eBook Health and Disease in Society: Substance Use and Abuse, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615304134
  • ISBN-13: 9781615304134
  • DDC: 616.86
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 208 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
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About

Overview

Consumed for a wide range of reasons, substances that alter a person's mood and mind are widespread in most societies. Although many such substances initially had been valued for their medicinal properties, their usage can have health-endangering consequences, including habit formation. The misuse or abuse of legal and illicit drugs and alcohol engender numerous public health concerns over time. This analytical volume examines the physical, ethical, and public policy issues that have arisen as the result of excessive and inappropriate substance use.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Drug Use and Abuse.
2: Defining Drug Abuse.
3: Characteristics of Drug Use and Abuse.
4: The Functions of Psychotropic Drugs.
5: The Nature of Drug Addiction and Dependence.
6: History of Drug Control.
7: Opium Trade in China in the 18th and 19th Centuries.
8: International Controls.
9: National Controls.
10: Extent of Contemporary Drug Abuse.
11: Mexico's Raging Drug Wars.
12: Designer Drugs.
13: Social and Ethical Issues of Drug Use and Abuse.
14: Conflicting Values in Drug Use.
15: Erich Fromm.
16: Youth and Drugs.
17: Narcotics in the Public Consciousness.
18: Issues of Legalization.
19: Speaking out on Drug Decriminalization.
20: Proponents of Legalization.
21: The Impact on Youth.
22: The Impact of Drug Prices.
23: Drug Abuse in Sports.
24: Steroid Use in Major League Baseball.
25: Statements Before Congress.
26: Psychotropic and Hallucinogenic Drugs.
27: Opium and Its Derivatives.
28: Opium Alkaloids.
29: Opium Poppy.
30: Physiological Actions of Opiates.
31: Thomas De Quincey.
32: Means of Administration.
33: Therapy for Opiate Dependence.
34: Vincent Paul Dole.
35: Hallucinogenic Drugs and Hallucination.
36: Types of Hallucinogens.
37: Albert Hofmann.
38: Peyote.
39: History of Hallucinogens.
40: Physiological and Psychological Effects.
41: Hallucinogen Users.
42: Timothy Leary.
43: Nonnarcotic Drugs, Cannabis, and Performance-Enhancing Drugs.
44: Barbiturates, Stimulants, and Tranquilizers.
45: Barbiturates.
46: Stimulants.
47: Coffee.
48: Coca.
49: Tranquilizers.
50: Cannabis.
51: Valium.
52: Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Practices.
53: Erythropoietin.
54: Gene Doping.
55: Alcohol Consumption and Health.
56: Types of Alcoholic Beverages.
57: Wine.
58: Ethyl Alcohol.
59: Beer.
60: Distilled Spirits.
61: Proof.
62: Alcohol and the Individual.
63: Absorption through the Stomach and Intestines.
64: Processing in the Liver.
65: Accumulation in the Body.
66: Effects of Alcohol on the Brain.
67: Effects on Behaviour.
68: Blood Alcohol Concentration.
69: Breathalyzer.
70: Long-Term Health Effects of Drinking.
71: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
72: Alcohol and Society.
73: Alcohol Consumption in Society.
74: History of Alcohol Use: Early Societies.
75: History of Alcohol Use: Classical Peoples.
76: Tavern.
77: Alcohol in Modern Societies.
78: Temperance Movement.
79: Prohibition.
80: Alcohol Consumption Worldwide.
81: Public House.
82: Alcohol Problems and Controls.
83: Individual and Social Effects.
84: Alcohol Control.
85: Modern Trends in Understanding Alcohol Consumption.
86: Alcoholism.
87: Defining Alcoholism.
88: Elvin M. Jellinek.
89: Causes of Alcoholism.
90: Prevalence of Alcoholism.
91: Jacques Bertillon.
92: Diseases Associated with Alcoholism.
93: Acute Diseases.
94: Chronic Diseases.
95: Treatment of Alcoholism.
96: Physiological Therapies.
97: Psychological Therapies.
98: Social Treatment.
99: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).
100: Results of Treatment.
101: Smoking: Tobacco and Health.
102: Methods of Tobacco Consumption.
103: Chewing Tobacco.
104: Cigars.
105: Snuff.
106: Tobacco Pipe.
107: Cigarettes.
108: Smoking and Health.
109: Health Consequences of Smoking.
110: Nicotine.
111: Sir Richard Shaboe Doll.
112: Smoking Cessation.
113: Smoking: Public Policy and Social and Cultural History.
114: Smoking and Public Policy.
115: The Goals and Strategies of Public Policy on Smoking.
116: Regulation.
117: Taxation.
118: Litigation Against the Tobacco Industry.
119: Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.
120: A Social and Cultural History of Smoking.
121: Tobacco in New World Culture.
122: Sacred Pipe.
123: Tobacco in Old World Culture.
124: Jean Nicot.
125: The Age of the Cigarette.
126: George Washington Hill.
127: Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.