eBook Government and the Economy: An Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440829047
  • ISBN-13: 9781440829048
  • DDC: 330.973
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 496 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2015 | Published/Released January 2015
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2015
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Today’s economic environment is in constant flux, as is the participation of governments in it. Local, state, national, and global governmental agencies have taken on new responsibilities-with both positive and negative economic consequences. This book looks at the changing role of American government in the economy, from determining the measurements of economic health, to being mindful of corporate sustainability, to legislating business practices and consumer affairs. This comprehensive collection of essays draws from the contributions of 25 economic scholars along with seasoned educators David A. Dieterle and Kathleen C. Simmons to examine economic systems and the factors that influence them. The work includes summaries of important Supreme Court cases that have impacted America’s economic infrastructure, biographies of famous economists, and descriptions of the seven key economic systems-command (socialism), democratic socialism, fascism, market (capitalism), state capitalism, transitional, and welfare state.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyrigth Page.
Contents.
Alphabetical List of Entries.
Entries in Alignment with National Content Standards in Economics.
Entries in Alignment with United States History Content Standards.
Preface.
Introduction: Government and the Economy: The Ultimate Macroeconomic Pair.
1: Affordable Health Care Act Cases, 567 U.S.___(2012).
2: Alaska Dept. of Environmental Conservation v. EPA, 540 U.S. 461 (2004).
3: America Invents Act of 2011 (Leahy-Smith Act).
4: Arrow, Kenneth.
5: Banking Act of 1933 (Glass-Steagall Act).
6: Bernanke, Ben.
7: Bretton Woods Agreement.
8: Buchanan, James.
9: Bureau of Economic Analysis.
10: Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
11: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
12: Burns, Arthur.
13: Central Banking.
14: Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S.___(2010).
15: Classical Economics.
16: Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914.
17: Coase, Ronald.
18: Command Economy.
19: Congressional Budget Office.
20: Contractionary Fiscal Policy.
21: Contractionary Monetary Policy.
22: Contracts.
23: Corning Glass Works v. Brennan, 417 U.S. 188 (1974).
24: Crony Capitalism.
25: Cyclical Unemployment.
26: Deflation.
27: Demand-Pull Inflation.
28: Democratic Socialism.
29: Department of Commerce.
30: Department of Labor.
31: De Soto, Hernando.
32: Discouraged Workers.
33: Economic Growth, Measures of.
34: Economic Rent.
35: Economic Systems.
36: Entitlements.
37: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
38: European (Economic) Community.
39: Expansionary Fiscal Policy.
40: Expansionary Monetary Policy.
41: Externalities.
42: Fascism.
43: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
44: Federal Home Loan Mortgage (Freddie Mac).
45: Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae).
46: Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
47: Federal Reserve System.
48: Federal Trade Commission.
49: Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914.
50: Financial Reform Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank Act).
51: Fiscal Policy.
52: Free Rider.
53: Friedman, Milton.
54: Galbraith, John Kenneth.
55: George, Henry.
56: Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. 1 (1824).
57: Government Failure.
58: Great Depression (1929–1939).
59: Great Society.
60: Greenspan, Alan.
61: Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
62: Group of Eight (G8).
63: Hayek, Friedrich Von.
64: Heller, Walter.
65: Helvering v. Davis, 301 U.S. 619 (1937).
66: Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986.
67: Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988.
68: Inflation.
69: Inflation, Measures of.
70: Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
71: International Monetary Fund (IMF).
72: Interstate Commerce Act of 1887.
73: Juilliard v. Greenman, 110 U.S. 421 (1884).
74: Kahn, Alfred.
75: Kellogg Co. v. National Biscuit Co., 305 U.S. 111 (1938).
76: Kelo v. City of New London, Connecticut, 545 U.S. 469 (2005).
77: Keynes, John Maynard.
78: Keynesian Economics.
79: Klein, Lawrence.
80: Kuznets, Simon.
81: Labor Force.
82: Laffer, Arthur.
83: Laffer Curve.
84: Lechmere, Inc. v. National Labor Relations Board, 502 U.S. 527 (1992).
85: Lenin, Vladimir.
86: Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905).
87: Majority Rule.
88: Mankiw, Gregory.
89: Market Capitalism.
90: Market Failure.
91: Marx, Karl.
92: Marxism.
93: Mcculloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. 316 (1819).
94: MCI Telecommunications Corp. v. American Telephone and Telegraph Co., 512 U.S. 218 (1994).
95: Meltzer, Allan.
96: Menominee Tribe v. United States, 391 U.S. 404 (1968).
97: Mercantilism.
98: Mirrlees, James.
99: Mises, Ludwig Von.
100: Monetary Policy.
101: Money.
102: National Bank Act of 1863.
103: National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER).
104: National Deficit vs. Debt.
105: National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (Wagner Act).
106: National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
107: New Deal.
108: North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
109: Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
110: Okun, Arthur.
111: Olson, Mancur.
112: Ostrom, Elinor.
113: Phillips, A. W. H..
114: Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Company, 157 U.S. 429 (1895).
115: Private Property.
116: Prohibition.
117: Protectionism.
118: Public Goods.
119: Reagan, Ronald.
120: Regulated Monopolies.
121: Reich, Robert.
122: Rivlin, Alice.
123: Romer, Christina.
124: Roosevelt, Franklin Delano.
125: Samuelson, Paul.
126: Schwartz, Anna.
127: Securities and Exchange Commission (Sec).
128: Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida, 517 U.S. 44 (1996).
129: Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (Gi Bill).
130: Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890.
131: Shultz, George.
132: Simons, Henry.
133: Smith, Adam.
134: Social Security Act of 1935.
135: Sowell, Thomas.
136: Stalin, Joseph.
137: Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, 221 U.S. 1 (1911).
138: State Capitalism.
139: Steelworkers Strike of 1919.
140: Summers, Lawrence.
141: Supply-Side Economics.
142: Supreme Court.
143: Tariff Act of 1930 (Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act).
144: Taxes.
145: Telecommunications Reform Act of 1996.
146: Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
147: Thatcher, Margaret.
148: Theory of Public Choice.
149: Tobin, James.
150: Trade-Offs.
151: Transaction Costs.
152: Tullock, Gordon.
153: Tyson, Laura.
154: Unemployment.
155: United States Census Bureau.
156: United States Mint.
157: United States Treasury.
158: United States v. South-Eastern Underwriters Association, 322 U.S. 533 (1944).
159: U.S. Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds.
160: Vickrey, William.
161: Volcker, Paul.
162: Voluntary Exchange.
163: Welfare State.
164: West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1937).
165: Williams, Walter.
166: World Bank.
167: World Trade Organization (WTO).
168: Yellen, Janet.
169: Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579 (1952).
Primary Documents: Supreme Court Cases—Opinions of the Court.
Mcculloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. 316 (1819).
Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. 1 (1824).
Juillard v. Greenman, 110 U.S. 421 (1884).
Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Company, 157 U.S. 429 (1895).
Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905).
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, 221 U.S. 1 (1911).
Helvering v. Davis, 301 U.S. 619 (1937).
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1937).
Kellogg Co. v. National Biscuit Co., 305 U.S. 111 (1938).
United States v. South-Eastern Underwriters Association, 322 U.S. 533 (1944).
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579 (1952).
Menominee Tribe v. United States, 391 U.S. 404 (1968).
Corning Glass Works v Brennan, 417 U.S. 188 (1974).
Lechmere, Inc. v. National Labor Relations Board, 502 U.S. 527 (1992).
MCI Telecommunications Corp. v. American Telephone and Telegraph Co., 512 U.S. 218 (1994).
Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida, 517 U.S. 44 (1996).
Alaska Dept. of Environmental Conservation v. Epa, 540 U.S. 461 (2004).
Kelo v. City of New London, Connecticut, 545 U.S. 469 (2005).
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S.___(2010).
Affordable Health Care Act Cases, 567 U.S.___(2012).