U.S. Relations with the Vatican and the Holocaust, 1940-1950

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The relationship between Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust has long been controversial. Some scholars argue that he kept silent during the Holocaust, while others maintain that he saved possibly hundreds of thousands of Jewish men, women and children.

According to many scholars, the Vatican was reluctant to openly condemn Hitler and Nazi Germany. Pius XII willingly applied direct diplomatic pressure on Axis satellite states such as Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Similarly, documented instances show initiatives taken by local Catholics under the covert direction and moral support of Pius XII.

U.S. Relations with the Vatican and the Holocaust, 1940-1950 offers rare primary sources tied to Myron Taylor, appointed as the president’s representative to the Vatican. The content includes telegrams, dispatches and letters between Taylor and his staff, the State Department, U.S. government agencies, the Vatican and the Italian government.

Vital materials focus on political affairs, Jews, refugee and relief activities, German-owned property in Rome, property rights, and the Vatican Bank.

This collection consists of the State Department’s records of the personal representative of the President to Pope Pius XII, including the Decimal File, Confidential Correspondence File and the Airgrams File.

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Archives Unbound Series

Introducing Archives Unbound -- a vast new resource that combines the best of legacy microfilms from Gale and Primary Source Media and new, never-before-filmed collections. Specifically developed to address the needs of individual scholars, universities, and organizations, Archives Unbound is unique not only for its expansive, multi-disciplinary content but also for the distinct new intuitive search platform by which it is accessed.

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"The content of Archives Unbound makes it an excellent resource for students doing research in political science, history, or ethnic studies, as well as multidisciplinary research. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-level undergraduates through faculty/researchers." --Choice, March 2011 

— Choice

"...provides a platform for various historical document archives, making them more accessible to scholars. The content is unquestionably important" --Booklist, May 2010

— Deborah Rollins