eBook Encyclopedia Of Pollution, 1st Edition

  • R. Blauvelt
  • A. Gates PhD
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1438134916
  • ISBN-13: 9781438134918
  • DDC: 363.7003
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 768 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released June 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Addresses all aspects of pollution and the global impact on the environment; contains numerous entries and essays using the most current scientific data to explain the different types of pollutants.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
Cross-Referenced Lists of Entries.
1: Acid Mine Drainage (AMD).
2: Acrolein.
3: Aegean Sea Oil Spill: Galicia, Spain December 13, 1992 Water Pollution.
4: Agriculture and Pollution.
5: Air Pollutants and Regulation.
6: Air Pollution.
7: Aldrin/Dieldrin.
8: Amoco Cadiz Oil Spill: Ouessant, France (March 16, 1978) Water Pollution.
9: Anniston Army Depot: Anniston, Alabama (1990–1997) Soil Pollution.
10: Antifouling Paint.
11: Antimony.
12: Aquifer.
13: Argo Merchant Oil Spill: Georges Bank, New England (December 15, 1976) Water Pollution.
14: Arsenic.
15: Asbestos.
16: Atlantic Empress Oil Spill: Tobago (July 19, 1979) Water Pollution.
17: Atrazine.
18: Bangladesh, Arsenic in Soil and Ground-Water: Bangladesh (1970s–present) Water Pollution.
19: Barium.
20: Beaches.
21: Beaufort Dyke: Irish Sea, Scotland (1969–present) Water Pollution.
22: Bell Lumber and Pole Company: New Brighton, Minnesota (1984–2001) Water and Soil Pollution.
23: Benzene.
24: Benzidine.
25: Beryllium.
26: Bhopal, Air Pollution Disaster: Bhopal, India December 3, 1984 Air Pollution.
27: Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification.
28: Bioremediation.
29: Blake & Johnson Company: Beaufort, South Carolina May 1975 Water and Soil Pollution.
30: Boston Molasses Disaster: Boston, Massachusetts January 15, 1919 Water Pollution.
31: Braer Oil Spill: Shetland Islands, Scotland January 5, 1993 Water Pollution.
32: Brownfields.
33: Bunker Hill Complex: Shoshone County, Idaho (1975–1983) Soil Pollution.
34: Burmah Agate Oil Spill: Houston, Texas November 1, 1979 Water Pollution.
35: Cadmium.
36: Carbofuran.
37: Carbon Dioxide.
38: Carbon Monoxide.
39: Carbon Tetrachloride.
40: Carson, Rachel: (Rachel Louise Carson) (1907–1964) American Environmentalist, Biologist.
41: Castillo De Bellver Oil Spill: Cape of Good Hope, South Africa August 6, 1983 Water Pollution.
42: Chemical Control Corporation: Elizabeth, New Jersey April 21, 1980 Air and Soil Pollution.
43: Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster: Pripyat, Ukraine April 26, 1986 Air Pollution.
44: Chlordane.
45: Chlorinated Solvents.
46: Chlorobenzene.
47: Chloroform.
48: Chromium.
49: Coal Tar Creosote.
50: Coastal Plain Deposits.
51: Cobalt.
52: Continental Shelf.
53: Craney Island: Hampton Roads, Virginia 1989–present Soil and Water Pollution.
54: Crutzen, Paul Josef: (1933–) The Netherlands Chemist.
55: Cryptosporidium.
56: Cuyahoga River Pollution: Cleveland, Ohio 1969–present Water Pollution.
57: Cyanide.
58: DBCP (1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane).
59: DCB (Dichlorobenzene).
60: DCE (Dichloroethene).
61: DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).
62: Dead Zone.
63: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: U.S. Gulf of Mexico (April 20, 2010, to September 19, 2010) Water Pollution.
64: Delta.
65: Desertification.
66: Deserts.
67: Diazinon.
68: 3,3′-Dichlorobenzidine.
69: Dioxin.
70: Disulfoton.
71: Doe Run Smelter: Herculaneum, Missouri 2001 Air Pollution.
72: Donora Killer Fog: Donora, Pennsylvania October 30, 1948 Air Pollution.
73: Dover Air Force Base: Dover, Delaware 1983–present Water Pollution.
74: Dust Bowl: Central United States 1930s Air Pollution.
75: Earthquakes.
76: E. Coli.
77: EDB (1,2-dibromoethane).
78: Edwards Aquifer.
79: Ekofisk Oil field: North Sea, Norway April 22, 1977 Water Pollution.
80: Endicott Solvent Contamination: Endicott, New York 1979–present Water Pollution.
81: Endosulfan.
82: Endrin.
83: Ensign Bickford: Simsbury, Connecticut 1997 Soil Pollution.
84: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S..
85: Environmental Regulations Overview.
86: Erika Oil Spill: Brittany, France December 12, 1999 Water Pollution.
87: Ethylbenzene.
88: Eutrophication.
89: Ex Situ Remediation of Contaminated Groundwater.
90: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Prince William Sound, Alaska March 24, 1989 Water Pollution.
91: Fairchild Semiconductor: San Jose, California 1981 Water Pollution.
92: Feed Materials Production Center: Fernald, Ohio (1989–2007) Water Pollution, Soil Pollution.
93: Floridan Aquifer.
94: Formaldehyde.
95: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP): Saint Louis, Missouri 1957–present Soil Pollution.
96: Front.
97: Furan.
98: Giardia.
99: Glacial Deposits.
100: Glaciation.
101: Global Warming.
102: Gore, Al: Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. (1948–) American Politician, Environmental Spokesperson.
103: Greenpeace.
104: Groundwater.
105: Gulf War Oil Spills: Kuwait January–February 1991 Air, Water, and Soil Pollution.
106: Haiti Deforestation Haiti 1980–present Water Pollution.
107: Hanford Reservation: Richland, Washington 1940s–present Soil and Water Pollution.
108: Hawaiian Patriot Oil Spill: Hawaii February 25, 1977 Water Pollution.
109: HCB (Hexachlorobenzene).
110: HCBD (Hexachlorobutadiene).
111: HCH (Hexachlorocyclohexane).
112: Heptachlor.
113: Hill Air Force Base: Ogden, Utah 1987–present Soil and Water Pollution.
114: Hudson River PCB Pollution: Hudson Falls to Manhattan, New York, New York 1976–present Water and Sediment Pollution.
115: Hurricane Katrina: New Orleans, Louisiana August 23–31, 2005 Water Pollution.
116: Hurricanes and Pollution.
117: I-10 Truck Stop, Arizona: Tonopah, Arizona 1997 Soil Pollution.
118: Imidacloprid.
119: Impacts, Extraterrestrial.
120: Indoor Air Pollution.
121: Influent/Effluent Streams.
122: Inorganic Pollutants.
123: In Situ Groundwater Remediation.
124: Ixtoc I Oil Spill: Gulf of Mexico June 3, 1979 Water Pollution.
125: Karst.
126: Kerr-Mcgee Rare Earths Facility: West Chicago, Illinois 1990–present Soil Pollution.
127: Kingston Coal Ash Release: Roane County, Tennessee December 22, 2008 Water and Soil Pollution.
128: Kirkwood-Cohansey Aquifer.
129: Landfill.
130: Launch Complex 34: Cape Canaveral, florida 1961–1971 Soil Pollution.
131: Leachate.
132: Lead.
133: London “Killer Fog”: London, United Kingdom December 5–9, 1952 Air Pollution.
134: Los Angeles Air Quality Legislation: Los Angeles, California 1943–present Air Pollution.
135: Louisiana-Pacific Corporation (LPC): Kremmling and Olathe, Colorado 1983–1998 Air Pollution.
136: Love Canal: Niagara Falls, New York 1978 Water Pollution.
137: Magic Marker Site: Trenton, New Jersey (1995–2001) Soil Pollution.
138: Marine Litter.
139: Marine Shale Processors: Amelia, Louisiana (1985–1994) Air Pollution.
140: Mason City Coal Gasification Plant: Mason City, Iowa (1984–1990) Soil Pollution.
141: Mass Wasting.
142: MBK (Methyl Butyl Ketone).
143: Mckin Disposal Company: Gray, Maine (1972–1985) Water Pollution.
144: MEK (Methylethyl Ketone).
145: Melamine (1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-Triamine).
146: Mercury.
147: Methoxychlor.
148: Methylene Chloride.
149: Methyl Parathion.
150: Meuse Valley Disaster: Belgium (December 1–5, 1930) Air Pollution.
151: Milan Army Ammunition Plant: Milan, Tennessee (1987–present) Soil and Water Pollution.
152: Military Facilities and the Environment.
153: Mining and Pollution.
154: Mold.
155: Molina, Mario J. (1943–): Mexican Environmental Chemist.
156: MTBE (Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether).
157: Muir, John (1838–1914): Scottish-American Naturalist.
1: Naphthalene.
2: National Zinc Bartlesville, Oklahoma (1991—2001) Soil Pollution.
3: Nevada Test Site Mercury, Mojave Desert, Nevada (1951–1992) Soil and Water Pollution.
4: New York City, air quality of New York, New York (1945–present) Air Pollution.
5: Nickel.
6: Norilsk Mine and Smelter: Norilsk, Siberia, Russia (1950–present) Air and Water Pollution.
7: Nowruz Oil Field: Persian Gulf, Iran (1981–1988) Water Pollution.
8: Nox (oxides of nitrogen).
9: NOx Emission Control Systems.
10: Ocean Dumping.
11: Offshore Oil Production.
12: Ogallala Aquifer.
13: Oil Spills.
14: Omaha Lead Site: Omaha, Nebraska (1987—present) Air and Soil Pollution.
15: Opacity.
16: Organic Pollutants.
17: Ozone.
18: Ozone and Chlorofluorocarbons.
19: Pacific Gas & Electric Company: Hinkley, California (1987—1997) Water Pollution.
20: PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon).
21: Parsons Chemical: Grand Ledge, Michigan (1979—2018) Soil Pollution.
22: Particulate.
23: Particulate Air Control Devices.
24: Patterson, Clair Cameron “Pat” (1922–1995) American Chemist, Geologist.
25: PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls).
26: PCE (tetrachloroethylene).
27: PCP (pentachlorophenol).
28: Pennsylvania Coal Mine Fires: Centralia, Pennsylvania (May 1962-present) Air Pollution.
29: Perchlorate.
30: Pesticides.
31: Petrobras Oil Platform Failure: Brazil, offshore (March 15, 2001) Water Pollution.
32: Phosphorus.
33: Phthalate.
34: Phytotoxicity.
35: Piper Alpha Oil Spill: North Sea, United Kingdom (July 6, 1988) Water Pollution.
36: Plastic Trash in the Oceans.
37: Point Source and Nonpoint Source Pollution.
38: Pollution Abatement Services: Oswego, New York (1977-present) Soil and Groundwater Pollution.
39: Poza Rica Disaster: Poza Rica, Mexico (November 24, 1950) Air Pollution.
40: Prestige Oil Spill: Galicia, Spain (November 13-19, 2002) Water Pollution.
41: Price’s Pit: Pleasantville, New Jersey (1981-2011) Soil and Water Pollution.
42: Primary Air Pollutants.
43: Radiation.
44: Radioactive Waste.
45: Radium.
46: Radon.
47: Reactive Metals Extrusion Plant: Ashtabula, Ohio (1990–present) Soil Pollution.
48: Revelle, Roger Randall Dougan: (1909-1991) American Oceanographer, Environmental Advocate.
49: Rocky Mountain Arsenal: Denver, Colorado (1987–2012) Soil and Water Pollution.
50: Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA).
51: Saltwater Incursion.
52: Santa Barbara Oil Spill: Santa Barbara Channel, California (January 28–February 8, 1969) Water Pollution.
53: Savannah River Site: Eastern South Carolina–Georgiaborder (1952–present) Water and Soil Pollution.
54: Sea Empress Oil Spill: Milford Haven, Wales(February 15, 1996)Water Pollution.
55: Selenium.
56: Seveso Dioxin Release: Meda, Italy (July 10, 1976) Air Pollution.
57: Sewage Treatment Plants.
58: Sierra Club.
59: Soil.
60: Soil Pollution.
61: Southern Crop Services: Delray Beach, Florida (1988–2008) Soil and Water Pollution.
62: Space Shuttle Launches and Air Pollution.
63: Streams.
64: Stringfellow Acid Pits: Glen Avon, California (1975–present) Water Pollution.
65: Stumm, Werner (1924–1999): Swiss Aquatic Chemistry and Pollution.
66: Styrene.
67: Sudbury Mining and Air Pollution: Sudbury, Ontario, Canada (1986–present) Soil Pollution.
68: Sulfur Dioxide (SO2).
69: Sulfur Oxide Control Technologies.
70: Superfund Sites.
71: Tasman SpiritOil Spill: Port Karachi, Pakistan (July 27, 2003) Water Pollution.
72: TCA (Trichloroethane).
73: TCB (Trichlorobenzene).
74: TCE (Trichloroethylene).
75: Temperature Inversion.
76: Three Mile Island: Middletown, Pennsylvania (March 28, 1979) Air Pollution.
77: Tides.
78: Times Beach Superfund Site: Times Beach, Missouri (1979–1997) Soil Pollution.
79: Tittabawassee River Contamination: Midland, Michigan (2000–present) Soil and Sediment Pollution.
80: Tobacco Smoke.
81: Toluene.
82: Tornado.
83: Torrey Canyon Oil Spill: Scilly Islands, United Kingdom (March 18–30, 1967) Water Pollution.
84: Toxaphene.
85: Toxicology.
86: Underground Storage Tank (UST).
87: United Chrome Products: Corvallis, Oregon (1983–present) Soil and Water Pollution.
88: Urban Air Pollution.
89: Urquiola Oil Spill: La Coruña, Spain (May 12–25, 1976) Water Pollution.
90: Usinsk Oil Spill: Usinsk, Russia (October 1994) Soil Pollution.
91: Valley of the Drums: Brooks, Kentucky (1967–2016) Water Pollution.
92: Vermiculite Mountain: Libby, Montana (2000–2007) Air Pollution.
93: Vinyl Chloride.
94: Volatile Organic Compound (VOC).
95: Volcanoes.
96: Waikele Naval Magazine Lualualei Valley, Hawaii (1993–present) Soil and Water Pollution.
97: War and Pollution.
98: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Chihuahuan Desert, New Mexico (1999–ca. 2070).
99: Water Pollution.
100: Waves.
101: Wells.
102: Wetlands.
103: Woburn Wells G and H: Woburn, Massachusetts (1983–present) Water Pollution.
104: World Trade Center Disaster: New York, New York (September 11, 2001) Air Pollution.
105: Xylene.
106: Yucca Mountain Waste Repository: Nye County, Nevada (ca. 2017–) Waste Pollution.
107: Zinc.
Appendix .
APPENDIX I: List of Acronyms.
APPENDIX II: Chronology of Pollution Events.
APPENDIX III: Glossary.
APPENDIX IV: Further Resources.
APPENDIX V: 2007 CERCLA Priority List of Hazardous Substances.
APPENDIX VI: EPA Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) for Industrial Pollutants Released to the Environment by All Industries in the United States.
APPENDIX VII: EPA Drinking Water Standards.
APPENDIX VIII: Current National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for All Controlled Pollutants.
APPENDIX IX: National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) List of Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) Values for Controlled Chemicals.
APPENDIX X: U.S. EPA National Air Quality Index.
APPENDIX XI: Chemicals Analyzed at Superfund Sites.
APPENDIX XII: U.S. National Priorities List (Npl or Superfund) Sites (figures reported as of November 29, 2010).
APPENDIX XIII: Top 25 Oil Spills in the World.
Index.