eBook The Britannica Guide To Africa: The History of Southern Africa, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303987
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303984
  • DDC: 968
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 240 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The history of southern Africa is marked by both the convergence and divergence of diverse cultures. Clashes between European settlers and indigenous peoples throughout this section of the continent were common. At stake were rights to a wealth of natural resources and, as time went by, independence. This volume surveys the often volatile histories of each country in the region and introduces readers to the diversity of peoples that are an important element of each country's past and future.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Early History.
2: Early Humans and Stone Age Society.
3: The Khoisan.
4: San.
5: The Khoekhoe Today.
6: The Spread of Bantu Languages.
7: Food Production.
8: The Rise of More Complex States.
9: Toutswe.
10: Veld.
11: Swahili Culture.
12: Mapungubwe and Great Zimbabwe.
13: Torwa, Mutapa, and Rozwi.
14: Small-Scale Societies.
15: European and African Interaction.
16: The Portuguese in West-Central and Southwestern Africa.
17: The Imbangala.
18: The Chokwe.
19: The Ovimbundu.
20: The Portuguese in Southeastern Africa.
21: The Zambezi Valley.
22: Other Southeastern African States.
23: Maravi Confederacy.
24: The Declining Power of the Portuguese.
25: The Dutch at the Cape.
26: First Khoekhoe-Dutch Contact.
27: Boer Expansion.
28: Slavery at the Cape.
29: Khoisan Resistance to the Dutch.
30: Xhosa-Dutch Conflict.
31: “Legitimate” Trade and the Persistence of Slavery.
32: The Continuation of the Slave Trade.
33: Effects of the Slave Trade.
34: The “Time of Turmoil”.
35: Shaka and the Creation of the Zulu.
36: Zulu.
37: Increasing Violence in Other Parts of Southern Africa.
38: British Development of the Cape Colony.
39: Changes in the Status of Africans.
40: Continuing Settler-Xhosa Wars.
41: Growth of Missionary Activity.
42: The Expansion of White Settlement.
43: The Republic of Natalia and the British Colony of Natal.
44: Battle of Blood River.
45: Voortrekker Republics in the Interior.
46: The Orange Free State and Basutoland.
47: Minerals and the Scramble for Southern Africa.
48: The Diamond Industry.
49: The Discovery of Gold.
50: Cecil Rhodes.
51: The Annexation of Southern Africa.
52: Portugal in Southern Africa.
53: Germans in South West Africa.
54: Southern Africa from 1899 through Decolonization.
55: The South African War.
56: The Nature of Colonial Rule.
57: The Changing Labour Market.
58: Changes for Afrikaners.
59: Growth of Racism.
60: Basutoland, Bechuanaland, and Swaziland.
61: Police Zone.
62: Ovamboland.
63: Southern Rhodesia.
64: Nyasaland and Northern Rhodesia.
65: Settlers in Mozambique and Angola.
66: Class and Ethnic Tensions among White Settlers.
67: Land, Labour, and Taxation.
68: White Agriculture and African Reserves.
69: The Invention of Tribalism.
70: Labour and the Mining Industry.
71: The Impact of Migrant Labour.
72: Urbanization and Manufacturing.
73: The African Response.
74: Royal Family Politics.
75: Political Organizations and Trade Unions.
76: Christianity and African Popular Religion.
77: The Impact of World War II.
78: Independence and Decolonization in Southern Africa.
79: Angola.
80: Early Angola.
81: The Kongo Kingdom and the Coming of the Portuguese.
82: Colonial Transition (1820s–1910).
83: Lunda Empire.
84: From Colonial Conquest to Independence (1910–75).
85: Independence and Civil War.
86: Agostinho Neto.
87: Angola in the 21st Century.
88: Botswana.
89: Early Pastoral and Farming Peoples.
90: Khoisan-Speaking Hunters and Herders.
91: Bantu-Speaking Farmers.
92: Iron Age States and Chiefdoms.
93: Eastern States and Chiefdoms.
94: Western Chiefdoms.
95: Rise of Tswanadom.
96: Growth of Tswana States.
97: Times of War.
98: Tswana.
99: Prosperous Trading States.
100: British Protectorate.
101: Sir Seretse Khama.
102: Advance to Independence.
103: Botswana Since Independence.
104: Lesotho.
105: Early History.
106: The Sotho Kingdom (1824–69).
107: Moshoeshoe.
108: Basutoland.
109: The Gun War.
110: The Kingdom of Lesotho.
111: The First Two Decades.
112: Political Crisis.
113: Challenges in the 21st Century.
114: Malawi.
115: Early History.
116: Colonial Rule.
117: Postindependence Malawi.
118: Hastings Kamuzu Banda.
119: The Banda Regime (1963–94).
120: Malawi Since 1994.
121: Mozambique.
122: Precolonial Period.
123: Early Settlement.
124: The Rise of the Zimbabwe Civilizations.
125: Arrival of the Portuguese.
126: Slaves and Trade.
127: Colonial Mozambique.
128: Consolidation of Portuguese Control.
129: Mozambique under the New State Regime.
130: Samora Machel.
131: Independence.
132: Mozambique as a One-Party State.
133: Peace in Mozambique.
134: Namibia.
135: Early History and the Beginning of the Colonial Era.
136: Basters.
137: The German Conquest.
138: The South African Conquest.
139: The Political Economy of a Colonial Boom.
140: From Resistance to Liberation Struggle.
141: The Road to Namibia.
142: Sam Nujoma.
143: Independence.
144: South Africa.
145: Prehistory.
146: The Early Stone Age.
147: The Middle Stone Age.
148: The Late Stone Age.
149: Pastoralism and Early Agriculture.
150: The Iron Age.
151: Iron Age Sites.
152: First Urban Centres.
153: Europeans in South Africa.
154: Settlement of the Cape Colony.
155: Growth of the Colonial Economy.
156: Increased European Presence (c. 1810–35).
157: British Occupation of the Cape.
158: The Delagoa Bay Slave Trade.
159: Emergence of the Eastern States.
160: The Expansion of European Colonialism (c. 1835–70).
161: The Great Trek.
162: The British in Natal.
163: Attempts at Boer Consolidation.
164: The Cape Economy.
165: Disputes in the North and East.
166: The Zulu After Shaka.
167: Cetshwayo.
168: The Decline of the African States.
169: Diamonds, Gold, and Imperialist Intervention (1870–1902).
170: Diamonds and Confederation.
171: Afrikaner and African Politics in the Cape.
172: Gold Mining.
173: The Road to War.
174: The South African War (1899–1902).
175: Reconstruction, Union, and Segregation (1902–29).
176: Milner and Reconstruction.
177: Convention and Union.
178: Black, Coloured, and Indian Political Responses.
179: Union and Disunity.
180: African National Congress (ANC).
181: Afrikaner Rebellion and Nationalism.
182: Segregation.
183: The Pact Years (1924–33).
184: The Apartheid Years.
185: The Intensification of Apartheid in the 1930s.
186: World War II.
187: The National Party and Apartheid.
188: Resistance to Apartheid.
189: Robben Island.
190: The Unraveling of Apartheid.
191: Transition to Majority Rule.
192: Postapartheid South Africa.
193: The Mandela Presidency.
194: The Truth and Reconciliation Commission.