietnamese Americans (Education).
144: Vietnamese Refugee/Immigration.
145: Visas.
146: Visual Communications.
147: Wang, Ling-Chi.
148: War Brides Act.
149: Weglyn, Michi.
150: White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.
151: Women, Asian American.
152: Women and Work.
153: World War II.
154: Yellow.
155: Yellow Peril.
156: Youth, Asian American.
157: YouTube Performers.
158: Zia, Helen.
Half Title Page.
1: Primary Documents 1849 to 1899.
2: The Indenture of Awye, Chinaman.
3: An Act for the Better Regulation of the Mines, and the Government of Foreign Miners.
4: Timothy Coffin Osborn Journal.
5: China and California: Their Relations, Past and Present.
6: The People, Respondent, v. George W. Hall, Appellant.
7: Remarks of the Chinese Merchants of San Francisco upon Governor Bigler's Message.
8: An Act to Prohibit the “Coolie Trade” by American Citizens in American Vessels.
9: Act to Protect Free White Labor.
10: Chinese in California: Their Signboard Literature.
11: “What Our Chinamen Read,” A. W. Loomis.
12: Burlingame-Seward Treaty.
13: “Holiday in the Chinese Quarter,” A. W. Loomis.
14: “Chinese Women in California,” A. W. Loomis.
15: “Medical Art in the Chinese Quarter,” A. W. Loomis.
16: Our Chamber of Commerce—The Chinese Labor Question.
17: “Occult Science in the Chinese Quarter,” A. W. Loomis.
18: “The Chinese Labor Problem,” Charles Wolcott Brooks.
19: Chinese “Funeral Baked Meats”.
20: Memorial from Representative Chinamen to U.S. Grant.
21: “A Plea for Chinese Labor,” Abby Richardson.
22: In the United States Circuit Court, District of California, in the Matter of Ah Fong.
23: The Page Law of 1875.
24: Circuit Court of the United States, District of California, in the Matter of Ah Yup.
25: “Letters of Kwang Chang Ling: The Chinese Side of the Chinese Question”.
26: “Japanese and Chinese Students in America,” Charles F. Thwing.
27: Chinatown Declared a Nuisance.
28: An Act to Execute Certain Treaty Stipulations Relating to Chinese.
29: Chew Heong v. United States.
30: Foran Act Prohibiting Contract Labor.
31: Letter from Mary Tape.
32: The Daily Bulletin: Historical Statement.
33: Saum Song Bo, Letter Protesting Fund-Raising for Statue of Liberty.
34: Tape v. Hurley.
35: No More Emigrants from China.
36: Yick Wo v. Hopkins.
37: An Act to Prohibit the Coming of Chinese Laborers to the United States (a.k.a. Scott Act).
38: Chae Chan Ping v. United States.
39: Geary Act.
40: Fong Yue Ting v. United States, Wong Quan v. Same, Lee Joe v. Same.
41: Lem Moon Sing v. United States, et al..
42: The Recent Chinese Riots.
43: Chinese at Tacoma.
44: “Hawai ‘i's Story by Hawai'i's Queen,” Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawai'i.
45: Chinese Slavery in America.
46: Dead Chinese Exhumed to Be Sent to Their Native Land.
47: “Chinaman in American Politics,” C. F. Holder.
48: Smallest Chinese Feet in America.
49: United States v. Wong Kim Ark.
50: Primary Documents 1900 to 1949.
51: Yellow Peril.
52: W. O. Smith's Statement to Commission on Labor and Plantations.
53: Wrecks of the War.
54: Employment Wanted—Male.
55: To Take Census of Chinese.
56: Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Victor Howard Metcalf.
57: “American Schools and Japanese Pupils,” C. W. Fulton.
58: Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Kermit Roosevelt.
59: President Theodore Roosevelt's Executive Order, 1907.
60: Education of the Japanese in ‘Frisco.
61: A Yellow Peril Forty Thousand Strong.
62: Proceedings of the Asiatic Exclusion League San Francisco.
63: “The Hindu in America”.
64: Chinese Send Long Protest to President.
65: Jingo Stories Fan Feelings of Japanese.
66: Elsie Sigel's Death Warning against Fatal Lure of Chinese.
67: Chinese Labor Competition on the Pacific Coast.
68: “The Japanese Problem in California,” Sidney G. P. Coryn.
69: “Misunderstanding of Eastern and Western States Regarding Oriental Immigration,” Albert G. Burnett.
70: “Oriental vs. American Labor,” A. E. Yoell.
71: “The Problem of Oriental Immigration in the State of Washington,” Herbert H. Gowen.
72: Commissioner-General of Immigration Report.
73: Manila Resents Charge That Filipinos Brought Cholera Here.
74: Hawai'ian Athlete.
75: Plain Statement of Facts about Japanese Immigration.
76: California Alien Land Tenure Law.
77: Buddhist Priest on Harvard's Faculty.
78: Sees Oriental Loophole in Seamen's Bill.
79: Indian Christians Walk Twenty Miles to Church.
80: Thinks Filipinos Not Inclined to U.S. Citizenship.
81: Immigration Act of 1917 (a.k.a. Barred Zone Act).
82: Filipino Labor Has Proved Vital Factor in Hawaii's Big Problem.
83: Swimming Meet Gives Hawai'i Much Publicity on Mainland.
84: Bishop Koyu Uchida, Testimony to House Immigration Committee.
85: The Japanese Land Problem of California.
86: Uncle Sam's Japanese Colony.
87: Japanese Immigration Hearings.
88: The Cable Act of 1922.
89: Takao Ozawa v. United States.
90: United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind.
91: The National Origins Act of 1924.
92: Hidemitsu Toyota v. United States.
93: Gong Lum et al. v. Rice et al..
94: An Act to Enable the Philippine Islands Independence and Constitution.
95: Salvador Roldan v. Los Angeles County.
96: The Philippine Independence Act (a.k.a. the Tydings-McDuffie Act).
97: Nationality Act of 1940.
98: Executive Order 9066: Resulting in the Relocation of Japanese.
99: Army Instructions for Removal of Japanese Americans in Los Angeles.
100: National Defense Migration Hearings.
101: Exhibit D Final Report: “Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942”.
102: Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi v. United States.
103: “Final Report on Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast”.
104: Korematsu v. United States.
105: War Brides Act.
106: Philippines Veterans Rescission Act.
107: Torao Takahashi v. Fish and Game Commission et al..
108: Executive Order 10009—Revoking in Part Executive Orders No. 589 and No. 1712.
109: Primary Documents 1950 to 1978.
110: Fujii Sei v. State of California.
111: McCarran-Walter Act of 1953 (Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952).
112: Kimm v. Rosenberg.
113: Executive Order 11246—Equal Employment Opportunity.
114: The Chickencoop Chinaman.
115: Lau v. Nichols.
116: The New Americans Education and Employment Assistance Act Hearings.
117: Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1975.
118: Asian Americans and Pacific Peoples: A Case of Mistaken Identity.
119: Hampton v. Mow Sun Wong, 426 U.S. 88, Supreme Court.
120: Conference on the Educational and Occupational Needs Asian-Pacific-American Women.
121: A Comparison of Minority Aspirants to Health Careers.
122: The Forgotten Minority: Asian Americans in New York City.
123: Socio-Economic Analysis of Asian American Business Patterns.
124: Conference on Pacific and Asian American Families and HEW-Related Issues.
Half Title Page.
1: Primary Documents 1979 to 1999.
2: Civil Rights Issues of Asian and Pacific Americans: Myths and Realities, Minoru Yasui.
3: Civil Rights Issues of Asian and Pacific Americans: Myths and Realities, Irene Hirano.
4: Asian Americans: An Agenda for Action, A Summary Report.
5: Southeast Asian American Food Habits, USDA Food and Nutrition Service.
6: Success of Asian Americans: Fact or Fiction?.
7: Asian/Pacific American Education Agenda for the 1980s.
8: Task Force on Library and Information Service to Cultural Minorities.
9: Personal Justice Denied: Report on Wartime Internment.
10: Survey of Minority-Owned Business Enterprises, U.S. Department of Commerce.
11: Entrepreneurship among Southeast Asian Refugees.
12: Hmong Resettlement Study Site Report: Fresno, California.
13: Personal Justice Denied Part 2: Report on Wartime Internment.
14: Demographic Impact of Immigration on the United States.
15: Mental Health Treatment Issues for Southeast Asian Refugee Children.
16: Recent Activities against Citizens and Residents of Asian Descent.
17: Anti-Asian Violence: Congressional Subcommittee.
18: Mental Health and the Elderly: Asian Americans, Hispanics, and Blacks.
19: Civil Liberties Act of 1988.
20: The Economic Status of Americans of Asian Descent.
21: Facts on Working Women, U.S. Department of Labor, Asian American Business Owners.
22: Asian Americans: A Status Report.
23: The Growing Membership of Asian Organized Crime Groups, U.S. Senate.
24: AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors in Southeast Asian Communities in San Francisco.
25: Asian Organized Crime Hearing, Testimony of Johnny Wong.
26: Voting Rights Act, Language Assistance Amendments of 1992, Hearing.
27: The G.A.O. Evaluation of Amerasian Homecoming Act.
28: Senate Joint Resolution 19 to Acknowledge the Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai'i.
29: Bureau of the Census, Statistical Brief, “Asian and Pacific Islander Americans: A Profile”.
30: In Honor of a Filipino-American Who Struggled for the Unionization of Farm Workers.
31: Private Relief Legislation, Review for a Medal of Honor for Richard Motoso Sakakida.
32: Housing in Metropolitan Areas—Asian or Pacific Islander Households.
33: An Overview of Affirmative Action, a Hearing, Prepared Statement of Lee Cheng.
34: Cultural Competence for Social Workers, Asian Americans Section.
35: Indian Americans Dominate U.S. Hotel Industry.
36: Redress Provisions for Persons of Japanese Ancestry.
37: The Civil Rights Act of 1997, HR 1909, Hearing, Statement of Karen Narasaki.
38: Communicating Appropriately with Asian and Pacific Islander Audiences.
39: Commission Examines Treatment of Asian Pacific Americans.
40: Stereotyping Blamed for Discrimination in Housing, Jobs against Hmong in Green Bay.
41: Equal Educational Opportunity Urged for Students with Limited English.
42: Congressional Record: Tribute to the Hindu New Year.
43: Focus on Affirmative Action, Minnesota Advisory.
44: Memoir, Alice Ohashi Kuroiwa, Life and Education (1910–25), Hawai'i.
45: Women of Color Health Data Book.
46: Executive Order 13125.
47: Support of a Commemorative Stamp Honoring Duke Paoa Kahanamoku.
48: Primary Documents 2000 to 2013.
49: The Health Care Fairness Act of 1999.
50: President William J. Clinton's Remarks on Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month.
51: Public Law 106-207—Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.
52: Vietnamese Americans Who Seek to Improve Conditions in Vietnam.
53: In Recognition of the Hmong Special Guerrilla Units.
54: Indiscriminate Attacks on Sikhs Must Stop; Sikhism Is Very Different from Islam.
55: President Should Issue Proclamation Recognizing a National Lao-Hmong Recognition Day.
56: Empty Seats in a Lifeboat: Are There Problems with the U.S. Refugee Program?.
57: Indians Boast of Successful Intervention in U.S. Election.
58: The Asian Population: 2000, 2000 Census Brief.
59: International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2003.
60: Recognizing Contributions of People of Indian Origin.
61: Executive Order 13339.
62: Human Trafficking: Mail Order Bride Abuses.
63: Dalip Singh Saund Post Office Building.
64: Recognizing and Honoring Contributions of Indian Americans.
65: Honoring Fred T. Korematsu for His Loyalty and Patriotism to the United States.
66: Angel Island Immigration Station Restoration and Preservation Act.
67: Hiram L. Fong Post Office Building.
68: In Honor and Remembrance of Colonel Young Oak Kim.
69: Opening Statement of “Equity of Filipino Veterans” Hearing.
70: In Honor of the Vietnamese New Year: Tet, 2007—Year of the Boar.
71: Commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the Fatal Beating of Vincent Chin.
72: “Against Overwhelming Odds: Chinese Women in Ministry,” Chloe Sun.
73: Recognizing the Festival of Diwali.
74: South Dakota Hotel Owners Sentenced for Involuntary Servitude Offenses.
75: Asian Pacific American Heritage Month.
76: “Persistent Invisibility: Hmong Americans Are Silenced”.
77: United States of America v. Robert John Farrell and Angelita Magat Farrell.
78: Public Service Recognition Week—Recognition of Kal Penn.
79: Executive Order 13515.
80: Statement on the Observance of the Hmong New Year.
81: The Congressional Gold Medal: Japanese Americans Service during World War II.
82: “Non-Response”: The 2010 Census, John Cho.
83: Gran Torino's Hmong Lead Bee Vang.
84: Yoga beyond Asana: Hindu Thought in Practice.
85: Celebrating the Sri Lankan New Year.
86: Anti-Hmong Rant and Responses Illustrate the Fantasy of “Post-Race” Era.
87: HAF Policy Brief: Hinduism and Homosexuality.
88: A Unique Challenge to Being Asian American.
89: Offering Condolences—Junior Seau, NFL Great and Son of American Samoa.
90: Conversations with Goddard: Gerald “Tiki” Tiqui—Finding Voices for Diversity.
91: Hmong Butch: The Antinomies of Being Fourth World.
92: In Recognition of the Outstanding Commitment of Dr. Nazmul Hassan.
93: Hindu American Immigration Reform Priorities.
94: Nomination to the U.S. District Court of Vince Girdhari Chhabria.
Resource Guide.
The Asian-American Labor Force in the Recovery.
The Asian Population: 2010.
Photo Credits.