eBook African Americans and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 031335717X
  • ISBN-13: 9780313357176
  • DDC: 364.089
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 648 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released November 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014
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About

Overview

African Americans and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia comprises descriptive essays documenting the ways in which people of African descent have been victimized by oppressive laws enacted by local, state, and federal authorities in the United States. The entries also describe how Blacks became disproportionately represented in national crime statistics, largely through their efforts to resist legalized oppression in early American history, and present biographies of famous and infamous Black criminal suspects and victims throughout early American history and in contemporary times. Providing coverage of law and criminal justice practices from the precolonial period, including the introduction of African slaves, up to practices in modern-day America, this encyclopedia presents a frank and comprehensive view of how Americans of African descent have come to be viewed as synonymous with criminality. This book represents an essential learning resource for all American citizens, regardless of race or age.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
1: Abu-Jamal, Mumia (1954– ).
2: Adams, The Honorable Eric L. (1960– ).
3: African Diaspora, Crime, and Justice.
4: Alternative Sentencing.
5: American Law and African Americans.
6: Barry, Jr., Marion S. (1936– ).
7: Bell, Sean (1983–2006).
8: Black Panther Party.
9: Black Protectionism.
10: Brown, H. Rap (aka Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin) (1943– ).
11: Brown, James Joseph (1933–2006).
12: Bumpurs, Eleanor (1918–1984).
13: Byrd, Jr., James (1949–1998).
14: Carmichael, Stokely (1941–1998).
15: Citizenship.
16: Civil Rights Movement.
17: Cochran, Jr., Johnnie L. (1937–2005).
18: Code of the Street.
19: Community-Based Crime and Reentry Theory.
20: Conyers, Jr., John (1929– ).
21: Correctional System and African Americans.
22: Criminal Deportation.
23: Critical Race Theory.
24: Dahmer, Jeffrey Lionel (1960–1994).
25: Dating Violence (H.R. 789).
26: Davis, Angela Yvonne (1944– ).
27: Davis, Larry (1966–2008).
28: Davis, Troy Anthony (1968–2011).
29: D.C. Snipers.
30: Death Penalty.
31: Diallo, Amadou (1975–1999).
32: Disproportionality and Crime.
33: DNA Testing.
34: Domestic Violence and African American Females.
35: Dorismond, Patrick (1974–2000).
36: Drug Treatment Strategies.
37: Du Bois, W. E. B. (1868–1963).
38: Dutton, Charles Stanley (1951– ).
39: Early Intervention for African Americans.
40: Education.
41: Environmental Justice.
42: Eugenics.
43: Evers, Medgar (1925–1963).
44: Eyewitness Misidentification.
45: Fair Sentencing Act of 2010.
46: Faith-Based Prisoner Reentry.
47: False Confessions.
48: Federal Death Penalty Abolition Act of 2009 (S. 650).
49: Federal Sentencing Disparity.
50: Ferguson, Colin (1958– ).
51: Francois, Kendall (1971– ).
52: Gangs.
53: Gates, Jr., Henry Louis (1950– ).
54: Grant, Oscar (1986–2009).
55: Habitual Offender Laws.
56: Hate Crimes.
57: Healing Communities.
58: Hip-Hop Culture.
59: Homicide.
60: Hurricane Katrina.
61: Inequality Theory.
62: Innocence Project.
63: Institutional Racism.
64: Institutional Racism: A United Kingdom Perspective.
65: Inter-Racial Offending.
66: Intra-Racial Offending.
67: Jackson, Jesse (1941– ).
68: Jefferson, The Honorable William Jennings (1947– ).
69: Jena Six.
70: Jones, Jr., Prince Carmen (1975–2000).
71: Juries.
72: King, Rodney Glen (1965–2012).
73: Lee, Anthony Dwain/Dwayne (1961–2000).
74: Legal Representation.
75: Legal Socialization and Race.
76: Los Angeles Riots of 1992.
77: Louima, Abner (1966– ).
78: Lynching.
79: Malcolm X (aka El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) (1925–1965).
80: Mapp, Dollree.
81: Martin, Trayvon (1995–2012).
82: Mitchell, Margaret Laverne (1945–1999).
83: Nation of Islam.
84: 100 Blacks in Law Enforcement Who Care.
85: Organized Crime.
86: Petit Apartheid.
87: Police Brutality.
88: Price, Craig (1974– ).
89: Prisoner Reentry and African Americans.
90: Prisoner Reentry Models: A Focus on Arkansas.
91: Prisons.
92: Public Housing.
93: Racial Hoaxes and Media Representations.
94: Racial Profiling.
95: Racial Stereotyping and Wrongful Convictions.
96: Robeson, Paul (1898–1976).
97: Rockefeller Drug Laws: Policy Review.
98: Ross, Ricky “Freeway” (1960– ).
99: Russ, Robert (1977–1999).
100: Scottsboro Cases.
101: Sentencing Disparities.
102: Sex Crimes and Race.
103: Shakur, Assata (aka Joanne Chesimard) (1947– ).
104: Shakur, Tupac Amaru (1971–1996).
105: Sharpton, Jr., Alfred Charles (1954– ).
106: Simpson, Orenthal James “O. J.” (1947– ).
107: Slavery.
108: Snitching, The Miseducation of.
109: Socioeconomic Factors.
110: Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
111: Stop Snitching Campaign.
112: Streetwise Project.
113: Structural Racism and Violence.
114: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
115: Termination of Parental Rights.
116: Theories of Race and Crime.
117: Three Strikes Legislation.
118: Till, Emmett (1941–1955).
119: War on Drugs.
120: Wells-Barnett, Ida B. (1862–1931).
121: When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor.
122: White, Walter Francis (1893–1955).
123: Williams, Wayne (1958– ).
124: Wolfgang, Marvin (1924–1998).
125: Wrongful Convictions.
126: Young, Jr., Cornel (1971–2000).
127: Youth Violence.
128: Zebratown.
129: Zongo, Ousmane (1960–2003).
Contributors.
Index.
About the Editors.