eBook Civil War Era and Reconstruction (1861-1877): An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History, 1st Edition

  • Mary Ellen Snodgrass
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0765682591
  • ISBN-13: 9780765682598
  • DDC: 973.703
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 864 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released September 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Bringing a fresh, multidisciplinary approach to a critical turning point in American history, this new work focuses on non-military aspects of national life from the attack on Fort Sumter in April 1861 to the end of Reconstruction in 1877. Reflecting the latest scholarship in the field, the more than 300 A-Z articles and essays in this encyclopedia—complemented by a full array of photos, maps, tables, sidebars, primary documents, and an in-depth chronology of events—cover developments in politics, government, and law; economics, industry, and commerce; science, technology, and medicine; family and community life; religion, culture, and the arts. The work illuminates broad themes and day-to-day events from multiple perspectives—Northerners and Southerners, slaves and freedmen; plantation owners and abolitionists; frontier settlers and factory workers; Native Americans, women, children, and immigrant groups.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Civil War Era and Reconstruction 1861 - 1877: Table of Contents.
Introduction: The Civil War Era and Reconstruction, 1861–1877.
A-Z Entries.
1: Abolitionism.
2: Agassiz, Louis (1807–1873).
3: Agriculture.
4: Alaska.
5: Alcott, Louisa May (1832–1888).
6: American Flag.
7: American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
8: Anthony, Susan B. (1820–1906).
9: Arizona.
10: Arlington National Cemetery.
11: Armour, Philip Danforth (1832–1901).
12: Art and Architecture.
13: Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Railroad.
14: Atlanta, Georgia.
15: Baltimore, Maryland.
16: Bancroft, George (1800–1891).
17: Banking and Finance.
18: Barnum, P.T. (1810–1891).
19: Barton, Clara (1821–1912).
20: Bass, Sam (1851–1878).
21: Baylor, John R. (1822–1894).
22: Bell, Alexander Graham (1847–1922).
23: Benjamin, Judah P. (1811–1884).
24: Bethlehem Steel.
25: Bicycles.
26: Black Codes.
27: Black Communities.
28: Black Kettle (ca. 1803–1868).
29: Black Marketing.
30: Black Migration.
31: Blackmore, William Henry (1827–1878).
32: Bloomingdale's.
33: Booth, John Wilkes (1838–1865).
34: Borden, Gail (1801–1874).
35: Boston, Massachusetts.
36: Bozeman Trail.
37: Brady, Mathew (1822?–1896).
38: Brewing.
39: Brown, Olympia (1835–1926).
40: Buffalo.
41: Buffalo Soldiers.
42: Burbank, Luther (1849–1926).
43: Bureau of Agriculture, U.S..
44: Bureau of Indian Affairs.
45: California.
46: Capitol, U.S..
47: Captain Jack (ca. 1837–1873).
48: Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919).
49: Carpetbaggers and Scalawags.
50: Catholicism.
51: Cattle and Livestock.
52: Centennial Celebration, U.S..
53: Central Pacific Railroad.
54: Cereals and Grains.
55: Charleston, South Carolina.
56: Chase, Salmon P. (1808–1873).
57: Chesnut, Mary (1823–1886).
58: Chicago, Illinois.
59: Chicago Fire.
60: Child, Lydia Maria (1802–1880).
61: Children and Childhood.
62: Chisholm Trail.
63: Christian Science.
64: Cincinnati, Ohio.
65: Cinco de Mayo.
66: Citizenship.
67: Civil Rights.
68: Clothes and Fashion.
69: Coal and Coal Mining.
70: Cochise (1812–1874).
71: Colfax, Schuyler (1823–1885).
72: Colleges and Universities.
73: Colorado.
74: Columbia, South Carolina.
75: Comstock Act (1873).
76: Cooke, Jay (1821–1905).
77: Cook's Tours.
78: Copperheads.
79: Cornell, Ezra (1807–1874).
80: Cotton.
81: Crazy Horse (ca. 1842–1877).
82: Crime and Punishment.
83: Custer, George Armstrong (1839–1876).
84: Dakota Territory.
85: Damien, Father (1840–1889).
86: Davis, Jefferson (1808–1889).
87: Deering-Milliken & Company.
88: Democratic Party.
89: Dentistry.
90: Department of Justice, U.S..
91: Department Stores.
92: Depression of 1873–1878.
93: Desert Land Act (1877).
94: Dewey, Melvil (1851–1931).
95: Dickinson, Emily (1830–1886).
96: Diseases and Epidemics.
97: Dix, Dorothea (1802–1887).
98: Dodge City, Kansas.
99: Douglass, Frederick (1817–1895).
100: Draft and Draft Riots.
101: Economy, Business, and Industry.
102: Education.
103: Election of 1860.
104: Election of 1864.
105: Election of 1868.
106: Election of 1872.
107: Election of 1876.
108: Electricity.
109: Emancipation Proclamation.
110: Everett, Edward (1794–1865).
111: Ex Parte Milligan (1866).
112: Exploration.
113: Family, Community, and Society.
114: Fessenden, William (1806–1869).
115: Fetterman Massacre.
116: Field, Cyrus W. (1819–1892).
117: Fifteenth Amendment.
118: Fish, Hamilton (1808–1893).
119: Fish Commission, U.S..
120: Food and Food Preservation.
121: Foreign Affairs.
122: Fort System.
123: Forten, Charlotte (1837–1914).
124: Four Corners Region.
125: Fourteenth Amendment.
126: Fraternal Organizations.
127: Freedmen's Bureau.
128: Frontier Life.
129: Gage, Matilda Joslyn (1826–1898).
130: Gas Lighting.
131: Geronimo (1829–1909).
132: Gettysburg Address.
133: Gibbs, Josiah Willard (1839–1903).
134: Godey's Lady's Book.
135: Gold Rushes.
136: Gold Standard.
137: Goodnight-Loving Trail.
138: Gould, Jay (1836–1892).
139: Grange Movement.
140: Grant, Ulysses S. (1822–1885).
141: Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company.
142: Great Lakes.
143: Greeley, Horace (1811–1872).
144: Habeas Corpus, Suspension of.
145: Hale, Sarah Josepha (1788–1879).
146: Hamlin, Hannibal (1809–1891).
147: Hardin, John Wesley (1853–1895).
148: Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins (1825–1911).
149: Harper's Weekly.
150: Harte, Bret (1836–1902).
151: Hawaiian Islands.
152: Hayes, Rutherford B. (1822–1893).
153: Heinz, H.J. (1844–1919).
154: Hickok, James Butler “Wild Bill” (1837–1876).
155: Home Economics.
156: Homestead Act (1862).
157: Horse Breeding.
158: Horse Racing.
159: Hospitals and Asylums.
160: Howard, Oliver Otis (1830–1909).
161: Howe, Julia Ward (1819–1910).
162: Hutterites.
163: Idaho Territory.
164: Immigration.
165: Indian Appropriation Act of 1871.
166: Indian Reservations.
167: Industry and Manufacturing.
168: Internal Revenue Act of 1864.
169: Jacobs, Harriet (1813–1897).
170: James Gang.
171: Jehovah's Witnesses.
172: Jim Crow.
173: Johnson, Andrew (1808–1875).
174: Jones, Mother (1837–1930).
175: Joseph, Chief (1840–1904).
176: Judaism.
177: Kansas.
178: Kemble, Fanny (1809–1893).
179: King, Richard (1824–1885).
180: Knights of the White Camellia.
181: Ku Klux Klan.
182: Labor and Labor Unions.
183: Land-Grant Colleges.
184: Law and Courts.
185: Law Enforcement.
186: Lilly, Eli (1838–1898).
187: Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865).
188: Literacy.
189: Literature.
190: Little Bighorn, Battle of the.
191: Long Walk of the Navajo.
192: Lowe, Thaddeus (1832–1913).
193: Lumbering.
194: Macy's.