eBook Middle East: Region in Transition: Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615304142
  • ISBN-13: 9781615304141
  • DDC: 956.9
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 224 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

While each country's centrality to the future of Middle East politics and strategy remains unequivocal, the social and cultural traditions of Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan reveal a robust blend of Mediterranean and Arab influences. Home to diverse populations who have experienced centuries of exposure to an array of influences, each country boasts ancient monuments that testify to its ability to withstand conflict and absorb various peoples and ideas. This rich volume profiles the intertwined histories of these three countries and the geographic, economic, and social factors that have come to define each.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Syria: The Land and Its People.
2: Relief.
3: Mount Hermon.
4: Drainage.
5: Orontes River.
6: Soils.
7: Climate.
8: Plant and Animal Life.
9: Ethnic and Linguistic Groups.
10: Religion.
11: Settlement Patterns.
12: ‘Alawite.
13: Rural Settlement.
14: Urban Settlement.
15: Demographic Trends.
16: Aleppo.
17: The Syrian Economy.
18: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing.
19: Resources and Power.
20: Euphrates Dam.
21: Manufacturing.
22: Finance.
23: Trade.
24: Services.
25: Labour and Taxation.
26: Transportation.
27: Hejaz Railway.
28: Syrian Government and Society.
29: Local Government.
30: Justice.
31: Political Process.
32: Security.
33: Ba‘th Party.
34: Health and Welfare.
35: Housing.
36: Education.
37: Syrian Cultural Life.
38: Daily Life and Social Customs.
39: The Arts.
40: Nizār Qabbānī.
41: Cultural Institutions.
42: Krak des Chevaliers.
43: Sports and Recreation.
44: Media and Publishing.
45: Syria: Past and Present.
46: From Early History to the Hellenistic and Roman Periods.
47: Ebla.
48: The Hellenistic Age.
49: Roman Provincial Organization.
50: Economy and Culture.
51: Byzantine Syria.
52: Medieval Period.
53: Early Islamic Rule.
54: Khālid ibn Al-Walīd.
55: Great Mosque of Damascus.
56: The Umayyads.
57: The ‘Abbāsids.
58: From the 9th to the 12th Century.
59: The Ayyūbids and Mamlūks.
60: Ottoman Period.
61: Ottoman Government, 16th–17th Centuries.
62: ‘Abd Al-Ghanī Al-Naābulusī.
63: Decline of Ottoman Authority.
64: Egyptian Domination.
65: Ottoman Rule Restored.
66: World War I.
67: Fayṣal I.
68: French Mandate.
69: World War II and Independence.
70: Early Years of Independence.
71: The Colonels.
72: The Union with Egypt, 1958–61.
73: The “Secessionist” Regime, 1961–63.
74: Ba‘thist Syria After 1963.
75: Emergence and Fracture of the Syrian Ba‘th.
76: Ḥafiz al-Assad.
77: Ideology and Foreign Policy to 1990.
78: Bashar al-Assad.
79: Foreign Engagement and Domestic Change Since 1990.
80: Lebanon: The Land and Its People.
81: Relief.
82: Lebanon Mountains.
83: Līṭānī River.
84: Drainage.
85: Soils.
86: Climate.
87: Plant and Animal Life.
88: Ethnic and Linguistic Groups.
89: Religion.
90: Druze.
91: Settlement Patterns.
92: Demographic Trends.
93: The Lebanese Economy.
94: Agriculture.
95: Resources and Power.
96: Manufacturing.
97: Finance.
98: Bekaa Valley.
99: Trade.
100: Services.
101: Labour and Taxation.
102: Transportation.
103: Lebanese Government and Society.
104: Local Government.
105: Justice.
106: Political Process.
107: Security.
108: Health and Welfare.
109: Housing.
110: Education.
111: Social and Economic Division.
112: American University of Beirut.
113: Lebanese Cultural Life.
114: Daily Life and Social Customs.
115: The Arts.
116: Khalil Gibran.
117: Cultural Institutions.
118: Sports and Recreation.
119: Media and Publishing.
120: Lebanon: Past and Present.
121: Byblos.
122: Phoenicia.
123: Relations with Egypt.
124: Phoenicia as a Colonial and Commercial Power.
125: Assyrian and Babylonian Domination of Phoenicia.
126: Persian Period.
127: Greek and Roman Periods.
128: Lebanon in the Middle Ages.
129: Maronite Church.
130: Ottoman Period.
131: Bashīr Shihāb II.
132: French Mandate.
133: Lebanon After Independence.
134: Khuri Regime, 1943–52.
135: Chamoun Regime and the 1958 Crisis.
136: Chehabism: From Chehab to Hélou, 1958–76.
137: Civil War.
138: Mūsā al-Ṣadr.
139: Lebanon's Second Republic (1990– ).
140: Hezbollah.
141: Hassan Nasrallah.
142: Jordan: The Land and Its People.
143: Relief.
144: Drainage.
145: Dead Sea.
146: Soils.
147: Climate.
148: Plant and Animal Life.
149: Ethnic Groups.
150: Languages.
151: Religion.
152: Settlement Patterns.
153: Demographic Trends.
154: Irbid.
155: The Jordanian Economy.
156: Agriculture.
157: Resources and Power.
158: Manufacturing.
159: Finance.
160: Trade.
161: Services.
162: Labour and Taxation.
163: King's Highway.
164: Transportation and Telecommunications.
165: Jordanian Government and Society.
166: Local Government.
167: Justice.
168: Political Process.
169: Security.
170: Health and Welfare.
171: Housing.
172: Education.
173: Jordanian Cultural Life.
174: The Arts.
175: Cultural Institutions.
176: Sports and Recreation.
177: Media and Publishing.
178: Jordan: Past and Present.
179: Biblical Associations.
180: The Latin Kingdom and Muslim Domination.
181: Petra.
182: Transjordan, the Hāshimite Kingdom, and the Palestine War.
183: Hāshimite.
184: Jordan under King Ḥussein.
185: Securing the Throne, 1953 to c. 1960.
186: The PLO and the June 1967 War.
187: From 1967 to Civil War.
188: From 1973 to the Intifāḍah.
189: Renouncing Claims to the West Bank.
190: From the Persian Gulf War to Peace with Israel.
191: Ḥussein's Last Years and the Ascension of ‘Abdullāh II.
192: Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.