eBook Encyclopedia of American Business, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1438135920
  • ISBN-13: 9781438135922
  • DDC: 338.097303
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 800 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released March 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Featuring more than 800 entries, the two-volume ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN BUSINESS, Revised Edition is an up-to-date, easy-to-use guide to the nuts and bolts of business jargon. Difficult ideas are explained in straightforward language to help non-specialists, students, and general readers understand the complex and sometimes confusing concepts and terms that are used in business. Five general areas of business are covered: accounting, banking, finance, marketing, and management. This encyclopedia focuses on the terms, concepts, and associations that one is most likely to encounter in business, making it a great place to start learning about how businesses operate and what the primary and different features of specific business-related functions or ideas mean.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Introduction.
Introduction to the Second Edition.
List of Contributors.
1: Accounting Oversight Board.
2: Accounts Payable, Trade Credit.
3: Accounts Receivable.
4: Accrual Basis, Cash Basis.
5: Achievement Motivation.
6: Activity-Based Costing.
7: Adaptability Screening.
8: Adjusting Entry, Trial Balance, Adjusted Trial Balance.
9: Administrative Law.
10: Adoption Process.
11: Advertising.
12: Affluent Society.
13: Affluenza.
14: Agency Theory.
15: Agricultural Support Programs.
16: Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
17: American Bankers Association.
18: American Bar Association.
19: American Customer Satisfaction Index.
20: American Depository Receipts.
21: American Dream.
22: American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO).
23: American Industrial Revolution.
24: American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
25: American Medical Association.
26: American Society for Quality.
27: American Stock Exchange.
28: Americans with Disabilities Act.
29: Amortization.
30: Amortized Loan.
31: Annual Report.
32: Annuity.
33: Antitrust Law.
34: Arbitrage.
35: Arbitration.
36: Assembly Line.
37: Assembly Plants.
38: Assessment Center.
39: Assets.
40: Attention, Interest, Desire, Action Concept.
41: Attitude, Interests, Opinions Statements.
42: Auditing.
43: Automatic Stabilizers.
44: Auto Pact.
45: Bad Debts, Aging of Accounts.
46: Bait-and-Switch.
47: Balance of Payments.
48: Balance Sheet.
49: Baldrige Award.
50: Banking System.
51: Bank of International Settlements.
52: Bank of the United States.
53: Barriers to Entry.
54: Barter.
55: Beggar-thy-Neighbor Policy.
56: Benchmarking.
57: Beta Coefficient, Capital Asset Pricing Model.
58: Better Business Bureau.
59: Big Mac Index.
60: Bill of Lading.
61: Black Monday, Tuesday, Thursday.
62: Blind Trust.
63: Blue-Chip Stocks.
64: Blue-Collar.
65: Blue Laws.
66: Board of Directors.
67: Bonds.
68: Book Value.
69: Border Environmental Cooperation Commission.
70: Boycotts.
71: Bracero Program.
72: Brady Bonds.
73: Brain Drain.
74: Brands, Brand Names.
75: Break-Even Analysis.
76: Bretton Woods.
77: Bribery.
78: Buddhist Economics.
79: Budget, Personal.
80: Budgeting, Capital Budgeting.
81: Bureau of Economic Analysis.
82: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
83: Bureau of Land Management.
84: Business and the U.S. Constitution.
85: Business Cycles.
86: Business Ethics.
87: Business Failure.
88: Business Forecasting.
89: Business Language.
90: Business Logistics.
91: Business Plan.
92: Business Roundtable.
93: Business Taxes.
94: Business Valuation.
95: Buy American Act and Campaigns.
96: Buy-Grid Model.
97: Buying-Center Concept.
98: Bylaws.
99: Cafeteria Plans.
100: Callable Bond.
101: Capital.
102: Capital Expenditure, Revenue Expenditure.
103: Capital Gain, Capital Loss.
104: Capitalism.
105: Carbon Tax.
106: Carry Trade.
107: Capital Markets, Money Markets.
108: Cartel.
109: Cash-Flow Analysis.
110: Cash Management.
111: Cause Marketing, Cause-Related Marketing (CRM).
112: Caveat Emptor.
113: Cease and Desist (C&D).
114: Center for Science in the Public Interest.
115: Centrally Planned Economy.
116: Certified Public Accountant.
117: Ceteris Paribus.
118: Chain-of-Command Principle.
119: Chamber of Commerce.
120: Chicago Board of Trade.
121: Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
122: Chief Executive Officer.
123: Chief Financial Officer.
124: Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA).
125: Churning.
126: Circuit Breakers.
127: Circular Flow Model.
128: Civil Aeronautics Board.
129: Civilian Conservation Corps.
130: Civil Procedure.
131: Civil Rights Acts.
132: Class-Action Lawsuits.
133: Classical Economics.
134: Clayton Antitrust Act.
135: Clean Air Acts.
136: Clean Water Act.
137: Closed-End Fund (CEF).
138: Closely Held Corporation.
139: Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies.
140: Coase Theorem.
141: Code of Ethics.
142: Collection Agencies.
143: Collective Bargaining.
144: Collusion.
145: Commerce Business Daily.
146: Commerce Clause.
147: Commercial Law.
148: Commercial Paper.
149: Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS).
150: Commodity Credit Corporation.
151: Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
152: Commodity Markets.
153: Common Law.
154: Common Stock, Preferred Stock, Treasury Stock.
155: Comparable Worth.
156: Comparative Advantage.
157: Compensation and Benefits.
158: Competition.
159: Competitive Advantage.
160: Compounding, Future Value.
161: Comptroller of the Currency.
162: Computer-Aided Design, Engineering, and Manufacturing.
163: Conference Board.
164: Conflict of Interest.
165: Conglomerate.
166: Consent Decree.
167: Consignment.
168: Conspicuous Consumption.
169: Consumer Advocacy.
170: Consumer Bankruptcy.
171: Consumer Behavior.
172: Consumer Buying Process.
173: Consumer Credit Counseling Service.
174: Consumer Credit Protection Act.
175: Consumer Economics.
176: Consumer Price Index.
177: Consumer Product Safety Commission.
178: Consumer Protection.
179: Consumers Union.
180: Consumption.
181: Consumption Tax.
182: Contestable Market Theory.
183: Contingency Fee.
184: Contingency Theory.
185: Contract.
186: Contract Theory.
187: Cookies.
188: Cooperative.
189: Copy.
190: Copyright, Fair Use.
191: Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency.
192: Corporate Culture.
1: Labor/Employee Relations.
2: Labor Force.
3: Labor Markets.
4: Laissez-Faire.
5: Landrum-Griffin Act.
6: Layoff.
7: Leadership.
8: Leasing.
9: Lemon Laws.
10: Letter of Credit.
11: Leverage.
12: Leveraged Buyout.
13: Liability.
14: Licensing.
15: Lien.
16: Life Cycle.
17: Lilly Ledbetter Act.
18: Limited Liability Company.
19: Limited Liability Partnership.
20: Loans.
21: Local Option Sales Tax.
22: Lorenz Curve.
23: Loss Leader.
24: Macroeconomics.
25: Madison Avenue.
26: Magistrate’s Court.
27: Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act.
28: Mail Surveys.
29: Make-or-Buy Decisions.
30: Malthusian Trap.
31: Management.
32: Management Gurus.
33: Managerial Accounting.
34: Manufacturers’ Representatives.
35: Maquiladoras.
36: Marginal Analysis.
37: Market Concentration.
38: Market Failure.
39: Marketing Communications.
40: Marketing Concept.
41: Marketing-Information Systems.
42: Marketing Strategy.
43: Market Intelligence.
44: Market Research.
45: Market Segmentation.
46: Market-Share, Market-Growth Matrix.
47: Market Structure.
48: Market Value.
49: Mark-to-Market Accounting.
50: Marshall Plan.
51: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
52: Mass Customization.
53: Mass Merchandising.
54: Master of Business Administration.
55: Matrix Management.
56: Mercantilism.
57: Mergers and Acquisitions.
58: Metropolitan Statistical Area.
59: Microeconomics.
60: Micro Lending.
61: Middle Managers.
62: Minimum Wage.
63: Mission Statement.
64: Mixed Economy.
65: Model Business Corporation Act.
66: Modern Portfolio Theory.
67: Monetary Policy.
68: Money.
69: Money Supply.
70: Monopolistic Competition.
71: Monopoly.
72: Montreal Protocol.
73: Moody’s Ratings.
74: Moral Hazard.
75: Moral Suasion.
76: Mortgage.
77: Most-Favored-Nation Clause.
78: Motivation Theory.
79: Multilevel Marketing.
80: Multinational Corporation.
81: Multiple Listing Service (MLS).
82: Mutual Funds.
83: Mutual Interdependence.
84: Nader’s Raiders.
85: National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System.
86: National Bureau of Economic Research.
87: National Income Accounting.
88: National Industrial Recovery Act.
89: National Labor Relations Board.
90: National Mediation Board.
91: Negligence.
92: Negotiable Instruments.
93: Nepotism.
94: New-Product Development.
95: New York Clearing House Association.
96: New York Mercantile Exchange.
97: New York Stock Exchange.
98: Nominal versus Real.
99: Nontariff Barriers.
100: Normal Goods/Inferior Goods.
101: Norris-LaGuardia Act.
102: North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation.
103: North American Development Bank.
104: North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
105: North American Industry Classification System.
106: Observation.
107: Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
108: Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs.
109: Office of Government Ethics.
110: Office of Management and Budget.
111: Oligopoly.
112: Ombudsmen.
113: Open-Market Operations.
114: Open Skies.
115: Opinion Leader.
116: Opportunity Cost.
117: Options, Option Contracts.
118: Organizational Commitment.
119: Organizational Learning.
120: Organizational Theory.
121: Organization Behavior.
122: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
123: Organization of American States.
124: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
125: Outplacement.
126: Outsourcing.
127: Overseas Private Investment Corporation.
128: Owner’s Equity.
129: Packaging.
130: Parallel Markets.
131: Parity.
132: Partnership.
133: Patent.
134: PATRIOT Act, USA.
135: Payroll Taxes.
136: Penny Stock.
137: Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.
138: Perfect Competition.
139: Performance Appraisal.
140: Personal Finance.
141: Personal-Interview Surveys.
142: Personal Property.
143: Personal Selling.
144: Peso Crisis.
145: Peter Principle.
146: Phillips Curve.
147: Poison-Pill Strategies.
148: Political Action Committee.
149: Pollution Rights.
150: Ponzi Scheme.
151: Positioning.
152: Poverty Line.
153: Predatory Lending.
154: Price Ceilings, Price Controls.
155: Price Discrimination.
156: Price Fixing.
157: Price Floors, Price Supports.
158: Price Indexes.
159: Pricing Strategies.
160: Primary Markets, Secondary Markets.
161: Privacy.
162: Privatization.
163: Problem Solving.
164: Process Theories.
165: Producer Price Index.
166: Producers.
167: Product.
168: Production.
169: Production-Possibilities Curve.
170: Product Liability.
171: Product Life Cycle.
172: Product-Market Growth Matrix.
173: Product Placement.
174: Product Proliferation.
175: Profit.
176: Profit Maximization.
177: Profit Sharing, Gain Sharing.
178: Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT).
179: Program Trading.
180: Project Management.
181: Promissory Note.
182: Property Rights.
183: Property Taxes.
184: Proprietary Information.
185: Proprietorship.
186: Prospectus.
187: Proxy.
188: Public Administration.
189: Public Choice Theory.
190: Public Debt and Deficit.
191: Public Relations.
192: Public Service Announcements.
193: Public Utilities.
194: Puffery.
195: Purchasing.
196: Purchasing Power Parity Theory (PPP).
197: Push and Pull Strategies.
198: Pyramid of Corporate Responsibility.
199: Quality Control.
200: Questionnaires.