eBook The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations: Pre-Columbian America: Empires of the New World, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615302115
  • ISBN-13: 9781615302116
  • DDC: 970
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 224 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

From the Mayan calendar to the Toltec architecture at Chichén Itzá, the bequests of ancient Mesoamerican civilizations have endured long after the societies that created them declined. The intellectual and cultural achievements of Pre-Columbian America rivaled those of ancient Rome and Egypt, and greatly enriched the landscape of present-day Mexico and Central America. The traditions, social organizations, languages, and ideas that shaped each of these cultures are examined in this fascinating volume.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Mesoamerican Civilizations.
2: Early Hunters (to 6500 BC).
3: Incipient Agriculture (6500–1500 BC).
4: Early Formative Period (1500–900 BC).
5: Teosinte.
6: Early Village Life.
7: Early Religious Life.
8: The Rise of Olmec Civilization.
9: Middle Formative Period (900–300 BC).
10: Olmec Civilization at La Venta.
11: Olmec Colonization in the Middle Formative.
12: Early Monte Albán.
13: The Valley of Mexico in the Middle Formative.
14: The Maya in the Middle Formative.
15: Late Formative Period (300 BC–AD 100).
16: Valley of Mexico.
17: Valley of Oaxaca.
18: Veracruz and Chiapas.
19: Izapan Civilization.
20: The Earliest Maya Civilization of the Lowlands.
21: The Maya: Classic Period.
22: Early Classic Period (AD 100–600).
23: TeotihuacÁn.
24: Cholula.
25: Classic Central Veracruz.
26: Southern Veracruz.
27: Classic Monte AlbÁn.
28: The Maya Highlands and Pacific Coast.
29: Classic Civilization in the Maya Lowlands: Tzakol Phase.
30: Late Classic Mesoamerica (600–900).
31: Late Classic Lowland Maya Settlement Pattern.
32: Major Sites.
33: Maya Art of the Late Classic.
34: Tikal.
35: Mayan Hieroglyphic Writing.
36: The Maya Calendar.
37: The Maya Codices.
38: Classic Maya Religion.
39: Creation.
40: Cosmology.
41: The Gods.
42: Death.
43: Eschatology.
44: Sacrifice.
45: The Priesthood.
46: Rites.
47: Sorcery.
48: Society and Political Life.
49: The Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization.
50: The Toltec and the Aztec, Post-Classic Period (900–1519).
51: Society, Culture, and Technology.
52: Knowledge and Belief.
53: The Historical Annals.
54: The Rise of the Aztec.
55: The Question of the Toltec.
56: Archaeological Remains of Post-Classic Civilization.
57: Tula.
58: ChichÉn ItzÁ.
59: Archaeological Unity of the Post-Classic.
60: Aztec Culture to the Time of the Spanish Conquest.
61: Accounts Written by the Conquistadores.
62: Postconquest Histories.
63: The Codices.
64: Official Ecclesiastical and Government Records.
65: Agriculture.
66: Social and Political Organization.
67: The Aztec Capital: TenochtitlÁn.
68: Aztec Religion.
69: Aztec Ritual Calendar.
70: Andean Civilization.
71: The Nature of Andean Civilization.
72: Agricultural Adaptation.
73: The Cold as a Resource.
74: The Highlands and the Low Countries.
75: The Pre-Inca Periods.
76: The Late Preceramic.
77: The Initial Period.
78: The Early Horizon.
79: The Early Intermediate Period.
80: The Middle Horizon.
81: The Late Intermediate Period.
82: The Inca.
83: The Origins and Expansion of the Inca State.
84: The Nature of the Sources.
85: Settlement in the Cuzco Valley.
86: The Beginnings of External Expansion.
87: Internal Division and External Expansion.
88: Administration of the Empire.
89: Topa Inca Yupanqui.
90: Huayna Capac.
91: Civil War on the Eve of the Spanish Conquest.
92: The Spanish Conquest.
93: Inca Culture at the Time of the Conquest.
94: Social and Political Structure.
95: Inca Technology and Intellectual Life.
96: Inca Religion.
97: Conclusion.
Selected Gods of the New World.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.