eBook Encyclopedia of Small Business, 4th Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1414462662
  • ISBN-13: 9781414462660
  • DDC: 658.022
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1414 Pages | eBook
  • Previous Editions: 2007, 2002
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released December 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price
  • Newer Edition Available

About

Overview

This convenient and extensive print reference source is designed to provide entrepreneurs with how-to information that they can apply to their own business. Encyclopedia of Small Business is now fully revised and expanded with new topic coverage to reflect the most current small business topics. With 40 brand-new essays, and 565 revised essays from the last edition, Encyclopedia of Small Business contains detailed overviews of all of the key information needs of small business users!

Features and Benefits

  • All 605 essays have been revised, 40 of which are new topics.
  • Some cross-referencing is provided at the bottom of entries under the SEE ALSO heading, and a Further Reading section follows each entry.
  • Also features a Master Index containing alphabetical references to important business terms.

What's New

  • 605 essays related to various small business topics dealing extensively with most aspects of business activity.

Alternate Formats

  • Casebound Edition

    ISBN-10: 1414420285 | ISBN-13: 9781414420288

Table of Contents

Introduction and User’s Guide.
VOLUME I: A–I.
Absenteeism.
Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS).
Accounting.
Accounting Methods.
Accounts Payable.
Accounts Receivable.
Activity-Based Costing.
Advertising Agencies.
Advertising Budget.
Advertising, Evaluation of Results.
Advertising Media—Audio.
Advertising Media—Infomercials.
Advertising Media—Internet.
Advertising Media—Print.
Advertising Media—Video.
Advertising Strategy.
Affirmative Action.
Age Discrimination.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act.
AIDS in the Workplace.
Alien Employees.
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Amortization.
"Angel" Investors.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR).
Annual Reports.
Annuities.
Application Service Providers.
Articles of Incorporation.
Assembly Line Methods.
Assets.
Assumptions.
Audits, External.
Audits, Internal.
Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV).
Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS).
Automation.
Automobile Leasing.
B Corporations.
Background Checks.
Balance Sheet.
Bankruptcy.
Banks and Banking.
Bar Coding.
Barriers to Market Entry.
Bartering.
Bayh-Dole Act.
Benchmarking.
Best Practices.
Better Business Bureaus (BBBs).
Biometrics.
Board of Directors.
Bonds.
Bookkeeping.
Boundaryless.
Brainstorming.
Brand Equity.
Brands and Brand Names.
Break-Even Analysis.
Budget Deficit.
Budget Surplus.
Budgets and Budgeting.
Business Appraisers.
Business Associations.
Business Broker.
Business Cycles.
Business Education.
Business Ethics.
Business Expansion.
Business Failure and Dissolution.
Business Hours.
Business Incubators.
Business Information Sources.
Business Insurance.
Business Interruption Insurance.
Business Models.
Business Name.
Business Plan.
Business Planning.
Business Process Reengineering.
Business Proposals.
Business Travel.
Business-to-Business.
Business-to-Business Marketing.
Business-to-Consumer.
Buying an Existing Business.
C Corporation.
Capital.
Capital Gain/Loss.
Capital Structure.
Career and Family.
Career Planning and Changing.
Cash Conversion Cycle.
Cash Flow Statement.
Cash Management.
Census Data.
Certified Lenders.
Certified Public Accountants.
Chambers of Commerce.
Charitable Giving.
Child-Care.
Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA).
Closely Held Corporations.
Clusters.
Code of Ethics.
Collateral.
Collegiate Entrepreneurial Organizations.
Communication Systems.
Community Development Corporations.
Community Relations.
Comp Time.
Competitive Analysis.
Competitive Bids.
Computer Applications.
Computer Crimes.
Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM).
Computers and Computer Systems.
Conferences, Exhibits, and Trade Shows.
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA).
Construction.
Constructive Discharge.
Consultants.
Consulting.
Consumer Advocacy.
Consumer Price Index (CPI).
Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).
Contingent Workforce.
Contracts.
Cooperative Advertising.
Cooperatives.
Copyright.
Corporate Culture.
Corporate Image.
Corporate Logo.
Corporate Social Responsibility.
Corporate Sponsorship.
Cost Control and Reduction.
Cost Sharing.
Cost-Benefit Analysis.
Costs.
Coupons.
Credit.
Credit Bureaus.
Credit Card Financing.
Credit Evaluation and Approval.
Credit History.
Crisis Management.
Cross-Cultural/International Communication.
Cross-Functional Teams.
Cross-Training.
Crowdsourcing.
Customer Relationship Management.
Customer Retention.
Customer Service.
Data Encryption.
Database Administration.
Debt Collection.
Debt Financing.
Decision Making.
Decision Support Systems.
Delegation.
Delivery Services.
Demographics.
Depreciation.
Desktop Publishing.
Difficult Customers.
Difficult Employees.
Direct Marketing.
Direct Public Offerings.
Disability Insurance.
Disaster Assistance Loans.
Disaster Planning.
Discount Sales.
Discounted Cash Flow.
Discretionary Income.
Distribution Channels.
Distributorships and Dealerships.
Diversification.
Dividends.
Double Taxation.
Drug Testing.
Due Diligence.
Economic Indicators.
Economic Order Quantity (EOQ).
Economies of Scale.
Economies of Scope.
8(a) Program.
Elasticity.
Eldercare.
Electronic Data Interchange.
E-Mail.
Emerging Markets.
Employee Assistance Programs.
Employee Benefits.
Employee Compensation.
Employee Hiring.
Employee Internet Usage Policy.
Employee Manuals.
Employee Motivation.
Employee Performance Appraisals.
Employee Privacy.
Employee References.
Employee Registration Procedures.
Employee Reinstatement.
Employee Retention.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA).
Employee Reward and Recognition Systems.
Employee Rights.
Employee Screening Programs.
Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs).
Employee Strikes.
Employee Suggestion Systems.
Employee Termination.
Employee Theft.
Employer Identification Number (EIN).
Employment Applications.
Employment Contracts.
Employment Interviews.
Employment of Minors.
Employment Practices Liability Insurance .
Empowerment Zones.
Endorsements and Testimonials.
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP).
Entrepreneurship.
Environmental Audit.
Environmental Law and Business.
Environmental Management.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Equipment Leasing.
Equity Financing.
Ergonomics.
Estate Tax.
European Union (EU).
Expense Accounts.
Export-Import Bank.
Exporting.
Exporting—Financing and Pricing.
Facility Layout and Design.
Facility Management.
Factoring.
Family Limited Partnership.
Family and Medical Leave Act.
Family-Owned Businesses.
Feasibility Study.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
FICA Taxes.
Fiduciary Duty.
Finance Companies.
Financial Analysis.
Financial Planners.
Financial Ratios.
Financial Statements.
Firewalls.
Fiscal Year.
Fixed and Variable Expenses.
Flexible Benefit Plans.
Flexible Spending Account (FSA).
Flexible Work Arrangements.
Flow Charts.
Focus Groups.
Forecasting.
401(k) Plans.
Franchising.
Freelance Employment/Independent Contractors.
Gender Discrimination.
Global Business.
Globalization.
Goodwill.
Government Procurement.
Green Marketing.
Green Production.
Grievance Procedures.
Growth Strategies.
Health Insurance Options.
Health Maintenance Organizations and Preferred Provider Organizations.
Health Promotion Programs.
High-Tech Business.
Home Offices.
Home-Based Business.
Hoteling.
HUBZone Empowerment Contracting Program.
Human Resource Management.
Human Resource Policies.
Human Resources Management and the Law.
Income Statements.
Incorporation.
Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs).
Industrial Safety.
Industry Analysis.
Industry Life Cycle.
Information Brokers.
Initial Public Offerings.
Innovation.
Insurance Pooling.
Intellectual Property.
Interest Rates.
Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
International Exchange Rate.
Internet Domain Names.
Internet Payment Systems.
Internet Security.
Internet Service Providers (ISPs).
Internet Threats.
Internships.
Interpersonal Communication.
Intranet.
Intrapreneurship.
Inventions and Patents.
Inventory.
Inventory Control Systems.
Investor Presentations.
Investor Relations and Reporting.
IRS Audits.
ISO 9000.
VOLUME II: J–Z.
Job Description.
Job Sharing.
Job Shop.
Joint Ventures.
Keogh Plan.
Knowledge Management.
Labor Surplus Area.
Labor Unions and Small Business.
Layaway.
Layoffs, Downsizing, and Outsourcing.
Learning Curves.
Learning Organizations.
Leasing Property.
Legal Services.
Letter of Intent.
Leveraged Buyouts.
Liabilities.
Licensing.
Licensing Agreements.
Life Insurance.
Limited Liability Company.
Liquidation and Liquidation Values.
Loan Proposals.
Loans.
Local Area Networks (LANs).
Loss Leader Pricing.
Low-Profit Limited Liability Company (L3C).
Mailing Lists.
Mail-Order Business.
Management Information Systems (MIS).
Management by Objectives.
Managing Organizational Change.
Manufacturers’ Agents.
Market Questionnaires.
Market Research.
Market Segmentation.
Market Share.
Marketing.
Markup.
Material Requirements Planning (MRP).
Medicare and Medicaid.
Meetings.
Mentoring.
Merchandise Displays.
Mergers and Acquisitions.
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA).
Mezzanine Financing.
Minimum Wage.
Minority Business Development Agency.
Minority-Owned Businesses.
Mission Statement.
Money Market Instruments.
Multicultural Work Force.
Multilevel Marketing.
Multiple Employer Trust.
Multitasking.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
Mystery Shopping.
National Association for the Self-Employed (NASE).
National Association of Small Business Investment Companies (NASBIC).
National Association of Women Business Owners.
National Business Incubation Association (NBIA).
National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB).
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
National Venture Capital Association (NVCA).
Negotiation.
Nepotism.
Net Income.
Net Worth.
Networking.
Non-Competition Agreements.
Nonprofit Organizations.
Nonprofit Organizations, and Human Resources Management.
Nonprofit Organizations, and Taxes.
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans.
Nontraditional Financing Sources.
Nonverbal Communication.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
Office Romance.
Office Security.
Office Supplies.
Online Auctions.
Operations Management.
Opportunity Cost.
Optimal Firm Size.
Oral Communication.
Organization Chart.
Organization Theory.
Organizational Behavior.
Organizational Development.
Organizational Growth.
Organizational Life Cycle.
Organizational Structure.
Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM).
Outsourcing.
Overhead Expense.
Overtime.
Packaging.
Partnership.
Partnership Agreement.
Part-Time Employees.
Patent and Trademark Office (PTO).
Payroll Taxes.
Penetration Pricing.
Pension Plans.
Per Diem Allowances.
Personal Selling.
Physical Distribution.
Point-of-Sale Systems.
Portability of Benefits.
Pregnancy in the Workplace.
Present Value.
Press Kits.
Press Releases.
Price/Earnings (P/E) Ratio.
Pricing.
Private Labeling.
Private Placement of Securities.
Privatization.
Pro Forma Statements.
Probationary Employment Periods.
Product Costing.
Product Development.
Product Liability.
Product Life Cycle.
Product Positioning.
Productivity.
Profit Center.
Profit Impact of Market Strategies (PIMS).
Profit Margin.
Profit Sharing.
Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT).
Project Management.
Promissory Notes.
Proprietary Information.
Prototype.
Proxy Statements.
Psychographics.
Public Relations.
Purchasing.
Quality Circles.
Quality Control.
Racial Discrimination.
Rebates.
Reciprocal Marketing.
Record Retention.
Recycling.
Refinancing.
Regulation D.
Regulatory Flexibility Act.
Relocation.
Remanufacturing.
Renovation.
Request for Proposal.
Research and Development.
Resumes.
Retail Trade.
Retirement Planning.
Return on Assets (ROA).
Return on Investment (ROI).
Return Policies.
Right-to-Know (RTK) Laws.
Risk Management.
Risk and Return.
Robotics.
Royalties.
Royalty Financing.
Rural Businesses.
S Corporation.
Sales Commissions.
Sales Contracts.
Sales Force.
Sales Forecasts.
Sales Management.
Sales Promotion.
Sarbanes-Oxley.
Scalability.
Search Engines.
Seasonal Businesses.
SEC Disclosure Laws and Regulations.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Seed Money.
Self-Assessment.
Self-Employment.
Self-Employment Contributions Act (SECA).
Selling a Business.
Seniority.
Service Businesses.
Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE).
Service Marks.
Sexual Harassment.
Shared Services.
Shoplifting.
Sick Leave and Personal Days.
Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) Plans.
Site Selection.
Small Business.
Small Business Administration.
Small Business Consortia.
Small Business Development Centers (SBDC).
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.
Small Business Investment Companies (SBIC).
Small Business Job Protection Act.
Small Business/Large Business Relationships.
Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program.
Small Business-Dominated Industries.
Small Claims Court.
Smoke-Free Environment.
Social Entrepreneurship.
Social Media, Collaboration Tools.
Social Media, Communication Tools.
Social Media, Networking.
Social Media, Overview.
Social Media, Rich Media.
Socially Responsible Investing.
Sole Proprietorship.
Spam.
Span of Control.
Stakeholders.
Standard Mileage Rate.
Stocks.
Strategy.
Strategy, Generic.
Strategy, Portfolio Model.
Strategy, Structure-Conduct-Performance Model.
Subcontracting.
Substance Abuse.
Succession Plans.
Supplier Relations.
Supply and Demand.
Sustainable Business Practices.
Sustainable Growth.
Syndicated Loans.
Target Markets.
Tariffs.
Tax Deductible Business Expenses.
Tax Planning.
Tax Preparation Software.
Tax Returns.
Tax Withholding.
Technology Diffusion.
Telemarketing.
Temporary Employment Services.
Testing Laboratories.
Time Management.
Toll-Free Telephone Numbers.
Total Preventive Maintenance.
Total Quality Management (TQM).
Trade Secrets.
Trademarks.
Training and Development.
Transaction Processing.
Transportation.
Transportation of Exports.
Tuition Assistance Programs.
Undercapitalization.
Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
Uniform Commercial Code (UCC).
U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
U.S. Department of Commerce.
U.S. Small Business Administration Guaranteed Loans.
Valuation.
Value-Added Tax.
Variable Pay.
Variance.
Venture Capital.
Venture Capital Networks.
Venture Philanthropy.
Vertical Marketing System.
Viral Marketing.
Virtual Private Networks.
Virtual Worlds.
Warranties.
Web Programming Languages and Tools.
Web Site Design.
Wholesaling.
Wide Area Networks (WANs).
Women Entrepreneurs.
Workers’ Compensation.
Workplace Anger.
Workplace Giving.
Workplace Safety.
Workplace Violence.
Written Communication.
Young Entrepreneurs’ Organization (YEO).
Zoning Ordinances.
Index.