eBook Biomes & Ecosystems, 1st Edition

  • Robert Warren Howarth
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1429838183
  • ISBN-13: 9781429838184
  • DDC: 577.82
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1440 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released April 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This academic, multi-author reference work serves as a general and non-technical resource for students and teachers to understand the importance of biomes and ecosystems; to discover the biology and geography of these places around the world; to learn the history of biomes and ecosystems; and to initiate educational discussion brought forth by the specific social and topical articles presented in the work.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Publisher's Note.
About the Editors.
Introduction.
Topic Finder.
List of Contributors.
Illustrations.
1: Overviews.
2: Marine and Oceanic Biomes.
3: Coastal Seas.
4: Coastal Wetlands.
5: Continental Shelves.
6: Coral Reefs and Seagrass Beds.
7: Estuaries, Bays, Lagoons, and Coastal Rivers.
8: High Latitude Oceanic Regions.
9: Intertidal Zones.
10: Tropical and Subtropical Oceanic Regions.
11: Upwelling Ecosystems.
12: Inland Aquatic Biomes.
13: Freshwater Lakes.
14: Great Lakes.
15: Ponds.
16: Rivers.
17: Saline Lakes.
18: Streams.
19: Wetlands.
20: Desert Biomes.
21: Coastal Deserts.
22: Mid-Latitude Deserts.
23: Paleodeserts.
24: Polar Deserts.
25: Rain Shadow Deserts.
26: Trade Wind Deserts.
27: Forest Biomes.
28: Boreal Forests and Taiga.
29: Mediterranean Forests.
30: Montane Forests.
31: Plantation Forests.
32: Subtropical Forests.
33: Temperate Coniferous Forests.
34: Temperate Deciduous Forests.
35: Tropical Rainforests.
36: Tropical Seasonal Forests.
37: Grassland, Tundra, and Human Biomes.
38: Agroecosystems.
39: Montane Meadows.
40: Pasture Lands.
41: Temperate Grasslands.
42: Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands.
43: Tropical Savannas.
44: Tundra Ecosystems.
45: Urban and Suburban Systems.
Title Page.
1: Articles.
2: Acacia-Commiphora Bushlands and Thickets.
3: Acadia Intertidal Zones.
4: Ad Dahna Desert.
5: Aden, Gulf of.
6: Adriatic Sea.
7: Aegean Sea.
8: Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga.
9: Albemarle-Pamlico Sound.
10: Albert, Lake (Africa).
11: Albertine Rift Montane Forests.
12: Aldabra Atoll.
13: Allegheny Highlands Forests.
14: Alps Conifer and Mixed Forests.
15: Amazon River.
16: Amu Darya River.
17: Amur River.
18: Anatolian Conifer and Deciduous Mixed Forests.
19: Anatolian Steppe, Central.
20: Andaman Sea.
21: Andean Montane Forests, Northwestern.
22: Andean Páramo Grasslands.
23: Andean Puna Grasslands, Central.
24: Andros Barrier Reef.
25: An Nafud Desert.
26: Antarctic (Southern) Ocean.
27: Apalachicola Bay.
28: Apo Coral Reef.
29: Appalachian-Blue Ridge Forests.
30: Appalachian Mixed Mesophytic Forests.
31: Arabian Sea.
32: Arafura Sea.
33: Arafura Swamp.
34: Aral Sea.
35: Araya and Paria Xeric Scrub.
36: Arctic Desert.
37: Arctic Ocean.
38: Arctic Tundra, High.
39: Arctic Tundra, Low.
40: Argentine Monte.
41: Arizona Mountains Forests.
42: Arkansas River.
43: Arnhem Land Tropical Savanna.
44: Ascension Scrub and Grasslands.
45: Ashmore Reef.
46: Atacama Desert.
47: Atchafalaya Swamp.
48: Athabaska, Lake.
49: Atlantic Coastal Forests, Middle.
50: Atlantic Coastal Forests, Southern.
51: Atlantic Equatorial Coastal Forests.
52: Atlantic Ocean, North.
53: Atlantic Ocean, South.
54: Australian Alps Montane Grasslands.
55: Australian Temperate Forests, Eastern.
56: Australia Woodlands, Southwest.
57: Azores Temperate Mixed Forests.
58: Baffin Bay.
59: Baffin Coastal Tundra.
60: Bahia Forests.
61: Baikal, Lake.
62: Baja California Desert.
63: Balkhash, Lake.
64: Baltic Sea.
65: Bangweulu Wetlands.
66: Banrock Station Wetlands.
67: Barataria-Terrebonne Estuary.
68: Barents Sea.
69: Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System.
70: Bengal, Bay of.
71: Beni Savanna.
72: Bering Sea.
73: Bikar Atoll.
74: Black Sea.
75: Blue Mountains Forests.
76: Borneo Rainforests.
77: Brahmaputra River.
78: Brahmaputra Valley Semi-Evergreen Forests.
79: Brigalow Tropical Savanna.
80: Brisbane River.
81: British Columbia Mainland Coastal Forests.
82: Brooks-British Range Tundra.
83: Buru Rainforest.
84: Caatinga Dry Woodland.
85: Cabayugan River.
86: California Central Valley Grasslands.
87: California Chaparral and Woodlands.
88: California Coastal Forests, Northern.
89: Camargue Wetlands.
90: Cameroon Savanna Plantation Forests.
91: Campos Rupestres Montane Savanna.
92: Canary Islands Dry Woodlands and Forests.
93: Candaba Swamp.
94: Cardamom Mountains Rainforests.
95: Caribbean Sea.
96: Caroni Swamp.
97: Carpathian Montane Conifer Forests.
98: Carpentaria Tropical Savanna.
99: Cascades Forests, Eastern.
100: Caspian Lowland Desert.
101: Caspian Sea.
102: Caucasus Mixed Forests.
103: Celtic Broadleaf Forests.
104: Central American Atlantic Moist Forests.
105: Central American Montane Forests.
106: Cerrado Grasslands.
107: Chad, Lake.
108: Chad, Lake, Flooded Savanna.
109: Chagos Archipelago.
110: Cham Islands Coral Reefs.
111: Champlain, Lake.
112: Chatham Island Temperate Forests.
113: Chesapeake Bay.
114: Chihuahuan Desert.
115: Chilean Matorral Forests.
116: Chile Intertidal Zones.
117: China Loess Plateau Mixed Forests, Central.
118: Chittagong Hill Tracts Plantation Forests.
119: Christmas and Cocos Islands Tropical Forests.
120: Chukchi Sea.
121: Clipperton Island.
122: Coiba Island Coral Reefs.
123: Colorado Plateau Shrublands.
124: Colorado River.
125: Colorado Rockies Forests.
126: Columbia River.
127: Congaree Swamp.
128: Congolian Lowland Forests.
129: Congolian Swamp Forests.
130: Congo River.
131: Connecticut River.
132: Coongie Lakes.
133: Cooper Creek.
134: Copper Plateau Taiga.
135: Coral Triangle.
136: Córdoba Montane Savanna.
137: Costa Rican Seasonal Moist Forests.
138: Cyprus Mediterranean Forests.
139: Danube Delta.
140: Danube River.
141: Darling River.
142: Dead Sea.
143: Deccan Plateau Dry Deciduous Forests.
144: Dee Estuary.
145: Diamantina River.
146: Dnieper River.
147: Dongsha Islands.
148: Don River.
149: Dry Valleys Desert.
150: East African Montane Forests.
151: East China Sea.
152: East Siberian Sea.
153: Ecotourism.
154: Edwards Plateau Savanna.
155: Elbe River.
156: Erie, Lake.
157: Ethiopian Montane Moorlands.
158: Euphrates River.
159: European Broadleaf Forests, Western.
160: Everglades Wetlands.
161: Eyre, Lake.
162: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago.
163: Fisheries.
164: Florida Keys Coral Reef.
165: Fraser River.
166: Fundy, Bay of.
167: Galápagos Islands Xeric Scrub.
168: Gambia River.
169: Ganges River.
170: Ghats Montane Rainforests, Northwestern and Southwestern.
171: Gibson Desert.
172: Gironde Estuary.
173: Gobi Desert.
174: Godavari Estuary.
175: Gondwana Rainforest.
176: Great Barrier Reef.
177: Great Basin Desert.
178: Great Basin Montane Forests.
179: Great Bay Estuary.
180: Great Bear Lake.
181: Great Black Swamp.
182: Great Cypress Swamp.
183: Great Dismal Swamp.
184: Great Lakes Forests.
185: Great Salt Lake.
186: Great Sandy-Tanami Desert.
187: Great Slave Lake.
188: Great Victoria Desert.
189: Guyanan Savanna.
Title Page.
1: Hauraki Plains Wetlands.
2: Hawaiian Intertidal Zones.
3: Hawaiian Tropical Moist Forests.
4: Hawaiian Tropical Shrublands.
5: Highveld Grasslands.
6: Himalayan Alpine Shrub and Meadows, Eastern.
7: Himalayan Alpine Shrub and Meadows, Western.
8: Himalayan Broadleaf Forests.
9: Himalayan Subalpine Conifer Forests.
10: Himalayan Subtropical Pine Forests.
11: Hokkaido Montane Conifer Forests.
12: Honey Island Swamp.
13: Hudson Bay.
14: Hudson Bay Lowlands.
15: Hudson River.
16: Huetar Norte Plantation Forests.
17: Humber Estuary.
18: Huntsman Valley (Tasmania) Plantation Forests.
19: Huron, Lake.
20: Iberian Conifer Forests.
21: Iceland Boreal Birch Forests and Alpine Tundra.
22: Indian Ocean.
23: Indian Ocean Islands (Southern) Tundra.
24: Indochina Dry Forests, Central.
25: Indochina Subtropical Forests.
26: Indus River.
27: Indus Valley Desert.
28: Irrawaddy Moist Deciduous Forests.
29: Irrawaddy River.
30: iSimangaliso Wetlands (St. Lucia Estuary).
31: Italian Sclerophyllous and Semi-Deciduous Forests.
32: Itigi-Sumbu Thicket.
33: Japan, Sea of.
34: Java-Bali Rainforests.
35: Jordan River.
36: Junggar Basin Semi-Desert.
37: Kafue Flats.
38: Kakadu Wetlands.
39: Kakamega Rainforest.
40: Kalaallit Nunaat Arctic Tundra.
41: Kalahari Desert.
42: Kalahari Xeric Savanna.
43: Kalimantan (Indonesia) Rainforests.
44: Kara Sea.
45: Kazakh Steppe.
46: Kennebec Estuary.
47: Kimberley Tropical Savanna.
48: Kinabalu Montane Alpine Meadows.
49: Klamath Estuary.
50: Klamath-Siskiyou Forests.
51: Kuitpo Plantation Forest.
52: Ladoga, Lake.
53: Lake Télé-Lake Tumba Swamps.
54: Lakshadweep Coral Reefs.
55: Laptev Sea.
56: Leeward Islands Xeric Scrub.
57: Lena River.
58: Limpopo River.
59: Logging Industry.
60: Loire River.
61: Long Island Sound.
62: Lord Howe Island Subtropical Forests.
63: Luang Prabang Montane Rainforests.
64: Lukanga Swamp.
65: Luzon Rainforest.
66: Mackenzie River.
67: Madagascar Lowland Forests.
68: Madeira Evergreen Forests.
69: Magdalena River.
70: Magdalena Valley Montane Forest.
71: Magellanic Subpolar Forests.
72: Malabar Coast Moist Forests.
73: Malawi, Lake.
74: Maldives.
75: Mana Pools.
76: Manchurian Mixed Forests.
77: Mannar, Gulf of, Coral Reefs.
78: Maracaibo, Lake.
79: Marajó Varzea Forests.
80: Marielandia Antarctic Tundra.
81: Maudlandia Antarctic Desert.
82: Mediterranean Conifer-Sclerophyllous-Broadleaf Forests, Eastern.
83: Mediterranean Sea.
84: Meghalaya Subtropical Forests.
85: Mekong Delta.
86: Mekong River.
87: Mesoamerican Barrier Reef.
88: Mexican Wetlands, Central.
89: Mexico, Gulf of.
90: Michigan, Lake.
91: Middle East Steppe.
92: Mid-Pacific Gyre.
93: Mingo Swamp.
94: Miombo Woodlands.
95: Mississippi Lowland Forests.
96: Mississippi River.
97: Missouri River.
98: Mojave Desert.
99: Mongolian-Manchurian Grassland.
100: Montana Valley and Foothill Grasslands.
101: Monte Alegre Varzea Forests.
102: Monterey Bay Intertidal Zone.
103: Mount Desert Island Intertidal Zone.
104: Murray River.
105: Murrumbidgee River.
106: Muskwa-Slave Lake Forests.
107: Namib Desert.
108: Namibian Savanna Woodlands.
109: Nariva Swamp.
110: Narragansett Bay.
111: Nasser, Lake.
112: Nebraska Sand Hills Desert.
113: Nelson River.
114: Nenjiang River Grassland.
115: New Caledonia Barrier Reef.
116: New Caledonia Dry Forests.
117: New England-Acadian Forests.
118: New Guinea Freshwater Swamp Forests.
119: New Jersey Pine Barrens.
120: New Zealand Intertidal Zones.
121: Nicaragua, Lake.
122: Nicoya, Gulf of.
123: Niger Delta Flooded Savanna, Inner.
124: Niger Delta Swamp Forests.
125: Niger River.
126: Nikumaroro Coral Atoll.
127: Nile Delta Flooded Savanna.
128: Nile River.
129: Ningaloo Coral Reef.
130: Niue Island Coral.
131: North Sea.
132: Northwestern Mixed Grasslands.
133: Novel Ecosystems.
134: Nubian Desert.
135: Ob River.
136: Oder River.
137: Ogilvie-Mackenzie Alpine Tundra.
138: Ohio River.
139: Okanagan Dry Forests.
140: Okavango Delta.
141: Okeechobee, Lake.
142: Okefenokee Swamp.
143: Okhotsk, Sea of.
144: Olango Island Group Coral Reef.
145: Oman, Gulf of, Desert and Semi-Desert.
146: Onega, Lake.
147: Ontario, Lake.
148: Orange River.
149: Orinoco River.
150: Orinoco Wetlands.
151: Ozark Mountain Forests.
152: Pacific Coastal Forests, Northern.
153: Pacific Ocean, North.
154: Pacific Ocean, South.
155: Pallikaranai Wetland.
156: Pamir Alpine Desert and Tundra.
157: Pantanal Wetlands.
158: Papahanaumokuakea Coral Reefs.
159: Papuan Rainforests, Southeastern.
160: Paraguay (Eastern) Plantation Forests.
161: Parana River.
162: Parramatta River Estuary.
163: Patagonia Desert.
164: Patagonian Grasslands.
165: Peninsular Malaysian Rainforests.
166: Persian Gulf.
167: Persian Gulf Desert and Semi-Desert.
168: Pescadero Marsh.
169: Phang Nga Bay.
170: Philippine Sea.
171: Pindus Mountains Mixed Forests.
172: Piney Woods Forests.
173: Po River.
174: Potomac River.
175: Puget Lowland Forests.
176: Puget Sound.
177: Pulley Ridge Coral Reef.
178: Purus Varzea Forests.
179: Pyramid Lake.
Title Page.
1: Qilian Mountains Subalpine Meadows.
2: Queensland Tropical Rainforests.
3: Rajasthan Desert.
4: Rann of Kutch Seasonal Salt Marsh.
5: Red Butte Creek.
6: Red River of the North.
7: Red River of the South.
8: Red Sea.
9: Red Sea Coral Reefs.
10: Reelfoot Lake.
11: Rennell Island.
12: Rhine River.
13: Rhône River.
14: Riau Plantation Forests.
15: Rietvlei Wetland.
16: Rio de La Plata.
17: Rio Grande.
18: Rio Plátano.
19: Rocas Atoll.
20: Rogerstown Estuary.
21: Rub’ al Khali Desert.
22: Rural Areas.
23: Ryukyu Islands.
24: Sahara Desert.
25: Sahelian Acacia Savanna.
26: Salcombe-Kingsbridge Estuary.
27: Salween Estuary.
28: Salween River.
29: San Andres Archipelago Coral Reefs.
30: San Francisco Bay.
31: San Lucan Xeric Scrub.
32: San Mateo (California) Creek.
33: Santa Marta Montane Forests.
34: São Francisco River.
35: Sargasso Sea.
36: Saskatchewan River.
37: Saya de Malha Bank.
38: Scandinavian Coastal Conifer Forests.
39: Scheldt River.
40: Scotia Sea Islands Tundra.
41: Sechura Desert.
42: Seine River.
43: Senegal River.
44: Serengeti Volcanic Grasslands.
45: Serra do Mar Coastal Forests.
46: Severn Estuary.
47: Shark Bay.
48: Shetland Islands Intertidal Zone.
49: Shu Swamp.
50: Siberian Broadleaf and Mixed Forests, West.
51: Siberian Coastal Tundra, Northeast.
52: Sierra Madre Pine-Oak Forests.
53: Sierra Nevada Forests.
54: Simpson Desert.
55: Sitka Spruce Plantation Forest.
56: Slums.
57: Snake-Columbia Shrub Steppe.
58: Snake River.
59: Solomon Islands Rainforests.
60: Sonoran Desert.
61: South China Sea.
62: Spain (Northeastern) and France (Southern) Mediterranean Forests.
63: Spratly Islands.
64: Srebarna Lake.
65: Sri Lanka Rainforests.
66: St. Lawrence River.
67: Stromlo Plantation Forest.
68: Suburban Areas.
69: Sudanian Savanna.
70: Sudd Wetlands.
71: Suncheon Bay Wetlands.
72: Sundarbans Wetlands.
73: Superior, Lake.
74: Swan River (Australia) Estuary.
75: Syrian Desert.
76: Tahoe, Lake.
77: Takla Makan Desert.
78: Talamancan Montane Forests.
79: Tamaulipan Matorral.
80: Tanami Desert.
81: Tanganyika, Lake.
82: Tasman Sea.
83: Tengger Desert.
84: Tepuis Forests.
85: Terai-Duar Savanna and Grasslands.
86: Texas Blackland Prairies.
87: Thames River.
88: Thar Desert.
89: Tian Shan Desert.
90: Tibetan Plateau Alpine Steppe, Central.
91: Tigris-Euphrates Alluvial Salt Marsh.
92: Tigris River.
93: Titicaca, Lake.
94: Tocantins River.
95: Tonlé Sap Wetlands.
96: Torngat Mountain Tundra.
97: Tubbataha Reef.
98: Turkana, Lake.
99: Tyrrhenian-Adriatic Sclerophyllous and Mixed Forests.
100: Ural River.
101: Urban Areas.
102: Uruguayan Savannas Pampa Grasslands.
103: U.S. Hardwood Forests, Central.
104: Uvs Nuur, Lake.
105: Valdivian Temperate Forests.
106: Vanuatu Rainforests.
107: Vasyugan Swamp.
108: Veracruz Coral Reef System.
109: Victoria, Lake (Africa).
110: Vistula Estuary.
111: Volga River.
112: Volta River.
113: Wadden Sea.
114: Wakatobi Archipelago Coral Reefs.
115: Wasatch and Uinta Montane Forests.
116: Wasur Wetlands.
117: Water Management.
118: White Sea.
119: Willamette Valley Forests.
120: Windward Islands Xeric Scrub.
121: Wingello State Forest.
122: Winnipeg, Lake.
123: Wyoming Basin Shrub Steppe.
124: Xi River.
125: Yala Swamp.
126: Yalu River.
127: Yangtze River.
128: Yellow (Huang He) River.
129: Yellow Sea.
130: Yenisei River.
131: Yukon-Alaska Alpine Tundra, Interior.
132: Yukon Interior Dry Forests.
133: Yukon River.
134: Zacatonal.
135: Zagros Mountains Forest Steppe.
136: Zambezian Cryptosepalum Dry Forests.
137: Zambezian Flooded Grasslands.
138: Zambezi River.
139: Zapata Swamp.
Chronology.
Glossary.
Resource Guide.
Index.