eBook An Explorer's Guide to the Universe Series: Astronomical Observations: Astronomy and the Study of Deep Space, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615300546
  • ISBN-13: 9781615300549
  • DDC: 520
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 215 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010
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About

Overview

The night sky is positively teeming with wonders, from star clusters and nebulae to quasars. Astronomy is the means by which these and other similar phenomena are discovered and observed. This stellar resource traces the path of modern astronomy, from initial efforts to map the heavens to today's use of high-tech telescopic devices that help people delve deeper into celestial discovery.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: An Overview.
2: The Scope of Astronomy.
3: Mapping the Sky.
4: Nature and Significance.
5: The Rudolphine Tables.
6: The Celestial Sphere.
7: Celestial Coordinate Systems.
8: The Horizon System.
9: The Ecliptic System.
10: The Equatorial System.
11: The Galactic System.
12: The Constellations and Other Sky Divisions.
13: Constellations of the Zodiac.
14: New Constellations: 16th–20th Centuries.
15: The Decans and Lunar Mansions.
16: Planetariums.
17: Star Names and Designations.
18: Ancient Star Maps.
19: The Farnese Globe.
20: Modern Star Maps and Catalogs.
21: Survey and Zone Maps, and Catalogs.
22: Fundamental Catalogs.
23: Photometric Catalogs.
24: Photographic Star Atlases.
25: The Messier and NGC Catalogs.
26: Atlases for Stargazing.
27: Astronomical Techniques and Applications.
28: Observations.
29: Solid Cosmic Samples.
30: Theoretical Approaches.
31: Determining Astronomical Distances.
32: Parallax.
33: Lunar Parallax.
34: Solar Parallax.
35: Stellar Parallax.
36: Direct Measurement.
37: Constant of Aberration.
38: Indirect Measurement.
39: Distances to Galaxies.
40: Key Astronomical Findings.
41: Study of the Solar System.
42: Study of the Stars.
43: Study of the Milky Way Galaxy.
44: Study of Other Galaxies and Related Phenomena.
45: Cosmology.
46: Gravity Waves.
47: Astrobiology.
48: Astronomical Objects and Their Motions.
49: Celestial Mechanics.
50: Early Theories.
51: Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion.
52: Newton's Laws of Motion.
53: Ephemeris.
54: Perturbations and Problems of Two Bodies.
55: The Approximate Nature of Kepler's Laws.
56: Perturbations of Elliptical Motion.
57: Examples of Perturbations.
58: The Three-Body Problem.
59: The Restricted Three-Body Problem.
60: Orbital Resonances.
61: Chaotic Orbits.
62: The N-Body Problem.
63: Numerical Solutions.
64: Algebraic Maps.
65: Tidal Evolution.
66: Observatories and Telescopes.
67: Astronomical Observatories.
68: The Evolution of the Optical Telescope.
69: Refracting Telescopes.
70: Light Gathering and Resolution.
71: Seeing.
72: Reflecting Telescopes.
73: The Schmidt Telescope.
74: Multimirror Telescopes.
75: Special Types of Optical Telescopes.
76: Radio Telescopes.
77: Development of the Radio Telescope.
78: Radar Astronomy.
79: Principles of Operation.
80: The Electromagnetic Spectrum.
81: Radio Interferometry and Aperture Synthesis.
82: Very Long Baseline Interferometry.
83: Radar Techniques.
84: Major Applications of Radio Telescopes.
85: Notable Radio Telescopes.
86: Other Types of Telescopes.
87: Infrared Telescopes.
88: Ultraviolet Telescopes.
89: X-Ray Telescopes.
90: Gamma-Ray Telescopes.
91: Advances in Auxiliary Instrumentation.
92: Cameras.
93: Spectrographs.
94: Photomultiplier Tubes.
95: Charge-Coupled Devices.
96: Photometry.
97: Astronomers through the Ages.
98: Ancient.
99: Nabu-Rimanni.
100: Sosigenes of Alexandria.
101: 17th Century.
102: John Bainbridge.
103: Giuseppe Campani.
104: Eustachio Divini.
105: Johannes Fabricius.
106: Hans Lippershey.
107: Christian Longomontanus.
108: Niccolò Zucchi.
109: 18th Century.
110: James Bradley.
111: George Dollond.
112: John Dollond.
113: Peter Dollond.
114: John Hadley.
115: Chester Moor Hall.
116: Pierre Mechain.
117: Samuel Molyneux.
118: Georg von Reichenbach.
119: James Short.
120: 19th Century.
121: Giovanni Battista Amici.
122: Francis Baily.
123: Peter Barlow.
124: Wilhelm Beer.
125: Alexis Bouvard.
126: Richard Carrington.
127: Seth Carlo Chandler.
128: Clark Family.
129: John Dallmeyer.
130: William Dawes.
131: Henri-Alexandre Deslandres.
132: Giovanni Donati.
133: Henry Draper.
134: Nils Christofer Dunér.
135: Stephen Groombridge.
136: Asaph Hall.
137: Peter Hansen.
138: Karl Ludwig Harding.
139: Karl Ludwig Hencke.
140: Thomas Henderson.
141: James Lick.
142: Claude-Louis Mathieu.
143: Johann Palisa.
144: Giuseppe Piazzi.
145: John Pond.
146: Isaac Roberts.
147: William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse.
148: Samuel Schwabe.
149: Félix Tisserand.
150: Charles Young.
151: Franz Xaver von Zach.
152: 20th Century.
153: Walter Adams.
154: Robert Aitken.
155: Harold and Horace Babcock.
156: I.S. Bowen.
157: Ernest Brown.
158: Robert Hanbury Brown.
159: William W. Coblentz.
160: André-Louis Danjon.
161: Audouin Dollfus.
162: Robert Emden.
163: John Evershed.
164: George Ellery Hale.
165: Hendrik van de Hulst.
166: Karl Jansky.
167: Sir Bernard Lovell.
168: Bernard Lyot.
169: Seth Nicholson.
170: Charles Perrine.
171: John Plaskett.
172: Grote Reber.
173: Herbert Turner.
174: Yrjö VäIsäLä.
175: The Impact of Astronomy.
176: Impact of Technological Developments.
177: International Astronomical Union (IAU).
178: Computers.
179: Rockets and Spacecraft.
180: Wide Impact.
Beyond Telescopes: Other Astronomical Instrumentation.
Notable Observatories and Telescopes.
Constellations.
Select Ground-Based Optical Telescopes.
Select Radio Telescopes.
Glossary.
For Further Reading.
Index.