Award Winner

eBook Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1452276048
  • ISBN-13: 9781452276045
  • DDC: 103
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1200 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released August 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This encyclopedia is the first of its kind in bringing together philosophy and the social sciences. It is not only about the philosophy of the social sciences but, going beyond that, it is also about the relationship between philosophy and the social sciences. The subject of this encyclopedia is purposefully multi- and inter-disciplinary. Knowledge boundaries are both delineated and crossed over. The goal is to convey a clear sense of how philosophy looks at the social sciences and to mark out a detailed picture of how the two are interrelated: interwoven at certain times but also differentiated and contrasted at others. The entries cover topics of central significance but also those that are both controversial and on the cutting-edge, underlining the unique mark of this encyclopedia: the interrelationship between philosophy and the social sciences, especially as it is found in fresh ideas and unprecedented hybrid disciplinary areas. The encyclopedia serves a further dual purpose: it contributes to the renewal of the philosophy of the social sciences and helps to promote novel modes of thinking about some of its classic problems.

Awards

  • Booklist - Editor’s Choice 2011

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Editorial Board.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editor.
Contributors.
Philosophy and/of the Social Sciences.
1: A Priori and a Posteriori.
2: Abduction and Inference to the Best Explanation.
3: Action, Philosophical Theory of.
4: Actor-Network Theory.
5: Affective Intelligence in the Social Sciences.
6: Agency.
7: Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation in the Social Sciences.
8: Agnotology, Ignorance, and Uncertainty.
9: Alienation: From Philosophy to Sociology.
10: Allais Paradox.
11: Analytical Marxism.
12: Analytical Sociology and Social Mechanisms.
13: Analytic/Synthetic Distinction.
14: Androcentrism and the Philosophy of Science.
15: Annales School.
16: Argumentation.
17: Artificial Intelligence.
18: Austrian Economics.
19: Bargaining Theory.
20: Bayesianism, Recent Uses of.
21: Behavioralism in Political Science.
22: Behaviorism, Philosophical Conception of.
23: Behaviorism in Psychological Explanation.
24: Being-in-the-World.
25: Biology and the Social Sciences.
26: Capabilities.
27: Capitalism.
28: Causal Explanation, in Philosophy of Science.
29: Causation, Philosophical Views of.
30: Causation in the Social Sciences.
31: Causes versus Reasons in Action Explanation.
32: Chicago School (Economics).
33: Classical Computationalism, Connectionism, and Computational Neuroscience.
34: Coalition Logic.
35: Cognitive Anthropology and Mental Architecture.
36: Cognitive Archaeology.
37: Cognitive Phenomenology.
38: Cognitive Sciences.
39: Collective Agents.
40: Collective Emotions.
41: Collective Goals.
42: Collective Identity and Cultural Trauma.
43: Collective Intentionality.
44: Collective Memory.
45: Collective Moral Responsibility.
46: Collective Rationality.
47: Collective Values.
48: Commitment.
49: Common Goods.
50: Common Knowledge.
51: Common Sense (in the Social Sciences).
52: Communication Studies.
53: Communicative Action Theory.
54: Complex Networks Theory and Social Phenomena.
55: Complexity.
56: Complexity and the Social Sciences.
57: Concepts.
58: Consciousness.
59: Contemporary French Philosophy and the Social Sciences.
60: Context of Discovery versus Context of Justification.
61: Conventions, Logic of.
62: Cooperation, Cultural Evolution of.
63: Cooperation/Coordination.
64: Cost–Benefit Analysis.
65: Covering-Law Model.
66: Criminology, Epistemological Critique of.
67: Critical Rationalism.
68: Critical Realism in Economics.
69: Cultural Evolution.
70: Cultural Studies.
71: Death and Immortality, Philosophical Perspectives.
72: Death in the Social Sciences.
73: Debunking Social Science.
74: Decision Theory.
75: Deduction.
76: Deontic Logic and Agency.
77: Determinism.
78: Developmental Psychology.
79: Dialectic, in the History of Philosophy.
80: Dialectic, in the Social Sciences.
81: Dialogical Logic.
82: Disagreement.
83: Disciplinarity.
84: Discourse Analysis.
85: Distributed Cognition and Extended-Mind Theory.
86: Duhem-Quine Thesis and the Social Sciences.
87: Durkheim's Philosophy of Social Science.
88: Econometrics: Methodological Issues.
89: Economic Anthropology.
90: Economic Sociology.
91: Economics of Scientific Knowledge.
92: Econophysics.
93: Ego.
94: Embodied Cognition.
95: Emergence.
96: Emergence and Social Collectivism.
97: Emotions.
98: Emotions in Economic Behavior.
99: Empathy.
100: Empiricism.
101: Encyclopedia.
102: Enlightenment, Critique of.
103: Epistemic Approaches to Democracy.
104: Epistemology.
105: Epistemology of Mass Collaboration.
106: Equilibrium in Economics and Game Theory.
107: Essentialism.
108: Ethical Impact of Genetic Research.
109: Ethno-Epistemology.
110: Ethnography, Philosophical Aspects of.
111: Ethnomethodology.
112: Eugenics, Old and Neoliberal Theories of.
113: Events.
114: Evidence-Based Policy.
115: Evolutionary Ethics.
116: Evolutionary Game Theory and Sociality.
117: Evolutionary Political Science.
118: Evolutionary Psychology.
119: Existential Phenomenology and the Social Sciences.
120: Existential Psychology.
121: Experiment, Philosophy of.
122: Experimental Philosophy.
123: Experimenting Society, the.
124: Experiments in Social Science.
125: Experiments in the Social Sciences: Ethical Issues.
126: Explanation, Theories of.
127: Explanation versus Understanding.
128: Falsifiability.
129: Feedback Mechanisms and Self-Regulatory Processes in the Social Sciences.
130: Feminism: Schools of Thought.
131: Feminist Critiques of Social Science Applications.
132: Feminist Economics.
133: Feminist Epistemology.
134: Feyerabend, Critique of Rationality in Science.
135: Folk Psychology.
136: Formal Epistemology.
137: Foucault's Thought.
138: Frankfurt school and critical Social Theory.
139: Free Will, philosophical Conceptions of.
140: Free Will in the Social Sciences.
141: Game-Theoretic Modeling.
142: Genealogy.
143: Genetic Indeterminism of Social Action.
144: Gestalt Psychology.
145: Given, Myth of the.
146: Goal-Directedness.
147: Governmentality and Regime.
148: Grounded Cognition and Social Interaction.
149: Group Beliefs.
150: Group Identity.
151: Group Mind.
152: Habitus.
153: Hayek and the “Use of Knowledge in Society”.
154: Hegelianism and Contemporary Epistemology.
155: Herder's Philosophy of History.
156: Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Meaning.
157: Heterodox Economics.
158: Historicism.
159: Hobbes's Philosophical Method: Nature–Man–Society.
160: Holism, in the Philosophy of Language.
161: Holism, in the Social Sciences.
162: Homo Economicus.
163: Human Cultural Niche Construction and the Social Sciences.
164: Human Geography, Social Science of.
165: Human–Machine Interaction.
166: Hypothetico-Deductivism.
167: Idealism.
168: Idealization in Social-Scientific Theories.
169: Identity, Personal (Philosophy of).
170: Identity, Social.
171: Ideology.
172: Implicit Bias and Social Cognition.
173: Individualism, Methodological.
174: Induction and Confirmation.
175: Inferentialism.
176: Information Ethics.
177: Information Society.
178: Institutional Economics.
179: Institutionalism and Institutional Theory.
180: Institutions as Moral Persons.
181: Instrumentalism of Scientific Theories and Constructive Empiricism.
182: Intelligence.
183: Intention, Social Psychology of.
184: Intentionality.
185: Interdisciplinarity.
186: International Relations, Philosophical and Methodological Debates.
187: Intersubjectivity.
188: Introspection (Philosophical Psychology).
189: Invisible Hand Explanations.
Title Page.
Contents.
1: Lakatos, Methodology of Scientific Research Programs.
2: Language, Philosophy of.
3: Language and Society.
4: Language-Games and Forms of Life.
5: Law, Social Phenomenon of.
6: Laws of Nature.
7: Laws versus Teleology.
8: Legal Epistemology.
9: Libertarianism, Metaphysical.
10: Libertarianism, Political.
11: Life-World.
12: Logical Positivism/Logical Empiricism.
13: Love, in Social Theory.
14: Love, Philosophy of.
15: Luhmann's Social Theory.
16: Lying.
17: Machiavelli's Art of Politics.
18: Machine Consciousness and Autonomous Agents.
19: Markets and Economic Theory.
20: Marxism and Social/Historical Explanation.
21: Marxist Economics.
22: Marxist Ethics.
23: Mathematical Models, Use in the Social Sciences.
24: Mechanism and Mechanismic Explanation.
25: Mereology: Parts and Wholes.
26: Metacognition and Agency.
27: Metaphor.
28: Metaphysics and Science.
29: Methodenstreit.
30: Microfoundationalism.
31: Mill and the Moral Sciences.
32: Mind–Body Relation.
33: Mirror Neurons and Motor Cognition in Action Explanation.
34: Modal Logic and Intentional Agency.
35: Models in Science.
36: Models in Social Science.
37: Modernity.
38: Modularity of the Mind.
39: Money.
40: Montesquieu and the Rise of Social Science.
41: Moral Cognitivism.
42: Multi-Agent Modeling.
43: Multiculturalism.
44: Mutual Beliefs.
45: Narrative in Historical Explanation.
46: Naturalism in Social Science.
47: Naturalized Epistemology.
48: Naturwissenschaften versus Geisteswissenschaften.
49: Neo-Kantianism.
50: Neo-Marxism.
51: Neural Hermeneutics.
52: Neurath's Unity of Science and the Encyclopedia Project.
53: Neuroeconomics.
54: Neuroethics.
55: Neuroscience and Politics.
56: New Wittgensteinians.
57: Newtonianism in Adam Smith's Social Science.
58: Nihilism.
59: Nonconceptual Content.
60: Norbert Elias: Process of Civilization and Theory of Sciences.
61: Normativism versus Realism.
62: Normativity.
63: Objectivity.
64: Observation and Theory-Ladenness.
65: Oppression.
66: Paradigms of Social Science.
67: Pareto Optimality.
68: Path Dependence.
69: Performative Theory of Institutions.
70: Personal Identity and Trauma.
71: Pessimistic Induction.
72: Phenomenological Schools of Psychology.
73: Philosophes, the.
74: Philosophical Psychology, History of.
75: Philosophy of Economics, History of.
76: Philosophy of Expertise.
77: Philosophy of History.
78: Philosophy of Politics, History of.
79: Philosophy of Sociology, History of.
80: Plural Subjects.
81: Policy Applications of the Social Sciences.
82: Political Psychology.
83: Popper's Philosophy of Science.
84: Positivism, History of.
85: Postcolonial Studies.
86: Postindustrial Society.
87: Postmodernism.
88: Power.
89: Pragmatism.
90: Pragmatism and the Social Sciences.
91: Preference.
92: Prejudice and Stereotyping.
93: Primatology and Social Science Applications.
94: Probability.
95: Promises and Agreements.
96: Prophecy, Self-Fulfilling/Self-Defeating.
97: Pseudoscience.
98: Psychoanalysis, Philosophical Issues in.
99: Public Goods.
100: Public Reason and Justification.
101: Race, Theories of.
102: Racial Critiques of Social Science Applications.
103: Rational Choice and Political Science.
104: Rational Expectations.
105: Rationality and Social Explanation.
106: Realism and Anti-Realism in the Social Sciences.
107: Reduction and the Unity of Science.
108: Reductionism in the Social Sciences.
109: Reflective Equilibrium.
110: Reflexivity.
111: Reification.
112: Relativism and the Social Sciences: From the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis to Peter Winch.
113: Relativism in Scientific Theories.
114: Relativisms and Their Ontologies.
115: Reputation, in Social Science.
116: Retrodiction and the Epistemology of Future Studies.
117: Risk.
118: Rule Following.
119: Scheler's Social Person.
120: Schizophrenia: Psychoanalytic, Phenomenological, and Contemporary Philosophical Approaches.
121: Science and Ideology.
122: Scientific Method.
123: Scottish Enlightenment: Influence on the Social Sciences.
124: Searle and the Construction of Social Reality.
125: Self and Essential Indexicality.
126: Self and the Social Sciences.
127: Self-Direction and Self-Ownership.
128: Self-Knowledge.
129: Semantics and Pragmatics.
130: Sen's Paretian Liberal.
131: Serendipity.
132: Sexuality.
133: Simmel's Philosophy of Society.
134: Simulation Theory.
135: Situated Action.
136: Situated Cognition.
137: Situational Analysis.
138: Situational Logic.
139: Social Anthropology.
140: Social Anti-Individualism and the Mental.
141: Social Capital.
142: Social Choice Theory.
143: Social Cognition.
144: Social Construction of Reality.
145: Social Constructivism.
146: Social Contract Theories.
147: Social Conventions.
148: Social Epistemology.
149: Social Facts.
150: Social Institutions.
151: Social Interactions: Individual Decision and Group Formation.
152: Social Networks.
153: Social Neuroscience.
154: Social Norms.
155: Social Objects versus Technical Objects.
156: Social Ontology, Recent Theories of.
157: Social Perception.
158: Social Practices.
159: Social Rules.
160: Social Studies of Science and Technology.
161: Sociobiology.
162: Sociolinguistics.
163: Sociology of Knowledge and Science.
164: Solidarity.
165: Space, Philosophical Theories of.
166: Space, Social Theories of.
167: Speech Acts.
168: Spontaneous Order.
169: Straussian Critique of Social Science.
170: Strong Program in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.
171: Structural Functionalism, in Social Theory.
172: Structuralism and Poststructuralism.
173: Supervenience.
174: Symbolic Interactionism.
175: Symbolism.
176: Systems Theory.
177: Tacit Knowledge.
178: Team Reasoning.
179: Technological Convergence.
180: Technoscience and Society.
181: Teleosemantics.
182: Theory of Teams.
183: Theory Theory.
184: Therapy, Psychological and Philosophical Issues.
185: Thought Experiments.
186: Time, Philosophical Theories of.
187: Time, Social Theories of.
188: Transcendental Arguments.
189: Transcendental Pragmatics.
190: Transhumanism and Human Enhancement.
191: Trust, Epistemic.
192: Trust, Social.
193: Truth, Philosophical Theories of.
194: Unconscious.
195: Unconscious Social Behavior.
196: Utopianism.
197: Value Neutrality in Science.
198: Verificationism.