eBook The Human Body: Bone and Muscle: Structure, Force, and Motion, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615302492
  • ISBN-13: 9781615302499
  • DDC: 612.7
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 288 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

The seeming simplicity of day-to-day movement can belie the complexity of the structures that facilitate motion. More than just a framework around which the body develops, the human skeleton has evolved over time to allow humans to walk and stand upright. Muscles likewise perform a range of functions, without which the body could not manage. This comprehensive book details the anatomy and mechanisms that allow bones and muscles to operate naturally and examines the consequences of disease and injury on these fundamental components of the human body.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Human Skeletal and Muscle Systems.
2: Human Skeletal System.
3: Axial and Visceral Skeleton.
4: The Appendicular Skeleton.
5: Human Muscle System.
6: Evolutionary Context.
7: Muscles of the Lower Limb.
8: Muscles of the Upper Limb.
9: Muscles of the Head and Neck.
10: Muscles of the Trunk.
11: The Nature of Bone.
12: Evolutionary Significance.
13: Chemical Composition and Physical Properties.
14: Bone Morphology.
15: Compact Bone.
16: Cancellous Bone.
17: Epiphyses.
18: Osteons.
19: Bone Marrow.
20: Vascular Supply and Circulation.
21: Bone Resorption and Renewal.
22: Bone Remodeling.
23: Bone Formation.
24: Physiology of Bone.
25: Calcium and Phosphate Equilibrium.
26: Physiological and Mechanical Controls.
27: Hormonal Influences.
28: Nutritional Influences.
29: Bones of the Human Anatomy.
30: Bones of the Head.
31: The Skull.
32: Fontanel.
33: Zygomatic Bone.
34: Parietal Bone.
35: Occipital Bone.
36: Nasal Conchae.
37: Bones of the Vertebral Column.
38: Vertebrae.
39: The Neck.
40: The Sacrum.
41: The Coccyx.
42: Bones of the Upper Body.
43: Clavicle.
44: Scapula.
45: Sternum.
46: The Ribs.
47: Humerus.
48: Radius.
49: Ulna.
50: The Hand.
51: Bones of the Lower Body.
52: The Pelvic Girdle.
53: Femur.
54: Tibia.
55: Fibula.
56: The Foot.
57: The Nature of Muscle.
58: Striated Muscle.
59: Muscle Fibres.
60: Myofibrils.
61: Myofilaments.
62: Proteins of the Myofilaments.
63: Actin-Myosin Interaction and Its Regulation.
64: Energy Stores.
65: Molecular Mechanisms of Muscle Contraction.
66: Smooth Muscle.
67: Structure and Organization.
68: Initiation of Contraction.
69: Cross-Bridge Cycle and ATP Breakdown.
70: Mechanical Properties.
71: Cardiac Muscle.
72: Structure and Organization.
73: The Frequency of Contraction.
74: Excitation/Contraction Coupling.
75: Force and Velocity of Contraction.
76: Response of the Heart to Stress.
77: Muscles of Movement.
78: Abductor Muscle.
79: Adductor Muscle.
80: Extensor Muscle.
81: Flexor Muscle.
82: Sphincter Muscle.
83: Levator Muscle.
84: Muscles of the Back.
85: Spinalis Muscle.
86: Semispinalis Muscle.
87: Erector Spinae.
88: Iliocostalis Muscle.
89: Coccygeus Muscle.
90: Latissimus Dorsi.
91: Trapezius Muscle.
92: Muscles of the Chest and Abdomen.
93: Pectoralis Muscle.
94: Intercostalis Muscle.
95: Abdominal Muscle.
96: Muscles of the Arm.
97: Deltoideus Muscle.
98: Biceps Muscle.
99: Triceps Muscle.
100: Muscles of the Leg.
101: Gluteus Muscle.
102: Quadriceps Femoris Muscle.
103: Sartorius Muscle.
104: Gastrocnemius Muscle.
105: Soleus Muscle.
106: The Human Body in Motion.
107: Anatomy of Joints.
108: Joint Movements.
109: Joint Components.
110: Nerve Supply and Blood Supply of Joints.
111: Joint Metabolism and Nutrition.
112: Major Types of Joints.
113: Synarthroses.
114: Diarthroses.
115: Diseases and Injuries of Bone.
116: Principal Types of Diseases and Injuries.
117: Abnormal Stress on Bone.
118: Metabolic Bone Disease.
119: Deficient Blood Supply to Bone.
120: Ionizing Radiation Injury to Bone.
121: Infectious Diseases of Bone.
122: Bone Tumour.
123: Fractures.
124: Developmental Abnormalities and Hereditary Conditions.
125: Congenital Bone Diseases.
126: Inherited Disorders.
127: Dysplasia.
128: Bone Cyst.
129: Bone Cancer.
130: Osteoclastoma.
131: Osteosarcoma.
132: Enchondroma.
133: Curvature of the Spine.
134: Metatarsalgia.
135: Marble Bone Disease.
136: Morquio Syndrome.
137: Osteochondrosis.
138: Osteomalacia.
139: Osteoporosis.
140: Paget Disease of Bone.
141: Pott Disease.
142: Spondylitis.
143: Spondylosis.
144: Indications of Muscle Disease.
145: Diseases and Injuries of Muscle.
146: Primary Diseases and Disorders.
147: Muscular Dystrophy.
148: Myasthenia Gravis.
149: Toxic Myopathies.
150: Myositis.
151: Myositis Ossificans.
152: Endocrine and Metabolic Myopathies.
153: Indications of Muscle Disease.
154: Periodic Paralysis.
155: Tetany.
156: Tic.
157: Muscle Tumour.
158: Fatigue.
159: Atrophy of Muscle and Bone.
160: Atrophy in Aging.
161: Muscle Weakness.
162: Atrophy in Disuse.
163: Signs and Symptoms.
164: Disease Detection.
165: Classification of Muscle Weakness.
166: Diseases and Injuries of Joints.
167: Types of Arthritis.
168: Bursitis.
169: Infectious Arthritis.
170: Rheumatoid Arthritis and Allied Disorders.
171: Gout.
172: Collagen Diseases.
173: Miscellaneous Types of Arthritis.
174: Traumatic Joint Diseases.
175: Dislocation.
176: Fracture–Dislocation.
177: Sprain.
178: Elbow Injuries.
179: Knee Injuries.
180: Degenerative Joint Disease.
181: Congenital and Hereditary Joint Abnormalities.
182: Secondary Joint Diseases.
183: Hemorrhagic Joint Diseases.
184: Aseptic Necrosis.
185: Endocrine Factors.
186: Neurogenic Arthropathy.
187: Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy.
188: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy.
189: Tumours of Joints.
Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.