eBook Counterterrorism: From the Cold War to the War on Terror, 1st Edition

  • Frank Shanty Ph.D.
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1598845454
  • ISBN-13: 9781598845457
  • DDC: 363.325
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 994 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released October 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Global terrorism in the 21st century threatens the foundations of secular democracies and directly challenges global security thereby raising new and critical issues that transcend national borders. This two-volume reference carefully examines threats such as Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) terrorism, agro-environmental terrorism, and energy-related terrorism, and discusses technologies and strategies—such as the use of biometrics, data mining, information systems, psychological profiling, and terrorists rehabilitation efforts—to mitigate these threats.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
1: Terrorism: A Global Security Challenge.
2: Defining Terrorism: Issues and Problems.
3: Definition and Dimensions of Counterterrorism.
4: Defining the Enemy.
5: Concept of Islamist Jihad.
6: Global Terrorism: Post-9/11.
7: Insurgent Terrorism.
8: The Terrorist Threat in the 21st Century: A Global Security Problem.
9: War on Terror.
10: Historical Look at the Evolution and Effectiveness of State Counterterrorism Strategies: Laws, Policies, and Operational Tactics Post-1945.
11: Algeria.
12: Australia.
13: Austria.
14: Bangladesh.
15: Belgium.
16: Bulgaria.
17: Canada.
18: China.
19: Colombia.
20: Egypt.
21: France.
22: Germany.
23: Greece.
24: India.
25: Indonesia.
26: Ireland.
27: Israel.
28: Italy.
29: Japan.
30: Jordan.
31: Mexico.
32: Nepal.
33: Netherlands.
34: Pakistan.
35: Peru.
36: Philippines.
37: Russia.
38: Saudi Arabia.
39: Spain.
40: Sri Lanka.
41: Turkey.
42: United Kingdom.
43: United States.
44: Yemen.
45: Key Issues Impacting Counterterrorism Strategy.
46: Border, Port, and Transportation Security.
47: Combating Terrorist Recruitment, Propaganda, and Radicalization Campaigns.
48: Countering Terrorism: Law Enforcement or Military Problem?.
49: Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).
50: Counterterrorism Training.
51: Crisis Management: The Public Health System.
52: Defensive Measures against Terrorism: Military Preemption and Retaliation.
53: Economics of Counterterrorism.
54: Evolution of Global Counterterrorism Initiatives.
55: Global Arms Trafficking.
56: Globalization and Terrorism.
57: Human and Signal Intelligence: Critical Components in Effective Counterterrorism Strategies.
58: Identifying and Combating Sources of Terrorist Financing.
59: Ideology That Spawns Islamist Militancy.
60: Information Security.
61: Information Technologies to Combat Terrorism.
62: Intelligence/Information Sharing between U.S. Government Agencies.
63: Intelligence Sharing and Law Enforcement Cooperation between Nations.
64: International Law, Human Rights, and Counterterrorism.
65: International Media: A Critical Tool in the Battle against Terrorism.
66: Just War Doctrine.
67: Limitations of Technology.
68: Military Force: Effective against Terrorists?.
69: Multidisciplinary Approach to Combating Terrorism.
70: Multilateral Sanctions against State Sponsors of Terrorism.
71: Organizational Resilience and Counterterrorism.
72: Preemption: Moral and Ethical Considerations.
73: Psychological Operations.
74: Role of the International Community.
75: Safe Havens and Weak and Failing States.
76: Target Hardening.
77: Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and the Internet.
78: Terrorist Recruitment in Correctional Institutions.
79: Terrorists, Criminals, and Drug Cartels.
80: Threat Perception and Multinational Cooperation.
81: Threat, Vulnerability, and Criticality Assessments.
82: U.S. Immigration Policies: Impact on Moderate Muslims.
83: The United States, Iraq, and the Global Terrorism Problem.
84: Post-9/11 Global Counterterrorism Campaign.
85: Assassination: Targeted Killing of Terrorists.
86: Aviation Security since 9/11.
87: Central Asia: Emerging Threats.
88: China’s Xinjiang Province.
89: Combating Religiously Based Terrorism.
90: Counterterrorism in Germany: Post-9/11.
91: Counterterrorism in India.
92: Counterterrorism Policy in France.
93: Counterterrorism Policy in the United Kingdom.
94: Detention, Interrogation, and Torture of Terrorist Suspects.
95: Eliminating Terrorist Support Networks.
96: Ethical and Legal Issues in Democratic Societies: National Security and Civil Liberties.
97: Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.
98: Importance of Mutual Legal Assistance.
99: International Legal Framework to Eliminate Terrorism against Civil Aviation and Maritime Targets.
100: Joint Terrorism Task Forces.
101: Lessons of Afghanistan and Iraq.
102: Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).
103: Proliferation Security Initiative.
104: Prosecuting Terrorists in a Democratic Society.
105: Russian Counterterrorism Efforts.
106: Southeast Asia: Jemaah Islamiyah.
107: Spain’s Counterterrorism Measures.
108: Terrorism, War, and Revolution in the Middle East: Problems for U.S. Foreign Policy.
109: United Nations Global Counterterrorism Strategy: Significance and Limitations.
110: United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540.
111: U.S. Antiterrorism Assistance Program.
112: U.S. Counterterrorism Policy: Impact on International Relations.
113: U.S. Legislative Initiatives to Combat Terrorism pre-9/11.
114: U.S. Legislative Initiatives to Combat Terrorism since 9/11.
115: Counterterrorism Efforts by Regional Organizations.
116: African Union.
117: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum.
118: Council of Europe.
119: European Union.
120: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
121: Organization of American States: Inter-American Committee against Terrorism.
122: Organization of the Islamic Conference.
123: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation.
124: Research Agenda and Future Counterterrorism Challenges.
125: Afghanistan: Present and Future Challenges.
126: Airpower and Counterterrorism.
127: Biometrics Technology.
128: Combating Terrorism: A New Way Forward.
129: Connecting the Dots: Fort Hood Massacre and Northwest Airlines Flight 253.
130: Countering Agroenvironmental Terrorism.
131: Counterterrorism and the Forensic Sciences.
132: Counterterrorism Research: Current Efforts and Future Challenges.
133: Data Mining.
134: Energy-Related Counterterrorism.
135: Global Jihad Movement.
136: Interrogation: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
137: Multilateral Approach to Counterterrorism: Issues, Problems, Responses.
138: Narco-Terrorism: How Real is the Threat?.
139: Need for Empirical Research on the Effectiveness of Counterterrorism Strategies.
140: Preemptive Counterterrorism: The Need for a Global Integrated Approach.
141: Protecting Critical Infrastructure: Government/Private Sector Alliance.
142: Psychological Profiling of Terrorists.
143: Public Support and Education Campaigns.
144: Regional Challenges: Promoting Stability through Economic, Social, and Political Reforms.
145: Rehabilitation of Extremists: Methods and Practice.
146: Root Cause Analysis and Counterterrorism.
147: Sun Tzu’s Art of War: Lessons for 21st-Century Counterterrorism Practitioners.
148: Threat Convergence.
149: Understanding Foreign Cultures.
150: Weak Link: Identifying and Attacking Terrorists’ Vulnerabilities.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
1: World’s Elite Special Operations Forces.
2: 707th Special Mission Battalion (South Korea).
3: Alpha Units (Russia).
4: Army Reconnaissance Detachment 10 (Switzerland).
5: Counter Terrorism Command (United Kingdom).
6: Delta Force (United States).
7: Einsatzkommando Cobra (Austria).
8: Emergency Response Team (Canada).
9: Falcon Special Operations Brigade (Argentina).
10: Forsvarets Spesialkommando (Norway).
11: Grenzschutzgruppe 9 (Germany).
12: Groupe d’Intervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale (GIGN) (France).
13: Groupes d’Intervention de la Police Nationale (GIPN) (France).
14: Hostage Rescue Team (United States).
15: Jaegerkorpset (Denmark).
16: Joint Special Operations Command (United States).
17: Joint Task Force Two (Canada).
18: Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (United States).
19: National Security Guard (India).
20: NYPD Counterterrorism Division (United States).
21: Para Commandos (India).
22: Rapid Action Battalion (Bangladesh).
23: Royal Jordanian Special Forces (Jordan).
24: Royal Thai Navy SEALS (Thailand).
25: Sayeret Mat’kal (Israel).
26: SEAL Team 6 (United States).
27: Snow Leopard Commando Unit (China).
28: Special Air Service (New Zealand).
29: Special Air Service (United Kingdom).
30: Special Assault Team (Japan).
31: Special Boat Service (United Kingdom).
32: Special Boat Squadron (Sri Lanka).
33: Special Emergency Force (Saudi Arabia).
34: Special Forces Brigade (South Africa).
35: Special Forces Group (Belgium).
36: Special Forces Group (Japan).
37: Special Operations Command/Mobile Task Force (SEK/MEK) (Germany).
38: Special Protection Group (SSG) (Sweden).
39: Special Service Group (Pakistan).
40: Special Task Force: Sri Lankan Police Commandos (Sri Lanka).
41: Spetsnaz (Russia).
42: Tactical Assault Group (Australia).
43: Task Force 777 (Egypt).
44: Unit Interventie Mariniers (Netherlands).
45: VAT 69/UTK (Malaysia).
46: Vega Group (Russia).
47: Yehida Mishtartit Mistaravim (YAMAS) (Israel).
48: Chronology of Major Counterterrorism Operations.
49: October Crisis, Canada (1970).
50: Pan Am Flight 93 (1970).
51: Munich Olympics (1972).
52: Sabena Flight 571 (1972).
53: Raid on OPEC in Vienna (1975).
54: West German Embassy Siege (1975).
55: Djibouti School Bus Hijacking (1976).
56: Operation Entebbe (1976).
57: Holland Train Seizure (1977).
58: Lufthansa Flight 181 (1977).
59: Grand Mosque, Mecca, Saudi Arabia (1979).
60: Operation Eagle Claw and Operation Credible Sport (1980).
61: Operation NIMROD (1980).
62: Golden Temple, Amritsar, India (1984).
63: Achille Lauro (1985).
64: Air India Flight 182 (1985).
65: Colombia Palace of Justice Siege (1985).
66: Egypt Air Flight 648 (1985).
67: TWA Flight 847 (1985).
68: Pan Am Flight 73 (1986).
69: U.S. Attack on Libya (1986).
70: Somalia: Operation Restore Hope and Operation Gothic Serpent (1992–1993).
71: Air France Flight 8969 (1994).
72: Oklahoma City Bombing (1995).
73: Tokyo Subway Attack (1995).
74: Japanese Embassy Seizure (1996).
75: Attack on Afghanistan and Sudan (1998).
76: Operation Enduring Freedom (2001).
77: Bali, Indonesia (2002).
78: Nord-Ost Siege (2002).
79: Beslan Massacre (2004).
80: Madrid Train Bombing (2004).
81: Moscow Metro Attacks (2004 and 2010).
82: London Subway Attack (2005).
83: Islamabad’s Red Mosque (2007).
84: Mumbai, India, Attacks (2008).
85: Lahore (2009).
86: Operation Neptune Spear: Death of Osama bin Laden (2011).
87: International, Regional, and National Instruments.
88: Tokyo Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft (1963).
89: Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (1970).
90: Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation (Montreal Convention, 1971).
91: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons (1973).
92: Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (1979).
93: International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages (1979).
94: SAARC Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism (1987).
95: Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (1988).
96: Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (1988).
97: Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Identification (1991).
98: International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (1997).
99: Convention of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on Combating International Terrorism 1999: Annex to Resolution Number 59/26-P.
100: International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (1999).
101: OAU Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism (1999).
102: Treaty on Cooperation Among the States Members of the Commonwealth of Independent States in Combating Terrorism (1999).
103: United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001), Adopted by the Security Council at Its 4385th Meeting, on 28 September 2001.
104: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (USA Patriot Act) of 2001.
105: Organization of American States: Inter-American Convention Against Terrorism (2002).
106: Convention of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf on Combating Terrorism (2004).
107: Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (2005).
108: European Union (EU) Counter-Terrorism Strategy (2005).
109: International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005).
110: United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy (2006).
111: Asean Convention on Counter Terrorism 2007.
112: Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation (2010).
113: Appendix: Profiles of Organizations and Individuals.
114: Abdulmutallab, Umar Farouk.
115: Abu Marzook, Mousa Mohammed.
116: Abu Sayyaf Group.
117: Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud.
118: Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade.
119: Al-Awlaki, Anwar.
120: Al-Banna, Hassan.
121: Al Jihad.
122: Al-Masri, Abu Ubaidah.
123: Al-MuJil, Abd Al Hamid.
124: Al-Nawawi, Imam.
125: Al-Qaeda.
126: Al-Sadr, Muqtada.
127: Al-Shabaab.
128: Al-Shihri, Saeed.
129: Al-Turabi, Hassan.
130: Al-Wahayshi, Nasir.
131: Al Wahhab, Muhammad Ibn’ Abd.
132: Al-Yazid, Mustafa Abu.
133: Al-Zarqawi, Abu Musab.
134: Al-Zawahiri, Ayman.
135: Ansar Al-Islam.
136: Arafat, Yasser.
137: Armed Islamic Group.
138: Asbat Al-Ansar.
139: Atef, Mohammed.
140: Atta, Mohamed.
141: Aum Shinrikyo.
142: Azizov, Nemat.
143: Azzam, Abdullah.
144: Bakri, Omar.
145: Baradar, Abdul Ghani.
146: Basayev, Shamil.
147: Binalshibh, Ramzi.
148: Bin Laden, Osama.
149: Dadullah, Mullah.
150: Deoband, Darul Uloom.
151: Gadahn, Adam Yahiye.
152: Hakimi, Latifullah.
153: Hamas.
154: Haqqani, Maulana Jalaluddin.
155: Haqqani, Sirajuddin.
156: Harakat Ul-Ansar.
157: Harakat Ul-MuJahideen.
158: Hassan, Nidal Malik.
159: Headley, David.
160: Hekmatyar, Gulbuddin.
161: Hezbollah.
162: Hizb Ut-Tahrir.
163: Hussein, Saddam.
164: Ibrahim, Dawood.
165: International Islamic Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders.
166: Islamic Jihad Group.
167: Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
168: Jaish-E-Mohammed.
169: Jamaat-Ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh.
170: Jemaah Islamiyah.
171: Jundullah.
172: Kahane, Meir.
173: Karzai, Hamid.
174: Kasab, Mohammed Ajmal.
175: Kashmiri, Muhammad Ilyas.
176: Khalil, Fazlur Rahman.
177: Khan, Naqiblah.
178: Lashkar-I-Jhangvi.
179: Mahdi Militia.
180: Mahsud, Abdullah.
181: Marulanda, Manuel.
182: Mcveigh, Timothy.
183: Mehsud, Baitullah.
184: Mehsud, Hakimullah.
185: Mohammed, Khalid Sheikh.
186: Mohammed, Nek.
187: Moussaoui, Zacarais.
188: Mugniyah, Imad.
189: Muhammad, Abdulhakim.
190: Musharraf, Pervez.
191: Muslim Brotherhood.
192: Nabi, Khaled Abdul.
193: Namangani, Juma.
194: Nasar, Mustafa Setmarian.
195: Nasrallah, Sayyed Hassan.
196: Nidal, Abu.