eBook Oil: A Cultural and Geographic Encyclopedia of Black Gold, 1st Edition

  • Editor: Xiaobing Li
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1610692721
  • ISBN-13: 9781610692724
  • DDC: 338.2
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 824 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2015 | Published/Released December 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2015
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Aside from air and water, oil is perhaps the most valuable natural resource. Oil supplies the tremendous energy needs of the modern world. What exactly is "oil," where does it come from, how does it get consumed, and who is using it? This encyclopedia provides clear answers to these questions and more, offering students entries on the fundamentals of the oil industry and profiles of the countries that play a major role in oil production and consumption. Volume 1 presents topical entries on critical concepts, key terms, major oil spills and disasters, and important organizations and individuals relating to the oil industry. Entries define terms such as "barrel" and "reserve," cover incidents such as the BP oil spill, and explain the significance of organizations such as OPEC. The second volume spotlights specific countries that are major producers, consumers, exporters, and importers of oil, from the United States to Russia to Saudi Arabia to Venezuela. Each profile shows readers the importance of oil in that country through a brief background history, data on its oil usage or production, information about major trading partners, and an explanation of political issues.

Contributors

Contributors

  • Xiaobing Li

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
1: Abu Dhabi National Oil Company.
2: Alaska Oil Pipeline.
3: American Petroleum Institute (API).
4: Amoco Cadiz (France) (1978).
5: Anglo-American Petroleum Agreement (1944).
6: Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC).
7: Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
8: Asian Economic Crisis (1997–1998).
9: Azadegan Field (Iran).
10: Bolivar Coastal Field (Venezuela).
11: Branobel Operating Company.
12: British Petroleum (BP).
13: Burgan Field (Kuwait).
14: Cantarell Field (Mexico).
15: Chesapeake Energy.
16: China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC).
17: China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC).
18: China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec).
19: ConocoPhillips.
20: Crude Oil.
21: Cushing, Oklahoma.
22: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (Gulf of Mexico, 2010).
23: Devon Energy Corporation.
24: Drake Well (Pennsylvania).
25: Drillship.
26: Dubai Petroleum Company.
27: Dutch Disease.
28: East Texas Oil Field.
29: Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC).
30: Energy Consumption.
31: Exploration.
32: Exports.
33: Extraction.
34: Exxon Valdez (Alaska, 1989).
35: ExxonMobil.
36: Fossil Fuels.
37: Gasoline.
38: Gazprom (Russia).
39: Ghawar Field (Saudi Arabia).
40: Globalization.
41: Great Depression (1930s).
42: Greenhouse Gas.
43: Guimaras Oil Spill (Philippines, 2006).
44: Hirsch Report (2005).
45: House of Saud.
46: Hubbert, M. King (1903–1989).
47: Hubbert Peak Theory.
48: Hurricane Rita (2005).
49: Imports.
50: Industrial Revolution.
51: International Energy Agency (IEA).
52: Iraq, U.S. Invasion of (2003).
53: Iraq National Oil Company (INOC).
54: Ixtoc Oil Spill (Gulf of Mexico, 1979–1980).
55: Jakob Maersk (Portugal, 1975).
56: Kerosene.
57: Kerr-McGee.
58: Keystone XL Pipeline.
59: Kuwait Oil Fires (1991).
60: Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC).
61: Lakeview Gusher (California).
62: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).
63: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG).
64: Lukasiewicz, Ignacy (1822–1882).
65: Lukoil (Russia).
66: Mossadegh, Mohammad (1882–1967).
67: MT Independenta (Turkey, 1979).
68: Nasser, Gamal Abdel (1918–1970).
69: National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC).
70: Natural Gas.
71: New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX).
72: Niger Delta (Nigeria) (1976–1996).
73: Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC).
74: 1967 Oil Embargo.
75: 1973 Energy Crisis.
76: 1979 Energy Crisis.
77: Nobel, Ludvig (1831–1888).
78: North Slope (Alaska).
79: Occidental Petroleum.
80: Odyssey (North Atlantic, 1988).
81: Offshore Oil.
82: Oil and Gas Pipeline.
83: Oil Barrel.
84: Oil Boom.
85: Oil Conservation.
86: Oil Depletion.
87: Oil Field.
88: Oil Imperialism.
89: Oil Major.
90: Oil Nationalization.
91: Oil Oligarchs.
92: Oil Prices.
93: Oil Sands.
94: Oil Shale.
95: Oil Tanker.
96: Oil Transportation.
97: Oil Well.
98: Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC).
99: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
100: Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza, Shah of Iran (1919–1980).
101: Pemex (Mexico).
102: Pennzoil.
103: Pertamina (Indonesia).
104: Petrobras (Brazil).
105: Petrochemicals.
106: Petrodollars.
107: Petroecuador (Ecuador).
108: Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) (Venezuela).
109: Petroleum Politics.
110: Petroleum Products.
111: Petronas (Malaysia).
112: Pipeline.
113: Piper Alpha North Sea Explosion (1988).
114: Pollutants of the Petroleum Industry.
115: Prestige Oil Spill (Spain, 2002).
116: Proration Regulatory Laws.
117: Prudhoe Bay (Alaska).
118: Qatar Petroleum Company.
119: Refining.
120: Reserves.
121: Rockefeller, John D. (1839–1937).
122: Romanian National Oil Company.
123: Rosneft (Russia).
124: Royal Dutch Shell.
125: Rumaila Field (Iraq).
126: Russia-Ukraine Oil Dispute (1991–).
127: Sadat, Anwar (1918–1981).
128: Samotlor Field (Russia).
129: Santa Barbara (California) Oil Spill (1969).
130: Saudi Aramco.
131: Sea Empress (South Wales, 1996).
132: Sea Star (Gulf of Oman, 1972).
133: Seven Sisters.
134: Simmons, Matthew (1943–2010).
135: Sonatrach (Algeria).
136: Spindletop Gusher (1901).
137: Standard Oil Company.
138: Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
139: Suez Canal (Egypt).
140: Suez Canal Crisis (1956).
141: Sugar Loaf Field (Brazil).
142: Taghiyev, Zeynalabdin (C. 1822–1924).
143: Tarbell, Ida (1857–1944).
144: Teapot Dome Scandal (1924).
145: Texaco.
146: Venezuela, National Strikes in (2003).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Albania.
2: Algeria.
3: Angola.
4: Argentina.
5: Australia.
6: Austria (Republik Österreich).
7: Azerbaijan.
8: Bahrain.
9: Belarus.
10: Bolivia.
11: Brazil.
12: Brunei.
13: Bulgaria.
14: Canada.
15: Chad.
16: Chile.
17: China (The People’s Republic of China, PRC).
18: Colombia.
19: Congo (Brazzaville).
20: Croatia.
21: Cuba.
22: Czech Republic.
23: Dominican Republic.
24: East Timor.
25: Ecuador.
26: Egypt.
27: Equatorial Guinea.
28: Finland.
29: France.
30: Gabon.
31: Germany.
32: Guatemala.
33: Hungary.
34: India.
35: Indonesia.
36: Iran.
37: Iraq.
38: Ireland.
39: Israel.
40: Italy.
41: Japan.
42: Kazakhstan.
43: Kuwait.
44: Libya.
45: Lithuania.
46: Malaysia.
47: Mexico.
48: Morocco.
49: Netherlands.
50: Nigeria.
51: Norway.
52: Oman.
53: Peru.
54: Philippines.
55: Poland.
56: Portugal.
57: Qatar.
58: Russia.
59: Saudi Arabia.
60: Singapore.
61: Slovakia.
62: South Korea (The Republic of Korea, ROK).
63: Spain.
64: Sudan.
65: Sweden.
66: Switzerland.
67: Syria.
68: Taiwan (The Republic of China, ROC).
69: Trinidad and Tobago.
70: Turkey.
71: Turkmenistan.
72: Ukraine.
73: United Arab Emirates (UAE).
74: United Kingdom.
75: United States.
76: Uzbekistan.
77: Venezuela.
78: Vietnam.
79: Yemen.
Selected Bibliography.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
Index.