eBook Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide, 1st Edition

  • Leslie Alan Horvitz
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 143813486X
  • ISBN-13: 9781438134864
  • DDC: 364.1
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 176 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released February 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF WAR CRIMES AND GENOCIDE, Revised Edition examines the contemporary history of crimes against humanity, during both wartime and peacetime. With more than 500 entries, this two-volume A-to-Z encyclopedia covers a wide range of relevant topics, including human rights, war criminals, war crimes, examples of genocide, international organizations and international law concerning war crimes, and much more. This revised edition also includes updated information on recent human rights and war crime trials. It features a primary resources section with documents that are vital to understanding this subject.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Introduction.
1: Aboriginals (Australia), Mistreatment of.
2: Aceh, War Crimes in.
3: Acosta, Jorge Eduardo.
4: Act of War.
5: Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions.
6: Afghanistan, Human Rights Violations in.
7: Aggression.
8: Ahtisaari, Martti.
9: Albania, Human Rights Violations in.
10: Algeria, Human Rights Violations in.
11: Alien Tort Claims Act.
12: American Convention on Human Rights.
13: Amherst, Jeffrey Amherst, First Baron.
14: Amin, Idi.
15: Amnesty.
16: Amnesty International.
17: Angola, War Crimes in.
18: Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention.
19: Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act.
20: Apartheid.
21: Arbour, Louise.
22: Argentina, Human Rights Violations in.
23: Argentine Anticommunist Alliance.
24: Arkan.
25: Armenia, Human Rights Violations in.
26: Armenian Genocide.
27: Arms, Trafficking in and Control Mechanisms.
28: Article 3 Common to the Geneva Conventions.
29: Asylum, Political.
30: Aung San Suu Kyi.
31: Australia, Human Rights Violations in.
32: Azerbaijan, Human Rights Violations in.
33: Babi Yar.
34: Bahrain, Human Rights Violations in.
35: Bangladesh, Human Rights Violations in.
36: Barbie, Klaus.
37: Bashir, Abu Bakar.
38: Bashir, Omar al-.
39: Basson, Wouter.
40: Belarus, Human Rights Violations in.
41: Belgian War Crimes Tribunal.
42: Belligerent Status.
43: Benenson, Peter.
44: Berbers, Human Rights Abuses of.
45: Bhutan, Human Rights Violations in.
46: Biafra, War Crimes in.
47: Biological Weapons.
48: Boere, Heinrich.
49: Bokassa, Jean-Bédel.
50: Bolivia, Human Rights Violations in.
51: Bormann, Martin.
52: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Human Rights Violations in.
53: Bousquet, René.
54: Brandt, Karl.
55: Brazil, Human Rights Violations in.
56: Brunner, Alois.
57: Bulgaria, Human Rights Violations in.
58: Bunche, Ralph Johnson.
59: Burkina Faso, Human Rights Violations in.
60: Burundi, War Crimes in.
61: Cambodia, Human Rights Violations in.
62: Cambodia, War Crimes in.
63: Cambodian Genocide Program.
64: Cameroon, Human Rights Violations in.
65: Carpet Bombing.
66: Carter Center, the.
67: Cavallo, Ricardo Miguel.
68: Ceauşescu, Nicolae.
69: Central African Republic, Human Violations in.
70: Chad, Human Rights Violations in.
71: Changchun, Famine in.
72: Chechnya, War Crimes in.
73: Chemical Weapons.
74: Children’s Rights.
75: Chile, Human Rights Violations in.
76: China, Human Rights Violations in.
77: CIA War Crimes Archive.
78: Civilian Immunity.
79: Clark, Ramsey.
80: Clauberg, Carl.
81: Cluster Bombs, Banning of.
82: Collateral Damage.
83: Collective Punishment.
84: Colombia, Human Rights Violations in.
85: Combatants, Rights of.
86: Comfort Women.
87: Committee to Protect Journalists.
88: Comoros, Human Rights Violations in.
89: Concentration Camps.
90: Conflict Diamonds.
91: Congo (Brazzaville), Human Rights Violations in.
92: Congo, Democratic Republic of the, War Crimes in.
93: Contreras, Manuel.
94: Convention against Torture.
95: Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons....
96: Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and Their Destruction.
97: Convention on the Rights of the Child.
98: Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
99: Crimes against Humanity.
100: Crimes of War Project.
101: Croatia, Human Rights Violations in.
102: Cuba, Human Rights Violations in.
103: Cultural Property, Protection of.
104: Customary Law.
105: Cyprus, Human Rights Violations in.
106: Dams and Dikes, Protection of.
107: Darfur, War Crimes in.
108: D’Aubuisson, Roberto.
109: Dayton Accords.
110: de Kock, Eugene.
111: Del Ponte, Carla.
112: Demjanjuk, John.
113: Deportations.
114: Dirty War.
115: Disappearances.
116: Displaced Person Camps.
117: Doctors’ Trial.
118: Doctors Without Borders.
119: Doihara Kenji.
120: Dominican Republic, Human Rights Violations in.
121: Dönitz, Karl.
122: Due Process.
123: Dunant, Jean-Henri.
124: Duvalier, François “Papa Doc”.
125: Duvalier, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc”.
126: East Timor, Human Rights Violations in.
127: ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG).
128: Ecuador, Human Rights Violations in.
129: Egypt, Human Rights Violations in.
130: Eichmann, Adolf.
131: Einsatzgruppen.
132: Eizenstat, Stuart.
133: El Mozote, Massacre in.
134: El Salvador, War Crimes in.
135: Equatorial Guinea, Human Rights Violations in.
136: Eritrea, Human Rights Violations in.
137: Ethiopia, Human Rights Violations in.
138: Ethnic Cleansing.
139: European Community Humanitarian Organization (ECHO).
140: European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights.
141: Euthanasia Program.
142: Executions.
143: Extrajudicial Killings.
144: Extraordinary Rendition.
145: Final Solution.
146: Finta, Imre.
147: Forced Labor.
148: Forensic Medicine and Human Rights.
149: Frank, Hans.
150: Freedom House.
151: Free-Fire Zones.
152: Frick, Wilhelm.
153: Fritzsche, Hans.
154: Fujimori, Alberto.
155: Funk, Walther.
156: Gabon, Human Rights Violations in.
157: Gambia, Human Rights Violations in.
158: Garzón, Balthasar.
159: Gaza, War Crimes in.
160: Geneva Conventions.
161: Genocide.
162: Genocide Convention.
163: Genocide Watch.
164: Georgia (Republic of), Human Rights Violations in.
165: Germans, Expulsion of.
166: Germ Warfare.
167: Gestapo.
168: Ghost Prisoners.
169: Global Rights.
170: Global Witness.
171: Goebbels, Joseph.
172: Goldstone, Richard J..
173: Göring, Hermann.
174: Gotovina, Ante.
175: Great Famine.
176: Grotian Moment.
177: Grotius, Hugo.
178: Guantánamo Detainees.
179: Guatemala, Human Rights Violations in.
180: Guinea, Human Rights Violations in.
181: Gujarat, Massacres in.
182: Gulag.
183: Guyana, Human Rights Violations in.
184: Guzmán, Juan.
185: Habré, Hissène.
186: Hague Conventions.
187: Haiti, Human Rights Violations in.
188: Haitian Human Rights Violators.
189: Halabajah.
190: Hama, Massacre in.
191: Hamdan, Salim Ahmed.
192: Hamdi, Yaser Esam.
193: Hazara, Persecution of.
194: Heim, Aribert Ferdinand.
1: MacBride, Sean.
2: Macedonia, Human Rights Violations in.
3: Majid, Ali Hassan al-.
4: Malaysia, Human Rights Violations in.
5: Manchuria, Japanese War Crimes in.
6: Marri, Ali Saleh Kahlah al-.
7: Martens Clause.
8: Mass Graves.
9: Matsui Iwane.
10: Matsuoka Yosuke.
11: Mau Mau Uprising.
12: Mauritania, Human Rights Violations in.
13: Medical Experiments.
14: Medical Personnel, Protection of.
15: Memorial.
16: Mengele, Josef.
17: Mengistu Haile Mariam.
18: Mercenaries.
19: Meron, Theodor.
20: Mexico, Human Rights Violations in.
21: Military Necessity.
22: Milošević, Slobodan.
23: Mladić, Ratko.
24: Mobutu Sese Seko.
25: Montesinos, Vladimiro Ilyich.
26: Morocco, Human Rights Violations in.
27: Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo.
28: Mullah Omar.
29: Müller, Heinrich.
30: Myanmar, Human Rights Violations in.
31: My Lai Massacre.
32: Nanjing (Nanking), Massacre in.
33: National Intelligence Directorate (DINA).
34: Nazar Haro, Miguel.
35: Nazi Party, Leadership Corps of.
36: Nepal, Human Rights Violations in.
37: Neurath, Konstantin von.
38: Ngugi wa Thiong’o.
39: Nigeria, Human Rights Violations in.
40: No Gun Ri (Korea), Massacre in.
41: Nokmin.
42: Nondefended Localities.
43: Noriega, Manuel.
44: North Korea, Human Rights Violations in.
45: Nuclear Arms and International Law.
46: Nuon Chea.
47: Nuremberg Charter.
48: Nuremberg Laws.
49: Nuremberg Trials.
50: Nzapali, Sebastian.
51: Oberheuser, Herta.
52: Obote, Milton.
53: Occupying Power.
54: Office of Special Investigations.
55: Okawa Shumei.
56: Olivera Castillo, Jorge.
57: Operation Condor.
58: Oradour, Massacre in.
59: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
60: Organization of American States (OAS).
61: Oxfam.
62: Padilla, Jose.
63: Pakistan, Human Rights Violations in.
64: Palestine, Human Rights Violations in.
65: Papen, Franz von.
66: Papon, Maurice.
67: Pavelić, Ante.
68: Philippines, Human Rights Violations in.
69: Phoenix Program.
70: Physicians for Human Rights.
71: Pillage.
72: Pinochet, Augusto.
73: Piracy and International Law.
74: Pogrom.
75: Pohl, Oswald.
76: Pol Pot.
77: Prabhakaran, Vellupillai.
78: Priebke, Erich.
79: Prisoners of Conscience.
80: Prisoners of War (POWs).
81: Protected Persons.
82: Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices.
83: Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, Second.
84: Public Property, Protection of.
85: Qaeda, al-.
86: Qahtani, Mohammed al-.
87: Raeder, Erich.
88: Rape as a Tactic of War.
89: Rapp, Stephen.
90: Refoulement.
91: Refugees.
92: Refugees International.
93: Religious Persecution.
94: Reparations.
95: Reprisal.
96: Responsibility to Protect.
97: Ribbentrop, Joachim von.
98: Ríos Montt, José Efraín.
99: Rom (Roma, Romany, Gypsies), Persecution of.
100: Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
101: Rosenberg, Alfred.
102: Russia, Human Rights Violations in.
103: Rwanda, Genocide in.
104: Rwandan Human Rights Violators.
105: Sabra and Shatilla, Massacre in.
106: Safe Havens.
107: Sakai Takashi.
108: Sanctions.
109: Sankoh, Foday.
110: Sant’Anna di Stazzema, Massacre in.
111: Sarajevo, Siege of.
112: Saravia, Álvaro.
113: Sauckel, Fritz.
114: Saudi Arabia, Human Rights Violations in.
115: Sawoniuk, Anthony.
116: Schacht, Hjalmar Horace Greeley.
117: Schellenberg, Walter.
118: Schirach, Baldur von.
119: Scorched Earth.
120: Serbia, Human Rights Violations in.
121: Seselj, Vojislav.
122: Seyss-Inquart, Arthur.
123: Shattuck, John.
124: Shimada Shigetaro.
125: Shining Path.
126: Siege.
127: Sierra Leone, Human Rights Violations in.
128: Slavery.
129: Slovenia, Human Rights Violations in.
130: Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich.
131: Somalia, Human Rights Violations in.
132: Somoza Debayle, Anastasio.
133: Somoza García, Anastasio.
134: Souaidia, Habib.
135: Soyinka, Wole.
136: Special Court for Sierra Leone.
137: Speer, Albert.
138: Srebrenica, Massacre in.
139: Sri Lanka, Human Rights Violations in.
140: SS (Schutzstaffel).
141: Stalin, Joseph.
142: Starvation as a Tactic of War.
143: Stockholm Declaration on Genocide.
144: Streicher, Julius.
145: Strössner, Alfredo.
146: Stuckart, Wilhelm.
147: Sudan, Human Rights Violations in.
148: Suharto.
149: Sullivan Principles.
150: Syria, Human Rights Violations in.
151: Taliban.
152: Tamil Tigers.
153: Ta Mok.
154: Taylor, Charles “Chuckie”.
155: Taylor, Charles Ghankay.
156: Taylor, Telford.
157: Terrorism and International Humanitarian Law.
158: Thailand, Human Rights Violations in.
159: Tiger Force.
160: Togo, Human Rights Violations in.
161: Tojo Hideki.
162: Tokyo Trials.
163: Torture.
164: Total War.
165: Touvier, Paul.
166: Trafficking in Persons.
167: Trafficking Protocol.
168: Transfer of Civilians.
169: Trujillo, Rafael Molino.
170: Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
171: Tudjman, Franjo.
172: Tunisia, Human Rights Violations in.
173: Turkey, Human Rights Violations in.
174: Turkmenistan, Human Rights Violations in.
175: Tutu, Desmond.
176: Uganda, Human Rights Violations in.
177: Ukraine, Human Rights Violations in.
178: United Arab Emirates, Human Rights Violations in.
179: United Nations and the Geneva Conventions.
180: United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.
181: United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
182: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
183: United Nations Human Rights Council.
184: United Nations Resolution 1368.
185: United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances.
186: Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
187: Universal Jurisdiction.
188: Unlawful Imprisonment.
189: Uruguay, Human Rights Violations in.
190: Ustache.
191: Uzbekistan, Human Rights Violations in.
192: Velpke Baby Farm.
193: Venezuela, Human Rights Violations in.
194: Vergès, Jacques.
195: Victims, Rights of.
196: Victims Trust Fund.
197: Vieira de Mello, Sérgio.
198: Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.
199: Vietnam, Human Rights Violations in.
200: Voluntary Codes of Conduct.