eBook The Britannica Guide to Religion: Judaism: History, Belief, and Practice, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615305378
  • ISBN-13: 9781615305377
  • DDC: 296
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 88 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
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About

Overview

With a Diaspora that has spread to nearly every continent, the Judaic tradition has been an integral part of the history and development of societies the world over. As the oldest of the world's three major monotheistic religions, Judaism has survived centuries of trial and transformation, all while consistently maintaining a considerable following and identity. This comprehensive volume examines the robust spiritual and cultural heritage of this rich and complex faith as well as the lives of past and present figures whose leadership and intellectual contributions have shaped its development.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: The History of Judaism: Beginnings to the Second Temple.
2: Nature and Characteristics.
3: Periodization.
4: Biblical Judaism (20th–4th Century BCE).
5: The Ancient Middle Eastern Setting.
6: The Pre-Mosaic Period: The Religion of the Patriarchs.
7: The Mosaic Period.
8: Exodus.
9: Ten Commandments.
10: The Period of the Conquest and Settlement of Canaan.
11: The Period of the United Monarchy.
12: The Davidic Monarchy.
13: The Period of the Divided Kingdom.
14: Book of Amos.
15: The Period of Classical Prophecy and Cult Reform.
16: The Religious Community in Exile.
17: Babylonian Exile.
18: The Period of the Restoration.
19: Books of Ezra and Nehemiah.
20: Hellenistic Judaism.
21: The Greek Period (332–63 BCE).
22: Social, Political, and Religious Divisions.
23: Religious Rites and Customs in Palestine.
24: Synagogue.
25: Religious and Cultural Life in the Diaspora.
26: Diaspora.
27: Egyptian Jewish Literature.
28: Palestinian Literature.
29: The Roman Period (63 BCE–135 CE).
30: New Parties and Sects.
31: Early Christians and the Jewish Community.
32: Septuagint.
33: Judaism under Roman Rule.
34: First Jewish Revolt.
35: Rabbinic Judaism.
36: The Role of the Rabbis.
37: The Making of the Mishna.
38: The Making of the Talmuds.
39: The Age of the Geonim.
40: Triumph of the Babylonian Rabbinate.
41: Anti-rabbinic Reactions.
42: The Gaonate of Sa'adia ben Joseph.
43: Medieval European Judaism.
44: Marginalization and Expulsion.
45: The Two Major Branches.
46: Sephardi.
47: Ashkenazi.
48: Conflicts and New Movements.
49: Shabbetaianism.
50: Modern Judaism.
51: The Haskala.
52: In Central Europe.
53: In Eastern Europe.
54: Religious Reform Movements.
55: Reform Judaism.
56: Conservative Judaism.
57: Orthodox Developments.
58: In Western and Central Europe.
59: In Eastern Europe.
60: Orthodox Judaism.
61: Developments in Scholarship.
62: Jewish-Christian Relations.
63: Zionism.
64: American Judaism.
65: Reconstructionism.
66: Judaism in Other Lands.
67: Kaifeng Jew.
68: Contemporary Judaism.
69: The Literature of Judaism.
70: The Hebrew Bible (Tanakh).
71: Nevi'im and Ketuvim.
72: Sources and Scope of the Torah.
73: Prophecy and Religious Experience.
74: Modern Views of Torah.
75: Mishna.
76: Talmud and Midrash.
77: Definition of Terms.
78: Opposition to the Talmud.
79: Content, Style, and Form.
80: Modes of Interpretation and Thought.
81: Early Compilations.
82: Talmudic and Midrashic Literature.
83: Halakhah.
84: Nonlegal Subject Matter.
85: Haggada.
86: Talmudic Law and Jurisprudence.
87: The Talmud Today.
88: Basic Beliefs and Doctrines.
89: God.
90: Shema.
91: Unity and Uniqueness.
92: Creativity.
93: Activity in the World.
94: Otherness and Nearness.
95: Shekhina.
96: Modern Views of God.
97: Israel (The Jewish People).
98: Choice and Covenant.
99: Book of Deuteronomy.
100: Israel and the Nations.
101: The People and the Land.
102: Modern Views of the People Israel.
103: Humanity.
104: The Earthly-Spiritual Creature.
105: The Ethically Bound Creature.
106: Medieval and Modern Views of Humanity.
107: Ethics and Society.
108: The Ethical Emphasis of Judaism.
109: Interpenetration of Communal and Individual Ethics.
110: Book of Leviticus.
111: The Key Moral Virtues.
112: The Relation to Non-Jewish Communities and Cultures.
113: The Formulation of Jewish Ethical Doctrines.
114: The Universe.
115: Creation and Providence.
116: Humanity's Place in the Universe.
117: Intermediary Beings: Angels and Demons.
118: Eschatology.
119: The Future Age of Humankind and the World.
120: Apocalyptic Literature.
121: The King-Messiah and His Reign.
122: Secularization of Messianism.
123: Zionism.
124: Basic Practices and Institutions.
125: The Traditional Pattern of Individual and Familial Practices.
126: Kosher.
127: The Traditional Pattern of Synagogue Practices.
128: Ceremonies Marking the Individual Life Cycles.
129: Bar Mitzvah.
130: Ḥuppa.
131: Holy Places: The Land of Israel and Jerusalem.
132: The Sacred Language: Hebrew and the Vernacular Tongues.
133: The Rabbinate.
134: Legal, Judicial, and Congregational Roles.
135: Rabbi.
136: Chief Rabbinates.
137: General Councils or Conferences.
138: Modern Variations.
139: The Religious Year and Holidays.
140: The Cycle of the Religious Year.
141: The Jewish Calendar.
142: Months and Notable Days.
143: Origin and Development.
144: The Sabbath.
145: Importance.
146: Observances.
147: Jewish Holidays.
148: Pilgrim Festivals.
149: Seder.
150: Ten Days of Penitence.
151: Shofar.
152: Minor Festivals: Hanukkah and Purim.
153: Menorah.
154: Book of Esther.
155: The Five Fasts.
156: The Minor Holidays.
157: The Situation Today.
158: Jewish Mysticism.
159: Nature and Characteristic.
160: The Judaic Context.
161: Three Types of Jewish Mysticism.
162: Main Lines of Development.
163: Early Stages to the 6th Century CE.
164: Sefer Yetzira.
165: Sefer Yetzira.
166: The Arabic-Islamic Influence (7th–13th Century).
167: The Making of Kabbala.
168: The 10 Sefirot.
169: Kabbala.
170: Medieval German (Ashkenazic) Hasidism.
171: The Making of the Zohar (c. 1260–1492).
172: The Lurianic Kabbala.
173: Shabbetaianism.
174: Modern Hasidism.
175: Tzaddiq.
176: Modern Jewish Mysticism.
177: Jewish Myth and Legend.
178: Significance and Characteristics.
179: Myth and Legend in the Bible.
180: Myths.
181: Legends and Other Tales.
182: Contemporary Interpretations.
183: The Book of Job.
184: Book of Jonah.
185: Myth and Legend in the Persian Period.
186: Myth and Legend in the Hellenistic Period.
187: Historiated Bibles and Legendary Histories.
188: Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.
189: Grateful Dead.
190: Myth and Legend in the Talmud and Midrash.
191: Midrash and Haggada.
192: Fables and Animal Stories.
193: Contribution of Haggada to Christian and Islamic Legends.
194: Myth and Legend in the Medieval Period.